Amerikansky 1

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Amerikansky 1 - SUNDAY. XX H AN AMERIKNSKYB IN: . SIBERIA ood...
SUNDAY. XX H AN AMERIKNSKYB IN: . SIBERIA ood Abundant There While Russia Starves Vast, Unexplored Unexplored Wealth Amazes the Foreigner By CARL IT. ACSEBM AN", Coirpondnl of Tni Nsw Tees: ixsm. ; rrsiit, by Imiw To Tinas Co. All rictus reserved.) I VLADIVOSTOK. Ofjt. $1. r.01I Tsuruga, a small inland -j -j harbor city of Japan, pahsenger . ships livi twit- twit- a week for Vladivostok. the back floor to T. ... ii. Feins some fourteen boon f o n Tokio. on the Japan jgea. , a traveler would overlook ths city, knd Is ' irg would be making a fatjid mb t To sea and know the Far Eait t ' r ore must know Siberia, or rrniit .-ow .-ow .-ow T.urur end the shipping routes t VladivoMtok. because front lyiw OB ::-r!a ::-r!a ::-r!a is to b a Far ExMcrn prpbleir., j t a RuUn puxjl. Althoughf Eure-; Eure-; Eure-; n r.uU and Siberia mj- mj- again b their interests, during; th next . ie or mow, will b divided? , The i :-rn :-rn :-rn is simple. In European P.ussU inA.Wma at reconstruction 111 be i.-trlal. i.-trlal. i.-trlal. aortal and commercial and c n'.inrntal politic will play'an $mpor ii't part. la Siberia will erisegques-t erisegques-t erisegques-t cf Influence, of development an:! ; n!.n. with tha United State and J ; m In the chief role. So Id in mer-! mer-! mer-! . 1 Tnuruga la an important por$ '; Two paer.Ker chip leave Tsurnftt t-.try t-.try t-.try for Siberia' chief pert, and m.'rahle freight ateamera. dtve af tir.grr ahlpa, the lantf . : ttt '. brlnnca to the Russian Veanteer ; all other are Japanese.1' Evcr I!; t'i;!nn!n( of tl war million;! in' worth of tuppllea and arf'rnunl l.e been shipped from port. . : rii bottom, to the terrdaiaa-of terrdaiaa-of terrdaiaa-of Trana-HJberlan Trana-HJberlan Trana-HJberlan Railway atviadl-And atviadl-And atviadl-And to1uy therw t er J other fl of yens', w-orth w-orth w-orth of rlroductt ff transportation. TsurtictF could ..ii'.ej the shirpiri "departrpant of na In.luftrles, for It la flpan'i ;;!: rommercUl cltjr fariJa Sli . i I nncenvel. j i '.i.i!vc4tok Is two daya lj (ool :h-r :h-r :h-r from Tswrura. and froatt four . tt-n tt-n tt-n hen a typhoon aweepss troueh rr.rrow ea whkh separates !the 81 cf Japan from Asia. j wait r ilunnu the dar I crossed : foHunaUt It waa calm and warm fr Oc- Oc- tober. . and I waa able to become ac quainted with .the. JapaaeA merchant who were. en. route. !.o Vladivostok and Manchuria with their families. One of them. T. Jokl.' "lhe Siberian mana rel et MJUul t Co., the Iart-st Iart-st Iart-st and wealthi est busineas house of Japan, which la Interested In almost every large enterprise enterprise in the. Far Kast, from ahlpbulldlnc to mining, and -exportlnf -exportlnf and importing, happened to be a graduate of Columbia Vnlversltv. . Throuah htm I met other Japanese commercial aa;enta who were rotaf to Russia on similar objects, to see to the extension of Ja panes busl-nesa busl-nesa busl-nesa and to make Investigations such.' as prospectinr for mines and locating large forests. Durinr the two days we were together I saw 8 Iberia through Japanese yea. and I was Impressed by- by- the ft-repeated ft-repeated ft-repeated statement of Mr, !ck. - In Siberia." he . said, Japan and the United States must work together. That's Mitsui' g Idea. Japanese business and American business mttt co-operate. co-operate. co-operate. We must not have cbmpetttlon. Com petition petition Is no good to anybody. Competition Competition makes trouble. - Co-operation Co-operation Co-operation makes money and peace." , . " The first view of Vladivostok, from the steamer w as it enters the Golden Horn Bay. is a business view. - Warehouses Warehouses and docks, stretching for miles along the waterfront - and - scattered along, the hills id oa In every direction, impress one with the commercial importance importance of the city. Here Is a protected harbor which was unknown to ntne-tenths ntne-tenths ntne-tenths of America before our troops were landed. And before the Amerikanakya came to Vladivostok little was known about us In this port of a thousand poaslbtlitlea. There were a few American-made American-made American-made American-made automobiles on the streets: some of the shops had their windows filled with America"! condensed ' milk, and outside and about the city were millions, perhaps a billion dollars' worth cf war material, manufactured in the I'nlted Ftatea. rotting and rusting. But. after ail, there were probably more Kusalana in Vladivostok who knew about the United States than there were Americans In any one city of tha United States who. knew something;-about something;-about something;-about this all-important all-important all-important Siberian city. - -'. -'. I know that when I landed : Z was quickly disillusioned. The streets were as. busy, .traffic .was as congested, find life was as strenuous as in San Francisco Francisco a month before. ' There waa nothing nothing " dead " about Vladivostok except the harbor. (There were only one or two ships, with steam up and a few rowboats.) And when I tried to find a room or a hotel I waa told that I would be fortunate to find a corner to sleep . In, . Vladivostok was so crowded. I did find a cot in a large room in a private house where two other correspondents correspondents ' and " an American refugee worker were living, but almost every day whjl I war there some one came in a for the sole purpose of bribing or arguing the landlord into exiling nil of us, -. -. . This quest for rooms continues for days, weeks, and months, for there are thousands of people who come to Vladivostok Vladivostok to find it a city already burdened burdened with inhabitants, foreigners and refugees. , There are no modern hotels and no hotels with rooms to rent, because because in the days when there waa such a luxury as a " room for rent " fully a hundred people wanted it, and the highest highest . bidder ' Immediately became ' the poacher. Nothing could dislodge him. In the railway station and public buildings the unfortunates sleep on every foot of floor space, on 'the large window sills and on the steps. During the moderate weather of October even the parks and gutters had their quota of guests. But this Winter, when the cold winds sweep down from the arctic and the snow moves in waves across the country, the housing problem will bring its suffering and death. If not its riots.. Still no one seems to fear death in Siberia, The people seem more accustomed to it than we are. And. in the condition tliat some of the people are in. death must be a luxury. ' 1 : 1 An American In Siberia Is aft Ameri-kansky, Ameri-kansky, Ameri-kansky, no matter who he is or what he Is doing. ' The Russians make no distinctions distinctions because they cannot ! One day when General Graves watt on his first inspection trip along the Amur Railroad, north of Vladivostok, he left his car at a small station for a wiilk along the platform while the. engine awaited his orders. Word was quickly passed around that an Amerlkansky General was on the train, and the curious Chinamen, Koreans, Koreans, and Russians walked about in Msarch of the General, not knowing that lie was walking with several other officers officers in their midst. " An officer pointed to General Graves, and then the Russian asked: How can you tell a General from a private when they are all dressed alike?" . " This is typically Siberian. The people have been so accustomed to the gold lace, brass buttons, gold-handled gold-handled gold-handled swords, and bright colors in uniforms on their august officials that they cannot understand understand why an American General should not be " dressed up." Traveling in Siberia and Manchuria as an Amerlkansky who had never seen the country before, I have been lm pressed by the same things which bring so many business men here from all parts of the world : the tremendous amount ct undeveloped land,' the un touched forests, the mines with treas ures unscratched. and the. Industrial possibilities. In both Manchuria and Siberia I have traveled for hours, al most for days, at a time, through the richest agricultural country, the steppes of Russia, fertile, unused soil. I have seen at one time a semicircle of fire moving across the country destroying the dry grass over a two or three mile front fire caused by a passing locomo tive. In other sections wheat, oats and hay have been packed and baled la such enormoua quantities that I have won' d red whether they ever found their way to a market Some of these supplies nave seen on trains, soma on caravans drawn by six and eight horses or as many oxen, but the amount ia . transit was only an insignificant proportion of the whole. I recall the remark of Major Gen. Graves one afternoon whan we were traversing the Amur . province, which I think expresses the views of most Americans. " What a terrible thing It ls.H said the General, gaxing from the car window at the miles upon ' miles- miles- of grain stacks. " that there should be so much food here and people starving in ' the " inte rior." r v:i ; . But that, is Russia, Those who have keep, and those who have not do with out. Where there is food there la hap- hap-

Clipped from The New York Times22 Dec 1918, SunPage 41

The New York Times (New York, New York)22 Dec 1918, SunPage 41
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