continuation of first part wrongly mentioned as 'see page 8' should be p. 48
AMERICAN ARTIST VISITS BRITISH BASE CAMP (rsexloaed free Fag - whfca water carta aaad to go around amoar tka troep already aa tka ground aad distribute water, sack ma being, allowed a gallon a day. At Etaplee, toe, tka affkial ba thins; ea-UhliskmenU bar been organized. Caa aad other factories, and tka bis; fish market, have been tamed Into bathing ptaces, with quantitiaa af hot water, and a rc-Ur mu.ury ba thine ayttsm, by which the aU.ri caa ba hand Led with apeed la detsUs ef 104 at a time. The pepaiatteae of England and France are at present entirely Ignorant af the gr-at movement tew under way, cf the eetaUiakment af tha base camp at ELapiea. aad af tha treeaendoua preparations aa general, a eecrctty Is everything dona. Tka British manage splendidly In everything, and their troops are amas-tng'y oe!2 equipped. There seems to be n-oilun lac sine, aad everything Is tka Uut. aowast, beat. Tka kospitale kas tha finea kind af operating- tables, besatifsJ enameled beds, power fa! and smoothly raaaing am balances, aad ceea-ptete eri potent to every detail. Tka asiers kava elaborate kits, new and aatty aa if ems. and aaost af them have their pockets fall of spending money. Tka British equipment backs nothing tkat money caa bay. Tha horses ar auperb. Tka BrUialk Tseasny kaa bought oat tka store to meay etXlagoa over a wide area In tkat part af Era ace wkich may ba ralW EatfUh far it la certainty abso-bitety ander BrKiah control and ta soma laitanree storekeepers hare had to appeal to tha eaeasneadiag officers aad hav aad rale aaada thai a mar thea nix awn than ha admitted to one star at one time. Tha storekeepers are actually carried aff their feet by tha rash af basins. Boulogne ta practically aa English city now, and tha whole rweep af tka coast south toward Usvr Is ander British control. English money pease Just as readily as F ranch money. The British soldier pay for everything, whereas the French, being ta their own land and la a desperate war, do not. ' I understand that stories have coma to the Unitad States that tha aoUWra In tha trenches are suffering from lack of food. I know little a boot the other armies at first ksnd. bat I do know that the British soldier ar faring wtll la the trenches, for I bar talked with dozens of them with tha trench mod atill wet on them. There is ample food in the British trenches except when very heavy firing is going on. and then the men have a thick soup, almost a Stew, which comes in csns, and which has some sort of ingenious gas arrangement by which, when tha tope are taken aff tha cans, the soup is heated. Under heavy fire they have this soup, but la routine times the trench menu for Tommy Atkins Is about liks this: BREAKFAST Baroa. loaf bread (chiefly sent from Boulogne, where the army has huge bakeries.) jsm. tea, to- DINN'ER jBeef soap, with vegetables seat in it. or boaf, green onions or other vegetable, bread, tea, tobacco. SUPPER Bacon, bread, jam. cheese, tea, tobacco. Tka officers, and some of the men, hav bean saving a lot af pheasants, thoosandi af tha birds being sent from England. I have had pheasant many times st officers mesa. On occasions there kas been so mack beef for tha soldiers tkat noma af It kas spoiled and had to ba bsiied. Where British troop ar net on tha firing line, but ar being held tn reserve some mils back, order Is maintained and this system is also in vogue at EUples by mounted police. Order is kept as wn as It la la New York City. At S o'clock these polk make a roundup of tha cafes and other assembling place. If any man Is found who has not a permit allowing Mm to be out, he Is arrested and sent up to Boulogne to be court-martialed. The British have, of course, absolute power over the French inhabitants. As an instance, two English Colonels arrived St the Hotel de Is Care. EUples. a few nights before I left. They told some of us America.s they had not slept in a bed for three wccW. They commanded their orderly to mrrxr rooms far them, and turned into the dining room. Tha orderly obeyed, but the . landlady who has been making a small fortune lince the war- proceeded to give the rooms to other travelers who arrived shortly after the Colonels, and from whom she thought she would ret more money. When the Colonels found out that their rooms were gone, they summoned the landlady. One of them fixed her with his monocle and said, in perfect French: Your hotel la closed for the rest of the war." There the matter rested for a couple of hours, but a few of us Americans msnsged to get the affair straightened out by having the landlady apologise, and having some men give up their rooms to the Colonels. The British power U absolute, but just, and quite in accord with the reasonable rights of French citixens. The British pay so well for everything that they ar quite winning their way into the hearts of the French peasants. In tka early days of the war we Americans st Eta plea saw tens of thousands of tha British troop who passed through by train on the way to Belgium. The were tha troop that had been la the groat retreat early tn September almost to tha walls of Paris, and a little later were going back by railroad. The American artints, organised Into two shifts, each on duty for twelve hours, gave their . services to the canteen established at the railroad atation to aupply hot food and drink to the exhausted soldiers, all trains stopping at Eta pies. We learned that one of the main con-tribuling factors accounting for the sudden shift to the east of the German forces, leaving Paris to one side, was the sudden appearance of a French army of 40,000 men, which had been mobilized by automobile. The German air scouts had failed to realise that individual motor car were mobilizing aa army corps, as the airmen were on the lookout for nvs retting bodies of troops. Shortly before leaving Etsplcs I beard, from a rather high British officer, something which is interesting sa to British discipline. This officer told me that, as a result of the friendliness at certain points of the front exhibited on Christmas Dsy between British and German soldiers, when the opponents chatted and skylarked together, a number of officers had been court-martialed and shot for permitting their men to have anything to do with the Germans. The British commanders take the ground that this Is treason.