Lucy Webb Hayes-Altoona Mirror-p.8-17 May 1930
( in in LUCY WEBB HAYES L UCY WEBB HAYES, WIFE OF Rutherford B. Hayes, ' 'nineteenth president, was born at Chllll- cothe, O., the daughter of Dr. James Webb, In 1831, and she died In 1889. She was one of the most widely known and universally popular mistresses of the White House the country has known. She was an ardent temperance advocate, never allowing wine to be served at the White House. She was an element in her husband's administration that was gladly recognize* and her Influence wan most potent and admirable. In her successful career as the first lady of the land were outlined the future possibilities of her sex In all other positions and conditions. She represented the new woman era and was the first of the women of the White House in the third or present day period. Her life, for many years, was spent before the public, and she so fully identified herself with her husband's administration that It can never be remembered apart from her. She gave her every thought to the maintenance, and advancement of her husband's name and fame, deeming no act, however insignificant of itself, too slight to be considered unimportant if, in its results, it' could add to his renown. Mr. Hayes gave the country one of the best administrations in Its history and Mrs. Hayes well merits a share of the honors that go to her husband. She went to the White House prepared through her happy married life, through her winsome, cheerful spirit, through her long experience in official circles, her Intelligence and culturer and her social rank and attributes, to fill the highest place a woman could then occupy in the republic. As a result, she gave the world a fine example of the power for good which a woman of fine breeding and social opportunities can exercise. She was well educated, studying at Wesleyan university at Delaware, O., and at the Wesleyan Female college at Cincinnati. It was while at the latter Institution that she met Mr. Hayes, then a promising young lawyer of Cincinnati. They were married Dec. 20, 1852. During the Civil war, in which her husband won great distinction, she spent as much time as possible in the army camps looking after the sick and wounded in General Hayes" commands and she was greatly beloved by the soldiers. Following the war General Hayes served in congress and three terms as governor of Ohio. While he was governor the executive mansion at Columbus was conducted on the most generous scale socially, and the governor and Mrs. Hayes entertained continuously. They had an exceedingly large circle of friends and as both were preeminently social by nature, and as Mrs. Hayes ever delighted to be a hostess, they were rarely without guests. Mrs. Hayes worked Industriously to enlarge the charities of the state and was identified with all £ood causes, including church work, gaining an experience and exerting an influence that ably fitted her for the position of lady of the White House. The White House was a family mansion In the fullness of the term while Mrs.'Hayes was In It, 1877 to 1881. She kept it filled with relatives and friends and gave receptions and entertainments suited to the tastes of those she designed to honor. Her daughter and three of their four sons were generally' with their parents during their stay in the White House. ,' Mrs. Hayes had the distinction of being one of the few women who have lived in the glare and glitter of society in Washington, and avoided all manner, of extremes in dress. She did not appear in diamonds, eschewed low-necked and short- sleeved dresses and arranged her hair as she always did. On one occasion Mrs. Hayes was asked if she did not get tired of see- Ing so many people and going about so much and she replied: "Oh, no; I never get tired of having a good time." She really liked to meet the people who wished to see her and to shake hands with all who chose to offer her respect. She was the most idolized woman, in America during her husband's administration, and not because she held the rank she did, for many have held It who were not known outside a small circle, but for the reason that she was a sunny- hearted, unselfish woman, using the world without abusing it and carrying herself through its pomps and vanities unspotted and pure. The closing period of President Hayes' administration was marked by national good feeling and cordiality and the social life of the White House was most brilliant. In addition to the many incidental receptions and entertainments and apart from the usual presidential receptions and dinners, Mrs. Hayes was Invariably at home to welcome whoever chose to call upon her from 8 to 10 o'clock each evening. Mrs. Hayes left the White House signally honored by her own sex. She received during the closing days of her stay in Washington every recognition that the women of- this country could give her and she returned to her home in Ohio assured of the esteem of those whose good opinions she most highly valued. Shortly before she left the White House a magnificent portrait of Mrs. Hayes was presented to her as the gift of the women of the nation, to be placed in the White House. The presentation was made by Miss Francis E. Willard, president of the Women's Christian Temperance union, and it was accepted on behalf of the nation by General James A. Garfleld, who succeeded General Hayes as president. Following their retirement General and Mrs. Hayes spent the remainder of their years at their home in Fremont, O. She lived eight years and her husband twelve years.