Letters from Europe 1859

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Letters from Europe 1859 - Correspondent nf tho l'rco Press. i,i:riuiis...
Correspondent nf tho l'rco Press. i,i:riuiis rito.M r,i;iMii-s:. NO. I.XIV. fVini'ist, - y.itln.Melttrnirh. Prague, One of tho ullegcd del nrtures nf the Ro man C.itholio chinch fiom tlio commands uf the Master and from tlio practice ol the Apostles nnd primitive Christians, was the buying to the laity tho use of tho clip in tho Holy F.uehurist. It required but a fecblo cyo lirect"! to the dospcl, tosoo that the lire-nil anil the Wltio wcro alike offered to all by tho Saviour, indeed, of tl.o wino especially, ho lid, "drink ye nil." In Bohemia, tho be ginning of tlio reformation turned upon this us n principal point, and the reformers took the naino of Ulraquists, from their insisting upon the communion in both kinds. On tho elcath of IIuss and Jerome, their multiplying friends at Prague and in other portions of Bohemia nuido no secret of their wrath, winch was however restrained till private grief) called to tho field ns their military leader blind Ziika, then blind in n ly one eye. lie was a nublo Bohemian who had enjoyed life nt Court, and had seen service under tho Ten tonic Knights, had lought tho Pules and the Turks, nnd had just returned Irom the Knglish service at Agincourt, to loam that Ins sister, a nun, bad been (lulionuieil liy a monk, and bis sympathy with tho I'tra quists and their need ol a leader gaVo him the opportunity of revenge not npun tho guilty hypocrite who had wronged his sister, hut upon thoso who held the simo faith Ho armed the peoplo and lod them. The first outbreak was caused by a L'traquist priest being struck by a 6tono whilo wnlkius in i procession, when tho people, set on by Ziska surrounded and stormed tho City Hall, and threw thirteen of tho City .Magistrates out of tho winduw upon the pikes of tho soldiers. They rushed through tbo city, and in tho fury ol iconoclastic fanaticism, with fire and force mutilated and detroyl churches and nltar, tilate, nnd robes and vestments, and sculptures and paintings and stained win dov.s, whatever their adversaries held cred. King Wenceslaus died of fright on tho occasion, which gavo tbcthrone to bis broth er. the bntuless sigismunu, tlio l.niiicror who bad bei n so treacherous to IIuss, and win soon bcaan to execute the Hussites. Thebloodof tho Utraquistswasnovvup, and Ziska swore ho would never acknowledge .Sigismund as King of Bohemia. Tho Dupe-rur Dupe-rur made his appearance at the head of 30,000 tioops to extinguish tho littlo band of 4000 ill-nrmed nnd undisciplined troops commanded commanded by Ziska and entrenched on a hill bristling bristling with stockades and barricaded by wagons, wagons, since called ZiskaV hill. The littlo garrison of these extemporaneous fortifications fortifications sustained repeated assaults, and finally dashed down the hill and put to flight the army of seven times their number. Ho soon had arms and cavalry. Ho organized his desperate legion called the Invincible Brethren Brethren his array swelled to 0,000. His movements movements bad tho rapidity of magic lie won 13 pitched battles, and moro than a hundred lesser fights, and was never defeated. His cm-edties cm-edties were barbarous and bloody beyond pai-nllel. pai-nllel. The bigots of tho council of Constanco who burned Hussand Jerome weregentlo nnd merciful, compared with this bloody Utra-quist Utra-quist soldier. The cries of thosu whom without mercy ho sent to tho burning fagots, hu ewlled the songs of bis sister's Initial day. During bis lost years Ziska was stone blind, and ho was carried on a car to thu field of battle ; but bo was none tho less the life and power of his army than be-fure. be-fure. It was u sublime exhibition of human power, as ho sit on his car, in the presence presence of his army of 40,000, nothing daunted daunted in the encounter with 150,000, and as they brought him the stato of the fight from different portions of tho field, ho rolled his sightless eye-balls, as though ho saw whero to order his archers, whero to send his forlorn forlorn hope, armed with that terrible Bohemian Bohemian Hail, heavy with knots and iron bands, and bristling with spikes, which no shield could withstand, and no skill in fence could parry, and whero tho Invincible Brethren ewept elown upon tho advancing loo, and scattered them liko sheep. This was playing blindfold those great games of fearful reality, of which Philidorjand Paul Morphy played tho toys. This wonderful General died of a sort of plague at tho little town of Caesl.iu ; and his spirit and that of his army may in somo sort bo judged by tho fact that his followers, maddened by his death, stormed tho town, burned it to ashes and killed every ono of its inhabitants. Tho Protestant Religion becamo theroligion of a largo majority of the peoplo ef Bohemia, but after tho battlo of Praguo, tho House of Hapsburg visited upon tho protestint population population a terrible retaliation of carlir pro- testant barbaritios. Kxccutions, banishment, confiscation nnd other oppressions, wielded by tho hand of absolute power, established tho Catholic Religion, to tho exclusion of all others, others, and forced ministers and people, nobles and knights, artists, manufacturers aud farmers, farmers, to tho amount of near forty thousand families, of the most valuable classes of subjects, subjects, to flee their country, and to leave tho Roman Catholics in quiet possession ; and only a few years later, tho country was desolated desolated aud depleted by tho Thirty-years' war, to an extent almost unparalleled in tho history of war. 1'nder the reign of Maria Theresa it again rallied, and its mines nro now productive productive and its manufactories prosperous. Tho Bohemian glass is unequalled, and few travellers loavo Prague withojit carryiug with them specimens of its fabrics in glass, whicli aro exceedingly curious and beautiful. Wc wcro much interested and delighted in tho shops of the larger dealers in such novelties. novelties. Till tbo timo of Maria Theresa, Bohemia seems to have been tho centre of religious strifts and fanatical cruelties. Who was it (Muelame Roland, I believe,) that said, "Oh, Liberty, what crimes aro committed in thy naino "' How easy to my, too, ol our holy Religion, What crimes are committed in her name 'what wars and battles, and massacre's massacre's and blood, ir tho naino of the Princo of. I'e.u-e. " .My kingdom i not of this world," Mid the Master; " if my kingdom were nf this world, then would my servants fight." How it would look to see the rival hosts uf Christians (?) glittering in armor to establish their faith defying each other al'outrance lighting und giving no quarter fur n question in tho catechism ; und ns the vollies rattled along tho lilies, and the i-annon lionnu-d over the field, and the bayonets dripped withbleiod, to see Iho burners that waved over them all inscribed with the Beatitudes' Hut warsand fightings, with their bleiud and crimes, am not more upposcj to the spirit of true religion, religion, than the faguts nnd the stake of persecution persecution , the dungeons and tho tortures of tho Inquisition and the terrors of the Holy Office; not moro than tlio Intolerance nnd sectarian exelusivencss nnd hostility nf our own times, nnd of somoof ournwn Protestant champions of tho right ol private judgment, freo thought and universal investigation. Substitute for tho ruin nnd desolations nf fanaticism, tho productiveness of peace nn earth nnd good w ill to men i and how different would bo tbo condition, not onlv nf Bohemia, but ol tho human race. Perhaps, however, it is safer to say that tho declaration of tho Master means that lighting is the normal condition of man in this world; and that tho kingdoms of this world must fight ; and tliat by war nlono can tho great political design" ol Prov- idenco bo wrought out. Wo wcro gratified in having an opportu nity to look at so powerful and celebrated a personage as Princo Mcttrrnlch, who stopped for a night at our hotel, em his way to nncof his country residences. He travelled in chariot-and-foiir, with his physician inside with him, two attendants in the dickey. Two of bis tons accompanied him in another e ar-riage. ar-riage. Thero was nothing in their dress, equipage, stylo or pretension to distinguish them from respectable privite jrentlriu -n. nl tho simple tastes and quiet and unostenta tious mann'-rs which so often characterize high breeding. Tlio Prince, himseir, was a venerable looking gentleman, reminding one of the Duke ol Wellington. His nose was romnn, his head large, his brow broad, high and good, but not lofty or massive, his f ice highly intelligent, und his look and manner indicitivo of a secretive character. What a power he hasheen in Kuron'-an polities during the generation now passing away' Yours, K. C. I'or the Free Press. .1fr,. Ilditirt I On looking fiver the Tlidu Ihtrbntin Tim, of the 26th last., I read tho editor's nrtleecf Bay nrd Taylor's Lecture, pronounced hero ou Saturday evening; and I becamo perfectly satisfied that It not only " srrrurd In bo a snappish notico of tho lecture;" but was so in fact. It seems to me that (icncrnl Clarke must have been In bad humor when he wroto that notice; that ho was troubled with indigestion, or something el'C, which transformed his usual amiability Into something akin toa sour temper, which caused him to seo defects where nono existed, and to find fault without cause. Pint Ho arraigns Mr. Taylor for not making his appearance until "nearly half-past eight o'clock," when, as tho fact wa, he entered tho church at precisely fivo minutes past eight, by my watch, which was fully fivo minutes faster than tho truo time. Now as tho lecturo was ndvertlsed to commenco at eight o'clock, there was no such delay as would justify any censuro on account of his tardiness; and nu-snfuty the timo when he arrived, as tho foundation tor fault-finding, can hardly be justified. Secondly Iho editor charges .Mr. Taylor with having twice be-foro disappointed us in not performing performing prior engagements to lecturo here. Was hr in fault in thus disappointing us 1 I think not. Wo understand, perfectly well, that, when engagements ef this kind aro made, the Lecturer expects to arrivo by tho train tlio jam evening when ho is to lecture. Therefore all such engage ments are mado with the implied understanding, that if tho train docs not arrive, neither will tho Lecturer. At ono timo, ns I learn, when wo expected expected Mr. Taylor, a heavy snow-storm detained tho train, so that ho could como no farther than llutlnnd, tho train reaching there at a much later hour than the hour of its usual arrival ot Burling ton, when coming from the South. Tho other time when wo wero disappointed, he was detained by slckncss, of which fact duo notico was given, so that our pooplo did not nsscmblo to hear him. As to Mr. Taylor's "gesticulations" of which the Editor complains so bitterly, I can only s.iy saw nothing cither ungraceful ur out of pbiso. I thought his voice charming, his manner good and his desoripttvo powers of a superior order; and al though bo described nothing but what fell under his own observation, still ho presented to us tlio country and tho peoplo of tho Arctic region, and not himself. As to the lecturo itself, .ill agreo with General Clarke, "that it gave- the- greatest satisfaction." I think our bravo General stands in the posi tion of a little boy, of whom the story runs thus: A prudont father advised his chillren not to play in his neighbor's mill-pond. A littlo black-eyed urchin looked up witli astonishment, saying "Fa thor, wo shall not hurt the mill.pond." " True, my son," said the ta'hcr, " but should you fall in aud get drowned, tho mill-pond might hurt you So I think of General Clarke's nctice; It will not hurt liayard Tjylor, but It may hurt General Clarke. Yours, X. Y. March 30, 16.53. TiieTiuns-Atlan.ic BitLoox. Mr. John La Mountain, tho .(Eronaut, has nearly com pleted tho arrangements for constructing I mammoth balloon, with which ho hopes and believes ho will beablo to cross tho Atlantic. Ho will build it near Troy, and expects to take his first trip in tho Summer. The balloon will bo about 75 feet long and 05 in diameter, holding 140,000 cubic feet of gas. Tho largest balloon thus far has only been of tho capacity of 75,000. It will have a largo car attached to it, which will contain small life boat 10 feet in length, and weigh ing but 125 pounds ; the car will also contain contain a steam-engine, attached to a propelling apparatus of Mr. I.a Mountain's own devis. ing, by means of which tho balloon can be raised or lowereel from current to current at a moment's notice. In ordinary balloons this is effected by suffering tho gas to es cape or throwing out ballast. It will have a lifting power of four tons, anl as tho boiler boiler will ba heate 1 by alcohol there will be no danger of explosion. Tlio total weight ot engino, boiler, and propeller will be less than 250 lbs. Five miles of ropo will bo used for thu net work of tho balloon and supporting cords. Four miles of this will bo quito small in size, about three thirty-seconds of an inch in diameter. Tho rest will be some- what larger. It is rather a dubious ntlair, undertaking undertaking to cross the Atlantic in a lalloon ; but in theso dajsof miraculous performan. ces.it will hardly do to say of any propo-sl scheme that it is impossit lc. BiCK Again. Mr. Capen, the Huston Postmaster, has to take the Kick track. His rurried movo to Sumner streit to keep out of tho way of n law of Congress, of which he had not rcci-evcd any notice, does nut nwait him. Attorney General Black says the removal removal was illegal, and the office must go back to State street. Flliy. tin the lfith, a new bouse in process process uf erection by Roger Tubln of fiuilfonl, vva destroyed by fire, the act ol an incendiary. incendiary. Loss ,i;5ll(l or $000. The Conviction ol Ariel .Martin is the first e-apital conviction that bus otvuiresl in this State for nearly '-'" yeeirs. Vho last execution execution was, weare iufonm-d, in Manchester, in the year 1S25. In iK'io, a Mrs. Peak of Randolph was tried at Chelsea, for the murder murder of her sun-in. law by administering arm nie in his food. She vvns convicted nnd sen tetii'ed, but died in prison two weeks lforo the day of execution uriived. ParrT patent was issued March 22d tu llakcl Walker, of Hirtfoid, Vt , ussigti orto himself und H'nj. P. Driggs.of Fuirlee, Vt , fur improved odomter I

Clipped from Burlington Weekly Free Press01 Apr 1859, FriPage 2

Burlington Weekly Free Press (Burlington, Vermont)01 Apr 1859, FriPage 2
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  • Letters from Europe 1859

    haloupek – 06 Dec 2014

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