Fenian IV Jun 28 1885

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Fenian IV Jun 28 1885 - THE FENIAN MOVEMENT. An Account of its Origin,...
THE FENIAN MOVEMENT. An Account of its Origin, Progress and Temporary Collapse. IV. Ireland a Vast Prison The Blessing of Living in America No Security from Arrest in Ireland. An Englishman's House His Castle Perpetual Coercion in Ireland A Lull in Fenian OrganizationEngland OrganizationEngland Did Not Pat the Fear of God into hc Fenians Croppy Pike SurrenUerinjr Arms Threatened to be Called up for SentenceA SentenceA Tribute to McCarthy Downing The iliteheis and the Moores The Torch that Lights Slavery's Way Stephens and Luby in Skibbereen Prince of Wales Sever King John O'Mahony Visits Ireland Patrick O'Began and Edward J. Kelly Visit Ireland Religion or the Fenians Orangemen and Ribbonmen. The SIcManus Funeral Praying in Tipper - ary Michael Doheny and the Priest Captain Welply His Widow a Nun War Between England England and America The Irishman Fights Double Double Handed. BY O'DONOVAN BOSSA. Released from prison, wo were free men again, so far as men living iu Ireland eon bo considered considered fro?. But Ireland is oue vast prison and England in tho big jailer. Living in Ireland, no man can call hie liberty bis own, for with law or without law Eng. land's magistrate can enter an Irishman's house, and with warrant or without warrant tako him off to prison. prison. That is one of the blessings of living in America; An Irishman can eel the blessing of going to bod at night feeling that until morning no English spy or peeler will break into his house, drag Mm out of bed and ram hira into jail because of a suspicion that ho is hoBtile to the government I experience that happy feeling lying down at night iu America with Buch thoughts, and I enjoy and appreciate the blessings of freedom in a free land, but I have lived for years in Ireland, never going to bed at night without oarrying with me the thought that I may be in jail bafore morning. morning. Coercion or no coercion, England always leaves the power of arrest in the hands of her magistrates and police in Iroland ; If they go beyond the law, England England passes a law of indemnity to save thorn, so long as they are able to show the illegal arrests are roado in sustainment of British power. In England an Englishman's house may be his cas tie and in it no man can molest him. In Iroland the Irishman's Irishman's houso is not his oastle, 'tis the Englishman's castle, and the Englishman can enter any hour of night and carry off tu prison everyone In it. This very evening I am writing I buy the Evening Telegram of New York and I read in it this editorial paragraph : Coeucion m Ieeland. Lord Randolph Ohurohill la the funny man in the political circus iu England. He Jnsisls upon it that they eannot get on without him and so they do not try. Consequently the making of a new ministry must turn upou his caprice. He said he would not go in unless thoy abandoned coercion in Ireland. Then they were all iu despair and had to appeal appeal to tho Liberals for mercy. But behold, Churchill is merciful. He says the ministry may havo a ooercion law for Ireland if they will agree not to enforce it The man who was iu favor of the Mai no Liquor law, but opposed to enforcement, was evidently the inventor of Lord Randolph's politics. " Tho ministry may have a coercion law for Ireland if they will agree not to enforce it." That's just it, the coercion law must not die. It mutt ever ba alive, and the Irishman must live, feeling that his liberty is not his own, that if ho looks black at a policeman or a landlord or a magistrate every landlord is a magistrateit magistrateit Is in the power of the policeman or magistrate to arrest Ulni, put him to prison and keep him there till his spirit is broken. What is tho law In Ireland today, today, was tho law twenty years ago when I was there, wbb tho law twenty years before that, when John Mitcbol was there, was the law twenty yeara before that, when Dan O'Connell was there, was the law twenty yeara beforo that, when Robert Emmet was there in a word, as John Mitohel in his Jail Journal says, Iroland, since the invasion of England, was never without a coercion law. While wo were in prison in '68 and '59 the progress of the work of the Irish Revolutionary Brotherhood aeemed to have slackened somewhat, and after our release release from prison there seemed to be a lull in the work of organization. James Stephens had gone into privacy, privacy, as the law was looking out for the dangerous character who had been so active in organizing misohief to England. During 1800 we heard little or nothing of him, but in 18G1 ho made his appearance again and we resumed work with ronewed energy. We were not altogether scared by England's efforts to put the fear of God or of England Into our hearts. If England could so manage as to impress on the minds of the Irish pcoplo that any kind of resistance to her rule or her law was the most dangerous thing on earth, was certain imprisonment and perhaps death, and that all resistance was useless to npsot her power in Ireland, then England's work was done and she would be happy at seeing Irishmen live satiaflod slaves. She would be happy to ba able to suspend her Coercion laws and to appear before the world as a nation that gave to Ireland all the privileges of freedom. In '58 I bought an Enfield rifle and aword bayonet, and I had an old !SB Croppy pike, with hook and hatchet on it, that looked formidable. That part of tho Coercion law which forbids an Irishman to drill or learn the uso of arms in Ireland is alwaya in force In Ireland. It is never repealed, but the portion of the law which forbids an Irishman having possession of arms is sometimes repealed. It was not in force from 88 to '63, and I gave considerable annoyance and alarm to tho landlords and magistrates in my nsighborhood by the way I acted with my gun and pike. I found that when I talked to the farmers and farmers' farmers' sons I had sworn in about the necessity of their providing themselves with arms of some kind, many of them were under the impression that the law would not allow them to have them ; it had come down traditionally traditionally to them that thoy would bo transported if Croppy pikes were found in their possession. I found It nsccssary to rid tho peopla of that delusion, and what did I do to that ond 1 I kept a goneral hardware Store iu Skibbereen, and I took my rifle and pike and sword and hung them up in the most conapicuous part of the shop. Doing that was teaching the people the lesson that thoy could carry arms in apite of the law, and it was dUpelling the fear or the ignorance which It was England's policy to foBter. If tho Irish people, through fear of a law that did not exist, kept themselves themselves unarmed, there was no necessity for England" appearing in an ugly light beforo the world by having publicly in perpetual force a coaroion law that forbade tho Irish people the possession of arms. The news ran like wildfire tAough tha country that ft was not auy crime now to havo a pike or gun, that Jerry O'Donovan Rossa bad them publicly hanging up In his shop. I was often amused on fair days and market market days at seeing big, grown up country boys coming Into the shop and looking, with light in their eyos, at the arms, exclaiming "Feub, foueh !'' "Look, look!' The landlords of the country wero getting alarmed again, and thoy made representation to Dublin Castle of the mischief I was making in tho community. Fita - maurice, the Stipendiary Magistrate, who had handled he in formor Goula, had gone away from Skibbereen, and in his place another hadJbooD aent, His name was O'Connell, one of the family of tho great Daniel O'Connell, O'Connell, a big, tall, six footer maybe as tall as six feet four or six feet six, and a Cathollo to boot Thia mas - iatrate sent for me and told me I would, under my plea of " guilty" a few yeara before, be brought up for sentence sentence unless I ceased disturbing tha community, I told him there could be no calling up for sentence on that plea of "guilty" unless bo could prove a repetition repetition of tho offense with which I was than charged, and I asked him was he prepared to produoe another Sullivan Goula to swear ha saw drilling going on that he never saw and that uever took place, and that I was the drill master? I would not promise bun to give up my pike and gun; he did not want me to give them up, be said, but to tako them off exhibition, I would not promise htm to do thafr olthor; I said the law allowed ms to keep these things and while tho law allowed it I would keop them any wbero I liked in my house. He represented the groat alarm they were causing to" respectable people in the district ; and I told him respeotable people wero honest people and were no way afraid of my having a riflo or pike in my shop ; that it was robbers and thieves and pluudortrs who wove afraid of such things and I would not give np my rights for their fears. Ho threatened I would hoar more about tha matter and to my own disadvantage disadvantage and our interview endod. Tim Duggan was ono of my clerks and Tim was full of misohief. He was ono of the men in prison with mo in Cork jail ; and now when he saw our little Btock of arma had created auob an alarm, ho increased that alarm by taking tbem outside the door on sunny days and "shining tnem un." At last McCarthy Downing, the attorney who was conducting our defense when we were in prison, sent for mo and bo asked me as a personal favor to Urn to give b'm the arms, pledging me hia word ot honor th&t wfcanever I asked them baok from him he would give thorn to mo. Of oourao tho government Influence Influence was brought to bear upon Mm to make that request request of mo; I did not like to yield, but it was hard for mo to refuse what h asked, because in preparing for our defense a few years before ho had done things more than an ordinary lawyar conld do. Wherever he heard tho onomy was tampering with men of tha or - Hanixation whote fidelity might bo weakened, he aaw those men and strengthened them, and he got soma men out or the country around whom tho onomy had woven toils for imprisonment I told him I would deliver up tho arms to him. I went back to my shop, told Tim Duggan I had to surrender, and Tim almost cried. "Then dar Fla," Bald he, "but we'll make it a glorlouB surrender," Baying which he screwed the sword bayonet ou tho rifle and put It on one shoulder, took the croppy pike and put It on tho othor shoulder, and marched out toward McCarthy Downlng's house. I took tho sword with me. It was a fair day in town, and when we got to MoCarthy Downlng's houso half tho fair wore arouud us. That those who read my words muy understand, and understand what Irish life is, I will say something on the head of this same McCarthy Downing. I foal kindly to him and to hlB memory J ho Is doad now, and I do not mean to wrong htm. I hops I won't wrong bim. Ho commenced life an Irish nationalist, a hater of English rulo in Ireland : he died a magistrate, sworn to uphold English rule in Ireland. His energy and ability took him beyond the sphere of Irish nationality and beyoud the society of those who sat around to "wake" "tho corpse on tho diBseoting table." When an Irishman aspires beyond the condition of the enslaved, ond has mind and onorgy to soar beyond that condition condition in Ireland, ho has either to take his ohauces for tha convict hulk or tho scaffold, with tha Barretts, Aliens, Larains, O'Briens, Mitohols, Meaghers, Dohenya, Orra, Jones, EmmetB and Fitzgeralds, or throw in bis lot with those Thomas Itoora had in his mind's oya when he saDg : Tho toroh that would light thorn through dignity's way Must bo caught from tho pile whero their country expires. MoCarthy Downing waa one of tho men who had to lay hold of that torch, just as Gavau Duffy and John O'Hagan and Thomas O'Hagan and many others laid hold of it. They wanted light aud elevation ; they could not get either in tho darkness of thoir people's slavery, and they seized the torch tho enslaver held out to light them Into the ranks of tho enemies of their people the torch that llghta slavery's way. I ofton heard McCarthy Downing boast of having been a '48 man, of having helped the '18 men who wero "on the run" to escape from the dutches of tho English law ; he would proudly show a green cap that Smith O'Brien wora and gave him as a memento when parting from bim, and then he'd say, as ha said to mo when delivering delivering up my arma to him, "I'd fight for Ireland aa soon as you would. I'd ba the first man to handle a plko If I thought it would bo of any uso." And then he'd go on to show it was no uso in the world to bo trying to get rid of English rule, that England was too strong and that Ireland was too weak. I hope in God I'll never die In such slavery of thought aa that, and If groat riches would make auch a slave of mo I hope in God IU never get greatly rich. I want to dio as I have lived, a freeman ; yes a freeman even. In a land enslaved, aye, even chained hand and foot In the hands of tho enslaver a freeman still. " Eternal spirit of the ohalnless mind, Brightest in dungeonB Liberty thou art For thare thy habitation is the heart, The heart whloh lore of thee aloua can bind; And when thy sons to fotters aro confined, To fetters and the damp vault's daylesB gloom, Their country conquers with their martyrdom, And Freedom's fame finds wings on every wind." In furtherance of tha organization Jaraea Stephens paid a few visits to Skibbereen between tho years 1881 and 18G3. Thomas Clarke Luby came on ono oocoBion. Wa mot Mr. Stephana ono Sunday at Corly Batt'a, near Drimoleage, whera wo bad a long talk with the old war horse, Corly. Another time we met in Bantry. Denis O'Sulllvan had a yacht and In it some eight or ten of us sailed up Bantry Bay to Glongarlffo and dined at Eocles' hotel, James Stephens paying for tho dinner. I well remember when In that yacht his talking of Iroland Iroland and of her prospects of freedom ; hie taking his pipe out of his mouth, holding It In his hand and saying saying ha would not giro that dudeen for the value of the Prince of Wales' title to Ireland as King. I think Stephens Stephens was sincere in saying this ; I think he believed what ho said. He impressed me that he had faith in what he said, and faith works wonders. His faith strengthened ours, anyway, and made us work with more heart and spirit. About the beginning of 1881 word came to us that John O'Mahony, of New York, waa coming to Skibbereen Skibbereen to see ub. Wo were told tha day he would leave Bandon for Skibbereen ou Blanconi'a ear. Morty Uoynahan and another center and myBelf took a coach in Skibbereen and eet out to meet Bianconl'a car. Wo met it in Ross Carbery, my native town, and thero wo took John O'Mahony from tho car and made a delay of some time at Mabony'a hotel. Then wo started for Skibbereen, a distance of twelve miles, arrived about 10 o'clock at night and found my house lull of friends beforo us. Thoy hugged O'Mahony for the dear life and he seemed to ba as big'aa a giant He was a giant of a man that time, too. Ha remained In Skibbereen a few daya and appeared to ba highly pleased with what he saw of tho organlxation. After John O'SIahony'o vialt other men from America America visited us in connection with tho organization. Patrick O'Ragan, of Ardagh, Robs Carbery, came from Now York and spent somo time among us. His brother Michael, at present living In Williamsburgh, came over after him, was arrested on a charge of swearing in men and sentenced to seven years' penal servitude. I worked with him in tho quarries In Portland convict prison before his seven years were up. Edward J. Kelly came from America, spent some time in Skibbereen Skibbereen drilling the men, remained in Ireland till the rising, was with Captain John McClure (now in Now York) at the light in Kilcloonoy wood, where Peter O'Nell Crowley was shot, was sentenced to ba hanged and beheaded for being in tbat fight, which sentence waa commuted to transportation for life. He was transported transported to Australia and released from there when the amnesty was granted. He then came to Boston and was working as a printer on the Boston Pilot when ho died, two years ago. In writing this sketch of tho Fenian movement I will somewhere in it have to say a few words about the religion of the Fenians, and as I am talking of Edward Edward Kelly I may aa well say the few words hero as anywhere else. My readers, perhapi, think from what I I havo written up to thia that all tha Fenians wore Catho - lies and that thero worn no Protestants among them. To think that or to believe that would ba a mistake. We wero all anxious to gat Protestant and Presbyterian recruits, and tho center of a circle who bad tho greatest number of them in his circle was tha proudest of tho centers. Ned Kelly was a Protestant. I had boon in. tlmats with him for years ; he had worked as a printer on the Irish Ptople in Dublin when I was its business managor, and I nsvor knew ho was a Protestant till a short timo before he died. I met him In Boston. Wo waut Into a restaurant to have dinner ; it was Friday ; be ate meat. " Why, Ned," said I, "ia it possible that you're a black Protestant ?" Ha laughed heartily, saying saying : " Here, you know mo now since 1S61, and you did not know up to this that I was a Protestant Well, RoBsa, it shows one thingit shows there was no ugly sectarianism in our movement." And there was not. Tha happiest recollections of my life, out. side of horns, are recolleotions of hours I spent in tho Irish Revolutionary Brotherhood Society of Protestants and Presbyterians. The darkest of my prison cells were brightened by the remembrance of a dav I spent in Newtownards, somo seven miles out. aldo of Belfast I met about thirty men thero ; thoy were all sworn members. Some of thorn were Protestants, Protestants, somo were Catholics and aome were Presbyterians. Presbyterians. A few years before somo of thom belonged to tho Ribboumon's Sooiety and some to the Orangemen's Society, and there they were in my presence admitting to each other tbat until they wero enrolled aud mot in the Irish Revolutionary Brotherhood Society they'd think very little of cutting each other's throats. Feui - anlsm was killing the bad feeling that existed In the North of Ireland between Protestants and CatholicB ; it was killing tho faction fighting that existed in tho South of Ireland, and that addsd to the alarm of the English Government in Ireland, becauBO " Divide and govern " is tho English policy. I was another day in tho South of Ireland and I went to Drimoleague Fair to meot some of tho men of tho organization and have a talk with thorn. While walking around tha fair field I saw a crowd gathering and Bticka flourishing. I rushed into tho orowd, laid hold of the two leaders and said sternly : " Ton must stop this kind of work." The whole orowd of poople knew me, the sticks wece taken down and there was no faction fight that day, or any day after, I think. The McMauua funeral from America to Ireland, ond from the Cora of Cork to Geasnevln, In 1801, was the first publlo manifestation tho men of tho I. R. B. had of thoir organization. James Stephens availed of that funeral to get together aa many of the men as poBBible and let them see their strength and union. I was summoned up to Cork City the Sunday of tho funeral, and my faith and hope wero strengthened by meeting there, from the counties of Kerry, Limerick, Tipperary and Waterford, men of tho organization whom I had never mot before. I was selected as ono of tho Southern Southern escort who should accompany tha remains from Cork to Dublin. Tho f uueral in Cork waa a most im posing demonstration. Passing tha river aids a little boy ran up the ratUnoB of a ship and hauled down tha English flag that waa flying from the masthead ; oven J though It was a funeral, tha funeral oheeted an d cheered again. Thero wero somo apprehensions that there would bo I disturbance of Soma kind on the line of matoh from Cork to Dublin, and we all got orders to go armod with our pistols loaded and capped. Tho fears of tho dls. turbanca arose with a rumor that omo of tho delegates from America wore in favor of making the MoMsnus funeral tho occasion of a rising of the people agalnBt the English Government The remains wero to bo taken out of tho train at tho Tipperary or Limerick Junction, the people would gather in thousands, and were to be called upon to drlvo their oppressors from tho land. James Stephens waa opposed to work of that kind, as, in his opinion, the poople were not prepared for a successful revolution. Boside, ho was in command command of the organization, and it was against all discipline discipline that otharB ahould como in and dictate what was proper to ba done, Wheu tho train arrived at tho Tipperary Junction, there wero crowda of people people all around; thero was a delay of fifteen or twenty minutes at tho station. I came out on the platform to reconnoitor. I joined in with tho crowd. Tom Brougham, of Tipperary, and other men recognized Mr. Stephens as ho looked out ono of tha windows. There was a rising oheer which he suppressed suppressed with a motion of his band ; ho then asked the men to kneel down and offer up to God a prayer for tho repose of the dead, and the deliverance of the living, living, and those crowda of people all fell on their knees and prayed during a few minutes. It waa about the mid hour of nieht ; so solemn a ceremony I do not think I ever witnessed. I took my seat on tho train, tha bell rang, the engine moved and tho noxt moment we were beyond the Tipperary Junction with the cheers of the people ringing in our ears. Wo reached Dublin before daybreak, and were mo thers by a torchlight procession that escorted the remains remains from the King's Bridge terminus to the hall of the Mechanics' Institute. Hero the body was laid iu Btate, as Archbishop CUlIen forbade any of the Catholic chapels to receive it. Tha parliamentary agitators of that day thought to get hold of the management of tha funeral, and thought to turn it to tho account of their parliamentary polloy, but the stalwart men of tho or ganization prevented this. Jorry Kavanagh, now liv ing in Louisville, Kentucky, was ono of the delegates from America. Ho was a good public apeaker, and, supported by the men of the organization, ha led the debate at some public meetings that were held during the week MoManua' body lay at tho Mechanics' In - atitute. Tho Dublin funeral did not tako place till tho Sunday succeeding the Sunday of the Cork funeral. On the evening of Thursday a reception was given to tho American delegation at Caroy's Hotel, on Bridge street, and something ooourred at supper that is worth putting ou record. Michael Doheny Is burled in Cal - very Cgmetery without a stono to mark his grave ; no died here a few months after returning from Ireland that time ; he was at that supper. A priest waa there from the West of Ireland named Father Conway, and during the drinking of tha toasts and making of speeches Father Conway came to say something, lie said his mission to Dublin wob for the purpose of collecting collecting subscriptions for the relief of his parlshonen, who wore under notice or under oontonco of eviction by tha landlorda.and with his general appeal for assistance appealed to the company present to help him in the work of charity that engaged him. 1 will give you 10," said Michael Doheny, and" here tho priest took his note book and pencil and commenced writing - Hold awhile." saidMr. Doheny, "I give it on conditions that you buy a rifle and pistol and powder and ball, ond put them into tho hands of tha first man whose family ia to be evicted, that he may shoot down whoever cornea to deprive him of his house and home." The whole house oheered at what Colonel Doheny said, the priest closed his book, and made no further appeal that night for aid for his sufferiug people. The Dublin demonstration the day of the funeral was a most imposing ono; it passed off quietly, the popu lace marched In procession In military order, and tho alarm of the government increased. Tho government newspaper organs called for a Peace Preservation aot It is when the poople of Ireland aro moat at peace that Ireland's governors become moat alarmed; if tho puople were fighting among themselves, the advocates of English law aud order would bo in their glory. Frank Weluly, of New York, waa ono of tno dele gates of the MoManua funeral to Ireland ; he belonged to tho military company of tho Fenian Brotherhood In Now York ; when ho returned to America the war was raging ; ho wont to tha front, and as captain, in command command of his company, was killed on ono of the battlefields. battlefields. His wife, Aunlo O'Donovan, born in the same town with me, entered a convaut and became a nun. She is now in the House of tho Good Shepherd, Now York Sister Jane do GtiantaL Frank Welply and I grew up boya together. Ho came to Skibbereen after tho McManus funeral, aa there - lived hia mother, as true a Fenian as .Frank himself himself was. He was sitting in my house one morning when tho postman brought the Cork Examiner, In which was an account of tha Mason aud Slidell affair. He jumped for Joy, said he should Btart for Now York uext morning, and tbat is the last I saw of brave Frank Welply. Soldiers who saw him die toll mo ho faoed danger too darlugly. Hia company wero under a heavy fire, thoy wore under orders to lie on the ground or tako the shelter of trees convenient, a tree was in front of him, ho oamo out from Its shelter and as he did a cannon shot struck him aud ended hia life on earth. H1b hurry back from Iroland to take a part ia the war sprang from the idea tbat England meant to attack America again, and England being the aggressor made him doubly anxious to fight for America. In whataver army an Irish Ionian is enlisted he fights with double strength if ho finds himself fighting against England, aud I do not know that America has better defenders in the citizens of any other nationality than she has in the Irish, because tha mea of every other nationality havo a country and flag of their own. Irishmen hava no country, no flag. " A homo or a country remains not to me." That is the song of the Irishman in t.j native land and all other lands. Let America have a war with Germany, the German - American citizen will not like it, he eannot fight with heart and hand against tho flag of his fatherland, one of his armB will bo paralyzad. Lot America havo a war with France, and tho Frenchman will foal the same way ; the samo way with tha Spaniard, tne Italian and the Englishman, in a war with Spain, Italy or Eng land ; but tho Irish born Amerloan oitlzen has no al legiance, on earth to weaken his strength in defense or America. Give him a war with England, ha ia with it heart and soul, and both his hands are lifted to tear down the flag that makes him a wanderer over the earth, and symbolizes ruin and misfortuno In tho fair land of hia birth. ASTBOSOHICAL PHOTOGRAPHY. Astronomical photography has reaohed during during the last few years a development of great importance, importance, but which 1b not realized outside of the soloutifio world. Even more useful than the most powerful telescope telescope in allowing the nature of tho waste spaces in tho heavens, the dry plate now accomplishes a result eagerly sought for by astronomers, the exposure of nebula? and tho discovery of atara not auspeoted by close observation through tho telescope. The new power of tho dry plate, which will lessen greatly tho labors of astronomers, was discovered by Dr. Huggina in 18T6, and introduced Into America by Draper in 1879. At first it was UBod to photograph tho moon aud stars of the greater magnitude, but now Its use la uui - vorsal in seeking out the smallest stars and even Beem - lngly vacant reglona which might contain heavenly bodies. Its BUporiorlty over the wet plate has satisfied tho majority of astronomers, and it has a great field before It In perfecting tha alliance between photography photography and astronomy, begun by tho daguerreotype procoas at Harvard University in 1830. Its moBt valuable valuable task as "a modern invention " consists In lightening lightening the labors of astronomers and giving greater opportunity for work in other directions. An illustration illustration of tho difference between tho old and new meth ods is given by somo twenty charts lately published by Professor Paters. Years of the hardest labor nave been spent in perfecting these chartB by the means of telescopic telescopic observation, and now by maani of the dry plate process in photography tho oharta oould be made in as many hours. Tho photograplo camera ia aa necessary aa the telescope for astronomical study, and ahowa by the latest results that it opens now problems in astron. oiny by disclosing new fields of labor. Perfeoted and doveloped, the camera will make most evident tno nar - mouy of tho Bphores and the wonder of the million upon minions of worlds faintly saen or lnvisioie through tho telescope. Button Journal, Alt OFFENSIVE PARTISAN. Hostetter McQinnis, who has recently been Civil Service reformed out of a comfortable Federal office by Cleveland, is a little bitter toward the Administration. Administration. ' Don't you think a man has a right to his own opinions in this free country," asked Gllbooly, with whom ba was conversing on tho subject. " Of oourse every man has a right to express bis own opinion. I am tho inoBt liberal man in the world in conceding to every man the right to express his views, but if I was one of the Simese twins, and my brother wore to say anything in favor of the Democratic party, or Grover Cleveland, I'd borrow a aaw or a hatchet and cut loose from bim on the spot" Texas Sytfnsa. A scientific journal tells bow to prevent hiccough. hiccough. Another good way ia to refrain from rjotng oat bstwwn tat acts. Norrittwm Herald,

Clipped from
  1. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle,
  2. 28 Jun 1885, Sun,
  3. Page 9

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