Clipped From The Pittsburgh Courier
King's Address A from fage 1) marching units, anxious to get the bis show on the rood, stepped out actually a tew paces In front of the leaders, who followed a truck carrying television cameras. Tho Bev. ratrirk 0Boyle, A. map Kandolpa, Dr. Eageow Canon Blake. John Lewis, H alter Brother. Whitney Toawg. Babbt I'rl MUW. Mas - tbew Ahsnann. Boy WUkfcaa, BaaM doarhlm Prtiu and Dr. Benjamfai Mays, stretched cart. locked n brotberbood, tho wide ConstttartkM Are. and marrhtd with the remainder of tk 20MM behind behind them aa the Memorial of the Great Emaacipator. On the steps many newsmen, newsmen, photographers. TV and radiomen had already assembled assembled and were busily interviewing interviewing and photographing dignitaries as they arrived. Among thee were many lenders lenders of the cloth. Bishops, Archbishops Archbishops and what have you. Many public officials fr"m the local, state and national level were cat hand. The vanguard of marchers reached the Lincoln Memorial about noon. Thirty minutes later there was a preliminary program. Many of the dignitaries dignitaries were introduced. Among these were Dr. Ralph Bunrhe. U.N.: Sammy Davis Jr. Harry Belafonte. Lena Home. Josephine Josephine Baker, who Oew in from Paris, although she had vowed never to come to these shores again but said she "just had to be here tor the march,'" and Bert Lanca5ter. who come with a scroll from Americans living in Paris, who proclaimed their support of the Negro's flpht for freedom, jobs and nrst - ciasa citizenship. Jackie Robinson appeared on the platform, but wa r,ot introduced. Board members from all the leading organizations, organizations, the NAACP. CORE. Southern Christian Leadership Leadership Conference and Student Non - violent Coordinating Committee Committee were present. Also among thoae Introduced Introduced was theRv. Fred Shut - tleworth. freedom fighter of Birmingham fame, who drew tremendous applause and eler - trifled the crowd with the few remarks he made, admonish irg the crowd "that we will fight until freedom is won." Promptly at 1:30 P.M.. A Phiiip Randolph look the mike to trt the official program He called on Camilla Williams, who had sung, along with many other groups like Per Paul and Mary, the freedom singers who had been jaiM during previous freedom demonstrations; demonstrations; Bobbie Dylan. Joan Baez, folk singer, and others. Miss Williams opened the program with The Star - Spangled Banner." The Very Rev - Patrick 0T3oyl, Archbishop of Washington, Washington, gave the invocation, and the big program was started. Randolph set the stage for hat was to come with a rousing rousing speech in his booming voice and perfect Oxford diction. diction. He then introduced Dr. Digene Carson Blake, slated clerk. United Presbyterian Church of the!iSA and chairman of the Committee on Race Relations of the National Council of Churches of Christ in America, who said his groups are solidly behind the .Negro fight Dr. Blake said the prmvjrife - ment of the churches is for ' a non - segregated charrii in a non segregated society," ar - d neither "has been accomplished. He said the groir ard churches which he represented have dedicated thersel. n securing Federal rivil nzhts legislation. - aecuting minimum wage a - id Integrated edurarion. a' similar position was taken taken by Mrthew AhTnn eer utive director. National Caih.v lie Conference for Interracial Justice. TrSMtrs were paid In wo men ftghters for fidm Mrs. Medgar Fvers, wife f the slain .XAACT ofTkial in Xlaafawlppi; Mra. Daisy Botea, nsMas NAACT offldal hi the Little Bock light; Mrs. Diane Xaek Bevel, Xrv Herbert Lee, Mrs. Bonn Farks and Mrs. Gloria BJchardsoa. all who have shouldered their aharo of iaa igai for freedtMM. Randolph then introduced in succession the, others speakers as follows: JOHN LEWIS, national chairman. Student Non - violent Cordinating Committee, who told the crowd: "We cannot wait to be free gradually. We want our free dom and we want it now. We cannot depend on any political party, for both the Democrats and the Republicans have be trayed the basic principles of the Declaration of Indepen dence." WALTER RELTHEB. presi dent. United Automobile. Areo - space and Agricultural Implement Implement Workers of Ameriia. AFLCIO, who stated: "AH who are against the immorality immorality of discrimination and social injustices toward their feliowmen must share the impatience impatience of the nation's Negro Americans and stand shoulder to shoulder with them tn full active, affirmative support." CORE'S FLOYD McRJS. SAC read a statement from James Farmer, national direc tor. Congress of Racial Equality, Equality, written from his jail cell, and speaking the sentiment of the 250 CORE followers tailed with him in Plaquemine. La. Farmer said: "We cannot be with you In body, but wo are wtth you m spirit. By scorching on Washington, Washington, your tramping feet have spoken the messago the message of oar struggle hi Louisiana. Ton have given vnkw tn the straggles of our people in Mis - sKsippi and Alabama, ton, and in California and t hicago and New York. Yon have come from all over the nation, and In one mighty voice, ynq have spoken to the nation." Rabbi Uri Miller, president LETS YOU Fitting Climax Synagogue Council. of America, America, said: "... Enable us to understand understand that our society the American people is of one piece; that when any part of this society suffers, we all suffer. suffer. May we understand that he who discriminates is as morally morally hurt as is the one discriminated discriminated against, physically hurt; that be who is prejudiced may injure the object of his prejudice prejudice and also degrades the society of which he himself is a part WHITNEY YOUNG, execu uve director. National Urban League: who called on Negroes Negroes to " . . . March from rat - infested, crowded ghettos; from cemeteries where our newborn die three times sooner; sooner; from congested. IB - equipped schools: from crowded, unsafe play areas; - from present feel - irg of despair and frustration to a renewed faith and confidence confidence due to tangible programs programs " Marian AndVrson. the cele - i biated opera singer, sang a Negro spiritual, just before Roy Wilkins. executive secretary secretary of the NAACP and one of "The March" leaders, was introduced. introduced. Wilkins. who received extended extended applause, dared Congress Congress to ignore the march. Some 150 congressmen and senators had come to the march and heard Wilkins say: "We have come asking the enactment of legislation that will affirm the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of kas - puwaa,' fegkdatioa that will place the reaoune and the honor of the Government of all the people behind the pled re of equality tn the Declaration Declaration of Independence." zrThe world's greatest gospel singer, Mahalia Jackson, followed followed Wilkins and moved this huge throng, getting them ready to receive King. She was followed by Rabbi Joachim Prinz, presifierit of the American Jewish Congress, Congress, who averred: "To know freedom we 'meaning Jews, who also have a historv of slaverv and bias Only " Flameless Electricity PUT YOUR WATER It's a waste of heat and money when hot water travel long distances. That's why you'll appreciate the"' flexibility of a new trouble - free Electric Water Heater. Because there's no flame, venting is not needed, so you can install your heater right at the point of greatest hot water use. Pick an out - of - the - way hiding place, like a closet or cabinet or leave it out in the open, if you like. The outside the touch. And what had to - tree oursefve. To enjoy enjoy the blessings of liberty, we had to liberate ourselves. That is the reason they are Joining hands with the Negro in his effort to do the same thing." Randolph began introducing the next speaker, and when he got to "the leader of the moral revolution." the crowd broke out in loud and extended ap plause, for they knew that the man they had really come to hear, for which they had stood in . cramped shoulder - toshoul - der conditions ever since noon - It was then about 4 P.M. Their "Messiah." Dr. Martin Luther King, r as introduced, and delivered his now famous "I Have a Dream" speech. CThe full text of the King speech is carried elsewhere in this pa - Mr. Randolph, master of ceremnr.ie?. director of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, president and founder of the American Labor Labor Council, president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, and vice president of the AFLrCiO, then rave the pledge: Th p!ge says: "Standing before the Lincoln Memorial oa the 31th of Aug - nst la the centennial year of Emanripatkm. I affirm vrty complete personal rocnmrU.ient to the straggle for jobs and freedom for all Americana. "To faMU thai emanUtment, I pledge that I wiB not relax until victory K won. "I pledge that I will join and rapport all artfcio undertaken in goad faith la accord with Ike time honored democratic tradition of non - rMeat protest f peaceful assembly and petf - itton. and of redreas through the courts sad tho legislative process. "I pledge1 1 Tarry the message message of the march to my friends and neighbor back borne and to araaae them to aa equal . conanttmestt and an equal effort I wlQ march and I win write letters. I will demonstrate demonstrate and I wtB rote. I will work tn make sure that my voire and those of my broth ers ring clear and d htrudiRd HEATER WHERE THE HOT WATER IS Institute, 1st Eoor, pepco Building, E, N.W., where many makes and model on display, including space - saving top types. Then your favorite dealer or plumbinj? contractor is the to see. from every comer of "I pledge my heart aad amy mind aad any body, anneal - oeaOy aad wtthoat regard to personal oaerlflea, to (he acaJevefnrnt of social through sooial justfcn." Dr. Benjamin E. Mays, president, president, Morehouse College, gave the benediction. There were over 600 physicians, physicians, led by the new president. Dr. Kenneth Omer.t of Cleveland; Cleveland; tlctttists eg wh - er health workers participat ing in the march. The leaders of the manti on Washington left the Statier - Hilton Hotel, official headquarters, headquarters, at 8:30 A.M.. met with Senator Mike Mansfield at A.M.; Senator Everett Dirkaen at 9:30 A.M.; Speaker John MrCormack. Congressman Carl Albert and Charles Hal - leek at 10 A.M., and arrived at the march at exactly 11 JO o'clock. Following the march and the ceremonies, they met with the President at 5 P.M. After the aewdon w ith Ken . nedy. the President issued statement which said: "Demonstrations sarh a wan staged in Washington, was not now aor ' dHTlealt to understand. "What It different today b the lasenaMed and widespread public awareness of the need to move forward m acMovlag these objectives objectives which are older than the aa - tin as - 4aa . test Wi - groes aaa oeen aavanena ay the program conducted so ap Dronriatehr before the nation's Arimm tn tk. r.mm Timmmrt. . . 1 A - - . 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