On bussing

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On bussing - Administration Seeks Stronger Antibusing Plan ,...
Administration Seeks Stronger Antibusing Plan , WASHINGTON (AP) - the Nixon administration has ptemlsed renewed efforts to .posh a stronger antibusing ban through Congress, although conceding there is little chance of success. With obvious reluctance and a harsh attack on Congress. President Nixon Friday signed Into law a $21.3 billion education bill Which included an an- tibusing measure. He indicated he was signing it only because of the education funding, which the administration has called a "landmark achievement in supporting projects from elementary to graduate school." Had the antibusing measure come to him separately, Nixon said, he would have vetoed it immediately. The provision halts for 18 months any busing ordered by the federal courts until all appeals have been exhausted. Few cities in the South would be affected because most appeals have been exhausted in those cases. , In the North, where most desegregation cases have developed more recently, the impact of the law could be Money Problem For US Tourists NEW YORK (AP) - With the tourist season in full swing and European markets in a turmoil, what should an American traveler do for money before he goes .overseas? "Buy your foreign currency • here," replies Edward Capuano, treasurer of Deak International. "Better still, buy travelers checks in Swiss francs or German marks. Both are'strong currencies, not likely to be devalued. And the traveler can cash them any- where^ih Europe." , The turmoil was set off when Britain announced early Friday it was canceling the fixed value for the pound. This let the value of the British currency change in accordance with supply and demand. The doubt. about the pound's value spilled over into the dollar market, where dollar values also fell. The result was to let pounds fluctuate over a wide range while the dollar was able to buy less of other currencies. Deak, a leading dealer in foreign currencies, says it has ample supplies of needed currencies and can fly in more from Europe if necessary. Capuano, unlike the international bankers, thinks the currency problems touched off Friday by the pound will last a long time, certainly the rest of the summer. "If only the bankers were 'involved, there would be no problem," he said. "But people' get excited and start greater. Nixon made his election- year pledge of continued efforts for a stronger busing ban at the time he denounced the legislation he signed. But, later, his top domestic adviser, John Ehrlichman, said the chances of passage are "not a hopeful picture at this time." Nixon attacked the new provision as "inadequate, misleading and entirely unsatisfactory." Some congressional opponents of the measure have contended the provision is unconstitutional because Congress cannot stay a court order. Nixon accused Congress of "clever political evasion" in tacking on the measure instead of the moratorium he had asked on new school busing ordered by federal courts for integration purposes. "Not in the course of this administration has there been a more manifest congressional retreat from an urgent call for responsibility," he said. In addition to the moratorium, Nixon's proposals would allow court-ordered busing of school children only as a last resort and would limit future court-ordered busing of school children in the kindergarten through sixth grade. Ehrlichman said, if Congress doesn't act on the administration's proposals, the President will try to get a constitutional amendment passed. The education bill authorizes a total of $21.3 billion between now. and June 30, 1975, for a wide variety of programs. at every level of education. , Two provisions mark- major new commitments to education by the federal government. One contributes federal funds to the general operating expenses of post-secondary institutions. The other entitles every' undergraduate student to a basic federal grant to. ward the cost of his education. The second provision authorizes students to receive a grant of $1,400 a year, minus his expected family contribution. The total cannot exceed half the cost of attending the institution. The bill also provides an emergency fund of $40 million for one year that can be funneled to colleges in immediate and severe financial distress. Colleges also would be eligible for payments of up to $300 for each armed forces veteran in enrollment. The bill also would set up the National Institutes of Education to support research into the learning process. It would authorize $1 billion a year for two years to help desegregating elementary .and; secondary schools. And it would provide $25 million in the first year and $35 million for each of the next two to meet the special educational needs of Indian children.

Clipped from
  1. The Indiana Gazette,
  2. 24 Jun 1972, Sat,
  3. Page 20

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