1927 based on national geographic

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1927 based on national geographic - to she a and she thought fa- up If HeaeHJuntgfg...
to she a and she thought fa- up If HeaeHJuntgfg Kampanzan Savages of Formosa. (Prepared by the National Geogra Society, W a s h i n g t o n . D. C.I of the a men dining her she F OHMOSA, where a recent earlh- quake took heavy toll o'f lire. Is still inhabited by savage iiead- . ' hunters who have resisted the j development of the island's resources. j Formosa Is larger t h a n .Maryland and I Khode Island combined but tlie region · extending from the mountains lh:it form the backbone of tlie island to : the rocky eastern coast Is yet to be ; wrested from the tribesmen. | The civilized agricultural regions I along the western side of Formosa were so menaced by the head-hunters during the middle of the last century ] that the. government of. China, which i owned the Island at that time, built ! a high metal fence for more tlinn a 1 hundred miles, along the border of the 1 wilderness. · Some sections of the | fence are now charged with electrlc- . Ity. The Japanese who took (he | Island from the'Chlnesc In ISUo have , extended the barrier until the tribes, tribes, men aro shut off from civilization. . Heavily puardcd gales at frequent In: In: tervnls permit the savages to trade 1 with the Formpsans but no savage is I allowed to come Into the "foreign" ! territory and no "foreigner" Is nl- . lowed to enter the savages' domain ' w i t h o u t special permission of the Jap- j anese police nnd a well-armed guard. [ Buck in the mountain recesses, Hie trlho;mc-n live in compact villages, so camoullngcil t h a t one Is within their confines before realizing It. The lints arc built of large slabs of slate with thatched roofs that resemble the thick , foliage of the forest. There is no i furniture. When the savage rests,;he | squats ns If ready to spring upon his ' prey, or lies on the floor. 1 No tribesman's hut Is 'complete without a skull shelf Just outside the door. His shelf may have a hundred : pigeonholes, each containing the skull of n human being. It Is as indicative of his glory as the trophy cabinet of a modern Olympic star. [ Women Insist on Heads. · The women have been blamed for j maintaining this ghastly custom, for among «onie tribes the maidens will not listen to the pleadings of n suitor until he has at least one skull on his shelf. When there are no victims within easy reach of the village the · ardent swain goes to the borderland i of civilization, sometimes digging his ' way under or climbing over the fence. The first person who crosses his path Is his victim. Failing in this, he may a member of a neighboring attack: | tribe. i It Is so common for a Chinaman liv- , ing near the savage border to lose | his head t h a t little attention is paid ; to tlie incident unless his relations , band together to a\enge the murder, j Freshly severed heads must be dis- , played at various savage festivals, religious religious rites nnd on other occasions too numerous for t h e safety of the Formo'snns. Since the Japanese have owned Formosa, towns more modern than : those In Japan nnd China have been built, schools established, harbors In- proved, nnd a railroad built nearly ! the entire length of the Island. Now there are approximately 4,000,000 Ip | habitants. More than three-fourths o them are natives who are of Chinese extraction or an admixture of Chinese and aborigines. The aborigines number number about S4,K)0. The remainder of the population is made up of Japanese Japanese and foreigners. Talhokti, the capital, lying 38 miles Japanese orderliness marks every uove of the Formosans. All through lie civilized portion of the Island oue totites Hie effect of Japanese govern- nont. From the window of the train all the way from Talhnku to Tainan, he old Chinese capital near the southern end of the island, the traveler traveler sees miles ot Rootled rice fields In lie lowlands while higher land Is sys- eniatically planted to sugar cane, :ea, sweet potatoes and tobacco. Far:her Far:her hack loward the hills, camphor :rees vie will: huge bamboos. Men nnd women work side by side In the lelds. Because ot their loose-Uttlng ;arments and mushroom hats, one cannot detect tlie sex of the workers at a distance. Its Products Are Large. Although thousands of miles of the sland have scarcely been touched by ·ivlllziition, In a recent year Formosa iroduced approximately 25,000,000 mshels of rice, 25,000 tons of sugar, 12,000 tons ot tea, 1,000,000 tons of coal, 3,000 tons of camphor, and 5,000 ons of camphor oil. Petroleum, gold, sliver, copper, jute, opium, tobacco nnd salt also are Important products. Opium is sold only to old licensed smokers and the number of users Is reduced 'each year. Among tho. na- tlvrs bo,th men and women smoke to- jacco In Ions-stemmed bamboo pipes and many chew helel nut, Tlie need for new sources of camphor camphor lias liecn one of the principal causes, for the development of the sland. When tlie trees on the civilized civilized side of tlie boundary fence have been leveled and supplies diminish, tlie feilce is moved back into savage territory; for the constant demand for the product Is too grc.it" to await the maturity of new trees that the Japanese have recently planted. "This gradual encroachment on the savage domain and tlie plan to penetrate certain certain parts .of the Interior with roads nnd railroads, should bring the entire Island under Japanese control In a few years. Peril of Camphor Worker*. Many of the .camphor stations are near the head-hunters' district. While the Japanese are bringing the savages more under control each year, and a heavy guard Is constantly on duty among the workers, raids on these stations are not uncommon occurrences. occurrences. The huge trees are felled and then chipped with a scooplike cutting Instrument When small cars, that the workers push on a narrow gauge track, are filled, the load is consigned to a camphor stiil where tlie cuttings are transformed into pure camphor by a boiling process. Altachcd to tlie still bamboo pipes take oft the camphor camphor oil. A large quantity of the world production of camphor of wliicli about three-fourths conies from Formosa, Formosa, Is used In the manufacture of celluloid, perfumes and drugs. As Is the case with many of the larger Industries Industries of Formosa, the Japanese government has a monopoly of the camphor business and dictates Its own price by which the product Is purchased from the I n d i v i d u a ducers. In the wilderness, one cannot mis take n head-hunter fnr n harmless native native If he keeps his head ions enoi to see one approach. For clothes they wear n single piece of cloth t h a t reaches from their armpits to their knees, arounJ their Iilps is n huge knife encased In a tamboo scabbard and some of them carry bows and

Clipped from
  1. Newport Mercury,
  2. 03 Dec 1927, Sat,
  3. Page 6

barclayp Member Photo
  • 1927 based on national geographic

    barclayp – 13 May 2013

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