End of World War I

Signing of the armistice with Germany at the end of World War I

Signing of the armistice with Germany at the end of World War I (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

On November 11, 1918, German representatives met with Ferdinand Foch, the commander in chief of the Allied armies, in a railroad car northeast of Paris, France, to sign an armistice to end the fighting of World War I. Countries allied with Germany—Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire, and Austria—had already signed armistices with the Allied Powers between the end of September and early November of that year.

Among other things, the armistice agreement stated that the fighting of the so-called “War to End All Wars” would end at a set time later that same morning: 11 a.m. When the fighting finally drew to a close, military casualties for the combatants totaled an estimated 30 to 40 million, with millions of additional civilian casualties.

However, World War I wouldn’t officially end until Germany and its allies signed peace treaties. The Treaty of Versailles between the Allied Powers and the Germans, signed June 28, 1919, required Germany to accept responsibility for the war and to pay reparations to the Allies (which it finally finished paying in 2010). Many modern historians believe that the terms, conditions, and effects of the Treaty of Versailles helped set the stage for World War II.

Learn more about the End of World War I through historical newspapers from our archives. Explore newspaper articles, headlines, images, and other primary sources below.


Clippings about the End of World War I

Russia and the Central Powers sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk & Russia withdraws from World War IRussia and the Central Powers sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk & Russia withdraws from World War I 07 Mar 1918, Thu The Melvern Review (Melvern, Kansas) Newspapers.comOttoman Empire signs the Armistice of Mudros, ending its involvement in World War IOttoman Empire signs the Armistice of Mudros, ending its involvement in World War I 31 Oct 1918, Thu El Paso Herald (El Paso, Texas) Newspapers.comAustro-Hungarian Empire collapses as World War I nears endAustro-Hungarian Empire collapses as World War I nears end 03 Nov 1918, Sun The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, New York) Newspapers.comBritish and French troops advance as Allies wait for German reply to armistice termsBritish and French troops advance as Allies wait for German reply to armistice terms 09 Nov 1918, Sat Oakland Tribune (Oakland, California) Newspapers.comKnoxville, Tennessee, celebrates the end of World War IKnoxville, Tennessee, celebrates the end of World War I 11 Nov 1918, Mon Knoxville Sentinel (Knoxville, Tennessee) Newspapers.comTerms of the World War I ArmisticeTerms of the World War I Armistice Tue, Nov 12, 1918 – 5 · The Guardian (London, Greater London, England) · Newspapers.comAustralia celebrates the signing of the armisticeAustralia celebrates the signing of the armistice Tue, Nov 12, 1918 – Page 5 · The Age (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia) · Newspapers.comTen thousand people in Peru march though Lima to celebrate the end of World War ITen thousand people in Peru march though Lima to celebrate the end of World War I 12 Nov 1918, Tue Dayton Daily News (Dayton, Ohio) Newspapers.comGerman Kaiser flees, revolution breaks out in Germany, and socialists take control of the governmentGerman Kaiser flees, revolution breaks out in Germany, and socialists take control of the government 13 Nov 1918, Wed Taunton Courier, Bristol and Exeter Journal and Western Advertiser (Taunton, Somerset, England) Newspapers.comHeadlines announce the end of World War IHeadlines announce the end of World War I Thu, Nov 14, 1918 – 1 · Abilene Weekly Reflector (Abilene, Kansas) · Newspapers.comYoung man in Pennsylvania is fatally injured during World War I peace celebrationYoung man in Pennsylvania is fatally injured during World War I peace celebration 20 Nov 1918, Wed The Morning Call (Allentown, Pennsylvania) Newspapers.comFrench troops enter Metz French troops enter Metz "amidst great enthusiasm on the part of the population" 20 Nov 1918, Wed The Tampa Tribune (Tampa, Florida) Newspapers.comEditorial declares another world war Editorial declares another world war "inconceivable"; argues against adoption of "militant military" 21 Nov 1918, Thu Oakland Enquirer (Oakland, California) Newspapers.comNewspaper reports that American Army of Occupation has arrived in GermanyNewspaper reports that American Army of Occupation has arrived in Germany 25 Nov 1918, Mon The San Francisco Examiner (San Francisco, California) Newspapers.comBritish newspaper reports on British newspaper reports on "return of local prisoners of war" after end of World War I 25 Nov 1918, Mon Evening Sentinel (Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England) Newspapers.comFerdinand Foch, commander in chief of the Allied armiesFerdinand Foch, commander in chief of the Allied armies Tue, Dec 3, 1918 – Page 1 · Medford Mail Tribune (Medford, Oregon) · Newspapers.comGerman delegates being received by Ferdinand Foch in his train carGerman delegates being received by Ferdinand Foch in his train car Thu, Dec 12, 1918 – 1 · Buffalo Evening News (Buffalo, New York) · Newspapers.comNewspaper reports on return of Newspaper reports on return of "officers and men of the American expeditionary force" after WWI 21 Jan 1919, Tue The Journal Times (Racine, Wisconsin) Newspapers.comGerman officials express German officials express "pessimism and resentment" about the terms of the Treaty of Versailles 18 Jun 1919, Wed The Gazette (Montreal, Quebec, Canada) Newspapers.com50 Important Dates of World War I50 Important Dates of World War I Sun, Jun 29, 1919 – Page 16 · New-York Tribune (New York, New York) · Newspapers.comReactions of Germans and others at signing of Treaty of VersaillesReactions of Germans and others at signing of Treaty of Versailles Sun, Jun 29, 1919 – 1 · Hartford Courant (Hartford, Connecticut) · Newspapers.comOpinion: Opinion: "Let us [...] accept the Great Peace with gratitude" Sun, Jun 29, 1919 – Page 9 · The Daily Ardmoreite (Ardmore, Oklahoma) · Newspapers.comHeadlines announce signing of the Treaty of VersaillesHeadlines announce signing of the Treaty of Versailles Sun, Jun 29, 1919 – Page 1 · Great Falls Tribune (Great Falls, Montana) · Newspapers.comFrench, American, and British leaders after the signing of the Treaty of VersaillesFrench, American, and British leaders after the signing of the Treaty of Versailles Mon, Jul 7, 1919 – 9 · Daily News (New York, New York) · Newspapers.comLeague of Nations meets for first time; purpose is League of Nations meets for first time; purpose is "to achieve international peace and security" 16 Jan 1920, Fri The Gazette (Cedar Rapids, Iowa) Newspapers.com
"End of World War I," Newspapers.com Topics (https://www.newspapers.com/topics/world-war1/end-of-world-war-i/ : accessed April 21, 2024)
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