JF to Washington DC

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JF to Washington DC - in third a - nificentroses - - us j IRISH...
in third a - nificentroses - - us j IRISH PAUPERS. Alexander Salllvas and Others Pretest to the President Against Assisted Immigration. Amarican Citizens Should Hot Be Burdened with Supporting Victims of British Misrule. : ' . Pertinent Presentation of the Facta The President Will Order a Thorough . Investigation. ASSISTED XJELI8K notTOKATiQir. PRESIDENT AJtTKCB omcuUI XXTOBXKB, Wabkinotox, June 23. A deputation rep resenting Irishmen waited upon President Arthur this afternoon and presented him a resolution concerning the "assisted emigra tion, adopted at the recent meeting of - the National League In Philadelphia." The dele gation was composed of the following gentlemen: Alexander Sullivan, President of the Irish National League, Chicago; John O'Byrne, Vice President, Cincinnati; Eugene Kelly, New York; James Lynch, . New York; Henry Hoguet, ' New York; William B. Wallace. M. D.. New York, of the Irish Emigrant Society; Judge John Booney, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; John C. MoOuire, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; James Reynolds, New Haven, Conn. ; Bernard Callaghan, Chicago; J. F. Armstrong, Augusta, Oa. ; Michael J. Doyle, Savannah, Oa ; William J. Mulhern, Augusta, Oa. ; Edward Johnson, M. D., Watertown, Wis. ; Hugh McCaffrey, Philadelphia; T. B. Fits, Boston; John II tr pa trick, Lincoln, Neb. ; John Fahy, Rochester, N. Y. ; P. Smith, Cleveland; John Boach, Chester, Pa. ; Octavus A White, M. D., New York. Eugene Kelly, of New York, was Chairman of the delegation, and John C MoOuire, of Brooklyn, was Secretary. The party waa re ceived in the President's library, and Sulli van addressed the President aa follows: SULLIVAN'S AOPBEMS. Mr. President : A convention at Philadelphia of American citizens of the Irish race, composed of l,' - OU delegates,' chosen from all parts of the United States, instructed me to present to yon the following resolution : Retolred, That th policy of the English Gov ernment in first reducing th Irish peasantry to abject poverty, and then sending them penniless to the United States, dependents upon American charity, is unnatural, inhuman, and an outrage upon the American Government and people. Wa respectfully direct the attention of the United States Government to this iniquity, protest against Its oontinuanoe, and instruct the officials who shall be chosen by this convention to sent our protest to the President of the United States, and respectfully but firmly to urge npon the President that it is the dnty of the Govern ment of the United States to decline to ' support paupers whose pauperism began under and Is the result of English misgovern ment, and to demand of England that she send no more of her pan sera to these snores to beoome a burden upon the American people." PAt'PCKISlf IN raELAXD. It is needless to say that in adopting this reso lution, and in respectfully presenting it to you. the convention aimed to reach and to try to re move the causes which produce pauperism in Ire land and transfer it to tne United States. It not intended to cast reproach upon the unfortu nate victims of these causes nor to discourage voluntary lmmlsration. A republic whose entire civilized population Is or immigrant stock, wltn Its material resources In only the Infant stage of development, and wltn nearly a billion acres of rich lands unoccupied In nineteen states and eight Territories, must eontlnue gratefully to re ceive those who freely repudiate foreign polit ical bonds, and. undertaking the obliga tions of Americans, bring to tne i Ice of the Retro ie loyal hearts and useful hands. The American citizens who met at Philadelphia were many of them the heirs of Irishmen who fought for American liberty against England in the war of the revolution. Some were the sons of Irishmen who fought for American liberty against England in tne war or lttix un der their countryman. Andrew Jackson. A con siderable number were themselves soldiers in the more recent conflict, waen the LIPB OF THE BEPCBLIC WAS TBrBEATRTBD by a domestic combination made formidable by the crafty encouragement of England, which, while robbing and betraying the South, sought the destruction or democratic institutions on this continent, and desired the lapse of the American neoDle. orthern and southern, into anarcny or monarchy, uus encouragement oemg - voiceu ny the present Prune Alinlster, Mr. Gladstone. The question which, as American citizens. we desire to bring to your attention, is aa es sentially an American question aa waa the resistance of the American colonies to English tyranny hundaed yearn ago: aa tne resistance of tne American Republic to English encroachments in the war of 1H1 - '; and as the successful demand bv the American Government of the Government of Great Britain for damages arising ont of the offenses committed in England against the Amer ican Repnblle in the happily - ended civil war. It is, sir, this question : Shall a foreign govern' ment be permitted to reduce by law and force to pouperism large numbers of those from whom It claims the allegiance of and to whom It owes the protection due subjects, and then compel the Re public of the United States to receive and provide for them? As American citizens, we charge that the Government of Great Britain by law and force reduces to pauperism many thousands of the people of Ireland and then deports them to the United btstes, their arrival at our porta in XXTBEztK DKXTTTVTTOX being of common knowledge and of official record. As American citizens we solemnly protest against this outrage on humanity, on civili zation and on international equity. The onlv d fense nnorSoiallv offered bv the English Govern ment la, that Ireland is so poor that emigration' Is a necessity, in relation to tnts aeiense we submit this proposition: That if the poverty of Ireland be not natural but artificial, and be the result, not of the operation of economic princi - nles. but of a political system therein maintained. the English Government cannot take advantage of its own wrong - doing: is not entitled to an avoidance of its consequences : and should not be permitted to Inflict Its victims as charges npon tne American oepuoue. n e amrm, as American citizens, that the poverty of Ireland is produced by ngiin law. ananot. by the law of nature. We amrm that Ireland is not overpopn - lated in proportion to her resources for the main tenance of life; and that emigration is not a so cial necessity, but a political oppression. Wa amrm t bat. It the political misrule producing pov erty in Ireland be removed, she not only will be come sell - supporting, out wiu enter the circle or thrifty and enterprising nations whose Droenerltv enlarges the wealth, increases the happiness of mankind, and extends in new directions the be - nehoenoeof civilization. We affirm that while the political causes producing poverty la Ire land SETT THX PBOTK8T8 OF J U STICK and humanity, and are ignored or tolerated by the Americas Ke public. Ireland must remain a tax, directly or indirectly, upon American citizens for the benefit of a foreign government within her boundaries. In support of the amrma - tlona we cite tne louowing iacra: 1. Ireland Is not over - rwpulated. The porrala - tton to the sauare mile is onlv 10'2. while In Switzerland it is 173. in France 183, In Austria 191, in Prussia, ZOO, In Germany 213, In Italy 248. in the Netherlands - S20. In England and Wales 445, and In Belgium, contented and rieh, 485. With a population the least of these in dens ity and with a soil ranking high in fertility, Ireland is the only country mentioned in which what has been mlsleadlngly called r amine has occurred In modern times, ana ftngianq la the only modern zoTenumnt which, while boasting of nroa - perity budgets" snd of an actual cash surplus of millions, has seen tnose sne claims as subjects dying of hunger, or saved from death by the char ity of a foreign tana. - 2 - Ireland is not over - populated in proportion to her food supply. Her total area is 20,000,000 acres, her population s,uuu,uoo souls, only a.. (MK).CKK) acres are under tillage: ret in the veai 1882 her nve principal looa crops amounted to a total of lo,e7tt,280,o88 pounds of food, or nearly eight pounds of food dally for every man, woman. andchiia. zuerewui oe apparently a align t increase in these crops the present year. Immigra tion is not, therefore, a necessity arising out of an Inadequate food supply. - It Is an important fact that money is Being .drawn rrom American citizens at the present time to keep n timbers of the Irish people from death by hunger: and it ought not to be forgotten - that, while so - called famine, resulting la horrible and widespread mortality, prevailed in Ireland in past years. smv ernment statistics show that in no year has the food supply of tus country been inadequate to maintain mncn more than tae entire population. The so - called lamlnes have been produced not bv nature, bat by political misrule. , - . PKBT AND TAXES. . 3. Emigration cannot be a social necessity In a country able to bear extraordinary burdens of taxation. When the Government of Enoiand abolished the Parliament of Ireland in 1BOO, the debt of Iralaad, naasr her ewa gerarai i only 20,000,000. England consolidated with this toe imperial debt. In express violation of the articles of legislstive union, and haa since com - pellea Ireland to bear an arbitrary share in the burdens of the empire. Ireland Bow sends England H.500,000 la taxes, leas than a fourth of which la exnended for even nominal Irish pur poses. A country able to contribute SOU. 000,000 a year for extraneous objects can scarcely be cats - rortd as ao noor that emlmtlun is a necessity. In 1847. when the tide of compulsory emigration first set in, the population of Ireland was 8,500, - OOO, and her taxation was then X4.OO0.0OO. annually. New her population haa - diminished to 5,000,000 and her taxation has risen to 8,500,000. Ws submit that emigration under such eiroumstaneea la not a necessity of nature but a compulsion of government. In the year 1 880, when money was collected throughout the United States to save subjects of Great Britain in Ireland from death by hunger, there waa a surplus of more than 15,000,000 in the treasury, their assessed portion of iwhich was Wrung from tha Irish neonle. While the govern ment haa excused eomunlsorv nauner emigration on the score of poverty, Ireland has been required to pay millions of dollars toward canceling the imperial debt; and while the Lord Lieutenant has gazed with uatnmmed eyes npon British subject driven by compulsory poverty between the decks of emigrant ships under his own superintendence, Parilsment lias been debating what to ao with a snrplns of f i ,oxmmov. KMIUKATIOIf AS OPPBKMUOsT. 4. That emigration from Ireland Is a political oppression, and not a natural necessity, la apparent, because, although eighteen million of ber twenty million acres are cultivable, . only three million acres ana under tillage. The obvi ous remedy is the distribution of t4 people over new land In tboir own country and giving tbem such aid as will enable them to live npon H and to which their taxation entitles them, it may rightly be said that with these details of Internal nianaganient of a foreign country the United States cannot properly interfere. Bnt their statement in intelligent detail is indlspen sable for an understanding of the spacious ness of the pretense that emigration from Ireland la a necessity of nature; and in toe deallna - a of the English crown with its English subjects is found the creditable precedent of promoting tillage, and of prohibiting tha substitution of grass for tilth, ss was done even In the harsh dsvs of Henry the Eighth's and Edward the sixth. Half the entire area of Ireland is now under grass. To redistribute the people over its arable portion and promote tillage is the more a moral obligation since English law destroyed the manufactures of Ireland and left the - people only tus land to arsw lire rrom. aires pbom amxxica. Finally. Mr. President, the political which keep Ireland poor constitute her s tax upon a large proportion of the citizens of this Re public, who are annually compelled to remit monev to save the Irish ueoDle from suffering and death. We respectfully submit, sir that no port! m of the American people should be taxed directly or indirectly for the maintenance of a foreign gov ernment to which thev owe no allegiance It is within bounds to ssy that the American citizens of Irish blood are compelled to send at least Ik3.000.000 annually to Ireland, the estlmats be ing based on the figures of a faithful British subject. Lord Duflerin. This money, earned in the United States, should remain in the United States and be added to the active beneneial capital of the Republic True, it is the voluntary gift of the donors; but It Is at the same J time compulsory and of the nature of a tax, since it la wrung from them by the Poverty of kinsmen whose condition is the result of political misrule. This Immense annual export of money earned in the United States should be stopped, since it brings no re turn to this cons try. but is absolutely a profit to a foreign power twice expelled by the American people in defense of their own pesos. Liberty, and material prosperity. THK IKISR INTT.ITX. Mr, President, our census shows that since 18'20 the people of Ireland have furnished 35 per cent of all the Immigration Into the United States. Their contribution waa doubtless proportionate! v greater during the latter half of the eighteenth century, when the total destruction of Irish trade and manufactures by Kugland cast tens or thousands of her most industrious artisans and mer chants into want; and It could scarcely have been less in the first two decades of the present eon - tury, when the fraudulent legislative union of England with Ireland paralyzed her reviving en The Irish Immigrants ana their ae Boendante comprise now considerably mora. third of the people of this country. They are ardently attached to Its institutions, to which they render no divided allegiance. Their love for the Republic is attested by their naeuty in peace ana their valor in war: and. in your own person, sir. they have furnished to the exalted offtoe of President of the United States, the son of an Irish immi grant. The divinely planted instinct ot human ity moves them with pity toward their kindred who are steeped in misery, and la their name I beg leave to suggest : A PaOTEST PEXAXDED. That, in the absence of legislation on the sub ject, the. President of the United States make ptnclal protest to the government of Great Anian azsxust xoe innavr ucvusit nxKra uw ter ritory of the United States of persons reduced by misrule to pauperism In Ireland: that the officials of the United States at American seaports and along the Canadian fron tier be Instructed carefully to collect information, statistical and devrrlprtve, cm the subject or pauper ztrrusn immigration wnicn has already entered or may nerearter enter the territory of the United States, and that the reports of these officials be transmitted to the Congress of the United states wltn recommendations by yon for the enactment of appropriate remedial legis lation : that the united mates uovernment con sider the propriety of calling the attention of the government of Great Britain to the fact that the political and social condition or Ireland compels a large number of citizens of the United states annually to send an immense sum of money into that eountry to relieve aire ana chronic misery and prevent the fatal effects of famine in the midst of an abundance of food ; and, that In the name of humanity Itself, the British Government be requested by the government of the United States to remove the causes which create and perpetuate this misery and keep nearly live mil lion human beings in unparalleled distress and on the verge of the most f rtghtfnl death. A POIKTKU APPEAL. Sir. in listening to such a request from the government of the United States, the govern meat of Great Britain must recall its own action and the present Minister his own words con cern ing the government and people of Naples, of 'Herzegovina, of Bosnia, Servla, Bulgaria, and Montenegro. Tha chronic condition of half the entire population of Ireland surpasses in depth of sunering tne conaition or toe inmates or Aeapol ttan prisons, a condition he characterised as the extreme of horror. He did not hesitate to arge that the government of Naples be bronght to a sense of justice by the influence of other govern. ments with which it was at peace. Only a few years since he demanded that England should pot a stop to miaruie m Duigana, ana tnat i urzey im eaciufscsx. in ww name ex auxnaxuiy. xrora Bulgaria, Herzegovina, and Bosnia. He went ao far as to say, ''Let the Turks bow carry Sway their abuses in the only possible way. by carrying off them selves.' Upon another occasion be beheld with admiration. " a band of heroes stand on the rocks of Montenegro, ready bow, as they have been ror uu years - - - to sweep dowa rrom their fastnesses, and put an end to misery and misrule. rncTlONS AND mtUD CABTira. That the government of Greav Britain will be pleased to receive a courteous suggestion in be half or the people of Ireland tt would be im proper to doubt, since the present minister has himself declared that it would be a contraven tion of the law of nature and God. if it were possi ble ior any single nation or cnrtstenuoin to emancipate Itself from the obligations which bind all other nations and to arrogate in the face ot mankind a position of peculiar privilege.'' Judicial reoorda show that between 1844 ana 1H80 nn than a million human beings were subiected. under English law in Ireland, to what Mr. Glad stone has pronounced "nearly equivalent to i sentence of death eviction; and, in spite ot in effectual reform. In Ave years evictions have doubled. British statistics exhibit tha frightful and almost incomprehensible fact that oO per cent m tne people oi zreiana are living in moa cabins, half of tbem hovels of a single room. To point out that compulsory deportation to this republic is not aa equitable ox humane meuiod for Improving the condition of these so - called subiects of England is surely within the rights. If it be not one of the duties, ot the government or tne united states. MB. HOOUtt'l XXKAKXa. In closing Mr. Sullivan introduced H. L. Hoauet, President of the Irish Emigrant Sav - inn Bank, of New York, who said that' in mates of poor houses and others who bad been receiving out - door relief In Ireland have been aided by the British Government to emUrrate to this country. It is a matter of general knowledge that Parliament has voted 100.000 to serve that purpose, and that agents of the British Government have come to this country to perfect arrangwmenta for the reception of those aided emigrants. An plication waa made by Mayor Gaakell to the ImmlcTatlon society at New York for that purpose, and the society . declined to have anything to do with such business, and be proceeded to uoaton wnexe ne met witn bet ter success. - The - aided emigrants consist largely of people unable to work old women and young children. They have been aided to the extent of having their passage paid, and are given the miserable pittance of ten shillings npon their arrival here to enable them to go to their friends. Of course that sum la entirely la - adequate, and the consequence has been that they were compelled - to . seek aid la New York, - Boston, and elsewhere. If regular affidavits in regard to these facta are required they can be furnished. - We respectfully request you to use 'your inline nee to prevent a recurrence of this state of things. It la to the Interest of American municipalities to have the progress of this aided emigration scheme stopped. At the proper time you will doubtless make appropriate recommendations - to Congress upon this subject. JA1TKS LTSCH. of New York, President of the Irish Emigra tion aooMr, waa tae next tgilf vt.. t (eaa na extract front a letter "on the subject of "Aided Emigration,' and saia us enaxgs or maintaining th poor of Ireland fails upon the Poor Law' Guardians, which body at a recent meeting la Limerick passed a resolution to the effect that no more aid could be I K1 I saia triren : to these emitrrauts. - He said . that such aided emigration. If not - stonped. will - result la strlnrttntr the iaixners from all the poor. houses in Ireland Many of this class of emigrants who have arrived In this eountry have made application to be - sent back to Ireland. Ont of seventeen immigrants r oently arrived only live were able to work. . 'AMES asTTNOLPS. or Hew Haven, presented a letter of instruction to the President front ex - Governor He - bert B. Bigelow, of Connecticut, and stated that eighteen of those forced emigrants were now in New Haven la destitute clr - cu instances, only live of - whom were able to work. To these five . Reynolds furnished temporary employment so as to enable them to bridge over the present dim oulties and prevent them from becoming American paupers. 1 am citizens of every municipality and community la America have as much interest, financially and other wise, to put a stop to cms system or emigration aa the Irish - American has. Everybody looks upon this thing aa the iniquity that should not be tolerated by the American people. Mr. Smith, of Ohio. 'said seventy - three of these impoverished people were sent to l imn, and were a burden noon the community. If a leas number had . been sent there some effort might be made to assist them, but the present nartv was too lanra to auDDort. Smtth said his nehrhbors Insisted that be should come here and lay tha matter before the President so the trouble might be retne - oiea. - . - . - PBxsmKjrr asthus's mvu. The President replied to the addresses as follows: The subject vou present will receive my careful consideration. It baa ' already been under consideration by the Secretary of State, and oorrespondenoe in regard to it haa been had with our diplomatic and consular representatives, and investigation into the facta la now being made by them. It la, of course, proper that this government should ascertain whether any nation with which it holds amicable relations is violating any obligation of international friendship before callinsr attention to aav such matter. In the meantime the law now provides that the officers of the Treasury shall examine Into the condition of passengers arriving aa immigrants at any port or tne tmtea states, and if there should be found any convict, lunatic, idiot, or any person UNABLE TO TAKE CABB OF HIM ELF without becomlntr a public charge, they ahaH report the aame in writing to the collector of such port, and such person shall not be per mitted to land. The investigation win be thorough and exhaustive on this aide of the Atlantic and on the other, and la the mi time the law will be strictly enforced." Each of the delesrates were then presented to the President by Mr. Sullivan, and the conxerence closed. KENTUCKY BELLE. BY OOXsTAMCX F. WOOLaOsT. Summer of '63, sir, Conrad had gone away - Gone to the county town, air, to sell oar first load of hay. Wa lived in tbe log - house yonder poor, as aver you've sees ; Qoschen there wss a baby, and I was only nine - Conrad he took the oxen, but be" left Kentucky Heue: How much we thought of Eentock I eouldn't be gin to tell. Came from the Blue Grass country; my father gave her to me When I rods North with Conrad, away from the lenn Conrad lived in Ohio a German he la. you know; The house stood in broad oorn - helds, stretching on. row after row. The old folks made me welcome they were kind as xina eouia be: But I kept longing, longing for the hills of the Oh I for s sight ot water, the shadowed slope of a hill. Clouds that hang on the summit, a wind that never is still : Bnt the level land went stretching away to meet tbe say - Never a rise from north to south to rest the weary eye. From east to west no river to shine out under the moon - Nothing to make a shadow fa the yellow afternoon. " - " - Only the breathless snnshina. as I looked oat all s. lorlartK - , Only the rustle, rustle, as I walked among the When I fell sick with pining ws didn't wait any mure. But moved away from the corn lands out to this river shore. The Tuscarawas it's eallsd, air off there's a hill. yon see. And now I've learned to like It next best to the Tennessee! ... st work that morning. Some one came riding like mad Over the bridge and up the road Farmer Roofs little lad. Bareback he rode, he had no hat, he barely stopped to say, 'Morgan's men are coming, Pran, they are galloping np this way. I'm sent to warn the neighbors. He isn't a mile behind. Ha sweeps np all the horses, every horse that he can And; Morgan. Morgan, the raider, and Morgan's ter rible men. With bowie - knives and pistols are galloping ap np tns gieni The lad rode dowa the valley and I stood still at the door: The baby laughed aad prattled, playing with spools on the floor. Ken tuck was out in tha past ore, Cenrad, my man, Near, nearer. Morgan's men were galloping. gal - loping on I Sadden I picked ap baby aad ran to the pastors oar, Kentuck!" I called, "gen tacky I" She knew me ever so tar. . I led her down to the gully that tarns off there te tne ngnt. And tied ber there to the bashes, her bead was Just out of sight. As I ran back to - tha log - house, at ones there came a sound. The sound of hoofs, galloping hoofs, trembling over tha groand. - Coming into the turnpike out from the White W oman Gien. Morgan, Morgan, the raider, aad Morgan's terrible As near they drew, and Bearer, my heart beat fast In alarm. .... Bat still I stood In the doorway with baby on my They name; they passed : with spar aad whip la haste they sped along, Morgan, Morgan, tbe raider, and his baud six hundred strong. . Weary they looked and Jaded, riding by night and bv dav. Pressing on east to the river, many long miles a wav. , Te the border strip where Virginia runs np Into tne west. fording the TJppee Ohio before they aeald stop to rest. Oh tike the wind they harried and Morgan rode in. Bright were his eyes Ilka 11 vs eoala aa he gave me a sideways glance, - And I was juat breathing treaty after my choking pain When the last oae of tha troopers suddenly draw his rein. Frightened I was to death, sir. I aoaree dared look in his face As he asked for a drink of water and glaneed about the nines. I gave him a cap, and he sm fled twas only a boy, you see. Faint and worn, with dim blue eyes; and he'd sailed on the Ten assess ... - ". Only sixteen he was, sir, a fond mother's only son; , Off and away with Morgan bet ore his life had begun: The damp drops stood oa his temples, drawn waa his boyish month. Ahd I thought me of tha mother waiting down ta the soota. . Ohl pluck he was to the backbone, air, aad dear gnt tnroagn ana uroaga; Boasted snd bragged like a trooper, but the bbl words wouldn't do - Tha boy was dying air, dying, as plaia as plain could be, . Wora on, by his ride with Morgan ap from the A Bat when I told tha laddia that J, too. the sooth. Water came in tha dim ayes aad quivers around the month. Do you know the Bine Grass eountry f he wistful began to say; ' Then swayed like a willow ssvplinc, and fainted dead away. - ; " .,'. - .' I had hlat fnto the log - he nse aad worked and brought him to, - fad him aad I soared hlaa aa X Ueaght Ala bold kissed half guided dowa knew letter, we've position tbe life end, on world. point. - there. that, the which better produced farmers no tares, playfully wasn't be legislators large be be the yet it mutton, we at wonder," AndtromNrBeBce he 1 this over acids folly, drink the B. A. l5lereland

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  • JF to Washington DC

    talulah06 – 02 Feb 2017