American Revolution

The American Revolution was a period between 1765 and 1783 in which the Thirteen Colonies successfully struggled for independence from Great Britain through political, social, and military means. The military conflict is known as the American Revolutionary War and lasted from 1775 to 1783.

Explore the topics below to learn more about this period through newspaper articles and clippings.

Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton (born January 11, 1755/57; died July 12, 1804) was one of America’s Founding Fathers. A proponent of a strong central government, Hamilton shaped the early economic infrastructure and policies of the United States. Revolutionary War Born in the British West Indies, Alexander Hamilton moved to the United States in 1772. During the American …Read More

"The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker's Hill, June 17,1775," by John Trumbull

Battle of Bunker Hill

The Battle of Bunker Hill, which took place on June 17, 1775, was the first major battle of the American Revolutionary War. The main commanders were Major General William Howe on the British side, and Colonel William Prescott on the Americans’. The British were under siege in Boston, Massachusetts, so they planned to take the …Read More

Battle of Yorktown: "Surrender of Lord Cornwallis," by John Trumbull

Battle of Yorktown

The Battle of Yorktown (September 28 – October 19, 1781; also called the Siege of Yorktown) was the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War. After almost 2 weeks of being under siege, the British troops at Yorktown, Virginia, surrendered to combined American and French forces, signaling the beginning of the end of …Read More

The Battle of Lexington, by Amos Doolittle (engraver) and Ralph Earl (artist), 1775

Battles of Lexington and Concord

The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. The battles were fought on April 19, 1775 in Middlesex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay, within the towns of Lexington, Concord, Lincoln, Menotomy (present-day Arlington), and Cambridge. They marked the outbreak of armed conflict between the Kingdom of Great …Read More

Battles of Saratoga: "Surrender of General Burgoyne," by John Trumbull

Battles of Saratoga

The Battles of Saratoga were two Revolutionary War battles, fought on September 19 and October 7, 1777, near Saratoga, New York. Following the battles, British and German troops under British general John Burgoyne surrendered to American general Horatio Gates on October 17, turning the tide of the Revolutionary War in the Americans’ favor. Background In …Read More

"The Boston Massacre" engraving after the painting by Alonzo Chappel

Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre was a confrontation between patriot colonists and British soldiers on March 5, 1770, that left five colonists dead and six more wounded. The incident furthered anti-British sentiment among the colonists in the years leading up to the American Revolutionary War. Background In 1770, British regiments stationed in Boston tried to enforce tax …Read More

Boston Tea Party

Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea Party was a political protest and mercantile protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, Massachusetts, on December 16, 1773. In defiance of the Tea Act of May 10, 1773, which allowed the British East India company to sell tea from China in American colonies without paying any taxes, thus undercutting local …Read More

The Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence

The United States Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House (now known as Independence Hall) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on July 4, 1776. The Declaration announced that the Thirteen Colonies at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain would regard themselves as thirteen independent sovereign …Read More

George Washington

George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799) was an American political leader, military general, statesman, and Founding Father who also served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797. He led Patriot forces to victory in the nation’s War of Independence, and he presided at the Constitutional Convention of …Read More