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Late Racing Morning Final Circulation: 1 .036.522 Daily 1.290, 194 Sunday Thursday, October 29, 1981 MF184 pages Copyright 1981. Los Angeles TimesDaily 25c Dodgers Rout NoYo, Wie Series Reagan Wins A WACS Fight By RUDY ABRAMSON. Times Stall Writer WASHINGTON By a vote of 52 to 48. the Senate on Wednesday cleared the way for the controversial S8.5-bilIion AWACS sale to Saudi Arabia, handing President Reagan a come-from-behind victory in his first major foreign policy showdown with Congress. Ending a fierce struggle that had " gone on for months, the vote turned Wage Concessions Steelmaker, Union Going ThroughMill By BARRY SIEGEL. Times Staff Writer CANTON. Ohio When the Tim-ken Co. announced earlier this year it was considering building a $500-million steel mill here that would provide 1.000 new jobs, it seemed a godsend for this depressed industrial area. There was just one hitch. The Timken Co. wanted the sort of contract concessions from the United Steelworkers that a number of other unions have recently been granting recession-strained companies in an effort to retain jobs and keep plants open. The company said the concessions were needed to make the project economically feasible and competitive in the world market Without them. Timken might build the plant on alternative sites in Kentucky or Tennessee. County and state officials there were eagerly offering everything from tax breaks to new roads. A Second Hitch So, after negotiations, union leaders here endorsed the concession package and offered it to the rank-and-file workers. Then came a second hitch. On Oct 11. workers startled Timken. government and union leaders by voting narrowly to reject the concessions. Distracted by warm fall weather and a Cleveland Browns-Pittsburgh Steelers football game on television. 83 of the 9.000 union members eligible did not even bother to vote. The union rejection has left this city of 95,000 in an uproar. Community leaders, letter writers and local newspaper editorials have described the vote with expressions such as "disbelief," "amazed," "hard to understand." "self-destructive" and "selfish tunnel vision." The steelworkers have not been very happy either. Workers have threatened periodically to burn down union leaders' houses if they negotiated concessions, according to some sources within the union. Union officials shake their heads and acknowledge Please see UNION, Pate 16 AWACS Struggle Carries a Price, However Victory Bolsters Reagan's Hand at Home, Abroad By JACK NELSON. Times Washington Bureau. Chief WASHINGTON President Reagan's stunning victory in the Senate on the sale of AWACS radar aircraft to Saudi Arabia should strengthen his hand at home and abroad, even though he achieved it at some political cost. At home, the victory bolstered Reagan's image as a strong leader by demonstrating once again his mastery of the legislative process and his determination to keep a promise, even when he faces what seems to be almost insurmountable opposition. Abroad, the victory should shore up U.S. relations with Saudi Arabia and strengthen pro-Western elements in the Saudi ruling family, who favor the continued high levels of oil production that are important for the U.S. economy as well as its security. back a bid by opponents of the sale to veto an agreement concluded between the Reagan Administration and the Saudi government last February. Four senators who had opposed the sale Sen. Slade Gorton (R-Wash.). Sen. William S. Cohen (R-Me.). Sen. Mark Andrews (R-N.D.) and Sen. Edward Zorinsky CD-Neb, (switched sides during the final debate, two of them on the roll-call vote, to give the President his victory. Until this week, the Senate had appeared certain to veto the transaction and block a presidential arms sale for the first time in history. Breakdown by Party However, the President carried the day when 41 Republicans. 10 Democrats and Independent Harry F. Byrd of Virginia voted to kill a resolution that would have disapproved the sale. Voting for the resolution were 36 Democrats and 12 Republicans. California's senators split on the issue, with Republican S. I. Hayakawa supporting the President and Democrat Alan Cranston opposing him. The House voted. 301 to 111. two weeks ago to disapprove the sale, but both houses of Congress must reject proposed arms sales before they are dead. The White House managed to reverse the votes of several opposing Republican senators and save the agreement Wednesday by sending Congress a five-page letter of assurances regarding sale of the five airborne warning and control system planes to the Saudis. The letter went beyond the language of the official agreement itself. In recent days, the President had given top priority to personal appeals to senators, arguing that de- Text of Reagan letter. Page 11. Other stories. Pages 7. 9 and 10. feat of the sale would gravely undermine his foreign policy leadership. He waged his campaign into the last hours of Senate consideration. . Opponents of the salefnaintained to the end that it would accelerate the arms race in the volatile Middle East, undermine the security of Israel and jeopardize the security of sophisticated military technology by putting it into the hands of a potentially unstable government in Saudi Arabia. Minutes after the vote, the President took the first step in what is expected to be a concerted effort to reassure Israel that the present relationship between the two countries will remain the keystone of U.S. Middle East policy. Please see AWACS, Page 6 But Administration officials recognize that in the end they may have to pay for their victory. A White House aide, suggesting that the wounds inflicted at home and abroad might be a long time healing, said. "A win is better than a loss, but there is blood all over the floor." In forcing the issue on the sale despite heavy opposition, the Administration rolled over some Republicans as well as Democrats in the Senate and antagonized the American Jewish community, which fought the deal to the bitter end. A leading Jewish lobbyist in Washington, who declined to be identified, said he expects the Jewish community to react bitterly against Reagan, but added, "A lot Please see REAGAN, Page 12 Dodger players rejoice over winning the World Series by beating Yankees, 9-2, in sixth game in Last-Minute Letter Sews Up Vote in Senate By GEORGE SKELTON and PAUL HOUSTON, Times Staff Writers WASHINGTON A last-minute letter from President Reagan spelling out guarantees to keep AWACS radar surveillance planes from being used against Israel or falling into enemy hands was the final maneuver that sewed up the President's dramatic victory in the Senate on Wednesday. But what really spelled victory for the White House was a combination of Reagan charm and old-fashioned pressure politics a combination Reagan has used several times before in such legislative fights. As Reagan is fond of saying, he first tries to help legislators "see the light." And if they don't, he says, "we make them feel the heat." One of those who felt the heat was Sen. David Pryor (D-Ark.). Called to the White House for a private meeting, Pryor held out and voted against Reagan in the end but said. "The President's lobbying effort was as strong as train smoke, as they say back home." Voted Against, Then For Another Democrat who got the treatment. Sen. Edward Zorinsky of Nebraska, had previously voted against the sale of AWACS and other military equipment to Saudi Arabia when the deal came up in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. But after his session with Reagan on Wednesday. Zorinsky went back to the Senate and voted for the sale. "Sure I feel pressured." the senator told reporters. Zorinsky said he was lobbied in- tensely by "everyone who's got a vested interest (in the deal) economically, both in the state of Ne- Flease see STRATEGY, Page 8 I NDEX Astratogr Pan II METRO Page2 BookRelfews V VIEW 21.22,25,26 Clanifed VII CLASSIFIED 1-16 Cooks V VIEW 27 CiDmrord VII CLASSIFIED 16 DewAoby II METRO 3 Editorials II METRO 10,11 Films VI CALENDAR 1-7 Local News 11 METRO 1-7,9,12 Markets IV BUSINESS 1-12 Mak V! CALENDAR 1-3 Redoes VIII FOOD Sports HI SPORTS 1-16 Stage VI CALENDAR 2 Tangle Town l-C 6 TV-Radio VI CALENDAR I.S-10,12 Weather, Deatlu II METRO g Millions Walk Off Jobs in 1-Hour Polish Strike By DAN FISHER, Times Staff Writer WARSAW Millions of Polish workers walked peacefully off the job for an hour Wednesday in what both Solidarity union chief Lech Walesa and Premier Wojciech Ja-ruzelski said they hoped would be the last such nationwide strike in Poland. Walesa, who appeared at Warsaw's Rosa Luxembourg light-bulb factory for the national protest, said: "I want this to be the last strike of this kind. We should find more effective protests that would help us." A few hours later, Jaruzelski who is also the head of Poland's Communist Party, the country's defense minister and a general in the army opened a meeting of the party's policy-setting Central Committee by calling on the union to stop such walkouts "in the name of the highest good, in the name of the salvation of the nation." Despite an intense government Attorney Sues Store Pays for Rude Cashier By MARK GLADSTONE, Times Staff Writer Torrance attorney Donald B. Brown was angry enough when a market checker was rude and suspicious over his $25 check, but he became really furious when his complaint to the store chain brought a response he calls "insulting and humiliating." Brown filed a $150,000 suit against Alpha Beta and the checker on charges of slander and intentional infliction of emotional distress. He contended it was time someone stood up for courtesy and good manners on the part of those serving the public. Superior Court Judge Thomas Fredericks agreed with him and. after a brief non-jury trial, ruled in his favor. Brown was awarded a judgment of $500. plus court costs. Please tee RODE, Page 21 The Weather Variable clouds today and fair Friday. Highs today. 68 and Friday 72 to 76; lows 52 to 56. High Wednesday. 72; low. 60. High Oct 28 last year. 82: low, 56. Record high Oct. 28. 94 in 1931: record low. 45 in 1903. Complete weather details and smog forecast In Part II, Page 8. a M SUSAN HENDLEK Lot Angela Tuna New York. From left are Derrel Thomas, Steve Howe, Steve Yeager and Steve Garvey. propaganda campaign over the last several days and dire warnings to cancel the protest, the strike went off without incident. Solidarity had called the walkout to protest food shortages, government economic policies and alleged harassment of union activists. Solidarity officials described the strike as an unqualified success that, they claimed, was supported by 75 to 90 of all Polish workers not just Solidarity members depending on their location. Jaruzelski. however, told the Central Committee that "this time the strike did not have total support. For the first time, on such a scale and with such clarity, a stand against the strike was taken" by a number of organizations, including the pro-government trade unions. Polish television reported Wednesday night that almost one-third of the workers at the Luxembourg light bulb plant, where Walesa spoke, refused to support the strike. The walkout was only the second of its kind since Solidarity was born more than 14 months ago in the shipyards of the port city of Gdansk. The union staged a four-hour national warning strike on March 27 to protest the beatings of three of its members in Bydgoszcz. Wednesday's protest halted all municipal transportation in cities Please see POLES, Page 14 Soviet Sub Runs Aground Near Swedish Naval Base STOCKHOLM 0B-A 250-foot Soviet submarine with a crew of 54 ran aground and became stuck in shallow water in a secret zone near a Swedish naval base, authorities said Wednesday. Sweden lodged a strong protest with the Soviet Union over violation of Swedish territorial waters and refused Kremlin requests to let the Soviets tow the sub free. Authorities said that Warsaw Pact units equipped for submarine salvage apparently were heading toward the area 300 miles south of Stockholm where the submarine ran aground Tuesday night. They said Swedish naval reinforcements were on their way to ward them off. The sub was aground in the Karlskrona Archipelago, which juts into the Baltic Sea. The captain, identified only as Gushin. blamed "navigational error due to faulty radar and bad weather," officials said. But Jan-Ake Berg, spokesman for the Swedish chief of staff, dis Comeback Trail Led to 4th Title Pedro Guerrero drove in five runs with a home run. triple and single and the Dodgers climaxed a remarkable series of playoff comebacks Wednesday night by routing the New York Yankess. 9-2. to win the 78th World Series at Yankee Stadium. !t was the fourth straight victory for the Dodgers after they had dropped the first two games at Yankee Stadium. Previously, they had come from an 0-2 deficit to beat the Houston Astros, 3-2. in the National League West divisional playoffs and had overcome Montreal. 3-2. after trailing 1-2 in the NL championship playoffs. The result was an exact reversal of the 1978 World Series when the Yankees lost the first two games at Dodger Stadium, then won the next four. The victory gave Los Angeles its fourth world championship and its first since 1965 when they beat the Minnesota Twins. Previously they won championships in 1959 over the Chicago White Sox and in 1963 over the Yankees. Frustrated Since 1965 They had been frustrated since 1965. however, losing to the Baltimore Orioles in 1966. the Oakland A's in 1974 and the Yankees in 1977 and 1978. "It feels just like 1 anticipated." said Dodger manager Tom Lasorda. "I'm the happiest man in the world. We're bringing the championship back to Los Angeles where it belongs. 'These guys gave me a lifetime of thrills in one year." Said Guerrero, who was voted a share of the Most Valuable Player award with Ron Cey and Steve Yeager: "I feel so happy. I thank God for making this dream come true. I always dream of playing the Yankees in the World Series and winning. I'm having trouble believing it really happened. It feels so good." Cey, whose participation in the game had been doubtful because of the effects of his beaning by Rich Gossage on Sunday, started at third base and got two hits in three trips, scoring a run and driving in one. before taking himself out of the lineup in the sixth inning. "I felt OK at the beginning but then I got a little queasy." Cey said. "I may have tried to do too much. I'm glad it's over." Steinbrenner Apologizes Yankee owner George Steinbrenner. bitter over his team's collapse, issued this statement: "I want to sincerely apologize to the people of New York and to the fans of the New York Yankees everywhere for the performance of the Yankee team in the World Series." Burt Hooton was the winning pitcher, going 5VS innings and allowing five hits and both New York runs. Steve Howe came on in relief, giving up only two hits and no runs in 3 innings. Victory parade Friday, Part II, Page 1. Game details in Sports Section. counted the possibility of navigational failure. He said, "You only have to look at the nautical charts to realize that it is virtually impossible. To get that far inside the archipelago requires very careful navigation." Swedish Foreign Minister Ola Ullsten said the government found the captain's plea unacceptable and demanded an explanation from the Soviets, who frequently hold maneuvers in the Baltic and call it the "Sea of Peace." "When we were alerted that a sub had been sighted so far inside Swedish waters, we were very skeptical," Lennart Foreman, navy commander, said. "We thought it very unlikely that a submarine managed to get that far into Swedish waters, which are very unsuitable for navigation in submerged position." The sub was identified as belonging to the "Whisky" class, a non-Please see SUB. Page 12