John Conrad Mumma and the formation of Dauphin Co.
DAILY TETOAPR HARRISBURG, PA.: SATURDAY EVENING, AUG. 28, 1880. . A THANKSGIVING. BT LUCY LAKCOJt. For the wealth of pathless forests, ' Whereon no ax may fall; For the winds that haunt the branches, The blrdting's timid call: For the red leaves dropped like rubles . Upon the dark, green sod For the waving of the forests, We thank thee, oh, onrGod. . For the buds that throng to gladden The tollers plodding way; For the bursting of iresh roses With every new - born day; For the bare twigs toast in summer Bloom like the prophet's rod; For the blossoming of flowers, We thank thee, oh, our God. For the sound of waters gushing In bubbling beads of light; For the fleets of snow - white lilies - Firm anchors out of sight; For the reeds among the eddies , . The crystal on the clod; For the flowing of the rivers. We thank thee, on, our God. For t he liftln g up of mountains In brightness and in diead; For the peak where snow and suns hi ne Alone have dared to tread; i For the dark of silent gorges, Whence giant cedars nodi J For the majesty of mountains, We thank thee, oh, our Gcd. ; For an eye of Inward seeing A soul to know and love; - For these common aspirations Which our nigh heirship prove; 5 For the tokens of - thy presence Within, above, abroad; For thine own great gift of being, We thank thee, oh, our God. t All Rights Reserved. i NOTES AND QUERIES LX, J Historical and Biographical. Acknowledgement. During an absence absence of two weeks we have trespassed on the time and care of onr fellow - laborer in the historic field, Mr. A. Boyd Hamilton, who vprv Irmrllv ltnrl Nna li - v ann It ri Nfttpa and Queries and to whom we feel greatly indebted. indebted. "W. H. E. IiOuiSBTJRGH. Thifl name bestowed upon our town at the formation of the county of Dauphin by the then chief justice, Thomas M Kean, was used in all official advertisements advertisements for at least three years, 1783 to 1788 The citizens, however, in deference to the founder, insisted on Harrisburg, and after .1 , . .J T " 1 me uoruugu was lncoiporaieuuouiBuuxgn was never menuonea. The Postmasters of Harrisburg It has so frequently been asserted within the past half year that John Wyeth was the first postmaster here, that "Notes and Queries" Queries" fears the error of such a statement will interfere with well established facts that are locally interesting. They are that 1. John Montgomery was first postmaster, appointed in 1713. 2. John W. Allen appointed, August, 3. John "Wyelh appointed, October, 1793. A T - AAA . jonn wngm, appointed isuz. 5. Mrs. Wright took the office at his death, in 1814, who held it until 1822, when James Peacock was appointed. ; 6. James Peacock, who was succeeded in office by the following gentlemen : 7. Isaac G. McKinley. 8. Andrew J. Jones. 9. John H. Brant. - I A TV TKT T 11. George Bergner. 12. Gen. Joseph F. Knipe. 13. George Bergner. 14. Henry Gilbert, ad interim. 15. M. VY. McAlarney, the present in cumbent. Dates of Arrivals of the Ancestors of Some Old Families. The following partial list of arrivals of the ancestors of some of the old Dauphin county families German, Swiss and French emigrants is worthy of preservation : Beader, Philip Jacob, Oct. 20, 1744. Bueh ler, Christian, Sept. 22, 1752. Buehler, . Ulnch, Sept. 23, 1734. Bomberger, Henry, Br. and Jr., Sept. 3, 1739. Buehler, Geo. .urnst, aept. 3, l73y. Capp, Michael, Sept. 16, 1751. Dock, Balthaser, Sept. 13, 1749. Dock, Jacob, Kept. 17, 17oU. Doll, (Jasper, Aug. Egle, John. Sept. 21, 1742. Greenawalt, Hans Philip, Sept. 15, 1749. Gross, Christian, Aug. 28, 1750. Gross, (Jbnsuan, uct. o, 173U. Hummel, Adam, Sept. 19,1732. Hummel, Thomas, Sept. 1, 1730. Kunkel, John, sr. and jr., Sept. 16, 1748. Jvunkel, Adam, sr. and ir., Sept. 10, 1748. LTnese were brothers. 1 Mamma, John Conrad, Oct. 13, 1747. Miller, John Peter, Sept. 9, 1751. Mamma, Jacob, sr. and jr., Sept. 11, 1731. Ott, Hans Nicholas, Sept 15, 1749. Ott, Hans Ulrich, Sept. 15, 1749. Ott, Philip, Sept. 21, 1732. Ott, Jacob, Sept. 18, 1733. - Urth, Adam, August 19, 1729. Rahm, Melchior, Oct. 17, 1749. Seyforth, John, Sept. 16, 1751. Sees, Christopher, Uct. 16,1722. Sees, Bal thaser, Oct. 5, 1737. Seiler Family, Aug. Thomas, Durst, Sept 16, 1736. Thomas, jacoo, Dept. lo, lvao. i nomas, Martin, Sept. 16, 1736. Thomas, John and Peter, Jan. 10, 173U. Zeigler, Hans George, Sept. 19, 1750. Zeigler, George, Sept. 25, 1751. w. n. e. TUB FOKMATION OF UAUFHIN COUNTY. A proposition to divide the county ot Lancaster was discussed about the com mencement of the Revolution, but that ordeal of arms for several years quieted the agitation lor the iormation of a new county. When, towards the close of the war, the courts were crowded with business, when military fines were bemg sued out against non - associators, compelling many of the citizens from remote sections of the county to appear at ine county town, the question of the formation of a new county embracing that portion of Lancaster county north of the Conewago with a portion of the county of Berks, seriously disturbed .not only the citizens of both counties, but the Assembly, and petitions, pro and con, were frequently presented. The county of Berks was early in the field, they were not in favor of a dis memberment, and at the session of 1782, several remonstrations bearing upon this point had the effect of confining the new county enterprise to Lancaster county alone. At the ensuing session ot the Assembly the subject of a division was aeain acritated . when the following petition. oreDared bv . If . - r - however, and the matter being constantly brought to the attention of the legislative Doay, two years suosequenuy the county of Dauphin was erected. The remon strance, however, is worth preserving as a part or the history oi tnose times : w. n. e. To ihe Honorable the Representatives of the Freemen of the Commonwealth of Pennsyl vania, in ttenerat Assembly met : TJie Remonstrance and Petition of Divers Freeholders and Others, Inhabitants of the County of Lancaster, Most Humbly Shevo - eln: 1 That your petititioners conceive them selves bound to remonstrate against the prayers of two petitions proposed to the Legislature at the last session respecting a division of the said county of Lancaster, and beg leave to suggest to your Honorable Body the following remarics That a frequent division of counties must naturally occasion a distrust in the faith of government persons who, confiding in the acts of the Legislature, having purchased landed property near a county town long established by law, suuering considerable losses from such division. That the creating new counties necessarily tends to increase the public expenses, and to derange in some sort the policy of a government. government. That nothing but the most manifest public expedience arising from the welfare of the community at large, independent of indi vidua! Interests, can justify such measures in an old established county; and that tho' the bringing the courts of justice near to the doors of every man may in some wise conduce to his private interests, yet in other instances a remoteness of the station may be in some degree advantageous, as it tends to repress a litigious spirit in many who might be desirous of vexing their neighbors at law at a mucn less expense." i our - petitioners beg leave runner to od - serve, that as to the petition which points out the precise limits of a new county attaching attaching thereto a part of Berks county.your petitioners concur muy in tne state oi iacis submitted to your honorable House by the inhabitants in general of the said county of Berks in their late petition and remonstrance, remonstrance, to which we humbly refer you. As to the erecting of a county town at Harris' Ferry, we submit to the wisdom of the Legislature the propriety, expedience or justice of the measure. - J If a central situ ation has been ever deemed most eligible and convenient to the public at large for the site of a county town, the spot proposed is aencient in this. particular, the western boundary not exceeding one mile. - If j the trade of the back country on the Susquehanna Susquehanna is the real object of the - petitioners, the streams of traffic will equally find their way to the capital of the State, - whether there be a new county town erected pursu ant, vj ineir wisnes or not ; ana u me inhabitants inhabitants who live beyond Peter's Mountain Mountain find themselves aggrieved by their remote remote situation, it is submitted to the Legis lature whether it would not oe more natural and easy to attach that settlement to Northumberland Northumberland county. It is apprehended with due deference to the sense of your Honorable Honorable House, that measuring the petition for a county town at Harris Ferry by the large scale of national good, and detracting therefrom therefrom a few individual interests, the prayer of that petition will be thought utterly; inadmissible. inadmissible. - ' Your ' - petitioners take the liberty of adding that the - present bounds of the county of Lancaster are not round tooein convenient or unreasonable: That it will be utterly impracticable by the House to gratify the wishes of individuals in every instance when they complain of being aggrieved. And that when the division of counties is forced as a measure, of course your Honorable Honorable House will have much of their time engrossed engrossed by petitions for such divisions from the interested views of private people, which the claims of the public demand for objects of much greater magnitude. That in the present exhausted state oi the country at large, when the public demands occasion the levying of heavy taxes, it would be highly grievous to many that new assessments should be laid for the purpose of building court house and jail, and other expenses incident to a new county ; for tho' many have signed the petition, it may fairly be presumed there are many others within the several districts averse to such additional impositions. ... Whereupon your petitioners most humbly pray that your Honorable Body, upon full deliberation had of the two petitions herein first before noted, will not grant the prayers thereof or either of them. And your petitioners as in duty bound will ever pray, etc. 'KIHTOIENINO MILLS' I1UNIEK. OB FOKT It freauentlv occurs in - the storv of the early settlements of this part of Pennsyl vania, that family records become import ant in ascertaining dates, or establishing a controverted point. There has been a good deal of confusion respecting the Chambers brothers, who made the first settlement at what is now known as "Fort Hunter, in Dauphin county, alluded to in the valuable contribution of Samuel Evans. Esq., of Columbia, Lancaster county, which we take pleasure in presenting before proceeding proceeding with the story we have in hand: "Benjamin Chambers. In 1734, a road was laid out from Benjamin Chambers mill on Susquehannah, at Kihtotening hill, to the Pine ford on the Swatara, thence to Lancaster. William Reinnock, James Arm strong, Hugh Black, Samuel Smith, Sam uel bcott and Joshua Towl were the viewers. Armstrong probably lived in Ly - kens valley, Smith lived at Conoy creek, Scott, where the Lancaster pike crosses Big Chickies creek, and Towl, who was coroner of Lancaster county, lived in Hempfield township. "The present turnpike from Harnsbure to .Lancaster, probably occupies a portion of this old road. Although this mill is desig nated as Benjamin Chambers', it is not con clusive evidence that he then resided there. It establishes, however, the fact of the location of his mill and that it was erected prior to 1734. In H. Chambers' letter to James Tileh - maninl774 (see Penna. Archives O. 8. vol. iv, page 535) he says he was living at "bawling jspnng on Cannogogige " before Cresap's raid, which was in 1736. While at Samuel Blunston's at Wright's Ferry, Thomas Penn sent for Mr. Chambers, Chambers, who arrived there, when Penn gave him permission to build a corn mill on "Cedar Spring, in the Manor of Louden." in 1736. He probably removed west of the river in 1735. At this time he was aged twenty - three years. (See Penna. Archives f U , trte v TT v. a., ux. i, page ov.) ixe was, mere - fore, twenty - one years of age when application application was made to the court to lay out the road from his mill to Lancaster. At this time it would seem that he had no design of removing to the west side of the river. Mr. Hamilton gives the year 1724 as the time he settled at Fort Hunter. This is evidently an error. He was probably misled by confounding the Benjamin Chambers who ran the temporary boundary line between Penn'a. and Maryland, and the miller. From Mr. C.'s letter, to which I have referred, . he was evidently well acquainted with the Scotch - Irish settlers in Donegal, and had made frequent visits to Wright's Ferry and the vicinity. His familiarity with the toooeraDhv of that locality would seem to warrant this infer ence. 'His visits to the neichborhood of Wright's x erry, were not on Dusiness strictly, llis visits became very freauent to the old Indian trader, James Patterson, who lived three miles below Wright's Ferrv. lie married Mr. Pattersons daughter Sarah, between the years 1734 and 1736. Colonel James Chambers, of Revolutionary fame, was the only child by this marriage. His wife died probably in a year or two after weir marriage. dam L JSYANS." We have examined the article nrenared hv iij.r. jiauiutua, o wmcn aiiusion is made, It is there stated that the brothers Cham Dera "are heard or about 1720, at the mouth ot JTishing creek, whether at what is now known as .Little Conewago dividing termining. "Subsequently, in 1725 - 26, a title under the fashion of the Deriod was acnuh - erl at the mouth of Fishing Creek." This was unaouDteoiy at Fort Hunter. Having uimtu iuu buujoci inus lar, we thought it best to ascertain upon what Mr.HamUton iuuuucu nis siaiement, and for that pur pose interviewed" him. He promptly - " wo uesirea, remarking that the error was made in 1872, when no prepared and published his epnemerai papers on .Fort Hunter. It cuhbiswo. in ine statement that "Beuiamin vunuiuao, wnu umers, came to tms, then Province, as 'adventurers in ye old Penn sylvania comp'y' why called 'old' eih. teen years after Penn landed at Upland, is calculated to puzzle the present generation oi inquirers, .oenjamin, however, appears to have been one of its managers, as he is called upon by the council to lay his ace's beiore ye council on the 4th mo., 1704, Whether he ever got them settled to his own, and to the satisfaction of his superiors does not appear, but we soon hear of his complaining to the same council of 'two Swede ministers who were about to set up a ferry (over the Schuylkill as one may sup pose), 'after he had made such conveniences as ye like had never been known in these parts.' " Very soon after this appeared, a letter was received from - Hon. Eli K. Price, of Philadelphia, to the author, correcting the statement, too late, however, to repair the error, with any probability that sufficient interest was awakened in the subject to suppose that any one would make the correction correction for permanent reference. Mr. Price writes : "The Benjamin Chambers spoken of as here in 1704, was not of your Dauphin or Cumberland heroes. That B. C. came here with, or, soon after Wm. Penn; and, the Swede's ferry referred to was afterwards "Grey's ferrv," over the Schuylkill near Bartram's garden. He was a justice of the peace,, sheriff, of Philadelphia in 1682, a Friend, and did not fight. Your hero was always a fighter down to the Revolution, and was living in 1776. Our B. O. died 1716. In that year his estate was divided among his heirs he had no children the daughters and grandchildren ot his brother John Chambers. One granddaughter of John married John Bartram, and the other, Humphrey Marshall, and their sons were I the botanists. Our B - C. came from Eng - I land, vours came from County Antrim. Ire land, about 1720, then seventeen years old. "Mr. Garrard's historical memoirs of Charlotte Chambers makes the same mistake mistake you do." Mr. Lewis H. Garrard published his memoir in 1856. He was a great grandson of Benjamin Chambers and of Sarah Patterson, Patterson, as stated by Mr. Evans. The tradition tradition in the family was, as told by Messrs. Garrard and Hamilton, and as both of them had access to family records and traditional narrative, it is not surprising that they were not aware of this error, that, owing to the exact coincidence ot names, had fastened itself in the history ot the connexion. General James Chambers, of Loudoun iron works, Franklin county, married married Catherine Hamilton, only daughter of John Hamilton, who was the great grandfather grandfather of Mr. A. Boyd Hamilton. Benjamin Chambers, one of these four brothers, was about seventeen years of age when the family came to Fort Hunter, 1725 - 26, fixing the year of his birth in 1708: another authority fixes it in 1 703. He may have "prospected ' in 173U, west of' the Susquehanna, and been struck with i the beautyand advantages of "Fawling Spring," Chambersburg, but could not have made a permanent settlement until some years after this date; as the following record, furnished furnished by Mr. Evans, would appear to prove : "1735, May term; court of Lancaster county, at Quarter Sessions, Samuel MayneB made complaint ot assault ana oattery against John Chambers, James Chambers, Benjamin Chambers, Robert Chambers and Robert Miller. "John Chambers plead guilty and was fined two shillings. The other defendants discharged. It would seem, therefore, that the four brothers Chambers were living at the mill on Fishing creek, Paxtang, in 1735. Joseph Chambers died there in 1748 Samuel Hunter married his widow Catha rine." This is a scrap of historical information that future historians of Franklin county would do well to preserve. It may conflict with several cherished traditions, yet it is a true record of the common way of settling border controversies, it was over forty miles from "Kihtotenning mills" to Lancaster, Lancaster, and must have cost in addition to the "two shillings" ffine, a good deal of time and money. "Notes and .Queries" is pretty well satisfied that there need not be further controversy upon this particular point, of the time or of the persons who were the original owners of the romantic neighborhood, well known as "Fort Hun ter." HINTS TO BARBEBS. Suggestions by Mark Twain Wbicn Will .Revolutionize tne Art oi Miaviug;. Hartford CourantJ It is safe to say that nine out of ten of the men one meets on the streets in our cities shave, or rather are shaved. Some shave the moustache, some shave the chin, some the cheeks. Indeed, one must go into mathematics to the tables of permutations and combinations to find how jnany varieties varieties of shaving are possible. Woman is accused accused of being the party who devotes her time to appearances and frivolities of the mirror, bat, after all, man does his share of it. The reason he escapes the charges is that he blandly sets down his decorative work as being a matter of necessity. Ana it is true tnai snavmg is a very old custom, nor have we anything to say against it, except that it is unnatural, and is, and should be acknowledged to be, a concession to the looking - glass and to vanity. But the point is that, old as is the art, it is a singular thing how few know how to shave. "Nearly all men shave in the passive voice." This may be taken as the grammatical phrase or as an acknowledgment of the voice of the barber which they have to endure. Each signifi cation is true. And while nearly all men consent to refer their shaving to a few who make it a business, only a fraction of that few understand their art. There is a financial blunder at the bot tom of it that makes trouble all through. ine aogma inai a Bnave is a suave is a mistake. One man with a stiff beard and a full face will choose to have his whole expansive countenance clean shorn; another will shave on his upper lip. To each it is a "shave." , and each is charged alike. One may require thirty minutes attention. the other ten minutes. The first will dull the razor, the second not affect its edge. To each it is ten cents. Now, a barber's working day. we will assume, is ten hours long. If he is occupied threo - quarters of the time ho must be busier than usually appears. This gives him seven hours labor, and if he struck a day of half - hour laces, bis whole receipts would be 81 40. If his luck gave him ten - minute cases, he would take in $2 10, Even this would not pay were it not for the seductive side - issues hair - cuts and shamnoos of the trade, that bring in more per hour than the lunoamentai industry. .wow, as the price and tho circumstances of shaving go, it is a constant hurry to unisu a man, as snaving scarcely pays at tne Dcsc. aua ir he is one of tha most - . aosorbiog subjects full shave and a stiff beard it is a loss to work upon him. To suave mm caretuiiy takes too muoh time and costs the edge of the razor. To skim over his face, cutting off sections of beard nere ana tnere, and leaving odd cases of hair along the deserts of the cheek, saves the razor and spoils the person who pays for the operation, and who Bhould not be entirely iorgotten. The scale of prices wugui. mi uw luguuHea dv wnat one cets. uuu uaruers Queni w nave the curncrn tn cnarge ior wnac tney do. 1 m .am m O w v ihis done, a revolution in the art would follow. Speed would not bo the OTPifif: aim Attention could be given to the removal of ine oeara, wmcn, in old times, it was as important to remove as the lather, and tho man who went out of the barber's shon would leave satisfied, instead of hoping " "w uo.a.1, biiuu wuum do wetter. We recommend tnose considerations to the trade without charge for the advice. Shaving Shaving is a custom of civilization; playing with soap bubbles is a game of childhood. Tt now a matter of luck which of these operations operations falls to the barber' patron to - dav. THIS FCTCKK QUEKN OT ENGLAND. The London correspondent of tho Boston Herald, writing of the recent grand fair at Kensington llouse, says: "I havo seen her Royal Highness more than once, but never admired her bo much as when she came up the steps, surrounded by her shy little daughters. No wonder the English love and revere the Danish Princess who has made so good a wife and mother. What man would not die for Alexandra, as ho saw ner, leading her three little girls, the porsomncation of all that is lovoly and admirable in woman! The Princesses Victoria, Louise and Maude almost cluutr 4 - a iL.! ii .... .. - a w tueir muinor s skirts as tney mounted in a group to the terrace, clad in their simple blue dresses. The Princess of Wales wore an exquisite costume of helintrnTw niilr shot with gold and trimmed with white lace : in her hand she carried a large bouquet of vameiias ana other white llowers. Bhe acknowledged the sweeping courtesies of some of the ladies and tho respectful Biuuiauons or tuo crowd ot visitors with dignity in which there was no trace of stiffness. Her sweet face, still fresh and a a ; I