How Vicksburg Was Taken - Role of Jesse K Dubois
history. do I remember earnestness act of event of on one members policy. tha.n thought opposed I, Smith Mr. went him if he to how," it now?" he proved but he more said my with Cabinet of issue of by enunciation longer " he his God that he thia was to be who President Mr. vow driven to : cadets Point excites on the military that Academy--Lieutenant Major occasion for the of records of the and times neither of honored give before did, indeed, others No. 21, His which No. 16. and in the linguistic years. in chemistry, tac- Sherman in behavior, ethics, tactics, with classes, Smith, and the Military sense the of the of killed on on of sons dead positive mother. po'-s- they and delight, enjoyment body, to inter, coroner, in Market identification. friends the that thoroughly the body. HOW VICKSBURG WAS TAKEN. Interesting Account of Graut'a and Sherman's Protest. [Springfield CorreBp'iue of the Chicago .Republican.] In the Republican of June 3d was published published an editorial article with an extract headed " A Scrap of History," and which gives an account of Gen. Sherman's written written protest against Gen. Grant's circuitous march around Vicksburg, and by which he cut himself off from his base of supplies ; describes how Gen. Sherman directed that the protest be forwarded to Washington ; how General Grant never did so forward i t ; but afterwards, when Vickeburg was about to surrender, tore it up in Gen. Sherman's Sherman's presence, much to the satisfaction of the latter. I have no doubt of the truth of the story, as it perfectly tallies with an account (which I have often heard related by parties parties who were present) of the way in which Gen. Grant is said to have corne to the determination determination of making the extraordinary and novel military movement by which he captured Vicksburg, and which movement was evidently entirely one of his own invention, and greatly adds to the military genius of the man. The people people have not (probably because of General Grant's native modesty) been, heretofore, willing to give him credit for originality of mind, or for that military genius (which is the highest form of mental power) and which conceives as well as executes. In fact, I have heard officers and soldiers assert assert that to Gen. Sherman alone was due the credit of planning the entire campaign which resulted in the capture of Vicksburg, Vicksburg, when the truth is, that campaign was the conception of Gen. Grant himself. And more than this, the most brilliant of it was undertaken contrary to the advice of Gen. Sherman, and in the teeth of his written protest. To Gen. Grant, then, must be accorded the praise of having not only conceived it, but also of having, by his indomitable pluck, self-reliance and dogged obstinacy (the latter trait rising to heroism in the case,) carried this great movement to a successful termination, in spite ot the opposition of Gen. Sherman, in whose judgment and military talent he reposed such great confidence. The account of the manner by which Gen. Grant was l^.d to make the great movement which resulted in the capture of Vicksburg is as follows : On the 1st of April, 18C3, Generals Grant, Sherman, Oglesby, Secretary of State O. M. Hatch, of this State, Auditor Jssse K. Dubois, United States Marshal D. L. Phillips, Congressman Mitchell, of the Ft. Wayne district, Indiana, Commodore Commodore Porter and various other naval officers, officers, were on board the flag-ship of Commodore Commodore Porter's squadron, the Black Hawk 1 think. They had been up the Yazoo river river to llaines' Bluff, on a recoiinoit-sance of the fortifications, and were returning. The party were seated in the cabin of the flag- ahip, and an animated discussion was going going forward between General Sherman, Hon. Jesse Iv. Dubois and Tlon. D. L. Phillips, all good talkers, and loving to talk, too. The topic was the question of slavery, the effect of the war upon it, e. General Sherman contended that slavery slavery had nothing to do with the war, arid should not be made to enter into it; that the Southerners wore high-toned gentlemen gentlemen ; that he had no objection to slavery per se ; that the war would last fifteen years, and that the South could only be made to succumb after they had been virtually virtually all but exterminated ; atao that it was a war between the Puritans and cavaliers. cavaliers. Messrs. Dubois and Phillips, especially the former, stoutly combated these ideas. Mr. Dubois contended that slavery was the cause of the war, and that it must be removed before a permanent peace could be secured; also that, as regarded regarded the duration of it, if those in charge of it would do their duty it would be closed closed up in a short time; that the people of the North had given them men and money in almost unlimited numbers and amounts, and that the result was in their hands, with every appliance t'o a successful termination. termination. Mr. Phillips then took up the conversation conversation with Gen. Sherman on the subject subject of slavery, and Gen. Grant, who had remained a silent listener during the other other discussion, with the inevitable cigar between between his lips, withdrew from the cabin to the deck, and Mr. Dubois followed him. The General had not beckoned the Auditor Auditor from the room, but both appeared to be drawn together by one of those mental attractions attractions for which there is no accounting. Upon deck a conversation ensued between the two, the utterance of which was as follows: General Grant--Uncle Jense, to tell you the truth, I have come to my wit's end as regards the capture of Vicksburg. I do not really know what next move to make. I have tried everything I could think of, and here we are yet. I have been advised that we go back to Memphis and commence commence an overland march from that point. Mr. Dubois--General Grant, you cannot do that. If you take this army back to Memphis, with all this array of gunboats and transports and all your material of war, the effect will be disastrous on the country. This infernal constitution i n c u r State was only defeated by superhuman exertions. Another election is almost upon UP, and the whole Northwest is on the verge of revolution. If you go back you strengthen the hands of the traitors and K. G. C.'s at home. They will call your m o v e m e n t a rotrent, a n d more loudly than ever asi-ert that the Smith cannot be conquered. If you can do no_bette~, you must storm Vicksburg. If it costs the lives of forty thousand men it must be taken. It is a terrible thing to think of, but it mujit be done. General Grant replied that he would reflect reflect upon the matter during the night and let Mr. Dubois know of his determination in the morning. When the morning came, General Grant met Mr. Dubois with a choor- ful countenance, and the following conversation conversation took place: General Grant--Uncle Jesee, you are going home to-day ; tell Governor Yate? and the people of Illinois for me that 1 wil) take Vicksburg in sixty days. Mr. Duboia--General Grant, I am glad to hear you say this ; but all I allow me to tell them is, that yon Vicksburg, I don't care whether in days or in six months. General Grant--I am bound to take I have decided on my plans. J will tell you what they are. Even with best intentions, you might disclose the detriment of the movement. They then parted, and General Grant detailed his plan to General Sherman, protested in writing, as detailed in the article, but placed himself under tho General's orders. Auditor Duboin wont home and told Gov. Yates that Grant would take Vicksburg ; that he had no doubt of it; Gen. Grant told him to tell him BO, that he must tell it to the people coming from Geri. Grant. It will to remembered that the promise of Gen. Grant published in the papers at the time, that Gov. Yates icpcated it from the stum]). Gen. Grant'* m;xi, move was ii send Gen. John A. McClermind, and ordered him to march his corps from Milliken'a Bend to Grand Gulf. Gen. McClernaud proposed some changes in the details the plan; but Gen. Grant cut him by saying that he had digested and arranged the entire details for the movement, and only required him--Gen. McClernand --to execute his orders. General McCler- nand then eaid he would do that to best of his ability, and departed on expedition. And here it may be well to add, this time strenuous efforts were being at Washington for the removal of Grant. Not only West Point wus against him, but Republican members Congress, some of them from this State, went to Mr, Lincoln and urged his removal, taking back their former indorsements of him. Leading Republican papers in this State also denounced him, and clamored loudly for his eupereedure. At time a leading Republican and retired officeholder from this State, who had down the river buying cotton, wrote a letter to Mr. Lincoln denouncing Gen. predicting his failure, and urging the appointment of Gen. Pope to his lie brought the letter to tho lion. Hatch, then Secretary of State, and Mr. Lincoln's most intimate friends, asked him to direct it, but did not him its contents. Ho represented to Hatch that Mr. Nicolay, who had been Mr. Hatch's deputy clerk, seeing the handwriting, would hand it to Mr Lincoln. Hearing of the occurrence, and Bupecting a trick, Mr Dubois made Mr. Hutch a letter to the President, which both signed, and which urged him to do nothing against Gen. Grant; that they had down the river, and so far as they anything to eay in the matter, they perfectly satisfied with him. Subsequently to the capture of Vicksburg Vicksburg Mr. Duboia was in Washington, obtain a sick furlough for his son, been at the siege and was then in Memphis hospital. Mr. Lincoln himself went to the War Office with Mr. Dubois to obtain the furlough. Returning from the office, and while Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Dubois and Mr. D. L. Phillips were standing the railing which separates the War grounds from those of the White House, the following conversation, in substance, took place: Mr. Dubois--Mr. President, 1 do like Gen. Grant's paroling those prisoners at Vicksburg. We had better feed than fight them. Mr. Lincoln straightening himeslf up his full hight, and hie countenance beaming with that peculiar smile which indicated that he was highly pleased : boie, Gen. Grant has done so well, and are all so pleased at the taking of burg, let us not quarrel with him the matter." He also added, "Dubois,'* placing his foot upon the base of the railing, and taking a less erect posture, you know that, at one time, I stood solitary and alone here in favor of Gen. Even (meaning a Member of Congress Congress from Northern Illinois) came and told me that he (Grant) was not , and that I would have to him. But I remembered that you and Hutch and others had been down there about the 1st of April, and had not word to me on the subject." A REPENTANT RKBEL CLERGYMAN.--RCY. Thomas Skinner, formerly the pastor of the principal Baptist church in Raleigh P has returned from England, whither he went about two years since, and professes to be thoroughly cured of his rebellious ideas Before leaving for England he been a bitter secessionist, and owned hundred negroes, whom he sold juet previous to leaving. On Sunday week ha preached before his former congregation at Raleigh. The latter part of hie discourse discourse contained a full and frank confession confession of the delusion and wrong of the South had been guilty in making They had been deceived by a pack hypocrites, and led to ruin. The termination of the contest had taught them, in the providence of God, that they were They, in common with the North, had suffered for their sins, in the bloodshed, desolation and ruin which the war had its track. The South had been overcome --they were a conquered people; but victory was not that of a people over enemies, but of a father over hie and now like dutiful members of the family, they should acknowledge the justice tin" ehfi=tisemcnt, pubmit with good grace to tho superior authority, and cheerfully support the Government. EMIGRATION.--The Bureau of Emigration Emigration reports a falling off in the number arrivals of over twenty thousand as compared with the corresponding season ot" last year. It is expected that immediate steps will bo taken through tho proper channels to stimulate emigration from Europe, particularly among the educated industrial classes, large numbers of were ready to sail at the opening of navigation, but who have been prevented unfavorable reports from their relatives and friends in this country, of the of obtaining transportation, the highratea of passage, Â£c.