SWANSON-27b

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SWANSON-27b - By ALMA CHESNUT W HEN the League of Nations...
By ALMA CHESNUT W HEN the League of Nations tackles the question of nationality laws at its forthcoming conference on the codification of international law, the Inter-American Commission of Women will present a resolution proposing that "marriage shall not affect the nationality of persons." The measure, designed to protect the citizenship rights of women who marry aliens, will have the backing of leading feminists of both hemispheres. If accepted and put into effect, it should go a long way toward smoothing the path of international romance. As matters stand, sponsors of the resolution point out, all sorts of dreadful things can happen to one's citizenship if one marries an outsider, because each nation has its own .code and hardly any two codes are alike. Sometimes a woman loses her own nationality and has that of her husband bestowed upon her. In other cases'she loses her nationality without gaining citizenship in another country. Again, she may keep her own nationality and gain another, a' circumstance which puts her under a dual allegiance. American-women are fairly well protected by the Independent Citizenship Law, effective since September 22, 1922. This law stipulates that tlje citizerishij) of an American .woman shall not be forfeited upon marriage lo an alien who is, himself, eligible to citizenship, .; .- • 1 .However, there are circumstances under which women still lose their nationality, and the changes that have been made in the laws since 1855 have muddled things up quite a bit. I N 1855 a law was passed that alien women, entering this country and marrying Ameri- cans, bec.ame citizens. The 1922 law reversed this ruling and supercedcd the law of 1907, which required American women to take (he nationality of foreign husbands. Between 1907 and 1922 many women were substantially expatriated, though many did not realize it at the lime they married. Loss of nationality still results when the alien is Japanese, Chinese or Hindu, since persons of these races cannot be naturalized. Thus Nancy Ann Miller lost her citizenship upon marriage with the former Maharajah of Indore. Another ruling provides that a woman, married to an alien, loses her nationality if she absents herself for two years in her husband's country or for five years in any foreign country. Dual citizenship results when American women marry Europeans of almost any .nationality other than French or Belgian. Then, in addition, there are confusing rulings regarding the nationality of children. ' How all this works out is best seen in instances of actual .marriages during the last two decades, during which many prominent society women and other women, much in the public eye, have wed Europeans. American women have a weakness for titled foreigners and titled foreigners have a weakness for wealthy American women. But the men have not been called upon to shed their citizenship ut the altar—it is easy to imagine what a hulabaloo would have been set up at that!—while the women, in many.instances, literally have had to choose between love and their country. T HE late Rudolph Valentino, who rippled the heartstrings of feminine America, was an Italian citizen at the time of his death, though he had taken oul his first papers. During his meteoric career he married two American girls, both of whom forfeited their citizenship for him, becoming "Italians." Jean Acker was married and divorced before The marriage of Eslelle Manville to Swedish Count Fol/fe Bernadotlc . . . yavc the asbestos heiress a dual citizenship. York, in Rome, he bestowed upon her, along with his ring and "worldly wealth," the citizenship of his native land. Another instance of dual nationality, though of course she may renounce her American citizenship if she desires or forfeit it automatically by remaining in Italy for two years. Quite a different situation from that in which the Countess Bernadolte finds herself. C I oria S rv afnon imd spouse, the Marquis de la Falaise. . . . He is,still a Frenchman, she a full-fledged American.' it* G LORIA fAVANSON'S handsome husband, the Mar-- quis i';. 1 l.i 1'alnisc, is a French citizen, while Gloria retains licr American ttalus. Tlicir wedding took place in Marc'i, 1928. The Marquis, in a newspaper in- U'rvicv,-. announced tliat lie had no intention of giving up IMS cili/enship'tind title, said to dale back to the period before Napoleon, mid apparently Gloria has no desire to renounce hers. Which creates an awkward situation. 1 he Marquis is outside the quota and can come, to the Unilec! Slates only on visits. Any children they may have • will slait out in lite with a dual nationality it they are born in (he United Stales, because this country recognizes as cit- i/cns all children born on her soil, while France claims the children of her nationals, no matter where they are born. &V &0 prince she status margin. intervened handed papers. was in I916;/did drift apart, girl Brummel Corps"? did not. but returned see to be nothing phony, of watch over in Philadelphia. In 1921 the girl slipped off to Hamburg and the two were quietly married, Virginiai ill becoming his wife, became a citi/en ni Germuny. I < \v women are called upon to turn their backs so completely upon home and country and all the friendly associations those entail as was the lormer Nancy Ann Miller, who more than n year ago became the wife of Tukojirao Holkar, once the Maharajah of Indore. (JANCY ANN lost her citizenship since the Indian prince is not eligible lo naturalization. If she 'hoiild become divorced, or if her husband should die, she could knock at the nates of her native land only as an immigrant. Their little princess daughter, recently born, is, of course, Hindu,

Clipped from
  1. Alton Evening Telegraph,
  2. 13 Apr 1929, Sat,
  3. Page 15

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