Sputnik launch headlines

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Sputnik launch headlines - VOLUME 53. NUMBER 140 EIGHT PAGES LACROSSE,...
VOLUME 53. NUMBER 140 EIGHT PAGES LACROSSE, WISCONSIN, SATURDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 5, 1957 PRICE SEVEN CENTS Russia Launches Man's First ‘Moon J U.S. Strives Course Of To Determine Earth Satellite RADIO SIGNAL IS PICKED UP WASHINGTON CP) — American •dentists strove today to chart the course of the first earth satellite, sent into the skies Friday by Huslia. Radio signals from the manmade moon were reported picked up by government agencies. There were similar reports from Russia, Britain, Canada and Japan. There were also a number of reports from observers in this country that the satellite had been sighted. it it it But officials at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Cambridge, Mass., said it was not yet visible to observers. The observatory is headquarters of the network of stations set up to track the satellites this country plans to launch. Dr. Fred L. Whipple, director of the observatory, said computations have determined that the rocket is invisible because of the relation of its course to the position of the sun. He said scientists there believe the tiny moon was fired in a west-to-east direction. A Japanese scientist reported observing the satellite by telescope over Niigata, Japan. The scientist reported it was traveling southwest by northeast. Dr. Richard W. Porter, chairman of the technical panel of earth satellites for the International Geophysical Year, said here that an approximate orbit had been computed. ☆ ☆ •& He said the satellite should have whizzed over Philadelphia this morning, and that succeeding passes would cross the Midwest and the Pacific Coast. Porter said the approximate orbit was figured out by piecing together “miscellaneous bits of information from amateur, commercial and government radio receiving stations both in this country and Japan.” He said radio signals from the satellite “should be strong enough mouth roil SOUTH *01 f SATELLITE ORBITS Black Line Shows Approximate Orbit Of Russian Satellite. U. S. Globe, When Launched, Will Follow White Line Orbit. (Unifax) SATELLITE AT A GLANCE (By The Associated Press) MOSCOW—Soviet Union announces it has launched the earth’s first man-made satellite circling the globe every 95 minutes 560 miles out in space. WASHINGTON—American scientists compute an approximate orbit of the Soviet satellite roaring through space, while U. S. satellite test preparations are underway. NEW YORK—Russia’s frontier-smashing satellite brings new prestige to the Soviet Union and congratulations from scientists. MOSCOW—Russian citizens last to learn of successful launching. Soviet government directed first announcement to foreign countries. MINNEAPOLIS—Prof. Rudolph Hermann, University of Minnesota scientist, says Russians won satellite race because U. S. workers were not allotted sufficient funds. WEST HARTFORD, Conn.—Nation’s amateur radio operators asked to help track satellite by radio. Many already have picked up signals. Michener Among 13 Safe In Ditching NOT VISIBLE: OBSERVATORY By JAMES F. SMITH CAMBRIDGE, Mass., OB - Scientists at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory said today they are quite certain the Russian earth satellite is not visible to observers. Dr. Fred L. Whipple, director of the observatory, said: “We won the first round with the H-bomb— the Russians have won the second with tile space satellite.” He said reports that the manmade moon had been sighted were erroneous, that observers probably saw meteors or high flying aircraft. ☆ ☆ ☆ Scientists said the satellite is streaking around the world at 18,000 miles an hour in such a position that the glare of the sun makes, it invisible to observers where moon watch stations are set up. The scientists’ announcement came after they had worked through the night to plot the orbit of the 185-pound sphere as it whizzes around the globe 560 miles out in space. Dr. Whipple said the sun obscures observation of the satellite in all parts of the world except near the poles. Iii two or three weeks, he added, the satellite might change direction and be visible from the earth. ft it ft Some 80 moon watchers, members of the earth satellite optical Link Binding Humans To 3 Earth Broken By ATON L. BLAKESLEE (Associated Press Science Reporter) NEW YORK WI — Russia has won a race to step first into space with a baby moon. It brings her enormous popular prestige, and worldwide congratulations of scientists. Something fashioned by human hands and minds is whirling around tile world as a Columbus of space. That's the tremendous initial impact. A link is broken in tile chain binding humans to earth. Baby moons are tile first messengers to tell us what space is like, to answer some mysteries of the void between earth, sun and stars. ii ft if Now Uie burning question is: Just how elusive is tins first messenger, and what will it actually tell us about space? It can be valuable only if: A: Scientists or amateurs in Russia or anywhere else can spot it often enough to learn its orbit, to predict where it goes next, and so learn what happens to it. B: It radios back information about what it learns. C: It lasts long enough before falling back close to earth and perishes like a shooting star. Answers to these critical points are still awaited. It will take at least several pretty accurate and separated “fixes” of the moon’s position to learn its orbit, to predict when you might see it in the dawn or dusk sky with binoculars. it it ☆ Its path must be known before tracking program in the western, changes in its path have solid hemisphere and Japan were noti-: meaning. How much it is slowed fied to cease observation duties down will tell scientists how dense after the scientists determined the _though terribly, terribly thin- path of the satellite. the earth’s air is at such high al- An astronomer, who declined tildes. Or how many meteorites use of his name, said it was ob- or cosmic dust the moon is bump; ing into. Moscow, announcmg its triumph only hours after the launching, scientists outside the Iron Curtain. has not yet reported success in Nevertheless reports of seeing accurate tracking, the artificial moon were received | The moon_a huge 185-pounder- at the observatory. Spotters re- carries a radio§ Radio ..fixes” This Photo, taken for Fortune Magazine, shows model of inner workings of earth satellite which U. S. intends to launch during International Geophysical Year. (Fortune Magazine Photo from Unifax) Circling Earth At Great Speed By HAROLD K. MILKS MOSCOW (AP)—The Soviet Union announced today it ..has launched the earth’s first man-made satellite 560 miles out in space and it now is circling the globe at tremendous speed. The dramatic claim that Russia had beaten the United States in the satellite race came in an announcement saying the artificial moon was launched yesterday by multiple-stage rockets. The site of the launching was not given. _ _ ____ __ Hie instrument-laden globe was described as 23 inches in diameter and weighing 185 pounds. The announced weight is about Hint times that of a projected 22-inch U. S. earth satellite. ft ft it An announcement by the official agency Tass said the moon was circling the globe every hour and 35 minutes. It transmits radio signals back to the earth as it hurls along. The launching carne just three months and four days after the opening of the International Geophysical Year (IGY), a concerted program by the world’s scientists to learn more of the earth’s secrets. Tass said the moon can be ob- FACTS AT AGLANCE Satellite Travels 18,000 M. P. H. At 560 Miles Up; Weighs 185 Lbs vious that the Russians chose the sun plane angle deliberately in order to thwart observation by (By The AuocUted Pre**) Here are pertinent facts concerning toe Russian earth satellite: Launched—Sometime Friday at a secret site. Multiple-stage rockets propelled it into its orbit. Size—23 inches in diameter. Weight—185 pounds, or nine times that of a similar satellite being readied by the United States. Altitude—560 miles. Speed—18,000 miles an hour, circling the earth in I hour, 36 minutes and 2 seconds, according to Russia. ft ft ft Shape—Not stated, but presumably round. Contents—R a d i o equipment and perhaps instruments to provide scientific data on conditions at the high altitude. Orbit—Said by Russia to be north-to-south at an angle of 65 degrees to the equator, which would bring it over the U. S. at intervals. Tracking—Radio signals picked up by numerous experts and amateurs with shortwave radio equipment. Satellite transmits “beeps” at three-second intervals on frequencies of 20.005 aud 40.02 .megacycles wavelengths 15 and 7.5 meters. Visibility to eye and telescope —Conflicting reports. Japanese scientist reported seeing it through a telescope, Americans also report .sightings. However. astrophysical experts say orbit such that sun’s glare makes impossible to view. ft ft ft Purpose—To gather information on space, presumably transmitting some of it back by coded radio signals. Scientists outside Russia may not be able to decode without more information from Russia. Soviet jet propalsion expert said it is forerunner of flights to the moon. Military value—None at present. Future of satellite—May last days or weeks. Eventual disintegration expected as speed drops and satellite falls into earth’s denser atmosphere. served by simple optical instruments in the evening or early morning. Soviet scientists tracked the tiny satellite by radar and radio. (The man-made moon carnel no propellant. The thrust of the last rocket sends it speeding off at about 18,000 miles an hour. This speed is sufficient to offset the pull of gravity. It thus keeps circling the earth just like the real moon does. (The Defense Department in Washington said naval researchers Friday recorded three passes of tire Soviet satellite over the United States, one in the vicinity of Washington. Radio signals were picked up from the satellite elsewhere in the United States, Britain and Canada.) ft ft ft The orbit of the man-made moon was not given, Soviet scientist* said previously they expected to launch a satellite on a north-south path around the earth. “The successful launching of the first man-made satellite makes a tremendous contribution to the treasure house of world science and culture,” the Tass announcement said. “Artificial earth satellites will pave the way for space travel and it seems that the present generation will witness how the freed and conscious labor of the people of the new socialist society turns into reality the most bold dreams of mankind.” The announcement, coming close on the claim Aug. 26 that

Clipped from
  1. The La Crosse Tribune,
  2. 05 Oct 1957, Sat,
  3. Page 1

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