1960 Kilauea eruption

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1960 Kilauea eruption - ' - ' ! ,f . : - y ' 1 j ' , & ' . V ' ' ' t '...
' - ' ! ,f . : - y ' 1 j ' , & ' . V ' ' ' t ' - I I .;.,.,?v . ' , . , , ft " ' ! "'-'"."' ' " ' 1 , v -- " I - 4i - : I - - " - "t ; , ; - j i;-- 1X1 r 1 ; -1 ' Cordon Mors t Rampaging lava viped out most of Kapoho Village yesterday, edging up to the two buildings in left photo, and destroyed the four-unit Kapoho School. t t , By GORDON MORSE and GEORGE EAGLE OUTSIDE KAPOHO Fifteen feet of smoldering black lava oovered at least 29 buildings in Kapoho last night and two new lava rivers pushed on toward Kumukahi Lighthouse and the Kapoho Beach Lots. 5 At the same time, black smoke and ash rolled from Kilauea Iki vent, 35 miles to the west, and seismologists feared a steam explosion may take place. '. HARMONIC tremors and More Photos, Stories on A-4, 5 mmmmmmmmmmmmmm jolting earthquakes also intensified at Kilauea Iki. Seis- Three major prongs of lava were on the move last night. One had almost wiped out Kapoho. One breached a dike and was pushing below Kapoho School. The other moved toward the sea and the Kapoho Beach Lots and Kumukahi Lighthouse. Where to Find It A SECTION Amusnintntfi " 12, 13 Biistne and Financ . . 10, 11 Comira Shelnwold on Bridge " Sport 14, H, 1 What to Do 1 Vour BMhday 9 B SECTION Classified Ada 1, t, 9, 10 Crossword Puzzle 6 Pear Ahhy 1 Editorial 2 In One Ear S Radio TV Program! ........ 8 Ship Calendar News S Women'! New, Featurei .... 5 EXCLUSIVE ON UNITED AIR LINES DC-0 JETS TO No faster, finer service. Only 4 y2 hours to the Mainland on the best of the jets. First class or Custom Coach. Call 8-1811, or see your Travel Agent.' . , mologist Dr. Jerry P. Eaton said the strong tremors meant the magma was withdrawing rapidly from the summit as-the volcano dome deflated. He said the condition could lead to an explosion. THE LAVA FLOWS at Kapoho were fed by five fountains, and were pushing toward the sea on a front measuring almost two miles wide. A finger of lava breached the earth and rock barriers protecting the evacuated Coast Guard lighthouse. AT KAPOHO BEACH Lots, residents hastily moved their belongings. There are about 125 beach lots, according to Puna land owner Richard Lyman Jr. The 40 homes there are built around networks of salt water ponds. Many beach lot owners have built private boating harbors. A crew of bulldozers tried to stem the flow of the lava toward the beach. Five 'doz- lie -Honolulu Advertiser TEN CENTS 104TH YEAR, NO. 34,887 1 1 own s By GEORGE EAGLE KAPOHO This is how a town dies: It begins when lava gathers in a great pool in the early morning and surges over earthen barricades protecting the town. ' 5 . . At 7:40 a.m. it reaches the first house and pokes a fiery finger into the wooden framework. The house burns .. quickly. Someone has left a little toy donkey inside. It flares destroyed. ic BY THE NEXT day the lava has begun its work in brutal seriousness. At 11:15 a.m. a 20-foot lava mass towers over the warehouse of a planter. The great lava river bends a coconut tree like a bow, then seizes a building in its embrace and crushes it. The lava picks up a stone wall and car- LclVel FRIDAY, JANUARY 29, 1960 r ers threw up a 10-foot wall, but they had to stop work when they ran out of earth and rocks with which to build the wall. KUMUKAHI lighthouse was abandoned. Before he left, ; Joseph Petrella, chief lighthouse keeper, turned on the gasoline-driven generator that keeps the light -beacon on. He also hoisted the Amer- See VOLCANO on A-4, Col. 5 eath Faint u f Wat ch I ries it along. There is an outhouse standing pitifully small in the field beside the house. Two fingers of lava isolate it, then leisurely destroy it. A water tower suddenly is stricken and leans over at a sharp angle. Then it succumbs. The lava picks up the remnants of a house and mashes it against a mango tree. The tree catches fire and burns like a torch. " , THERE JS A house in the path of the lava. On the porch is a pair of boots. In the closet is chinaware. On the table are an unfinished letter, and a piece of coral a child probably picked up at a nearby beach. That night the fountain suddenly stops as though someone turned it off like a faucet. But eight minutes later it roars back into full-throated action. Now a new series of fountains erupt. The earth shakes. -A- k -k THE GREAT river, now fed by many fountains, moves down to the main street. It crosses the road and takes on the other half of town. . , v A photographer is shooting the scene. Suddenly there is a second spillover. A policeman shouts a warning. A reporter runs 100 yards to relay the warning. The photographer leaps into his car and barely gets out ahead of the pitiless lava. When he is safe, he can smile. In his arms is a cat he had carried from a burning house. THE MIGHTY fountains now bring down a rain of red hot cinders. Onlookers race for cover. In the garish light of the fountains are silhouetted the firemen, bravely but futilely watering down the houses in the path of the lava. From somewhere a chicken appears and scurries across the street. THE CINDERS are here, everywhere. They fill a man's shoes, his pants cuffs, even his pockets. The fountains thunder. The earth trembles. , The night is interminable. The day finally comes and reveals a battlefield. Jagged lava crust, twisted metal, smoking ruins. BUT THE LAVA is merciless. It drives on toward the school, oozing under the big earthen dike that men and bulldozers had thrown up to protect it. Soon the school is afire. "Hell broke loose," says truckdriver Jimmy Kuwaye, who lived through the battle. Two Close, Pot Builds ; It won't help to cry over spilt milk. But two readers of The Sunday Advertiser have reasons to shed a few tears. They came within one letter of winning the Prizewords Contest. The . near - winners were George S. Sampaio, of 1225 Alapai St. and F. K. Windrath Jr., of 3020 Lincoln Ave. That means that this ' coming Sunday's Prize- words will be worth $850. Answers to last Sunday's . contest will be found on ; Page A-12 of today's Ad- ertiser. The Weather Today: Mostly xloudy, gentle to variable winds. ' Yesterday's Temperatures: High 80, low 68. Details on Page B-6. 1 k ' Eobert Young A new menace: kilauea Iki pours out smoke. Scientists fear steam explosion, Principal Sees Her School Burn PAHOA Mrs. Marguerite Ooka, who attended Kapoho School and then became its principal like her mother before her, stood watching the school burn yesterday. She did -not cry, but she acknowledged that it felt "awful" in sfif the four building elementary school and an adjoining teachers' residence go up in flames , set off by ad- vancing lava. , . ' "WE. WERE ALL hoping and praying it wouldn't happen," she said twice as she' watched the fire take the building nearest Warm Springs junction. The blaze broke out at 10:17 a.m. after last-minute efforts of bulldozers to erect an earth barrier in front of the school failed. The lava had crept into holes and cracks, moved un der the big dike near its Cemetery Hill end and oozed around toward the school. . . FIRE SPREAD to the next white frame building in the line, the two-classroom struc- Sce TEACHER on A-4, Col. 4 MRS. OOKA

Clipped from
  1. The Honolulu Advertiser,
  2. 29 Jan 1960, Fri,
  3. Main Edition,
  4. Page 1

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