A R Zubik article on draft policies
Tuesday, Ju'.y 12, 1966 GREAT DEBATE LOOMS ON NATION'S DRAFT POLICIES WASHINGTON (AP) — The baby boom of the late 1940s Ls helpjEg la produce an unlooked- for result: A great debate over the nation's military draft polities. polities. The reason is that the manpower manpower pool of potential soldiers is growing much faster than the demand for draftees. So the pro- cess of selection is the crux of nouncing establishment of a 20- controversv ox-er the draft today. today. At this stage, only one conclusion conclusion can be drawn. Selective Service seems likely to be part member national advisory com mission on Selective Service This group will study the system system and make recommendations. recommendations. of the nation's life for at least This step was viewed with the next decade. both approval and skepticism President Johnson stepped!by some House members who into the picture recently by an-'are among leaders in the move CLEAN-SWEEP SALE EVERYTHING GOES COME IN NOW ON ALL MODELS SINCE 622 W. TEXAS 582-8186 for a draft study by Congress. The supply and demand problem problem of the future was outlined to the House Armed Services Committee Committee holding hearings on the draft. Thomas D. Morris, assistant assistant secretary of defense for manpower, testified. "In 1374. the number of men reaching draft age wilt totai more than 2.1 million each year — over 80 per cent above the 1955 level." he said. "If the current 3' million strength level (of the armed sen-ices) were sustained in the future, the per cent of men reaching 26 who had military service would decline to 42 per cent." This he compared to 1958, when 70 per cent of those at 26 lad seen service. The baby boom of the late 40s. when the draftees and voiun- ;eers of World War H had come home after four years of conflict to stan new lives, is responsible or the growing manpower pool. The children of these men are now draft age. or fast approaching approaching it. And this adds another factor to what Lt. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, director of Selective Service, calls the "emotionalism" "emotionalism" surrounding the draft. Millions of young men have received the postcard "greetings" "greetings" from neighbors who make up the local draft boards. Many of these youths, and countless others, are vocal on what's right or wrong with the system. Few officials dispute Morris' contention that the draft is veryi much needed today. He says the need will continue for the nextj decade at least, unless world conditions drastically change. Selective Service is not only! needed to supply draftees foi the military, he testified, but asj a spur to voluntary enlistments Without it, nearly everyon agrees, the call to arms woul be heeded by far fewer men. With an overabundance o potential draft manpower, how to choose those to serve for tw years is a worrisome thing. The most oft-mentioned cure of alleged inequity has been national pool of all top priority 1-A registrants. It would wori like this: Every man classified as !-• by one of the 4.000 local boards would have his file sent to t central pool and the needs of th< military would be drawn from this by some procedure, such as a lottery-, date of birth, etc. This, advocates say, woulc remedy a situation in which some boards with a short supply of certain classes have to dip into other categories. Thus, one board may have to take a married married 23-year-old to fill its quota, while some other board has a surplus of single men. Hershey contends there is nothing wrong with the current system, little changed in more than 20 years. In the process of selection, bcal point is deferment policies, policies, particularly centering on the men deferred to go to col- ege, a number now totalling two million and ever growing. "Discrimination against the xx>r. A boon for the rich. Penal- zing the lad who must work and struggle part-time for knowledge." knowledge." These are some of the phrases critics use to question he fairness of educational de- 'erment. But Morris, Hershey and most vitnesses have backed this time "or study as a sound policy. The military looks to the colleges to oroduce 90 per cent of its new officers through ROTC programs programs or enlistment for officer candidate schools. Aad many witnesses contended contended the nation's social fabric and economy must be considered. They point to the need for scientists, scientists, teachers, doctors. While few people on Capitol Hill look for drastic changes in the draft law, there is an apparent apparent belief some administrative overhaul is needed. "My feeling is there should be central guidelines for deferment," deferment," says Rep. F. Edward Hebert, D-La.. third ranking Democrat on the House Armed Services Committee. "You've got 4,000 clerks running running local boards now, each ba- ically deciding their own policies." policies." A. R. ZUBIK of 11*5 Chiltw, Maintenance Officer of Naval Reserve Fighter Squadron -701, stands on the Flight Line at MCAS Yunia. Arizona. Zubik is a staff engineer tor Enjay Chemical Co. in Severe Weather Parley Scheduled In Pasadena AUSTIN — Preparations to cope with destructive hurricanes that may attack the Texas coast this year will be outlined for public officials of an 11- county area at a Severe Weather Weather Conference to be conducted in Pasadena Thursday. Registration begins at 7 p.m. in the Pasadena Room of First Pasadena State Bank. The program program gets underway at 7:30 p.m. and will conclude at 10 p.m. Officials of city and county governments, representatives of local government services, civil defense directors and school su- jerintendents are expected from Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend. :alveston, Harris, Jackson, Jef- terson, Liberty, Matagorda, Orange and Wharton counties. The Office of Defense and Disaster Relief at the Texas Department of Public Safety is presenting the conference to reemphasize reemphasize and review hurricane jreparedness plans and opera- ional procedures. Plans for the conference were being completed completed as Hurricane Alma, the earliest earliest hurricane in history, lashed at Florida. On the agenda are representatives representatives of the U.S. Weather Bureau, Bureau, the U.S. Corps of Engineers, Engineers, Texas State Departmem of Health, and the Office of Topics include weather forecasting, forecasting, role of the Corps of Engineers, Engineers, warning and communication, communication, health services, shelter, and state organization and channels channels of assistance. An address by Gov. John Connally, Connally, on film will be shown. "Since the responsibility for defense and disaster relief rests with elected and appointed public public officials, the Severe Weather Conference will be both instructive instructive and informative to enable heads of local government to correctly make those decisions that are necessary to save life and property in the community," community," said C- O. Layne, state director director for defense and disaster relief.