World War I

Also known as the Great War, World War I was a global war between 1914 and 1918 that pitted the nations of the Allied Powers against those of the Central Powers. Although the war was triggered by the assassination of Austria’s Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, long-standing tensions and alliances between the nations of Europe set the stage for this so-called “War to End All Wars.”

Explore the topics below to learn more about this period through newspaper articles and clippings.

Temporary hospital in California for Spanish flu victims, 1918

1918 Spanish Flu Pandemic

The 1918 influenza pandemic (January 1918 – December 1920; colloquially known as Spanish flu) was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus. It infected 500 million people around the world, including people on remote Pacific islands and in the Arctic, and resulted in the deaths of 50 …Read More

Artist's rendering of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, occurred on 28 June 1914 in Sarajevo when they were mortally wounded by Gavrilo Princip. Princip was one of a group of six assassins (five Serbs and one Bosniak) coordinated by Danilo Ilić, a …Read More

German soldiers during the Christmas Truce of 1914

Christmas Truce of 1914

The Christmas Truce of 1914 was a brief and unofficial series of cease-fires that took place along much of the Western Front during the first Christmas of World War I. In the months leading up to Christmas Day, opposing forces had reached stalemates up and down the continuous front line that stretched from the North …Read More

Signing of the armistice with Germany

End of World War I

On November 11, 1918, German representatives met with Ferdinand Foch, the commander in chief of the Allied armies, in a railroad car northeast of Paris, France, to sign an armistice to end the fighting of World War I. Countries allied with Germany—Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire, and Austria—had already signed armistices with the Allied Powers between the end of …Read More

Lusitania

Sinking of the RMS Lusitania

RMS Lusitania was a British ocean liner and briefly the world’s largest passenger ship. The ship was sunk on 7 May 1915 by a German U-boat 11 mi (18 km) off the southern coast of Ireland. The sinking presaged the United States declaration of war on Germany in 1917. Wikipedia Learn more about the Sinking of …Read More

Woodrow Wilson, 1919

Woodrow Wilson

Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921. A member of the Democratic Party, Wilson served as the President of Princeton University from 1902 to 1910, and as Governor of New Jersey from …Read More