Picture stor of Ill-starred filer's last junket into ether
PAGE FOUR CARROLL DAILY HERALD, CARROLL, IOWA Picture Story of Ill-Starred Flier's Last TUESDAY JULY 20^19STi Tale of 16-Day Search Ending in Total Failure Interesting Sidelights on Personality of. "Woman Who Made History (BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS) The search for Amelia Earhart constituted the greatest organized effort ever undertaken in behalf of a lost flier. Slow to get under way because of the enormous distances involved, involved, the rescue expedition finally embraced more than 3,000 men, ten ships, 102 American fighting planes and an undisclosed number of Japanese aircraft. And it provided an appropriate climax to the ambitions but ill- starred world flight attempt of aviation's first lady. Some long range flying experts made private comment when Miss Earhart last spring announced plans for a 27,000-mile 27,000-mile air jaunt around the equatorial regions. BIG BUSINESS VENTURE Unwilling to be quoted, they (By The Associated Press) Amelia Earhart chose water instead of liquor to drink toasts to the president of the United States and the king of the British empire when, in 1932 after her first solo flight across the Atlantic, Atlantic, she was tendered a luncheon luncheon by the institute of journalists journalists in London. The toast pronounced, she raised a glass of water. Andrew Andrew Mellon, then American ambassador to England, drank whisky and soda. argued that ocean aviation had become become a matter for big business— fleets of planes, chains of bases and radio stations, as' many technicians operating as a coordinated coordinated unit. Miss Earhart thought it might prove of aid to a possible future air lines in the South Pacific. With a navigator and assistant pilot she left Oakland March 17th and flew 2,400 miles to Honolulu in record time to start the venture. There was little news to her in the Honolulu hop. She had flown alone from Hawaii to California as well as twice across the Atlantic—as a passenger in 1928 and solo in 1932—and these flights were only part of her spectacular 9-year rise to aviation peerage. CKACKUP But in leaving Honolulu for a I flight of more than 1,500 miles to tiny Howland Island her plane burst a tire and. cracked up. White faced, she climbed from n?rZt EL * ma P s ^ 1Ch Sh0W Kle 2n * lt on wUxh Miss Ameli a Earhart ingloriously ended her career-lost at sea. The upper map shows the complete flight route. Note how close to the eoal she was when her ship went down at sea. The lower map shows the area wherein the most extenf ive naval search ever perpetrated was carried on. This is the cutter Itasca, first to reach the zone in which the fliers were last heard from and most diligent in the search. Louis, Senegal, Africa, June 7. , signals during the later search. (By Tiie Associated Press) Laughing, answering questions questions of whatever nature readily, Miss Earhart was propounded this one in Lion- don after her 1932 solo flight across the Atlantic. "Have you talked with your husband in America?" "Oh, yes," she responded, "the first thing I do is check hi like a good girl." the cockpit and announced she would have the plane repaired and start again. Weeks later the plane was reconditioned in Los Angeles. The interim, involving seasonal changes on her route, caused her to reverse the direction of the flight. With the veteran navigator Frederick J. Noonan as her colleague, colleague, she flew from Oakland to Miami, Fla., and started the world flight again ou June 1st. SMOOTH HOPS In smooth hops they went 1,033 1,033 miles to Puerto Rico; to Caripito, Caripito, to Venezuela, 650 miles; in short jumps to Fortaleza, and Natal, Brazil. From the latter point they flew without incident Dodging stormy weather, Mi3S Earhart crossed Africa in stride to Assab, Eritrea, and then made two long hops to reach Calcutta, India. Leaving India for Siam, June 18th, she was forced back by bad weather and made an unsuccessful second start but next day flew to Rangoon, Burma. Another series of short hops brought the fliers to Sourabaya, Java, where they had instruments repaired and rested three days. They crossed the Dutch . East Indies and Northern Australia to Lae, British New Guinea, in three days. DIFFICULT PHASE At Lae, they faced the most difficult phase of the adventure— a 2,570-mile project over an un- flown and wild tropical region to tiny Howland Island, American outpost and potenial air base in the equatorial Pacific. They left Lae Jul:; 1st. Half way between New Zealand and Howland Island the Navy tug stood by to give the fliers radio information information and any aid necessary. The coast guard cutter Itasca stationed itself at Howland and shooed the big ocean-flying hires from recently constructed runways, runways, anticipating the big plane's arrival. The Itasca picked up the plane's radio at 2:45 a. m., Howland time, recognizing Miss Earhart's voice but not getting all the message which mentioned "cloudy weather." An hour later Miss Earhart re-j ported the skv overcast and asked the Itasca to broadcast every half hour on 3105 kilocycles, the radio frequency which figured so prom- "Want bearing on 3105 kilo cycles on hour; will whistle in microphone," microphone," said Miss Earhart to the Itasca at 5:12 a. m. SIGNALS Three minutes later the cutter heard Miss Earhart whistle and report her plane 200 miles out. Thirty minutes thereafter she reported reported the plane only 100 miles away. "We must be on you but cannot see you," the aviatrix reported at fied radio signals, some of them seemingly from Miss Earhart's plane, were reported by many listeners. STORMS HAMPER SEARCH A snow, sleet and lightning storm caught the big navy plane. George Palmer Putnam, Miss Earhart's husband, clung to the belief belief the plane would float indefinitely indefinitely if damaged. He counted upon its big gasoline tanks, with a capacity of 1,151 gallons, to give it buoyancy. 10 FLIERS LOST Some observers, recalling the Pacific had swallowed ten ocean fliers, immediately expressed fears (By The Associated Press) Amelia Earhart lost her traditional poise once. "I have the honor," said Paul Painleve, minister for air, when he pinned the chevalier's chevalier's cross upon the aviatrix aviatrix in 1932 in Paris, "to bestow this cross upon Colonel Colonel Lindbergh's charming image." Miss Earhart blushed and stammered: "Mr. Painleve," she replied replied after a moment, "I can find no woids to express my appreciation." 1,900 across the Atlantic to St. inently in producing mystifying •HP 7:30 a. m "Cannot hear you. Go ahead on 7500 kilocycles with long counts either now or on schedule. Time on half hour." "We received your signals but unable to get minimum," said the plane at 8:03 a. m. The "minimum" "minimum" possibly indicated inability of the plane to obtain a radio bearing bearing on the cutter, because Miss Earhart then asked the Itasca to take bearings and answer on 3105 kilocycles. She made radio dashes so the cutter could take a bearing but the Itasca was unable to make use of them because of theiir high frequency. LAST MESSAGE The last message from the plane in flight came at 8:44 a. m., (3:14 p. m. EST.) It said: "We are on the line of position (By The Associated Press) Amelia Earhart more than once has defended experimental experimental or exploratory flying. Appearing before a senate committee, considering; regulatory regulatory legislation applying to scheduled air lines, she asked that government give aviation "five more years to sow wild oats^-or perhaps I should say, carry on laboratory laboratory experimentation." This picture shows Miss Earhart demonstrating the use of the air- filled raft which was carried as an emergency boat on the plane Perhaps it was in this craft rather than in the plane that the Dair , ; . really lost their Jives. k 157-337. Wiil repeat this message on 6210 kilocycles. We are now running north and south." The position position report in the message was useless to worried listeners on the cutter because it gave only one of the necessary elements. The Itasca began the search almost almost at once, scanning 3,000 miles of ocean without-sighting a trace of the plane, which carried for signaling signaling purposes a bright orange colored kite, a very (cap V) pistol for rockets and a supply of flares. The next day along-range naval plane with eight men sped out of Honolulu for a flight of more than 1,500 miles to Uip scene. ; UnIdenti- This is the interpid lady flier seated at the controls of her ship smiling, debonair and confident. Perhaps in this wise she met her death. high above the equatorial surface as it neared the scene, and it was forced to turn back when only 370 miles north of the equator. Twenty-four hours after its takeoff takeoff it returned to Pearl Harbor and its commander, Lieut. W. W. Harvey, Harvey, reported h;> had encountered his worst storm in , ten years of flying. Friends arid relatives of Miss Earhart die: not express great alarm. "She will come through all right," said liar stepmomer, Mrs. E. S. Earhart in Los Angeles. for Miss Earhart. More optimistic searchers pointed out that John Bodgers, navy commander, and a crew of four, floated nine days in their flying boat and were rescued after falling short in an attempted attempted California-Hawaii flight in 1925. In Washington, Charles Horner, president of the national aeronaut! considered Miss Earhart's under taking foolhardy. say a thing like that in the face of such tremendously courageous attempt," he observed, but added his organization felt every such flight in the future should be "fully safeguarded." In the belief the plane overshot (By The Associated Press) Miss Earhart's lively sense of humor crept into the book she wrote on her return from Europe after the 1028 flight across the ocean with Wilmer Stultz and Louis Gordon. Of her work with the ca- r-adian red cross during the world war she wrote: "There were many beds to be made and trays and 'nourishment' to be carried and backs to be rubbed^—some lovely ones!" and: "even after 10 years I am unable to look a jelly roll in the eye." Howland Island, the Itasca searched searched to the north and west pending arrival of other aid. The battleship Colorado left Honolulu July 3 for the scene and the navy ordered the 540,000,000 aircraft Lexington and three destroyers to search. With S8 planes and 1,299 men the Lexington, along with the des- (By The Associated Press) More than two years ago George Palmer Putnam, Miss Amelia Earhart's husband, announced she would forsake intensive flying in favor of domesticity. He had expressed expressed the same wish publicly before. On May 3, 1935, Putnam said the two of them probably probably would settle down after the aviatrix had made her memorable flight from Mexico Mexico City to New York. troyers, Lampson, Drayton and Cushing, sped from San Diego the morning of July 4th for a 4,400-mile 4,400-mile run to Howland Island via Honolulu. Radio lanes all over the Pacific buzzed with reports that Miss Earhart's voice had been heard. MYSTERY Paul Mantz, Miss Earhart's Technical adviser, said in Los Hatless, informal, her face reflecting mental concentration on a knotty aviation problem, Amelia Earhart is pictured above talking talking to her navigator, Fred Noonan, as they stopped in Caripito, Venezuela, June 3, on the flight which ended in a void. This photo was mailed by Noonan to Mrs. Noonan and is the latest photo of •the missing pair to reach the United States. As the world waited for word of Amelia Earhart and.her navigator Fred Noonan, lost in the Pacific, the anxiety was keenest for the two pictured above—George Putnam and Mrs. Fred Noonan. The husband and wife of the two 'round-the-world' fliers are pictured as they stood in the Oakland airport and scanned incoming teletype teletype reports of the search. cai association, was asked if he Angeles the world-circling, plane could have sent such signals only if it was on land and the right- 'It would be awfully painful to hand motor was turning over. As (Continued on Page 3) This is the $80,000 flying laboratory which probably rests at the bottom of the - - , v _±-„--.--charted reef—Amelia Earhart's last;ship. sea or on some un- Above is the Lexington, aircraft carrier whose brood of planes was launched in a last chance search for the missing pair. When the planes came in empty handed Sunday, the" search was declared over. Above, is the-aircraft tenders Swan, an early searcher whose planes soared over the waves days on end in the fruitless search.