Long Lost Andean City Found By Honolulan
HONOLULU, HAWAII TERRITORY,. SUNDAY, JULY 6, '191:?. LONG LOST ANDEAN CITY FOUND BY HONOLULAN ''U-w.. f - "ft f 1 1 M 74 r la A?. t 2T 13 J5 Panorama of Machu Picchu, Peru, Lost Inca City, Discovered by Prof. Bingham, Who Declares It Is Rivaled Only by the Celebrated Ruins of Cnzco. Prof. Hiram Bingham of YaleMakes the Greatest Archaeological Discovery of the Age by Locating and Excavating Ruins of Machu Picchu on a Peak of the Andes' in Peru. THERE is nothing new untler the 8'in, they say. That is only rela-j, tively true. Just now, when we i. i i ii i : . . 1 1 -. (iiufgui lucre was natiitauj V lon ef the earth's , surface - still un-, inn of n -a-non tno i tupnvfip? ni a cmtn ; ,lake or mountain, or the charting of, a remote strip of coast' line was enough to give a man fame as an explorer, one member' of the daredevil explorers' , craft has "struck it rich," atruck it. so dazzlingly rich, indeed, that all his confreres may be pardoned if they pnash their teeth in chagrin and turn i green with envy. . The lucky man. says the New York TiUies, is Prof. Hiram .Bingham of Yale, he whose hobby is South America. He has .just announced that he lias had the superb prood fortune to discover an entire nifv i t.v n tlinltnm1 vparti !!. a place or splendid palaces and tempie anil grim encircling walls, hidden away 'o thoroughly on the top of a well-nigh inaccessible mountain pa' of th Peruvian Andes that the Spanish invaders of four hundred years ao never set eyes upon it. He. calls it Machu Picchu. For centuries it. has reared to the sk.v its Riant ruins, half-buried in tropical vegetation, known only to a few ignorant Indians of the neighborhood. Where ' tKe magnificent city was three poverty-stricken, half-naked Indian families now live; on the site of the central plaza, of its shrines and mansions and fortifications, they sow their little rat-he of corn. Between dead Maclm f'icchii and the world that wo know lie tildes of breakneck trails miles of 'ipperv f"ing through forests, up and in? torrents. In the face of such a journey the iron soldiers of Pizarro turned l;n-k four hundred years ago. It remained for the strenuous Yankc? of today to negotiate it. Professor Bingham returned from Pern several months ago. To a Time man who met him, gaunt and fever-yellowed, on the steamship pier, he said that he was not at liberty to tell what he had d scovered because his expedition had been partly financed by the National Ceographic Society and lie 'as bound to write the full account of his discoveries for the National Geographic Magazine. I'l the current number of that maga- not know. But he is sure of one thing: that the ruins of Maehu Picchu are surpassed in Tern by those of. imperial &TirlAf4V. ' '-, - - It was ; the success which .attended his previous expeditions to Peiu, tlmt caused the Yale explorer to set out again on tHe .journey destined to produce" such splendid result. He had already heard of the existence of the hidden city on his previous, visits, and Bit 6 1 I "Presently we found ourselves in the midst of a tropical f orest,v beneath the shade of -whose , trees we could make out a maze of ancient walls, the ruins of buildings made of blocks of granite, some of which were beautifully fitted together in the most refined style of Inca architecture. ' A few rods further along we came to a little open space, cn which were two splendid temples or palaces. " - - .. - "The superior character of the stone work, the presence of these. splendid edifices, : and of . what . appeared to be an unusually large number of finely constructed stone dwellings, led me to believe that Machu Picehu might prove to be the largest , and -most important ruia discovered in, South America since the days of the. Spanish cpnquest. " . s For Serious Work. 1 v So leaving two of his compauions at the-place makinjr iireliminary inspc-r 4 lions.; .Professor - Bingham : returned - to the tinted Mates to get funis and comrades for really serious work at Alachu Picchu. , , ' - . ; , ;The expedition of ' 1912 was the result. It started almost exactlv one One of the Staircases That Are a Feature of Machu Picchu. Prof. Bingham Found Over One. Hundred of Them. but presently all that they eipected, and far more was revealed to the lighted, eyes of Professor. Bingham and his companions. As little by little the luxuriant jungle was" hewn away . and. the layers of earttl shoveled front around -the protruding portions of the ruins, massive structures began to ap-', pear, rivaling in size and architectural skill anything ever found in Peru. ;j . Not only that from burial caves fa. diggers took boaes of : men who - dtejL hundreds, perhaps thousands, of yr, . ago, also bronze 'ornainents'ealrtfceo. ware utensils, -and many other -, skljil aMe things. ' , " ' ' As piece after jiiece of the forgotten city came to light it becameerer e', to "conjecture just what kind j of pla.c( . it was in its heyday. 8ye Profr . Bingham:.., 4 " . - '.' '-;' ' 'r' , City of Kef age. ?K '" Mm ha Picchu is es-sentiHy tty- ' of refuge. 5 It is perched on ar mountain . top in the most inaccessible cornetf .if the inost inaccessible section of . .thi Frubamba river. So far as I know, there islio' part of the Andes thati,ha8 been better defended by nature.;' " A . stupendous eanon, r whete 'the , principal rock is granite and wher;ihe precipices are ' frequently over'' feet sheer, presents difficulties ofs;at; tack and facilities for defense eeconii to none. Here on a narrow ridge, ' flanked on all sides by precipitoui Or nearly jirecipitwus slopes, a highly teiy''' ilized people artistic, inventive, nd-' capabletof sustained endeavor at .some' time in - t he remote past built lbem-r selves a city of refuge. '. . .-:: ; ', " Since they had t no ir,on or f aftoel tools only stone hammers it cob,'" striiction must have cost many-generations, if not centuries, of effort, . " Acrcss the ridge, and defending the builders from attack on the aide of the main mountain range, they ..constructed two walls. One of them, ceo stituting the outer line of defense, lead from precipice to precipice, utilizing as lest it can the natural steepness of 'the hill. ' . : . - . .. "Beyond this, and on top. of lithe montan called Machu Picchnr, which overlooks the- valley from the s wry summit of ore of the most stupendans precipices in the canon, is constructed a signal station, from which thovdr: proach of an enemy could be instaitly communicated to the city below. Within the outer wall they constructed an extonive .series of agricultural -terraces, stone lined awl averaging about eight feet high. Between these aid the city is a steep, dry moat and .'the inner wall. .-?.. "When the members of an attacking force had safely nj-gotiated the .precipitous and easily defended eidee of the moat, they would still find thenv sejves outside the inner defense f the city, which consisted of a Wall from fifteen to twenty feet high, composed of the largest stones that could be found in the vicinity many'- Of thein huge boulders -weighing .-.niaaT tons This wall iy carried straight p cross the ridge from one precipitant side to the other. These defenses' are on the south side of the city..; ' X 1( "On the north side, on the narrow ridge collecting the eitv with Huayna Typical Dwelling House at Machu Picchu, Showing Gable Ends.