Edward Everett's Gettysburg speech
j j i L -A. I D IS, ESS DELIVERED AT GETTYSBURG OX TIIE NINETEENTHS OF NOVE3IBER, AT THE Consecration of tho Csmctenr PREPARED FOR THE EtTEHEXT OF TIIE REGAINS OF THOSE vHo I ell oa the 1 2d and 3d of July, IN THE B ATTLES AT THAT PLACE, BY EDWARD EVERETT. It was sppoirted by law in Athens, that the obsequies of the citizens who fell in battle ehould be per-lormed at the public expense, and ir the most honorable marner. Tbcir bones were carefully gathered, up ficm the funeral pyre, where their bodies were consumed, and brought home to the city. There,-for three cavs betore the interment, they lay in state, beneath tents of honor, to receive the votive ofler-ir-gs of iriends and relatives flowers, weapons, precious ornaments, painted vases, wonders of art which a.ter two thousand years adorn the museums of modern Europe the last tributes of surviving-nfTection. Ten coffins of funereal cypress received the honorable dep csil, er e for each" of the tribes of the city, ar.d an eleventh in memory of the unrecognized, but not therefore unhonored, dead, and o those whose remains could not be recovered. On the fouith day the mcumlul procession w fnrrrirt - mother?, wives, sisters, daughters, led the way, and. to them it was pemirted ly lhe simp'icity of ancient manners to titter aloud their lamentations for the beloved and the lost; the male relatives of the deceased followed; citizens and strangers closed tho train. Thus marshcled thev moved to the place of interment .n that lan.ous C ran.icus, the mo?t beautiful suburb of Athens, which had been adorned by Cimon, f he son of Kilitadk, with walks and foun-ta ns and columns; whose proves were filled with, altars, shrines .and temples; whose gardens were ever green with sti earns from the neighboring hiils, and shaded with the trees sacred to Minerva, and coeval with the foundation of the city ; whose circuit inclosed "the olive grove of Academe, Plato's re irrment, where the Attic bird Iriiied his thick-war Lied note the summer long;" whore pathways gleamed with tiie monuments of tLe illustrious dead, the work of the most consummate-masters that ever gave life to marble. There, be-pc-ath the overarcLicg plane trees, upon a lofty stage, erec.ed for the purpose, it was ordained by law that a funeral oration should be pronounced by some c.tizen of Athens, in the presence of the assembled multitude. Such were the tokens of respect required by law to be aid, at Athens, to the memory of those who bad lallen in tbe cause of their country. To those alone o1s?inuilLro.rmcrp jn'&flnSIory- for its influence over tbe loitunes of Bellas as V -depended upon the events of that day whether Greece should live, a glory and a light to all coming time, or should expire, like the meteor ot a moment;-so the honors awarded to its martyr-heroes were such as were bestowed by Athens on no other occasion. They, alone, of all her sons, were entombed upon the spot which they had foiever rendered, lamous. 1 heir names were inscribed upon ten pll--lars erected upon the monumental tumulus which-covered their ashes (where, after six hundred yeirs, they were read by the traveler Pausanias), and, a.though the columns, beneath the hand of barburic violence and time, have long since disappeared, the venerable mound still marks the spot where they, fought and fell "That battle field, where Persia's victim horde, -First bowed beucith tue or aat oi J. solas' sword. And shall I, fellow citizens, who, aiter an interval oi twenty-three centuries, a youthful pilgrim from a world unknown to Ancient Greece, have wandered over that i h strious plain, ready to pnt tbe shoes trom off my icet, as one that stands on holy ground, have fazed with respectful emotion, on the mound which still protects the remains ot those who rolled back the tide of Persian invasion . and rescued tte land of popular liberty, of letters, . and arts from the rulLTess toe, stand unmoved over; -the graves ot our dear brethren, who but yesterday," on three of those al' important days which decid a nation's history, days on -w hose issue It depended whether this august Republican Union, founded by some of the wisest statesmen that ever Iivet' cemented with the blood ot some of the purest pa- . triots that ever died, should perish or endure, rolled back tho tide of an invasion, not loss nnprovokExl not less ruthless than that which came to plant the' dark banne r of Asiatic despotism and slavery on the freesoUof Greece,? teaven foibid! And could I prove so insensible to every prompting of patriotid duty and aflec tion, not only wouia you, leuow ooi zens, gathered, many of you, trom distant States.whc have come to take part in these pious offices of gratitude, you respected fathers, brethren, matrons, sisters, who surround me, cry oat lor shame, but the forms oi brave and patriotic men who flll tbes honored graves would heave with indignation be--neath the sod. j We have assemb'ed, friends, fellow-citizen s, at thiq invitation of the Elxecutive ot the great Central State of Pennsylvania, seconded by the Governors ofi eisrhteeu other loyal Slates ot the Union, to pay thfl last tribute of respect to the brave men who, in th hard tought battles of tr.e 1st, 2d and 3d days of July, last, laid down their lives for the country on these hill-sides and the plains spread out before ns, axuj whose remains have been sratherod into the cemetery which we consettrate this day. As my eye rangew . over the fields whose sods were so lately moistened! by the blood of gal ant a.id loyal men, I feel as nevei before how truly it was said of old that it is rweef and becoming to die for one's country. I feel at never beiore how justly, trom the dawn of history to the present time, men have paid the homage of theit gratitude and admiration to the memory ol those who nobly sacrifice their lives that their fellow-men may live in safety. And if this tribute were ye due, when, to whom, cou d it be mote justly paid than to those whose !ast resting place we this day commend to the blessing ot Heaven aud ot men. F'or consider, my fneiids, what would have been the consequences to the country, to yourselves, ana to all you hold dear, it those who sieep bouentii ioux feet, and their .'allant comrades, w ho surr'veh ' . iv r.i.iQ nt dauirer, haa NTVK LilKir I'.lllillll V till (i.Ilt'r 11I3IUO - -. tai;.i in (hAirrtntv ti t.- n-ifl intimerablo days. on- laneu iu uieir uuiy on t; ose ureu.c-" - 'corKJitioa sider what, at this moment, would te the cod unio . ,T . . . . . . . , i- i-tn v or tne x olu- oi tne umtea states, it tuat, ucy -' second timet mac, instead of gadantly and th(f MVyland; boating back the tide oi .Yln Tirom tlW and Pennsylvania had been V in COmusKn or well-contested heights; patted, scattered Baltimore; or trampled down, a g circumsunces,i to the tour winds. W hat, j anm- f iyi0numentil would .not have been f-,;fniHdoipi1ia, of Washing City, ot Hariisburg, t each and every on oi ton, the Captal of the bt) mercy of the enemy which would .'"ht have pleased him, spurred accordinyty as it :f d witf, victory, and confident only by passonsto roct Cour?e, , of continuous"- gt'bear in mind, it is one pitoj For this w 'JVje war, indeed of every war, that it great leaso "JJr & peo Jo without mihtary organizai (jvjUiMted on to btcona rage.