DREW PEARSON Dulles Claimed Sgt. Girard Coaxed Japanese Woman on Firing Range WASHINGTON—It was an impassioned plea by Secretary of State Dulles that finally reversed President Eisenhower himself regarding a Japanese trial for Sgt. William Girard. The President had stood firmly behind the Army and Secretary of Defense Wilson that Girard should face an American court-martial, until Dulles threw the whole future of American-Asiatic policy into the argument. He warned that resentment against American GIs in Asia was so great that we might have to withdraw our troops from almost every Asiatic country. Japan, he said, had even threatened to -ALL READY FOR THAT FIRST SMALL STEP?" starts an anti-trust suit against Humphrey in his new job. Note—-One hot potato which Humphrey will escape as he ! leaves the Cabinet is whether to ! charge the Du Fonts a capital I gains tax when they sell their I General Motors stock. Since the i government is forcing the sale i of the stock, it's debatable wheth- I er the sellers should be charged ia capital gains tax. This would Imean an extra half billion to Uncle Sam. if the Treasury decides to collect. But this one will have to be decided by Humphrey's successor, Bob Anderson. LYNDON EXPLAINS PARITY To most city people, farm par' ' as important as last WALTER LIPPMANN Red China Policy Stays Unchanged But Feelings Are Different Now WASHINGTON—Although our China policy remains unchanged there has been a change of feeling about it. , The number of true believers,, such as Walter Robertson, have dwindled, and they are now able to control the policy only because no one in a responsible position has come forward with a convincing and satisfying alternative. That is why there was only a perfunctory reaction in Washington to the Formosa riots and to the British abandonment of the special trade restrictions. There is a general feeling that even if our China policy is still the best possible policy, it has become a poor and dismal policy nevertheless. For all our assets are deteriorating. Chiang is getting older and his chance of ever restoring his power has disappeared. His_ army, though large in numbers, is also growing older, and it cannot recruit from any large mass _ of Chinese. Red China is still being denied a place in the United,Nations, but only because 'our friends, though they do not agree PETER EDSON : porarily to our pleadings. There is almost certainly an adequate majority to give Pei- ping the China seat in the U.N. SENSE OF FRUSTRATION Within Formosa there exists, as the Formosa riots so surely indicated a general sense of frustration. The fact of the matter is that while the Chinese who have fled to Formosa are protected on their island, they are also contained inside their island. This is a very unhealthy situation, to be safe, to be subsidized and to have no hope. Where 'can it lead? Where eventually but to the seduction of the island Chinese by the mainland Chinese, and to a deal—after Chiang .goes—which would put Formosa back under the rule of Peiping? . This is the prospect, and only a counter-revolution on the mainland, which is highly improbable, could make the prospect different. THROW UP YOUR HANDS A reappraisal of our C h i n a is, therefore, necessary un- • -- ' American GI, Sgt. John with an alleged robbery. This, on top of the killing of a Chinese "Peeping Tom" by Sgt. Robert Reynolds in Formosa, had played into Communist hands and aroused Asiatic populations to a dangerous pitch. COAXED ONTO RANGE Dulles also gave the Cabinet a new version of the accidental killing of the" Japanese housewife on the American firing range. He said that Sgt. Girard is believed to have deliberately coaxed the Japanese woman onto the firing range by offering to let, her have some scrap metal. When she got close, he fired an empty cartridge case from a and his outgo to explain iiti^iiixii^ A»* *,»• w ial. ill *•* m • Texas senator noted the following price increases to farm- 1947, the first back-to- peacetime year after World War II: Gasoline is up about 19 per cent; autos, 56 per cent; tractors, 40 per cent; 10-gallon milk cans, 70 per cent; steel fence posts, 48 per cent; 4-point barbed wire, 51 per cent; poultry netting, 54 per cent. Sen. Johnson then pointed out Girard Puts Spotlight on 'Status of Forces' Pcrcf WASHINGTON—In the past three years, 32,059 U. S. servicemen on duty overseas committed crimes which were subject to trial in civil courts of the countries where they were stationed. Recent hearirigs before Senate Armed Services Committee showed these cases were disposed of as follows: Jurisdiction waived by At the root of this problem are the so-called; "status of forces" treaties providing for the trial by native courts in crimes-committed while not on duty and away from the post. In 1952 the United States gave Japan the same status of forces agreement given to North Atlantic Treaty countries. The u.b. Jurisdiction waived oy AUICIS" ictiiuu j.»^">.j ~ —- P^rts and cases returned to U.S. now has 25 such agreements, courts ana cases ie[u^__ ji; ^ rt| ^ ^^ 4Q other . countries where the U.S. has Military Assistance Advisory Groups — MAAG—there are special agreements giving training personnel diplomatic status which exempts them from the jurisdiction of native courts. The United States was in the process of negotiating a status of forces treaty with Formosa when the Reynolds case arose. Had it been in effect the case of Sergeant Reynolds might have been as routine as those in the figures given above. WANT IT REPEALED But ever since the status oJ forces'treaty was ratified by the Senate, an organization called D& fenders of the American Constitution, Inc., has been trying to have it repealed; The organization is headed by Lt. Gen. P. A Del Valle and Brig. Gen. Merritt B. Curtis, both retired Marines. They publish a four-page monthly leaflet called "Task Force" which crusades for restoring constitutional rights to the U. S. armed forces overseas. In the most recent issue Rep.-Frank T. Bow CR-Ohio) has the lead article asking for repeal of the status of forces treaty. Rep. Bow and seven of his col leagues have introduced resolutions which would direct President Eisenhower to terminate al. status of forces agreements: Sim ilar resolutions have been mtro duced in the Senate by William Jenner (R-Ind) and the late Jo seph R. McCarthy (R-Wis). Other such bills were defeated in the last Congress. In view of the Reynolds case the chances of repeal would seem to- be slim. But the real test will be how the Girard case works out in Japan: military authorities for —21,807. , ^ , Cases pending as of Dec. l, 1956—898. . Cases brought to trial before foreign courts—9,354. Of this last number, those acquitted numbered—928. Given suspended sentences by foreign judges—425. Fined or reprimanded by foreign judges were —-.7,696. Convicted and sentenced to foreign prison terms—305. The amazing thing about these 32,000 cases is that over 99 per cent of them never attracted any attention 'outside the local areas where the crimes were comrait- fhese figures do not include court-martial cases. They cover only offense committed by armed services personnel while off duty and outside military reservations. HAD SHORE LEAVE ^Considering that several million uniformed Americans had shore leave or served overseas in the last three years, the figures do not reveal a high crime rate They don't make big news. But then along came the case of M.Sgt. Robert R. Reynolds, acquitted on Formosa by a U.S. court-martial-after shooting a native Peeping Tom. And this is topped by the case of Army Specialist William S. Girard, who accidentally killed a Japanese woman on a U. S. shooting range. The United States has now acquiesced to Japan's demand that Girard be tried,in a Japanese civil court instead of by court-martial, as U. S. Army authorities had demanded. The two cases are blown up into major incidents which threaten good relations between the U. S. and two Asian allies. . the following price declines (since 1947) in what farmers an emptv cartridge cas,e num « *»-i <-»-•"••• ••-»«> — *- - ~ n _„_ grenade launcher to scare her. cattle, 20 percent; eggs, 30 per ™,~ ^«n *,c« o^irfpntallv hit cent: milk, 8Vz per cent. hands, confess that we are helpless, and that we must wait with resignation for the inevitable deterioration to produce a general disaster. If the best that we can hope to do is to hold fast and to stand pat with Mr. Robertson, the odds are very big that there will be a crash and that our whole position in the Far East will be involved in it. The glaring weakness of our China policy is that we are saying one thing about Formosa and we are doing something very different. What we are saying is that Chiang's government in Formosa is the legitimate and rightful government of all of China. What we are doing is to keep Chiang securely tied down in Formosa. We won't help his government ^ __. o to recover the territory over j cna nge this, out the Army is op- sell: Wheat is down 25 per cent: corn, 45 per cent; potatoes, 41 per cent; hogs, 42 pe rcent; beef The shell case accidentally hit and killed her. Secretary of Defense Wilson disputed Dulles's version of the story, claimed Girard fired in line of duty and was clearly under the Army's jurisdiction. At first Mr. Eisenhower stood with Wilson. But when the Secretary of State argued that our entire Asiatic relations, including those with the Philippines, were at stake, he agreed to a reversal. Note—One important trouble spot to watch is Greece, where all Americans working for Uncle Sam still have the extraterritorial right of trial in their own courts no matter what they do. The State Department has long wanted to _ i .^. j.i_ ! ,. iX* «4- 4-ViTk A t*tvnr 1 «t rtT^« cent; 'milk, 8Vz per cent. SUPREME COURT NOTES Old Guard Republicans shud- think that a Supreme Court „.- . which it is supposed to be the legitimate sovereign. We wont permit it to try to recover its territory lest by a foolish adventure it would involve us in a war. Moreover, to speak plainly, we have not objected to having the word passed on to Chou En- dai in Peiping that there will be no military invasion of the mainland. RECOGNIZE EXISTENCE Although officially we do not recognize the government of Mao Tse tsung, unofficially we are compelled to recognize its existence. For some time we have, in fact been conducting diplomatic negotiations with Red China in Geneva. And so while our legal policy Is that there is one China with Chiang the head of its legitimate government, our real policy is to have two Chinas, separated by the Seventh Fleet, one on the mainland and one in Formosa. Our real policy is fundamentally sound and right. It corresponds to our commitments of honor, to the political realities in the Far East, and to our strategic interests. But as things are now, it has a fatal weakness. It is almost certain to break down because, since it has no legal and political basis, 'the Chinese have every incentive to break it down. POLITICAL SETTLEMENT In my view, the object of our China policy should now be a political settlement with all the Chinese, based on the principle that Formosa is to have special status. We should propose, it seems to me, that under the protection and guardianship of the United Nations, Formosa be recognized as autonomous, demilitarized, and neutralized Chinese territory with its own seat in the General Assembly. If Red China agreed to such, settlement, it would become the basis of a peace treaty. A settlement of this kind would legalize, regularize and consolidate the real situation which now exists. All that would be given up would be the legal fictions, that Chiang's government is the true government of China, that Mao's government, which is undisputably the government of the mainland, has no legal existence. The settlement would confirm what is really important in what we actually have—namely a Formosa that is an asylum for the anti-Communist Chinese and an island territory that is not in unfriendly hands. (Copyright 1957, New York . Herald Tribune, Inc.) posed. Greeks resent it bitterly. HUMPHREY'S NEW JOB The historic Supreme Court decision divorcing General Motors and Du Pont is going to create some problems for retiring Secretary of the Treasury George Humphrey. He is to become head of National Steel, which is 28 per cent owned by his former company, the M. A. Hanna Co. . Since Du Pont is now not permitted to own 20 per cent of General Motors, it's going to be difficult for the Hanna Co. to hang on to its 28 per cent of National Steel. - Humphrey had built up the Hanna Co. to be one of the most powerful industrial holding companies • in America, including coal, iron, steel, nickel, rayon, and even biscuits. His son has now succeeded him as head of the Hanna Co., and Humphrey himself is becoming head of affiliated National Steel. It will be interesting to see whether Humphrey's Cabinet colleague, Atty. Gen. Brownell, now His Innovations Some of the common practices of modern journalism established by William Thomas Stead include the interview, use of illustrations and extra editions. Cat Family The number of civil and criminal cases in federal district courts increased from 28,000 in 1899 to more than 80,000 in 1951, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica. From Casein milk. Justice appointed by Ike, Bill Brennan of NcJw Jersey, wrote two of the most historic and liberal opinions of the year. It might have been expected of Hugo Black or Bill Douglas, they say, but not of an Eisenhower appointee. Brennan wrote both the opinions divorcing Du Font-General Motors, plus the opinion requiring production of FBI files if the government wants to base its prosecution on those files. There's a lot of speculation, as to whether the next anti-trust case, similar to the GM-Du Pont divorce, may be reversed by the same Supreme Court. Reason is that three judges abstained—Harlan, because he once represented Du Pont, Clark, because he handled .the Du Pont case when he was attorney general; and Whittaker because he didn't join the court in time. In future cases, Harlan is generally expected to vote with big business. He was a Wall Street attorney. Whittaker was a Midwest business attorney and might vote the same way Tom Clark, though once head of the anti-trust division, could vote either way. ... A lot of lawyers are wondering when Felix Frankfurter will carry out the advice he gave other justices to retire at the age of 70. He is now 74, .... From a Liberal viewpoint, Mr. Eisenhower's Supreme Court- appointments are better than. Truman's. Chief Justice Warren is one of the greatest additions to the court in recent years. Brennan and Harlan have turned out to be Liberal on human rights issues. Whittaker is still untested. NEW BOOKS New books which will be ready Monday for circulation at the Carnegie Free -Library will include the following 'titles: "That Kelly Family," by John McCallum. The complete and dramatic story of the Philadelphia Kellys', with special attention to the success stories of Jack, Walter, George, "Kell," and Grace Kelly. "Glad Adventure," by Francis Bowes Sayre. The record of a man who has given important service to the United States and to humanity in a full and varied career that has spanned an era of drastic change. "The Sandcastle," by Ins Murdoch. A novel involving a poignant May-September romance between a middle-aged, married English schoolmaster and an attractive young woman who disrupts his lethargic existence. "Morpheus and Me," by Phyllis Rosenteur. A book discussing every facet of the sleep story, for each age" group, and any member of either sex, thoroughly researched and authoritative,' but written with a light touch. "Radiation," by Jack Schubert, Ph.D., and Ralph E. Lapp, Ph.D. The first authoritative book for the general reader which raises and considers the questions of whether H-bomb tests are harmful and whether our children are being subjected to too much radiation. "Tides of Crisis," by A. A. Eerie- Jr. A book dealing with the problems facing, the United States as a leader in world affairs, with a fresh focus on problems confronting the world as a whole. "The Big War," by Anton Myrer. A- novel about the Marines in the South Pacific—plain, ordinary and sometimes heroic men —"inspiring in action, disgusting degradation, but always ^...,...... ..., James Joyce," edited, by'Stuart Gilbert. More than 400 letters revealing the character of an ever-astonishing ._ T — Aralac, an artificial cloth, is genius, written to the famous made from the casein in skim and the obscure, to personal intimates and relatives. "Understanding Your Adolescent," by Bernhardt S. Gottlieb, M.D. A book for both parents and adolescents themselves, for teachers or anyone associated with this "difficult" age group, by an experienced psychiatrist. "Wife of Henry V," by Hilda Lewis. A novel set in the medieval period, filled with the brilliant personages of England, Burgandy, and France, and centered around Catherine of Valois and her disappointing marriage. "The Finest Stories of Sean O'Faolain." A book representing the most excellent stories of 30 years of writing, including selections from three earlier collections. "Tall Houses in Winter," by Doris Betts. A novel set in th« South, telling the story of Ryan Godwin, nostalgic and yet fearful, who returned to his native Stoneville after years of absence to find the town and its people essentially unchanged. "The Ride to Chandigarh," by Harold Elvin. A record of a unique journey through India on a bicycle, from Old Satara to the very walls of the Himalayas, a distance of over 2,000 miles, by an inveterate traveler. "Seats of the Mighty," by Alice Harwood. A novel of James Stuart, Brother of Mary Queen of Scots, and all the great figures who take part with him in the struggles of his day, by the author of "the Lily and the Leop- "Guide to Glamour," by Eleanore King. Glamor techniques entailing easy-to-practice instructions, with sketches and photographs of the movie stars, by ,a famous Hollywood beauty consultant. "Cats in Your Home," by Marjorie Farnhani Schrody. Everything -the reader needs to know about cats from selecting a kitten to training and feeding and even exhibiting it at a cat show. Most-Visited Shrine The Lincoln Memorial, in Washington, D.C., is said to b« the most-visited shrine.