Edmund writes a letter about Castle Williams
THE HISTORY OF A FORT. A Description of Castle Williams and How It Received Its Name. To the Editor of The Sex Tork Timet: In reply to tha letter of B. C. H. in year Issue of today, I beg to eay the writer ta entirely entirely correct. Perhaps the following quotation quotation en tbe subject from my " Military History History of Oov.mors Island Under Three Flags: 1S37-1913." 1S37-1913." 1S37-1913." may be of Interest to many New Yorkers who. while valuing Castle Williams aa a picturesque feature of our barber, are not familiar with Its history. Castle Williams waa begun in ISO? and completed In ISIl, as the crumbling dates la the atone over the gateway set forth. B waa designed and built by Lieut. Cat Jonathan Wllilama. Engineer Corps. The ma terlal of the castle la Newark red sandstone. It rests on a bed of rock at the extreme northwesterly point of tbe Isiaad. Ia form It is three-nfths three-nfths three-nfths of a circle. 200 feet la diameter. diameter. Tbe walla are 40 feet la height, esse-mated esse-mated esse-mated with bomb-proof bomb-proof bomb-proof arches for twe tiers of guns. Guns are also mounted on the top. to which access ta bad by two interior stone turret staircases. The walls are feet thick en tha lower tier and 7 feet oa tbe upper tier. Tha arches are 13 la number, and are ' of 30 feet span, 2 feet thick and 24 feet long. The crosa waKa ars T feet thick between between tha arches and 12 feet at the termination termination of' the segment. Ths guns are mounted In such a manner that the centre of motion Is Immediately under the muzzle of tha guns, so that, although the angle at fire la 04 degreee. tbe mouth of . tbe gus occupies always- always- the same place, which permits permits tha. throat of tha embrasure to be so small that a shot could not pans between the gun and its side and the Una of fire ernes at twenty feet distance. The wail arches are turned over each pair ef embrasures. s- s- that If tt were possible (r the enemy's fire to belter a break Into the lower tier the upper one would rest upon those arches and exhibit the appearance of a bridge composed of very solid tiers. The outside cut of the wall Is laid In Flemish bond and eerb atone dovetailed In such a manner that no one could be dislocated with, eut first being broken to places. It contained, contained, in 1812. two stone powder magazines and an Inexhaustible well of finest water, from which all the shipping might, be watered with ease. In a letter dated New York. Nov. 27. 1110, addrassed to the Secretary of War, Colonel Jonathan Williams of the Corps of Engl. I take tha earliest opportunity ef expressing expressing my gratitude fr tha high honour rtn-fm-red rtn-fm-red rtn-fm-red rtn-fm-red rtn-fm-red upon me by adding my name to tha Cast I I erected upon the west point of "Governor's Island la this harbour. Accompanying tba letter referred to above la a copy of an order dated Fort Columbus, 24 November, IMS, Issued by Colonel Henry Burbeck, Commanding New Tork Harbor, which reads: In future the stone tower on the Island (by tha approbation of the gacretarV of War will bear the name ef Castle Williams In honour of the Commandant of tha U. K. I'orr. of nirtnra, who -designed -designed and erected It. K. l-add. l-add. l-add. Military Ses'iwta7 Colonel Williams also dealg-ned dealg-ned dealg-ned and btL-the btL-the btL-the 8. W. Battery at the lower end of Man batten Island. This spot la still called ts. Battery. The fort 'was called Castle CSF ton tn 112. In IS23, after the retnoval ef the troops from Castle Clinton to Governors Isl and, the fort was converted Into a place eC public emusement. the old name surviving In the designation Castle Garden. EDMUND BANKS SMITH. Chaplain Governors Island. New Tork. Sept. 22. 1915.