Roscoe Conkling & DD 4-25-1879

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Roscoe Conkling & DD  4-25-1879 - CinCAGO. FllIDAi: MOBNTNG, APREL 25. 1879....
CinCAGO. FllIDAi: MOBNTNG, APREL 25. 1879. R03C0E CONKUNG. "I disagree with the Senator from New York," commenced HilL "And If the Senator from Georgia will pardon me," lnterruoted Conkllng, "I kl.fr K i wilt itlaftrrTAA wlti wi. In mill. The Senate Chamber of the United things, if it is to announce his disagree- States the Scene Of a Great ment that he Interrupts me, I hope he will ti vw-.i postpone It until another time, and I wish ictwiuo, toeddthatif he is not nleased with what I say I cannot ask him to listen to It" -Mr. CnnbllniT than nnvoul.il . .hnw ine UCCaSlOn lieillff UeW lOTiS how the Democrats, having secured con Gifted Senator Speaking on - the Question Now Agir tating Congress. . All the Noted Men and Women of the National Capital Grace the Event by Their Presence. Oa Every Band the Opinion Is Ex- pressed: 'The Speech Is the Greatest of Conkling'g Grand Efforts." The Senator's Delineation of the Hor rors of the New York Biota a Mas terpiece of Word-painting. Brilliant Eulogy of General Grant, Which Causes Applause on the Floor and in the Galleries. Judge David Davis, ef Illinois, and Ben mil, or ueoriria, Sat Dowa On Yei7 Effectually. ot food Ths Day Winds 1 Up by ths Ripublicant Forcing lbs Otmocrats to Maks Very Damaging Records. orra special report. BOSOOB OOHEXTXa'S GEBAT SPXBOH HOW IT 13 KEOARDZD. bpaclal TalesTam to Tb Tatar OoeaaJ Washisqtox. April 24. The two men most talked about in Washington to-night, ana who will be most talked about among the readers ot the Congressional proceed ings throughout the country to-morrow, are Boscoe Conkllng and David Davis, or "Soothing Syrup" Davis, as he will hereafter be known; the one because he made to-day a speech tnat has never been surpassed. If it has been equaled, in political oratory. One of the oldest Senators said to-night that he had never heard an abler Bpeech, and that Is apparently the publlo estimate. The Demo crats admit the power ot Conkllng's oratory and the force ot his arguments, but call It plausible sophistry. Mr. Conkllng spoke three hours, but so fascinating, so magnetic, was the effect tnat not one of his auditors thought of the passage of time while they listened. He spoke from notes, but the speech was extempore. The three hours' speech covered in its suggestions half a dozen pages of letter paper, which Conkllng tore up, as he finished page Dy page, and cast the fragments on the floor when he wanted to emphasize a gesture. His audience was an Inspiration, SUCH AS ATJDIESCB AS XO OTHEB MAS IS COKOBXSS CAS DBAW. composed ot all the men and women in Washington, whose names are familiar to the publlo, and hundreds more. : while as many as were accommodated were driven away because it was impossible tor the Senate chamber to hold them. All the Cabinet but one or two were there, and I toe members of the Supreme ' Court dropped 10 one br one alter court d I jOUrneO. tha Id-atmeuuoi Ita tor ' rw-14 which htia-tinrd. otonr you it, aoo. gar. Cro- worr war 111. ' rn inc. iriii apply Vouro- to ail at AddroM Cvulao- The President's official family were scattered around among. the crowd, and members ot the House of Representa tives attended so generally that at one one time scarcely hall a dozen remained in the other chamber. Secretary Evarts sat beside Gail Hamilton in the diplomatic gallery, with Mrs. Blaine for a chaperon. Secretaries Sherman. McCrearv, and Devlna came together and sat in a modest corner under the gallery. General Sherman entered the main door a few feet behind Conkllng while the latter was in the act of eulogizing the army, and he stopped in the midst of a sentence to cordially gree't the General of the army and point him to Judge Davis' chair, which was vacant, General Sherman's face meantime flushing purple at the un expected consplcuousness ot his position. During the debate Sherman had occaslou to try to look unconscious and blush again as Conkllng referred to him by same in a complimentary manner, and called him the man noted for his courage and practical common sense. Judge Davis got the most conspicuous place he could find (and was no doubt sorry about it aiterward, pushing . bis chair down next to the Clerk's desk, between the reporters' tables, and he flushed and paled alternately while Conkllng was making his pointed allusions. As soon aa Davis could do so, without making himself more conspicuous, he changed his seat. SBSATOB COXKUSO BEGAN BY 8ITTISO DOWN CPOS BES HILL, and so effectually was it done that ths Senator from Georgia, who is fluent and frequent In speaking and interrupting other speakers, did not again breathe aloud during the . day. Conkllng cited figures to show the revenues of government during the last year, snowing that the loyal States paid . $221,000,000 of revenue while the recently disloyal States paid only $13,000,000. Hill had never heard these facts put so directly before, even if he had ever heard them, and he sprang Impulsively to his feet. "Will the Senator Irom New York allow me to Interrupt him?" . , Tes," said Conkllng with manifest annoyance, "if he thinks that two of us can make these facts plainer than one.? trol pf Congress, were determined to control also the revenues which the Nortn was paying Into the Treasury. He de scribed why this immense revenue was necessary to pay the debt made by the rebellion, to furnish pensions to the wldowa and orphans of soldiers of the Union armies, and to pay ths expenses of a government which bad been perpetuated against the wishes of the South, at an inestimable cost of life and treasure. He argued that the refusal of Congress to pay the salaries of government officials WAS 7TJBT AS TREASONABLE AS THS BB-yCSAli OF THJt PBBSrOBST to perform his constitutional duties, and said tnat whilethe President could be impeached. Congress was impeachable only at the bar of publlo opinion. He admitted that Congress could put aa many subjects into a bill as It chose, if the rules it made for Itself allowed it. and that the cry of revolution was not because the Democrats wanted to put a political rider on an appropriation bill, but because of the motive with which it was done and the extreme emergency which compelled it. He alluded to Bayard's opposition to the Democratic caucus programme, and complimented him for his wisdom. The plot and purpose was to compel the President to sacrifice his duty, his oath, and his conscience, as a price to pay a political party for allowing the government to live. This scheme, he said, will never succeed, and the Democrats, if tbev persist in it, will leave a buoy on the sea of time, warning all future political parties that this was a channel in wblch one party had thundered and gone down. He warned the Democrats there could be but one result if they attempted to coerce the President, and the President remained firm in his duty. Ihe Democratic party, he said, bad been led into a predicament by its unwise leaders, and, unlees the President helps them out, they would nave to back out and relinquish their treasonable Intentions, and added, "and what Is greater still, that the Democratic caucus was attempting, by the repeal of the election laws, to provide for an easy violation of the law; to provide an easy tempting path for ballot-box stutters to the polls." DISCOSSISO THXCOXSTITUTIOSAXACTHOB-iTT TO TJSB TBOOPS AT THS POLLS, of which Eaton and others have a great deal to say, he read McClellan's orders to bis generals to guard the ballot-boxes against dls unionists in Maryland, and said tnat UoClellan was a Democratic saint; had been canonized by bis nomination to the Presidency, and, be. ing a Democrat. was, of course, inspired at bis birth with full spirit and genius ot the Constitution as all Democrats were. Ths Democrats had not learned then, said Conkllng, that it was unconstitutional to confront ruffians with armed. force, and remarked that as Democrats had afterward nominated McClellan as their Presidential candidate they must naturally have indorsed his order. He desortbed tne convention which nominated McClel lan on the platform that the war was a failure, when the Union armies were just in the zenith of their triumphs, triumphs which would have been earlier had not the South received so much encouragement Irom Northern Democrats, which sentiment was cheered on tne lie-publican side. He then statea that all laws gave the President som discretionary power. He asked why the Democrats had selected one day out of the 305, and that election day the .most important of the year on which he should have no discretion, and he answered his own question by saying it was because the Democrats found it for their ad vantage to leave that day as open prey to ruffianism, mobs and tumult. In that way only eould election days be made profitable to them in certain parts of the country. He discussed at length the supervisors law which it Is proposed to repeal, COKUXTID - rPOS THS . TEBBOB WITH . WHICH TOOBHEES and other Democratic Senators regarded these supervisors. He called the "Tall Sycamore of Wabash, as "a gifted and "The other day It pleased the distinguished Senator from Illinois to deliver an address, or rather an opinion, upon the issues discussed." Conkllng alluded to bis friendship and respect for Davis, and hoped he would not be offended at any comments he ' might make on that speeoh. He then held Davis up to merciless ridicule, and describing tnat part of his speech in which he argued in favor of peace, tranquility, and harmony between the parties, and a cessation of strife for political advantage, he said that the distinguished Senator had aung to the Senate a lullaby, and declared that, after Mrs. Wlnslow, he was the most prollflo and Inexhaustible source of soothing sirup. At this there was an outburst of laughter wnich tha presiding officer could not control, and it was some minutes before Conkllng eould proceed to say that Davis seemed to him like a man who was slumbering in a storm and dreaming that ths winds were calm. He said that : from Davis' assertions of ths peace and tranquility that dwelt in the South, "one would think that one could hear a pin drop from the center ot the jrlobe to Its circumference." Conkllng, then approaching Davis, who was sitting directly before him as demure as a church mouse, and rather bewildered at ths effect of Conkllng's ridicule, dropped into a serious mood again, and told Davis to read the stories told by THS SBOBOXS WHO WXBB PLXKIBO PBOM THS SOUTH, from their homes, in which it was not safe for them to dwell, in the rights which the Constitution had given them; from the graves ot their murdered dead, who bad died for opinion's sake. . These people, he said, were braving hunger and cold to reach a land where their rlgbts would be respected, where the people believed that before man made them citizens God had made them men. Alluding again to Davis' peace and tran- quillltytterance, he aald'ALr. President. there is no such faith as the Senator from Illinois shows. No. not in Israel." He described the sentimental centennial reunions of the blue and gray, and called them hugging conventions, and remarked that, while these things' were doubtless enjoyable to those who participated in them. He had no faith in words without works in the Soutn. saying that honest intentions' were seldom ecstatic and emotional, and everlasting purpose did not find expression in gushing sentimentality. Turning to the Southern Sen ators, he told them that they and sot the North were responsible for raising sectional issues and reviving what is called the dead past. They bad caused tne greatest and gulltlat rebellion that ever crimsoned the annals of the human race, and not one of them had ever been punished. In comparison, : the magnanimity ogthe North In receiving them back to their old positions, and pardoning them all, was the most generous spectacle the world had ever seen; He quoted from . the Washington 'correspond ence or THS - ISTCB VaXA. "tO show the number ot . A'edersi and rebel soldiers in Congress, and said that this showed tnat the 8outh was regarding the men who were foremost in rebellion, and treason was considered the proper thing to reward. He asserted that the South was ruling Congress, and. alluding to the Democratic strength In the Senate, said that with Judge . Davis they had forty-three votes. Davis, he remarked, claimed that he was not a Democrat, "But." be continued, "any Democrat that asks more than my distinguished friend conceded them tne other day in his speech is an Insatiable monster, at which laughter was on Davis again. In conclusion, he told the Southern Senators that what tbelr section needed was leaa politics, fewer rifle dubs, and more work. ' The must learn that there was dignity in labor, and while ths Northern people who fought to keep the South in the Union did not object to Its representation la Congress, they thought It would be better if they would show less energy in trying to get possession ot the government, and more in developing ths re sources of their section. . At the conclusion of Conkllng's speech he held quite a levee. All the Republican Senators went up to congratulate him and most of the people who were on the floor, so tnat business could not proceed for some time. After order bad been restored, and Conkllng was seated in his chair. Judge Davis waddled up to him, and the two held a lengthy onversstlon. greas would not be allowed to assist la shaping legislation, emphasizing hi announcement by repeating the words from the prayer book"Now, henoef orth, and forever, amen." - AS HS STBCCK HIS DESK A DKXACTTJL BLOW, and then the Republicans remarked that they might aa well go home, as br that act the Democratlo majority In Congress would practically disenfranchise nearly all the Northern States. But they volea down Wlndom's amendment, and the significance ot the vote was this: The Democrats declared that no army. navy, or civil officer of ths govern ment eould approach the polls to keep peace, while rlfie clubs and other armed men will be permitted to go there for the purpose of molesting voters and making disturbances. Wlndom U.en at. tempted to strike out tbe word "civil, so tbat civil officers of tbe United States can use their authority to keep peace at the polls. But tbe Democrats voted this down also, thus depriving the polls on every election day ot all protection from vio lence and ballot-box stuffing, and making interference with such violence and ballot-box Ftuffllng a crime against ths laws of the United States. . The debates over these amendments were brief but exciting, and the Republicans succeeded in forcing the Demo crats to make a very damaging record. Mr. Paddock got the floor Juat before ths Senate adjourned, offering an amendment providing tbat these political provisions shall not be construed so as to prevent the employment of the army In control of the Indiana in any ot the Statea or Territories, or be enforced against ths army employed in ths protection of law and property In tne States of Nebraska. Oregon. Nevada, Kanaas. and Colorado, and Territories subject to Indian Incursions. . single huddle objection It was objection be as form to ui that for the the face legislation rightly to sense ments been ret to The them IT They B1M41KS BT ardent Senator," and alluded to the "vehement and indignant emotion " with which Vooihees contemplated "youth and old age quoting from Voorhees' speech in Indiana being compelled to vote while two terrible supervisors were looking right at them." and said these dreadful men remained while "youth and old age" went home to supper "to see that their ballots were properly counted." The tone in which this passage was delivered gave it great force, and there was a general laugh at Voorhees' expense, in which many of his party associates joined. Drifting into a more serious style he argued the necessity of election laws to the purity of the ballot box In New York City, and gave a history ot election frauds there with the unparalled force of which Conkllng is master In oratory. His descriptions ot the soenes there were masterpieces of word painting, and when he delineated the horrors of the riots his manner was in tensely dramatlo. He told how citizens of New York, irrespective of party, had called on Grant when Tweed and Tammany Hall were planning to resist the eleotlon laws, and with what confidence they depended upon Grant's sterling qualities. THIS. WAS FOLLOWED BT A BBIUUAST EULOOT OP GRANT, in which he said that the "whole continent beyond the sea rose and stood uncovered before him and his achievements." . At which there was enthusiastic applause on the floor and in the galleries, which was silenced by Thurman who was In the chair. He spoke of the gratitude that Aew York had always expressed to Grant for his assistance in the election riots of 1870. and alluded to a probability that the State might be called upon to honor him again. WHES COKKLISO ALLUDED TO JTD0B DAVIS' SPEECH everybody pricked up their ears. Ha said: juugo Davis- broad lace wearing a reproachful look.- But what was said by them is known to them alone. BO DEMOCRAT CASED TO EEPLT TO XX. COXELIXO. and Hill. who"bad been so anxious for a controversy at ths ontstart, had nothing to say, so a vote was taken on Blaine's motion, to strike all the political legislation out ot the bllL This was defeated by a strictly party vote. Judge Davis voting with the Democrats. As soon aa he had voted he left the Senate, and did not again return, failing to record his vote on the several Important motions that followed. There was an exciting discussion upon Blaine's amendment prohibiting rifle clubs and other armed men from approaching the polls, which the Democrats would not allow adopted. After Blaine's amendment was voted down, Wlndom was up with another and compelled the Democrats to maks a mors damaging record than they have yet been brought to. Wlndom'a amendment prohibited from approaching the polls all armed men wno went there with the intention of preventing an election or causing violence. The Democrats were very indignant at thus being faced with this Issue, and Saulsbury stated very plainly and in very temperate lan guage that the Demoorats did not propose to allow the Bepublioans to have anything to do In shaping legislation hereafter. Said Wlndom to him: "If a Republican Senator should offer a bill oi an amendment to a bill that It is right and necessary should be passed will the Democratic majority refuse to pass It, merely because it is proposed by a Republican?" Saulsbury answered without a moment's hesitation that they would, and repeated the assertion that as long as Democrats had a majority, the Republicans In Con- THS PB.KSS KXPOS.T. MS. CO X XXIX O BEOAB HIS SAYIXO that during ths last fiscal fiscal year ths amount ot national taxes paid into ths treasury was t231.831.4ol. Of this sum tl30.000.000 and a traction were collected under ths tariff levying duties oa imported merchandise, and tl 03.000.000 and a fraction on American production. Of this total. S3o.OOO.OOO la round numbers, twenty-seven States who adhered to the Union during the recent war paid $221.201.2 (38. The residua cams from eleven States, namely: Alabama. Arkansas. Georgia, Florida, Louisiana. Mississippi. North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas. . and Tlrginla. Tbeas eleven States paid tl3.027.lKt. Of this sum mors than td.500.-000 cams from the tobacco of Tlrginla. Deducting the latter sum from ths former and ths eleven btates paid t7.123.4tS2. This great sam was collected under the law. - The Constitu tion requires all bills tor raising reveaue to originate in tha Hons of Representatives. They are not recent laws. They have been approved and affirmed by succeeding Houses, and the last two'Houia were , ruled over by a Democratic-Speaker. Ths bills were reported by a Democratic committee) and passed oy a Democratic majority. Both Houses are sow Democratic, and ws hear of no purpose to repeal or suspend the existing revenue laws. They are to remain and continue to operate, and take the tribute ot the people. It the sum stated la to be less than it was last year. It will only be because ths tobacco tax has been reduced. This vast revenue is paid for three uses. It Is supplisd in time of great depression and distress to; pay tha debt in which we have been involved by the rebellion, to pay the pensions ot tha widows and orphans, and of cripples made by ths , . rebellion, and to maintain ths government preserved at the expense not to . be estimated of life and treasure. , To exact money and then forbid the use for which the people paid it would indeed be perfidious and abominable. . There was only one mods In which ltcould reach such usee, and that is, aa appropriation by law. Ths Constitution so ordains. . ths coxBTrrcrtov ran ami xo discs a- TIOS TO A KAIOBITT, or to Congress, whether It make the needful appropriations or not. Ths Constitution, however, does commit to Congress the discretion to ascertain how much money is needed, but that done, the command to appropriate ' Is positive . and absolute. The com mand to . make the appropriation Is plain and peremptory, and a refusal to do so Is revolutionary and treasonable. So, too, when the Constitution invests Congress with power to provide money to psy debts, and provide for common defense and the general welfare, the pi a in meaning is that Congress shall do this thing; and refusal to do this is disobedience to the Constitution and subversive ot It. . If tne members ot the Judiciary and Executive Departments tailed to do their duties under the Constitution - they would be liable to Impeachment. If the members ot the Legislative branch were likewise amenable to punishment for dereliction of duty. It would be a braver, it not a leas guilty. act to violate their exalted trust, In ordinary tiniee truUma like these would be needless, if not out ot place, la the Senate. They are persistent now only because an occaslou has arisen unparalleled In Amerioan history, and. ao far as he knew, in British history. If a precedent eould be found. It should not be In a country possessing a written constitution plainly defining the rights of all living under it. It was not to transplant but to leave behind the traditions ot a struggle between the subject and the rulers that our fathers fled to these shores. It was to render Impossible here caste distinctions of an ill-adjusted society. Tbe partisan spirit animating this debate. If it was anywhere misunderstood, was mistaken eepeclally in thla body. To hear what was . called the debates on this subject, one would think that the majority were arraigned simply because they were acting nnoonstltutionaily In putting legislation on an appropriation bllL This was not the case. POB HIHbELP HE ISIV OP KO BETTZB BKA.SOXS than convenience, common sense, and the danger ot a log-rolling combination to for tlli he putting of aU appro prist! ona on a dent their leave majority be they pretension bill In presented party found did; seasloa came aid a by proviso, rr and States which ton. ot the action such Mr. la to vto-lenco New slum, railed ba th aa keta tbere to Ing tha sas th ance W seat and he th the th the un of the gav f If th ot

Clipped from
  1. The Inter Ocean,
  2. 25 Apr 1879, Fri,
  3. Page 1

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  • Roscoe Conkling & DD 4-25-1879

    pat_schley – 21 May 2013

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