June 1964, Revival
U.S. Red Revival In 1961, the Supreme Court upheld the Internal Security Act of 1950 requiring that the Communist party in the United States register. The party went underground and steadfastly refused to comply with the act. In December, 1062, the party was indicted for violating the act and convicted by a jury. It was fined $120,000. The U.S. Court of Appeals set aside the fine and conviction last December, holding that the Government could not make the party register unless it proved that some individual, acting for the party, was willing to run the risk of self-incrimination by t'.e various criminal laws aimed at the party. Now the Supreme Court has left this decision stand by denying without comment a Government petition for review of the appeals "ruling. It puts on the Justice Department the burden of proving the existence of such a volunteer. If it cannot, then the effort to make the party register may have to be abandoned. Gus Hall, head of the party in this country, jubilantly expressed the opinion that other provisions of the 1950 Act would also be declared unconstitutional, most importantly the requirement for individual members' to register. That could lead to a national convention of the Communist party and the setting up of officers and a full party apparatus. The Supreme Court stands in the paradoxical position of making almost impossible the enforcement of an act which it held constitutional only three years ago. That would bring the party out from hiding and once more permit it publicly to push a foreign ideology and a foreign loyalty on the American people. Is this really the highest, most respected court in the land?