Clipped From Daily News-Democrat

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 - U. S. MARINE BAND. Famous Musical Organization...
U. S. MARINE BAND. Famous Musical Organization Had . Small Beginning. Fraaela Scala, Italian Mnstelam of Kate ' Was It F"oaar, and loin Added to Ita Great : '" 'Reaawau : Special Waahinrton Letter.! CHARLES EG AN, bora In Ireland, now. grizzled and gray, served as cornetist in her majesty service, came to this country when near his majority, and was band master master of the Second infantry during' the civil war., For several years he haa been a clerk in the surgeon general's office, but still he revels in memories of his musical days. John Philip Sousa's father was a tuba player in the Marine band," says Mr. Egan, "and the boy heard nothing nothing but music at home and music at the barracks. His mother, was .also a musician, a , vocalist, and young Sousa was a born musician. I have watched his development with considerable, considerable, interest and a degree of pride, for X was one of his instructors for awhile. , He was always a good boy and always ambitious. : , "In those days I also knew Francis Scala. I " suppose that you never heard of him, did you? Well, he was the leader of the Marine band before the civil war and for some time afterwards. afterwards. Sousa's father played in the hand under "Scala's leadership, and the present popular Sousa took many a lesson from Scala, who was in his day celebrated as a composer as well as a band leader. He was born in Italy and enlisted, in our. .navy as a third-class third-class third-class musician while . the old frigate Brandywine was in the bay of Naples about 20 years before our civil war. Within a month after his enlistment he was rla vine the clari onet solos, and inside of a year he ' was bandmaster of the frigate. "Francis Scala used to be called the founder of the Marine band, and I believe that he is entitled to that distinction. When he arrived in this country. in 1842 he enlisted in what was then known as the Marine band, and he soon became leader of the little organization. No provision had ever been made by congress for a Marine band, so that the ten members members were enlisted as fifers and drummers. drummers. They played one flute, one clarionet, one French horn, two trombones, one bugle, one bass drum, one kettle drum and tone , pair . of cymbals. That was the miserable nucleus out of which Scala developed the national musical . organization which has achieved so much of fame during the past 30 years. The congress congress never gave any encouragement to his work, either. . The appropriations appropriations were always niggardly, but little little by little appropriations were increased increased so that Scala was able year after year to increase the membership membership of his organization, but the men were obliged to furnish their own ia- ia- J fitruments because no appropriations were made for that puropse. "Do you know how many years it has been customary for the Marine band to give public concerts in the white house grounds? The people of this .city come forth by thousands every Saturday evening during the summer season ' and promenade the beautiful grounds .while the ' band plays, but they do not know to whom they are indebted for that custom. Francis Scala inaugurated these public public recitala during President Tyler's administration'. The first grand -public -public -public recognition, of the existence of the band was-in-March, was-in-March, was-in-March, was-in-March, was-in-March, 1S45, when ScalaC led the procession at the inauguration inauguration of President Polk. Ever since then the Marine band has held the right of line on all such occasions. occasions. The great feature of that day was the playing of a cornet by Scala; an instrument which he had purchased on credit with long time for payment.' Still, the band was a small' reed affair. The bass drummer could not read music, and he pounded pounded his drum in obedience to the nods or winks of Scala, on whom he had his eyes riveted all the time when the band was playing or practicing. "During the brief time that Gen. Taylor was president, he inaugurated u - - v Tx.HzA THE ORIGINAL MARINE BAKU. the custom of having the Marine band play at public receptions. In those days the public receptions were' not attended by so many people, because the ; population of Washington was sma.lL. Gen. Taylor would send word . to Scala to bring a piano player and a couple of reed instrument players as accompanists; and that small coterie coterie would make enough musio in the great east room to satisfy and gratify the president's guests, whereas whereas nowadays naught but the grand orchestration of the big . band will satisfy public expectancy . and demand. demand. . "Scala once showed me an old-fashioned old-fashioned old-fashioned daguerreotype - which was the fore-runner fore-runner fore-runner of all kodak snap shots. It was taken by an artist whose name I do -not -not remember, and it showed Zachary Taylor in a big old-fashioned old-fashioned old-fashioned barouche beside William William W. Corcoran, who was famous as a millionaire philanthropist during the latter part of the last century. Gen. Taylor rode to his inauguration in that conveyance beside the rich est man of that day; and there was so cry of plutocracy. The old da guerreotype shows that human na ture was just the same In yie good old days' as it is now. . "During the Fillmore administra tion Scala s Marine band performed a publie function which 'added great ly to Its tame. - Louis Kossuth, the famous Hungarian patriot, came to Washington and was received by a procession with Scala's band at the right of line. There were then 16 pieces, and they played so well that the newspapers gave room for considerable considerable comment, partly . because the courtly Kossuth complimented the band and personally spoke to Scala, wanning. nun lor the playing of national national airs. Still there was not much lame coming to the patient founder i I j i 1..,yTMW)m..ii 1A I ! '.vA;l of the band until HuchauanV insu-ruration. insu-ruration. insu-ruration. Seals s band on that oc casion played a march of hi own com;os!tion which he dedicated , to Miss Harriet Xane, who presided over the "social functions of her. uncle's administration. That march had a large sale, for those days, and Scala's fame enlarged. ' "Scala told me that Miss Harriet Lane keenly realized the advantage of good music and extended her aid to the band in many ways. It was by reason of -her -her patronage , that the band membership was increased to 25; that being the number at Lincoln's Lincoln's first inauguration. During that administration the prince off Wales came to this country, and was received received with great formality in the little capital city , of the young re public. Miss Lane required Scala to come to the white house every morning morning during the visit of the prince, and i.-.r-'.t i.-.r-'.t i.-.r-'.t i.-.r-'.t i.-.r-'.t ORDERED OUT OF PARADE. arrange with her the music for each day. When Buchanan and a distinguished distinguished party accompanied the prince to the tomb of Washington at Mount Vernon, Scala's band accompanied them, and while at the tomb the band played a dirge which Scala had written for the occasion. The prince was so -impressed -impressed with the original music that he sent the duke of Newcastle Newcastle for a copy of the dirge. It was forwarded to the queen, was played before her majesty, and became popular popular in Europe. "Thus, during Buchanan's administration administration the band grew and the bandmaster's bandmaster's reputation was enhanced. But still the musicians were enlisted as fifers and drummers as they had been for so many years. - It was known as 'Scala's band,' .and might have been known by that designation as long as the leader lived, or even longer. But the ambitious leader did not care so much for the perpetuation perpetuation of his name and fame as he did for the permanent organization of a national band, and it was he who insisted insisted upon having it always officially designated as the Marine band. ' "The last march' composed by Scala and publicly performed by his band was rendered in the new treasury department department building , on March 4, 1869, when Grant was first inaugurated. The general and his wife were both pleased with it,' and its popularity lasted for a number of years. - The band had then grown to proper proportions, proportions, and there were many musical musical men ambitious for the leadership. leadership. They sowed dissensions in the band, annoyed Scala, irritated him, accused him of lack of discipline, and made him so angry and irritated that he said and did things alleged to be insubordinate. Finally, in a moment of anger, Scala wrote his resignation, in December,- December,- 1871, and retired from the leadership of the band for whose development he hd toiled for 30 years. He said: -Bepublics -Bepublics are un grateful to the makers of their melodies.' melodies.' In later -years -years he said: I sometimes wish that I had allowed it to continue to- to- be . called Scala's band" . ' "I have since seen the band grow unto approximate, perfection," continued continued Mr. Eagan. "Sousa worked hard, very faithfully and successfully to that end. . But he left the band in an unhappy frame of mind, just as Scala: did, , feeling that his services were not appreciated." Sousa and his friends for several years beseiged the congress to enact a law making him a lieutenant in the navy;, but to no avail. He remained an enlisted man, designated to the leadership, - and hence had no real military authority over the band. : His successor, Fan- Fan- ciulli, spent five years endeavoring to keep the band up to the 'high, mark which Sousa had set for it, but gladly gladly retired at the end of his period of enlistment. During ' McKinley's first inauguration, a lieutenant of marines dictated, to. Fanciulli what -musio -musio should be played. Inasmuch as Fanciulli Fanciulli had drilled. his band on a particular particular programme for that occasion, he. declined to obey the orders of a lieutenant. Being only an enlisted private, he was ordered out of the parade, sent to the barracks in disgrace, disgrace, and came near being dishonor ably discharged.1 It is no wonder that he was glad to be rid of such environments. environments. . " -'" -'" ; ' "The present leader of the Marine band is Prof. Santelmann, who was leader of the band at the Annapolis naval academy, declined 'the leadership leadership until he was assured of complete leadership and authority over the band.' Under existing circumstances, ' he is able to do well and is doing well. The band is a credit to the republic, republic, and will increase in value and popularity. - But it will be : a long time, if ever, - before dear ' old Scala receives a monument' or other token of appreciation of his services as founder of the marine band." . , - f'L smith p. mr. WINTER BALLOONING. - M. Saatas-Daaaant Saatas-Daaaant Saatas-Daaaant .Plana ta Carry On His Experimeata Sear the City .. ' .at Una, '...- '...- . M. Santos-Dumost Santos-Dumost Santos-Dumost is bringing to a close negotiations with the prince of Monaco s engineers for. the construction construction of an aerodrome below the city of Monaco on ground bordering on the boulevard de La Condamine, says the Monte Carlo correspondent of the New York Herald. It will be 51 : meters long, 10. . meters wide, and IS meters high. It will shelter the Santos-Dumont Santos-Dumont Santos-Dumont No. 7, measuring 49 meters in length, and 7. meters in diameter, and of which the capacity will be 1,200 cubic meters. When the airship leaves the shed it will pass over the Bay of Monaco, where it will be put through evolutions daily during the months of January and February. The superficial area of the bay is about 300,000 square meters. Whenever the weather permits the aeronauts will leave . the . bay and carry their experiments oat over the Mediterranean. ; ' Finally, near the end of February, M. Santos-Dumont Santos-Dumont Santos-Dumont . will 'attempt an aerial passage from Monaco to Carri, Corsica, a distance of about 200 kilometers, kilometers, which he hopes to be able to accomplish ia four hours. I A- A- y i It ml s mi k

Clipped from
  1. Daily News-Democrat,
  2. 30 Nov 1901, Sat,
  3. Page 7

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