Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks, circa 1955

Rosa Parks, circa 1955

Rosa Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was a civil rights activist best known for her role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

Born Rosa Louise McCauley in Tuskegee, Alabama, Rosa Parks grew up living with her mother and grandparents in Pine Level, Alabama. She was forced to quit school at age 16 to take care of her sick grandmother and then her mother.

In 1932, at age 19, she married Raymond Parks and soon after earned her high school diploma. Parks and her husband were active in the Montgomery, Alabama, chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which Rosa joined in 1943.

On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger, resulting in her arrest. Local civil rights activists arranged a boycott of the segregated Montgomery bus system to correspond with the day of Parks’ trial. The 381-day-long bus boycott proved successful, and the city of Montgomery was forced to desegregate its public transportation following a 1956 U.S. Supreme Court ruling.

In 1957, Rosa and her husband moved to Detroit, Michigan, where she worked in the office of Congressman John Conyers Jr. from 1965 until her retirement in 1988. In her later life, Parks continued to be involved in the civil rights movement and also championed women’s rights causes.

In 1996, Rosa Parks was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and in 1999 was given the Congressional Gold Medal. Following her death in 2005, she became the first woman to lie in honor in the Capitol Rotunda.

Learn more about Rosa Parks through historical newspapers from our archives. Explore newspaper articles, headlines, images, and other primary sources below.


Articles and Clippings about Rosa Parks

Newspaper report of Rosa Parks' arrest in 1955 that sparked the Montgomery Bus BoycottNewspaper report of Rosa Parks' arrest in 1955 that sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott Fri, Dec 2, 1955 – 9 · The Montgomery Advertiser (Montgomery, Alabama) · Newspapers.comArticle about the planning of the Montgomery Bus BoycottArticle about the planning of the Montgomery Bus Boycott Sun, Dec 4, 1955 – 1 · The Montgomery Advertiser (Montgomery, Alabama) · Newspapers.comPhotos from the first day of the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955Photos from the first day of the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955 Tue, Dec 6, 1955 – 1 · The Montgomery Advertiser (Montgomery, Alabama) · Newspapers.comArticle about the first day of the bus boycott; mentions Rosa Parks and Martin Luther KingArticle about the first day of the bus boycott; mentions Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Tue, Dec 6, 1955 – 1 · The Montgomery Advertiser (Montgomery, Alabama) · Newspapers.comAccount of Rosa Park's trial for refusing to give up her seat on the busAccount of Rosa Park's trial for refusing to give up her seat on the bus Tue, Dec 6, 1955 – 6 · The Montgomery Advertiser (Montgomery, Alabama) · Newspapers.comNewspaper columnist writes Rosa Parks Newspaper columnist writes Rosa Parks "has become the symbol of the pent up hurt" Fri, Dec 30, 1955 – 1 · Alabama Tribune (Montgomery, Alabama) · Newspapers.comArticle about Rosa Parks published April 1956, during the Montgomery Bus BoycottArticle about Rosa Parks published April 1956, during the Montgomery Bus Boycott Sat, Apr 14, 1956 – Page 15 · The Pittsburgh Courier (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) · Newspapers.comMontgomery newspaper headlines about the Supreme Court's 1956 ruling to end bus segregationMontgomery newspaper headlines about the Supreme Court's 1956 ruling to end bus segregation Wed, Nov 14, 1956 – 1 · The Montgomery Advertiser (Montgomery, Alabama) · Newspapers.comTimeline of events during the Montgomery Bus Boycott, from Rosa Parks to the Supreme Court decisionTimeline of events during the Montgomery Bus Boycott, from Rosa Parks to the Supreme Court decision Wed, Nov 14, 1956 – 2 · The Montgomery Advertiser (Montgomery, Alabama) · Newspapers.comInterview with Rosa Parks about why she left Alabama for DetroitInterview with Rosa Parks about why she left Alabama for Detroit Sat, Aug 31, 1957 – Page 39 · The Pittsburgh Courier (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) · Newspapers.comPhoto of Rosa Parks addressing a crowd in 1963 during a protest in DetroitPhoto of Rosa Parks addressing a crowd in 1963 during a protest in Detroit Sat, Jul 6, 1963 – Page 9 · The Pittsburgh Courier (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) · Newspapers.comRosa Parks is photographed at rally commemorating the 20th anniversary of Montgomery Bus BoycottRosa Parks is photographed at rally commemorating the 20th anniversary of Montgomery Bus Boycott Sat, Dec 13, 1975 – Page 1 · The Pittsburgh Courier (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) · Newspapers.comExcerpt from 1975 article Excerpt from 1975 article "Rosa Parks Remembers the Movement, Dr. King" Sat, Dec 20, 1975 – 2 · The Atlanta Voice (Atlanta, Georgia) · Newspapers.comImage of Rosa Parks at a ceremony for a street named after her in Detroit in 1976Image of Rosa Parks at a ceremony for a street named after her in Detroit in 1976 Sat, Jul 24, 1976 – Page 1 · The Pittsburgh Courier (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) · Newspapers.comRosa Parks leads Texas march commemorating the life of Martin Luther King Jr. in 1987Rosa Parks leads Texas march commemorating the life of Martin Luther King Jr. in 1987 Sat, Jan 24, 1987 – 1 · The Atlanta Voice (Atlanta, Georgia) · Newspapers.comBook review of Rosa Parks' 1992 autobiography, Book review of Rosa Parks' 1992 autobiography, "My Story" Sat, Jul 4, 1992 – Page 15 · The Courier-Journal (Louisville, Kentucky) · Newspapers.comNewspaper headlines of Rosa Parks being attacked in her home in 1994Newspaper headlines of Rosa Parks being attacked in her home in 1994 Wed, Aug 31, 1994 – Page 1 · Detroit Free Press (Detroit, Michigan) · Newspapers.comPhoto and article about Rosa Parks being awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1996Photo and article about Rosa Parks being awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1996 Mon, Sep 16, 1996 – Page 6 · The Town Talk (Alexandria, Louisiana) · Newspapers.comPhoto and article about Rosa Parks being awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 1999Photo and article about Rosa Parks being awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 1999 Wed, Jun 16, 1999 – 6 · The Montana Standard (Butte, Montana) · Newspapers.comArticle about the Rosa Parks/OutKast lawsuit settlement in 2005Article about the Rosa Parks/OutKast lawsuit settlement in 2005 Fri, Apr 15, 2005 – 2 · The Montgomery Advertiser (Montgomery, Alabama) · Newspapers.comRosa Parks lies in honor at the Capitol Rotunda following her death in 2005Rosa Parks lies in honor at the Capitol Rotunda following her death in 2005 Mon, Oct 31, 2005 – Page 3 · Lansing State Journal (Lansing, Michigan) · Newspapers.comCommentary on Rosa Parks' legacy and accomplishments, following her death in 2005Commentary on Rosa Parks' legacy and accomplishments, following her death in 2005 Wed, Nov 2, 2005 – 15 · Detroit Free Press (Detroit, Michigan) · Newspapers.com
"Rosa Parks," Newspapers.com Topics (https://www.newspapers.com/topics/famous-people/rosa-parks/ : accessed September 18, 2020)