Northern editorial on the Union loss at the First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)
The Aatiomil lisaster. It wouM be folly to shut our eyes to the magm. tudeand consequences of the defeat which overtook overtook the Federal army at Bull's Rud. It was an overwhelming disaBter. The loss in killed and wounded though less than the first accounts of the buttle indicated, is undoubtedly immense ; aim the capture of guns and ammunition by the rebelB, thus augmenting their own warlike stores and diminishing those of the Government, renders renders the defeat of our troops fruitful of disastrous results. More than all is the demoralising effect of the panic which caused :i premature lliglit. Yet all these icsults were tuch as might have been foreseen and of which those whose discernment discernment was not clouded by the mUl of passion or the delirium of an irrational enthusiasm, had dim and sad lorebodings. It is a lamentable consideration consideration that the lliglit of the United States army will go forth io the world as an imputation on northern courage and give a color of vcrilication to the Southern estimate of the northern c.'urac - ter in ihis rtspect. And yet in realily ihe ignominious ignominious flight of the troops was no evidence of exceptional pusillanimity in those who tied. "o volunteer army thai ever was called into existence will stand lire under disadvantageous disadvantageous circumstances after three months preparation. They may exhibit a brave itnpetu' osity at the outset, but tvhen exposed to a foe. superior superior in Mm. bur or incline of destruction, tiiev will breafc arel lite. War is a trade. The soldier is inured to brave steel and lead by familiarity with Midi siKrck as the emblems of h s proves, sicn. I - .is utt. - on.uch the l ick of anatomical Lnowlec.ee wLie - ti would disqualify an ordinary layman m dressing a dangerous wound or performing performing an amputation, as the want of steadiness of nerve which only practical experience can bestow. bestow. A visitor to a pyrotechnic factory would jeti uneasiness amid the inflammatory materials, but the workman there is so unconscious of dan ger as to indulge a fatal carelessness. In times of peace the mangled remains of. one human victim will cause a shudder to run through the spectators; spectators; in war limes the heart becomes steeled and lott to all feelings of itnderce. - s, and except thoi0 who have relatives among the victims, there are lew citizens at either section of the union who to - day amid the exaltation of victory or the gloom of defeat, give more than a passing thought to the thousands whose shattered remains remains strew the Virginian Golgotha. So it is that men are moulded to be soldiers. Men whose lives are spent arj.id camps and battles become inured to all the ghastly vicissitudes of war. But men drawn from the peaceful pursuits of life, from the farm, the counter, the workshop, though gifted with manly attributes, will fall back when a troop of veterans would advance and close up their ranks though thinned again and again. It the Southern rebellion were a riot as President Lincoln gravely decided to consider it, then a hastily mustered militia is always competent to suppress a riot. For a war, a gigantic civil war, whose magnitude has hardly ever been equalled' standing - armies alone will suffice, though it required required years to create them. The disaster of Hull's Run was owing in no small degree to the spirit in which the United States troops went into the contest. Regiments marched to ihe scene as if going on a pic nic or target excursion. It was impossible not to be struck with the prevalence of this idea even among the troops that left this vicinity. Young xnen,ae the troops were chiefly, rushed to the scene of toifliet, as if they went to contend a game o'' 'Jase ball or engage in a holiday parade. To "whip ihe rtbe:s" was tie objees, and that they should meet ilh formidable resistance was an idea they setmtQ utterly iucapable of entertaining. Indeed Indeed it would bine been "treason" and "seces - k - ii," a Kw weeks ngo, to hint the necessity of stenur us ive on she pai t of those who went foith to cot qnir ten millions ol American cit"' zees. The fiartnl hnvt.o which has taken pl.ee is a ghastly const quel ee of the need which has been given to the slaueierous agitators who aided to bring about ilie war by itieueing cither section of the Union to misunderstand, undervalue and despise despise the other. The iimi ediate causes of the reverse are evident evident enough. The men who have ruled in Wash, ington, since la;t 4th of March, are as iucapible of conducting war as preserving peace. While determined to rush into premature hostilities, they refused to accept the services of the most effective arm of the militia power of the country They would not receive cavalry regiments. Iii this city a fine regiment was offered months ago and rtfustd. The administration also pushed General Scott into giving the rebels battle on their own terms, on the ground they selectedi and with every possible advantage in their favor. They were impelled to do this by the clamor of the abolition wing of the Republican party a faction the most bloody, cowardly and atrocious that ever disgraced history ; a party with the head of an idiot and the heart of a fiend; and its organ, the Iribunc, has governed the country since the 4lh ot lust March. The result is before the woild, and every American citizen hangs his head and bis chteks burn red to contemplate it - We need not attempt to imitate the example of Mr. Lincoln when he assumed his office and could not or would not see that any disunion existed, by shutting our eyes to the consequences consequences ol the first great battle of the campaign. campaign. What a commentary the intelligence will be when it reaches Europe on the bunkum broggadocia of Mr. Seward. It will be very likely likely to induce both England and France to recognise recognise the independence of the South at once and terminate the imperfect blockade. This will be its eflect abroad. Wbal will De its results here ? Until we learn whether the rebels have the power or intention to capture Washington, attention must be concentrated on that point. We believe the people of the North will instantly rally to defend defend the stat of gove) r.ment, even under the benumbing benumbing influence of j t&Lerday' - s news. Hut they should reluse peremptorily to be led to slaughter by ineonipettnt and imbecile Republican politicians. politicians. If the federal government is to place mother army in the field it must put generals at their head and leave the Pierces and pettifoggers at home. Banks Is to supersede Patterson. "What capacities of generalship has Banks ? what eapaciti ts con he have ? A man must have a certain amount of experience to drive u mud cart or lead a horBe to a pond. Does the ability to lend an army come by nature ? And if the genius lor military command is a natural endowment, endowment, does it not require a knowledge of the m t of war to be superadded ? We know Banks has not the one, what right have we to suppose that he bus the othtr ? If the war is to continue continue and continue under the auspices that have ruled it so far, the North may as well give up the ship at once. The Chicago platform and the interests interests and claims of the Republican party and its leading members have had everything sacrificed sacrificed to them so far ; they must endeavor to give place to the interests of a perishing nation, or the North, unless stricken with madness will refuse to commit suicide at their hidiltmr '