Pearl Harbor Day Dec.8, 1941.Indy Star
Page Eight News Phone 3$33 THE RUSHVILLE (INDIANA) REPUBLICAN All Japs In Canal Zone Are Interned By Panama Officials Ad Piton*'2222 WAR FLARES IN THE PACIFIC Monday, December 8,1941. Balboa, Canal Zone, Dec. 8 (JF) —With the United States maintaining maintaining a war-time guard over the vital Panama Canal zone, the Panama government decided today to intern all Japanese residents residents on the Isthmus and affirmed affirmed its intention to cooperate fully with the United States. The roundup by Panama of Japanese aliens, begun soon after word was received yesterday yesterday of the Japanese attack on American outposts in the Pacific, proceeded smoothly during the night while the U. S. army rushed rushed construction of an internment internment tent city. Panama police reported that 130 of the 300 Japanese residents in the city of Panama had been taken in custody by early morning. morning. Others were picked up at other cities and villages of the republic. The Panamanians, who will turn the Japanese over to the United States authorities, flatly rejected two demands by the •Japanese minister that they be released. After a night-long meeting, President Dr. Ricardo Adofo De La Guardia and the cabinet issued issued a proclamation that Panama Panama would continue “to cooperate cooperate with the government of the United States energetically in this grave emergency” which “imminently threatens” the security security of the Panama Canal and the republic. The government also forbade exportation of gold or other funds belonging to the Japanese government or subjects in Panama. Panama. United States officers said they were “ready for anything” that might threaten the security of the key waterway between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Entire West Coast Alert On War News San Francisco, Dec. 8 ( JP) — Along the thousands of miles of American coastline that look‘out across the Pacific toward belligerent belligerent Japan, soldier, sailor civilian alike today learned the meaning of war. From Alaska to the Panama Canal hundreds of emergency measures were put into effect, from a few minutes to a few hours after Japan’s fierce and sudden onslaught at Honolulu. In the populous cities of the western seaboard, the first line of defense in event of an attack attack on continental United States, military and civilian agencies labored throughout the night to place the far west on an efficient war footing. Recall of week-ending soldiers, sailors and marines to their posts was among the first orders. orders. Police stopped them on the streets. Radios blared the orders. orders. Taxicabs carried the men free. Military posts were barred to civilians. Blackouts were ordered ordered in Alaska and Panama and at the big airplane repair depot at Sacramento. At San Diego an anti-submarine anti-submarine net was spread across the entrance to the huge fleet base. Puget Sound navy yard warned that any airplane flying over it would be fired upon. Except for scheduled airline flights all private aviation was grounded. Shipping was bottled up by government order in the busy ports of Los Angeles and San Francisco and elsewhere. The swarm of little fishing craft that usually ride out from Monterey were ordered to stay at anchor. Los Angeles, w#iich has just spent $242.2000,000 on a great water aqueduct, threw heavy guards along it. The $33,000 000 Golden Gate bridge at San Francisco Francisco was blacked out for an hour. On the $77,000,000 bay bridge linking San Francisco with Oakland and the East, the lights blazed on but every car bearing Japanese was stopped and searched. The thousands of amateur radio radio operators and others trained trained for a volunteer air raid spotting spotting service went on 24-hour-a- day watch. Gov. Culbert L. Olson of California California called for 10,000 volunteers volunteers to the California state guard, froze the enlistment of 15.000 present members, and called a meeting of the state council of civilian defense for Monday morning in Los Angeles. Mayor F. H. LaGuardia of New York, national director of civilian civilian defense, planned to fly to Los Angeles Tuesday. Naval patrol bombers cruised along the coast. The giant coast defense guns by the Golden Gate, which fire 30 miles out to sea, were fully manned. The giant military aircraft industries industries of Los Angeles and Seattle Seattle and the shipyards on Puget Sound and San Francisco Bay were heavily guarded against violence from without or sabotage sabotage within. Sheriff Eugene Biscailuz of Los Angeles called 7,000 reserves and special deputies, including 50 plane pilots. He also mobilized 10.000 men of the major disaster committee. Auto-conscious Los Angeles was told by mayor and police chief to use cars only when nec essary. The latter warned that “this is no time for sightseeing i and none will be tolerated.” Telephone companies at various various points appealed to the public public to skip social calls and leave the wires free for the business of defense. A welders’ strike threatening to halt shipbuilding was called off. After an appeal by Mayor Angelo J. Rossi, of San Francisco, Francisco, labor chieftains called meetings meetings Monday looking toward settlement settlement of bitterly fought strikes against the city’s hotels and department stores. California’s large Japanese population generally kept to their homes. In San Francisco : the Japanese section was roped off and guarded. In the city’s , Chinatown, largest Chinese set- 1 tlement outside the Orient, ju- I bilation over having America as 1 an ally in the Japanese war was unrestrained. A number of Japanese were taken into custody. The state offered 12 large camps, used for destitute men during the depression. depression. as internment centers. Recruiting offices went on a 24-hour day and 7-day week. 24-hour day and 7-day week. The Red Cross prepared to mobilize mobilize its various emergency services. And amateur tacticians, noting noting the surprise attack on Honolulu Honolulu so far distant from Japanese Japanese bases, noted the following table of distances: Yokohama to Honolulu, 3,392 miles; to Seattle, 4,225; to San Francisco, 4,791. pni Cif United States defense bases in the Philippine island (I) ni miw nl]' reported an army ship carrying lumber was torpedoed Jnc?Hutrpfc^ States Pacific coast, and said a cargo ship had been sending sending distress signals about 400 miles farther east airport near Honolulu. One plane swooped low and machine-gunned machine-gunned him as he was attempting to spin the propeller of a plane. Spectators on the hills back of Honolulu could see dogfights all over the area as United States navy and army planes took to the sky after the first surprise. Anti-aircraft guns mingled their noise with the roar of motors and the explosion of bombs. The citizens of Honolulu were cleared from the streets by military military and naval units, assisted by civilian volunteers, all carrying carrying arms. Radio calls, ordered all sailors, marines and soldiers to report immediately to their posts. Farrington high school was converted into a hospital to care for the wounded and injured. JAPANESE BURN STATE PAPERS PRESIDENT IS DIVEN BOMBS DO HEAVY (From Page One) down on outgoing reports soon | after the first telephoned re! re! ports. What the toll was so far in American lives, ships and property property remained undisclosed under under the strict censorship. (The war department in Washington gave a preliminary estimate that 104 were dead and more j than 300 wounded in the army forces alone by the bombing.) j Bursts of anti-aircraft shells filled the sky. Two enemy planes fell in the Honolulu area. The attack seemed to center [at Hickam Field, and at Pearl harbor, heavily fortified naval base. The planes came in from the southwest, most of them flying high, a few flying low. Five dropped dropped to within a hundred feet of Pearl harbor to launch their attack. An oil tank was set ablaze and unconfirmed reports said one ship in the harbor was on its side and four others were set afire. While some planes were attacking attacking Pearl harbor others headed for Hickam Field to drop bombs. The attack was not confined to fortified areas. Wahiawa, a town of 3,000 population 20 miles northwest of Honolulu, reported that IO or more persons were injured when enemy bullets sprayed the streets. Several fires started in the Honolulu area were immediately controlled. Fire Chief Wallace Blaisdell said the fires “were not as bad as I expected.” Some streets were pocked with big holes, and citizens were wounded by the bomb fragments. fragments. One of the bombs that started Honolulu fires fell near Governor Governor Joseph B. Poindexter’s residence. He escaped injury and soon afterward proclaimed M-Day emergency defense measures. measures. Perhaps the first to die was Bob Tyce, owner of a civilian (From Page One) some word from Washington of United States counter blows, the Japanese reported that 50 or 60 U. S. planes had been shot down in air combats over Clark Field, in the Philippines, and another 40 over Iba, 80 miles north of Manila. Only two Japanese planes were acknowledged lost. The Japanese also announced an agreement between Japan and Thailand for transit of Japanese Japanese troops through Thailand — presumably for an attack on British Malaya, site of Britain’s great Far East fortress of Singapore, Singapore, or British Burma. Both adjoin Thailand. Japanese troops were reported to have landed at two points on the Gulf of Siam, far down the Thai coast near Malaya. An official British announcement announcement at Singapore said Japanese Japanese warcraft which landed troops at two places in British Malaya, near the Thailand frontier, frontier, had been put to flight. Japanese forces still remaining on the beach were being heavily machine gunned, the British said. Domei, the Japanese news agency, was quoted as saying that Japanese and British troops already were fighting in Thailand. Thailand. In Manila, Admiral Thomas C. Hart, commander of the U. S. Asiatic fleet, announced that a small contingent of American marines at Peiping, China, had been forced to surrender to overwhelming overwhelming Japanese forces. An NBC broadcast said a U. S. aircraft carrier was reported unofficially unofficially in Manila to have been damaged in action with Japanese Japanese warplanes. A CBS broadcast reported at least 290 casualties inflicted by high flying Japanese planes in two attacks on the Philippines. Manila itself apparently had escaped attack thus far. Francis B. Sayre, American; high commissioner in the Philippines, Philippines, declared that the situation situation was “well in hand.” A WOR-Mutual broadcast from Manila, reporting that Japanese parachute troops had landed on the islands, said native Japanese Japanese had seized control of some communities but that in other sections Filipino police were rounding up the empire’s nationals. nationals. “In the naval war, the ABCD (American, British, Chinese and Dutch East Indies) fleets under American command appeared to be successful against Japanese air and sea invasions,” the broadcast said. Other reports said it had been confirmed that the Pan American American Airways base at Guam had been attacked by Japanese air Shortly after President Roosevelt reported Japan’s attack on the U. S., the Japanese embassy staff in Washington started burning state papers on the grpunds of the embassy there. raiders and that large fires been set in gasoline stores. A Reuters (British news agen-* cyj dispatch quoted a British communique from Singapore de-( daring that “it is reported but not confirmed that mustard gas has been dropped” in Japanese attacks on Malaya. In London, the home office, declaring “the existence of a state of war” between Japan and Britain, ordered all Japanese nationals nationals in the United Kingdom to report to police stations. Police immediately began a roundup of Japanese. Among the first seized were representatives of Dome!, Japanese news agency. Dispatches from Hongkong, British crown colony in the Far East, said between 300 and 400 Japanese troops were poised on the Japanese held side of the frontier, evidently ready to attack. attack. Meanwhile, the Japanese master master plan was slowly emerging from the pattern of attacks, and at first glance it appeared that the Japanese were attempting to immobilize the main bases of the Anglo-American fleets until the Thailand-Malay peninsula drive had gathered momentum. Hawaii, Wake, Guam, the Philippines, Philippines, Malaya — including the British naval base at Singapore — and Hongkong all were attacked attacked in swift succession with high explosives and machine- guns, and Japanese troops invaded invaded Thailand. NATION PREPARES (From Page One) relations became tense, but most of them stayed. Without waiting for federal action, action, Colonel Charles B. Borland, director of public safety at Norfolk, Norfolk, Va., ordered the arrest of all Japanese nationals. Norfork is a huge navy base. To protect official Japanese against any mob hysteria guards were established at the Washington Washington embassy and at consulates consulates throughout the nation. Said the state department: “Immediately upon receiving news of the Japanese attack upon Hawaii the American gov ernment took steps to see that absolute protection was accorded accorded the Japanese official establishments establishments and official personnel within the jurisdiction of the United States.” Police officials in various cities followed suit. The navy and war departments departments put sharp censorship into effect. The navy announcement said simply that “censorship on all outgoing cablesgrams and radio radio messages from the United States and its outlying possessions” possessions” had been ordered. Earlier the war department had stated that certain information information was secret and “will be so considered under the law,” including data relating to the “strength, location, designation, composition and movement of U. S. troops or army transports outside outside the continental limits of the United States.” “The law” was presumed to mean the espionage act. The America First committee, from its Chicago headquarters, issued a statement saying in part: “The America First committee urges all those who h$ve subscribed subscribed to its principles to give their support to the war effort of this country until the conflict conflict with Japan is brought to a successful conclusion. In this war the America First committee committee pledges its aid to the President President and Commander in Chief of the armed forces of the United States.” MANILLA SEEN FROM THE AIR lr 0 t ® * - "SC: ■•■ssw ’I * -mf9’'' ’•f'SuJv % ! if L_r?:S I I " rnmm * Mm, M^ila as Tseen fronl air- The Philippine capital lies in the center of the zone of hostilities between Japan and the United States. HAWAIIAN AIR BASE UMP MHI (fo Syt 'vs' 'y.' I IR rn Wm&'' '' j • ■' rn I MA 'y/y • ."// MMM’Ai '' S* V - Zgj* % v M A* ? , , : «•'' I I U«S' a*my air corps bombers are lined up for inspection at Hickam Field, near Honolulu. Honolulu. Reports said a Japanese bomb struck the field causing numerous casualties. U. S. BATTLESHIP REPORTED ATTACKED rn 8 Wmm ->u ll Ilk * ' *" > * Japanese warplanes set fire to the U. S. battleship Oklahoma (above) in a sudden raid on Pearl Harbor and Honolulu, an NBC observer radioed direct from the scene. War Bulletins (From Page One) military bases and ports the length of the Philippines today. Singapore Dec. 8 (IP) — The British said today “confused fighting continues in the Kota Bahru airdrome area” 300 miles north of Singapore. Earlier Japanese units attempting attempting to invade Malaya from the north were reported being “mopped up.” By the Associated Press Adolf Hitler’s invasion armies do not expect to capture Moscow this year, a German military spokesman said today as the Russians reported a continuing counter-offensive by Red troops north of the U. S. S. R. capital. A high command communique declared: “The continuation of operations operations and the manner of the war’s conduct in the East from now on will be dictated by winter.” winter.” On the north African front, British and German tanks were reported locked in a massive show-down battle. When the new battleship USS Massachusetts puts to sea it win have on board a library of 2,000 books. The number of midshipmen at the Naval Academy has jumped jumped from 1,704 in 1934 to 3,118 at present. France is confronted, with a grave industrial crisis because of shortages of raw materials. Goddard Named To Study Roads Members of the State Highway Study Commission—created by the 1941 session of the General Assembly to survey highway, road and street problems—will hold the third of their series of sessions in Indianapolis on Tuesday Tuesday it was announced today by S. C. Hadden, chairman of the study group and the State Highway Highway Commission. This session will again be devoted devoted to the discussion of financial financial problems in the construction and maintenance of state highways, highways, county roads and city streets, a continuation of the subjects which were taken up in the November meeting. At that time reports were made on fi nancing of road and street work by representatives of the cities and the counties who are members members of the study group and a short review of state highway financial financial problems was presented. A more detailed series of reports will be taken up in the meeting on Tuesday. * State Representative Fred Goddard, Rushville, who represents represents Rush and Henry counties, has been named by Speaker James W. Knapp as a member of the study commission replacing Representative John Nash of Howard and Tipton counties, whose death occurred recently. Since the formation of the study commission Mr. Nash had taken an active part in its deliberations. deliberations. Burma and Thailand are the principal sources of teak wood imported into the United States, the Department of Commerce reports. reports.