The Times, Monday, Apr 27, 1908 British Cruiser Sunk
JoU BnUar, stohwr, R - N.R. Michael Balv, Ukar, R - N.R. ; aad Richard Brown. stoker, BJJ Jt Th follow lag, who are kno - n to bar bet la Ox Gladiator at the Una of the coUUlon, are still mbdof t Lien tenant William 0. T. Graves ; Arthur Do Ores, T.O., lit tliM, O.N. 1U764 ; Jotlha - Ueech, r.O - Jt elaaa. BRITISH CRUISER SUNK. COLLISION WITH A LINER. LOSS OP LIFE. The loss of his MaJcstY. ship Tiger and 33 imkb , Thomas W. Frs - hlin, P.O., In cleas, O.N. lives ha been followed, in lr than three ureks, i;(W7 ; Levi Locajer, r.O in class, O.X. K531I ; bj another disaster to the British Nary resulting j lUdard Lit lactone, leadies nmo, O.N. lKMTt; In further loss of life sod th wreck of the ! ErsK OwrchUt, AJt, O.N. 2MT3 ; Alfred T. llarler. soeondU. cruiser Gladiator, which nm. n 5 r o. W A.U., U..V Imi all nu iaa warm aba wt rr.r. All hands cllahed to the bottom of tha ship which was oat ef water. Thanks to hh of oar boeUanda few from tha Ha. - Psol sod ths ahoro for tha Cvjeattwd Ivnerd Uta sboeJc, sad slthoach they could a, saa ui thev Uarvrned their boat we got to sbnra aa'elr, bat we I. ft awvrral poor rhapt behind. Thank coodaM we wara not ouUlda tha IU of Wtiat or we should not be here now. Perfect order prevailed on tha liner, which hu (one oojto (tonthamptors after hav lag her dama jed bows temporarily repaired at Yarmouth. Another surriror stated: After the collision oomrreil there was a nofre like a boiler riploilotu The Gladiator was struck on theater - SUITS i Kdwin GUdtna. A.D.. O.K. S14!H Erarwt board side between the foremast and midahirt funnel . ireorucrwp mm boat. The collision with the African liner St, Paul In the ; ,',7. dXiilMl : JohTl Zr. .7' western channel of the Solent on Saturday after - j - j cleas, O.N. MISK S Albert J. Naah. stoker, 2nd T&',T,'j'i V Svardl'th .oeias L, rolkinehoroe, chief trht .j, - Jrm ro lt cnrr. Owlns to the starboard Boon. class, O.N. 3117C6 The flrsfc odcial ' in titration received St the ': armourer, O.K. UIXU j Cecil Kirk, electrician, 3rd list only the - port boeU could be lowered, but several Admiraltr was from tho Commander - in - Chief at ! " ,tMI S Ja lrT stoker, iL.r..; rtetaiaonth. briefly statins that a collision j J?'5JT' ,1 0rrt CBrran, stoker, w - ,,,t, 4W . .. . . ' ruN.lt. ; tVrcy 0. HashleT, oOrer s steward, 1st rlaat, accurred on SaUirday off tho lalo of hti n v .rt., n. ,, . n n? Georje V. Frocbrook, A.D., O.N. S031M. between his Majesty's ahlp Gladiator and tho Ataeriean liner St. Paul. Tho news at their disposal led to the fear that thero had been loss of life, but tho extent was not known, Tho daaiis to tho Gladiator was feared to be considerable, and the despatch added that the St. Paul had returned to Southampton with Injuries to the vessel. THB ADMIRALTY STATEMENT. At 1 a.m. yesterday the Admiralty Issuod the following: : ' The Svretary of the Admiralty regrets to announce that 11. M.S. Gladiator collided with the Ss. St. 1'aul n Saturday afternoon, 23th of April, off Yarmouth, Isle of Wffht. The Gladiator has been beached and her crew has been landed. All tho o35ecrs an? known to bo saved except Lieutenant William G. P. Graves, R.N., reported still missing. Three of the ship's company aro reportetl drowned namely, Cowdrcy (writer) ; Widgery. (ship's steward) ; and Sccborras (wardroom steward)." T11E FACTS OF THE DISASTER. . (rEOM OVS IXDETSilOCTU OOEEESrOXDEXT.) InteJlicneo reached Portsmouth on Saturday afternoon that the Gladiator, cruiser, had been run into by tho Mtcamcr St. Paul, of the American Line, and that the foraer had been beached oil Sconce Point, Yarmouth, Isle of Wijjht.. The Gladiator belongs to tho Portsmouth Division of the Home Fleet, and was on passage from Tort - land to Spithcad, where she was to embark target and umpires and proceed to the Xoro to carry out punlayers" tests with tho Forte, a cruiser of the same division. Tho St. Paul was the weekly steamer of the American Line and had loft Southampton early that afternoon for Now York, via Cherbourg. A hea - vy snowstorm occurred in Portsmouth and the neighbourhood about 2 30 pjn., rendcrins it impossible to see far, and this was evidently the cause of the collision, the St. Paul making for the Noodles passage at the same time that the Gladiator was entering it from the westward. Late on Saturday night it was ascertained that several lives had been lost, and taac one oacer and many men wore missing. The first news of tho disaster reached Vice - Admiral C. G. Robinson, Admiral - Superintendent of the dockyard, who Is in charge of the port during the kbsence of the (omrmnder - in - Chief, at about 4 30 pan. This was followed by a telegram from the coastguard at Yarmouth stating that the Gladiator had gone ashore in shallow water, and that a collision had occurred off Yarmouth betsteen the mail boat and the cruiser. Tho news was at once telegraphed to the Admiralty, and Immediate steps wen; taken to send assistance to the scene. The tug Enterprise and the special eervice vessel Magnet were at once despatched nd left the harbour at 5 0 pan. The Forte, cruiser, left Portland at 5 pun., and the Formidable, battleship, and Berwick, cruiser, left Bpithead at 7 p - ia. and 8 pun. respectively, the bitter taking a working party cf seamen and livers. The tug Malta followed, and the Prince George, flagship of liear - Admiral II. M. Farcuhaz. was ordered to proceed In the morning, so that all salvage operations might be con - I acted under the licar - Admiral. Torpedo - boat Ko. 52 was also sent, with Mr. E. J. Maginncss, Constructor, in order that Admiral Robinson saight be furnished with all possible information. A telegram from the captain of the Gladiator on Saturday night stated : " Gladiator run into by Ft. Paul. American liner. Beached ship oil Sconce Point. She Is now on her beam ends. Will bo nearly covered at high water. Ofleers and men collected In Fort Victoria and are being mustered. A large holo cat in Xo. 4 after boiler room starboard side. All officers' saved except Lieutenant Graves. He is still missing. The Gladiator must have received a very heavy blow, as she has apparently been cut into up to ber centre line." As soon as possible after the accident all the crew were landed. Three bodies have been picked up and taken to the mortuary and have been identified as E. Cowdrcy (1st writer), TV. E. Widgcry (acting ship's steward), and S. Sceberras (officers steward). Seven men were also more or less injured, of whom one, J. II. Corbett (stoker), has since died. From official THE SCENE OFF YARMOUTH. (iron our sEwrocT coniutsroxDEST.) In a strong north - westerly gale, accompanied by a blinding snowstorm, a naval disaster, recalling the loss of tho Kurydice off Sandown 30 years ago, occurred on Saturday afternoon in the western channel of the Solent, westward of Yarmouth, Isle of Wight, when tho second - class cruiser Gladiator, returning from Portland to Long Sands range for target practice, was run down by tho.outward bound American liner St. I'anl, with tho result j side, steering dear of the rolling euns aod gear, of theee were too much damaced for use. - Wn the Gladiator heeled orer tho men came un from below and all hands .damberml up to the port side awaiting their turn to be; taken a.ihore la the boats. Then the snow craned to fall and the r re - el rested on the mud. Commander Lumsden was the last to leave. Ono of tho Gladiator's stokers, who was below at tho time Of the collision, says : our tlsnre tho ship had ien such a list that it was miito uphill work to cet to the ganr sr. Wecoaldsee! rmme - fistelr that we had been run into, for anothsr Tewl's ww ld cranhed tlirouih us and one poor fellow woh killed on the .pot. We could see that another ship had come richt into .our mess - room, and we had to stru;rlo for llie top deck as fast as we could. There was no tine for thinking. Tho jorder came, " Man boats,' hut several were jamraed as the result of the collision. that tho Gladiator so badly damaged thafsTe j JlJtm listed heavily, and after drifting aground she heeled over on the starboard side and became a It was wreck. From information gathered on the spot from survivors and others, it appears that the Gladiator was steaming past Fort Victoria, well insiac oi iturst l olnt, about naif - past - on Saturday afternoon at about nine or ten knots when tho liner St. Paul, outward bound, was suddenly sighted. The liner was approaching, at an apparently faster rate about. 200 yards away. Up till then the vessels had been obscured from each other by tho heavy snow storm, and the liner was first been, owing probably to tho fact that the ship which was free from water we held fast until boats rsrno and took us ashore in trties. Several men plunged into the sea and swam for it, ethers jut on board the St. lHul, for it was a derperate situation. It was a luck - job we were not out to sra. STORY OF AN EYE - WITNESS. Mr. Frank Spreadbury, of London, who was a passenger by tho St. Paul, interviewed at Southampton on Saturday, said : The St. IW tailed from Southampton at about tea minuies pc st 1 uus aiicrnoon, ine .rauicr p ura ciraroa somewhat, tnouca tnc mow was stiu uiung. lie 10 minute to 3 o clock when tner suSaenly If a orasn, and, rusluni; on deck, they saw that .the M. Pard bad torn through the Gladiator's md and embedded herself amid - shir. The encinea ct the liner wers 'inaediatelr w.t u uiui vu up moru luau loo fcrej o vw.. - .. 7. . . .. , . . : in - liersrjf, glided slowly tiarkwards. The Gladiator tne cruiser. At once orders were given on board .imaltaneouslr csurht the full force of the blizzard .1. , n f . ; 1 , . . . - j L - j - .ii Lini Mm - - - i; - - , astern, but it was too late to avert a collision. I 'of the bailors into the water. Othtrr juinrd overboard, QkUT uour ncmeuur - ir piuei up. I ik - o urinw iu Tho bow of the liner crashed into tho starboard sido of tho Gladiator, nearly amidships and just abalt tho Erst funnel, cutting through, it was stated, into the engine - room. Tho liner went astern and the cruiscr.which began. to list heavily, was carried by the wind and a strong tido towards the shore. She took the ground near Black Rock buoy, about 400 yards from tho shore. Almost im mediately she turned completely on her starboard side, the slorn being almost dead on shore. By this time the gale was moderating, but there was a heavy sea. When tho Gladiator heeled over a number of the erew ' jumped into the water with the intention of swimming ashore, whilst others were thrown into the water, some .striking out for shore. Tho remainder of tho crew clambered over on to the port side of the cruiser, which was standing well out of the water, and they remained there until rcscnod by boats. Several of tho Gladiator's boats and a pinnace, which could be got out in ime, put oS with tho first party of the rescued, and the engineer officers received the men at Fort Victoria. Ono or two local residents also did gallant service in Helping asnoro many In tho water v. ho bau worst, revoral being bsdlj - injured. He had leon told that one poor fellow bsd his hood rut open. Many of the Gladiator's crew swam h k to their ship and scrambled on to her ore r - tu reed Veel, on moanting which, with charsfterittio British spirit, they commenced to sing " Sons of tho Brare." Several cripples were picked np by nm, - ue parties and carefully tended. The crew of the ot. 1 aul did ererytajnt possible in tno circcrrstanres, and the vessel pat back to Southampton. Valuable help was also, rendered by a passenger steamer, which pieced tp a number of taosedn the water, Another pasiicnger who was on boird the St. Paul at tho timo of tho collision said : It all happened in an instant. The Gladiator seemed to loom out of a back of mi't, and before Jhe situation could bo craspod the St. Iaul ora&hed into Iter. The commander of the Gladiator endeavoured to run his ship on the bench, but as r - be scared the shore she heeled. A remarkable scene was then witnessed. After the rcsd had practically turned turtle tho crew appeared on the surface of the water liko a swarm of flies, and scrambled up the keel, where they remained until they were takeoff and landed at Yarmouth. THE ST. PAUL AT SOUTHAMPTON. Tho St. Paul. arrived back at Southampton last evening, bbo plainly showed the effects of tho impact with tho Gladiator, about 20ft. of her how Decora exnausted ty swimming in their clothes plates being bent. It was obviously impossible and by exposure in icy cold water. Some of to continue her journey, and she will go into dry iuv0 a7315Ull 1U U1U UI K. til rvscue waucu unit waist - deep, and Corporal Stenning, R.E., swam out and helped ashore a considerable cumber. The Coastguard joined in the early rescue." opera - ions, and eventually the boats of the St. Paul arrived and assisted in taking o the crew remaining on the upturned cruiser and in picking up men still in tho water. Dry clothing and other comforts for' the men who were drenched and exhausted were provided at Fort Victoria and at private residences, including the house of Sir Henry Earlc, who was among tho first on tho beach During the afternoon the bodies of the ship', steward, William Widgery, the captain's writer, named Cowderyi and Wardroom Steward Sccberraa and nine injured men worn also brought in and removed to Golden - hill Fort Hospital. The only ofiiccr reported missing on Saturday was Lieutenant Graves, who attempted to swim ashore. ANOTHER ACCOUNT. . Another account of tho mishap says that tho second - class protected cruiser Gladiator, belonging to tho Homo Fleet, a vessel of 5,750 tons displacement, and carrying a complement of 450 officers and men when fully manned, was coming round from Portland to Portsmouth when in making the Needles passage at the entrance to the Solent, sho was run into by the American liner St, Paul, which an hour and a half previously had left Southampton with a considerable number of passengers oa her voyage to New York. Tho cruiser was struck on the starboard side, and tho penetrating bow of the liner cut a big holo in her in tho after boiler room. Sho immediately begau to fill with water and to slowly hcttlo down. Luckily, tho collision dock for repairs, - and her passengers will bo allowed the privilege or continuing the voyago either by tho outgoing White Star liner on Wednesday or next Saturday. Several of them returned to London lata on Saturday night, but others remained at Southampton. A message received from the St, Paul states that the passengers and crew aro all well. A KELLEF" FUND. . Tho Mayor of Portsmouth (Councillor F. G. Foster) has taken prompt action in regard to providing relief for tho bereaved relatives, and last night issued the following appeal : The Tress of the country, representing publio opinion, comas cc ting on the Tiger diaaster, held that it wan tho price of naval e&lcieacy. Now naval eSicieocy means national safety. I therefore imvle an appeal to ths nation for subscriptions towards a fund ft - r tha relief of the dcpen Jants of those who lo - rt their lives by that sad iliwstrr, at the same time saying that, in my opinion, it would be well If tho Mayor for the time being of inch an important imral port as Portsmouth had tome port nanent naval fund for immediate use in similar rases of Jutrwt. ued that iwincber Majesty's practical, sympathy with the bereaved. Dut 1 XAMES OF THE MISSLVG. At C 30 pa. vestcrday it was officially stated get fairly close to tho strand before sho touched ; 'f iT l0ti'ix ?!d occurred near the shore. The com man din, eourees obtatnaolo at noon, vrteraar, in j ouccrol tno ULadutor ordered lull steam to Uo i make tip for the lou of their loved ones, I have asked addition to Lieutenant Graves, who was still J mado for the beach, and the vessel was ablo to j Miss Weston, of the Royal Sailors' Rest, Portemoath, to cussing, and the four men who have lost their lives, there were missing about SO others, but as all nriTios havo to bo checked the exact number was uncertain. Lieutenant Y. G. P. Graves was the gunnery' lieutenant of the ship. Tho Gladiator was struck on the starboard side and lies over on that side, being almost submerged at high water, but as she is on a soft bottom and in a sheltered position there is every reason to. think that tho salvage operations will bo sueoossfuL Captain Loftus Tottenham, captain of the dockyard, yesterday proceeded to tho wreck to see what' further assistance his department could give. Two m. lvage companies, one from Penzance and one from Liverpool, have already offered their services, which aro being considered by the authorities. As soon as the report of the divers as to the extent of tho injury has been made tho work of patching over tho bole, tho first opcratiun to be taken in hand, will bo procoedcd.with. Her Majesty tho Queen has graciously recocuiie fund by a generous donation of AlOO, thus shown Majesty's practical mrnathv with the bereaved. the nation lias hardly had time to realize its reporsi - 1 bilily in connexion with thia appeal when another uisruier equally as preaung as uie list is lorred upon us. ; I have about I,0uO only for the sufferers by the Tiger aiter, not yet nearly Eumcieni to make rrp me monetary loss occaiione.1 by Uia deata of the bread wumera. and this new catastrophe coming so soon is somewhat disheartening, and I fear may injure the Tiger Fund. None the leu, my duty is clear, tor the sake of the more recently bereaved wo nrut throw away der pondoncy and put forth fresh efforts. Will von permit me throueh your paper to tender my heartfelt ymrthy to the berraved and .to ny that so far as financial matters are concerned. 1 will do myjx - st to sea tost Uieir trouble is not made more burdensoikie by want ? Although we cannot joitsibly bottom. The officers and men, having stood by their ship to the last, then mado every effort to cave themselves ; somo sprang overboard and were picked up by tho ht. J"aul, which, although damaged severely about tho bows, stood by and did her best to assist tho warship, whilst others took to tho boats and wero landed. The disaster occurred in a blizzard of snow and sleet which swept over the Solent about 2 o'clock and lxstcd until nearly 4 o'clock. So heavy was the downfall that the Solent was blotted from view, and it was impossible for tho navigating officers on either vessel to sea many yards ahead of them, lien cc it was that tho lookout ou the Gladiator could not observe tho approach of the liner until she loomed up over them out of tho driving snow, and then it was too lato to avoid tho crashing blow which tore a holo in tho cruiser's hide, exposing the after boiler room to the inrush of the sea. Many of tho occupants of the stoke - hold were injured, for, according to one report, tho boiler itself burst, enveloping that part of tlio vessel in a cloud of steam and scalding many at the oScn of the Cornrsandcr - tn - Chief that j men. As the St. laul backed out, many tons of the names of Lieutenant Graves and SO men had been telegraphed as missing to tho Admiralty, but it was feared that there nmst be at least ten more, whoKO names cannot at present be ascertained. The names wired to the Admiralty as not yet accounted for are : IJeutcca.it Grave. Petty OEcers, trrt cUss. A. De Crnx, J. Meech, G. Greenham, T. W. Franklin, and Levi Lockyer. Leading Seaman R. Livingstone. Able Seamen. E. Churchill, A. T. Barker, S. G. Epeoee, K. Gladman, and A. W. Cacutt. Stokers, second class. E. Ball, J. rage, and A - J. ICash. Chief Annoarer J. II. PUkinghor&e. Electrician Cecil Kirk. FtAkers, R.N.R. 3. Leary, M. Wade, aad O. Coma. OCicers' Steward Percy Q. Raahley. The books of the ship having been lost renders the work of ascertaining the names of all on board very difficult, but tha numbers victualled on board on Saturday - are known, and thexo exceed by ten the number saved added to those .who are known to Lavo been on board, but are missing. The following is the official list, published late last night. There may be other names to be added, because It Is possible that some who were oo leave may have Joined the ship : IfJVLS. Gladiator, List of drowned, injored, and Biasing, as ascertained ep to date 7 p.su, April 2S. The following were drowned, sod the bodies have been raeovered ."Edward Cow drey, first writer, OJS. 340557 ; William E. Widgery, ship's steward, CO?. 942711; S. Beiberran, oQcer't steward. The following was injured la the collision and has sine died fa Military Hospital, Golden - hill. Isle of Wight j John II. Corbett, stoker, 2nd class, O.K. 101883. The following were injured and are now at the Military IIocptuL Golden - hill, Isle of Wight t BeoUea rjaaihaa, stoker, 1st class, O.K. 302667 ; Edward Skates, Stoker, 1st das. O Jf. 309265 j David 3. Smith, stoker, 1st dass. O.K. 297223 1 Peter Gre - don, stoker, ILK. - , : water poured into the interior of tho Gladiator, giving her immediately a tremendous list to starboard. That she did not founder iuunodiately was duo to tho fact that her watertight doors wero promptly closed. With her foro boilers working at high pressure and tho engines of this department going full steam ahead, the Gladiator's stem was turned lp the shore, and in the few minutes which olapsedSQforo she liecamo unmanageable from tho quantity or water shipped tho cruiser was ablo to get out of tho deep channel and touch bottom close in shore. Tho St. Paul, after rendering all the" service possible, put back to Southampton to land survivors and effect repairs. Within a short timo of tho news of tho collision reaching Portsmouth tho naval authorities sent tho tugs Malta and Enterprise from tho dockyard to the scene, and directed tho cruisers Berwick and Formidable lying at Spithcad to givo assistance, while tho cruiser Forte, as she was coming round from. Portland, waa instructed by wireless telegraphy to go on the same errand. The St. Paul was considerably damaged about tho stem both above and below water, but tho damage was not of a serious character, and the big liner waa ST - flckntly protected by her foro bulkhead. SUIrtTV'ORS' ACCOUNTS. A survivor of the Gladiator at Yarmouth made the following statement : It was foggy hene started from Portland about 10 this morning. We steamed slowly at a pare of about tight knots to Horat Cenle. After getting Inside the Solent a blinding snowstorm soddenly came on. Wo were proceeding slowly when suddenly there was a terrific craah a big liner had struck as amidships on tho starboard beam. In about 20 minute the Gladiator sank. Our commander, detain Lmnaden, was oa tho bridge, sod was tha last to tear tha ship. Everything was la good order. The - Gladiator reeled over oa ber beam - ends so - sk - kly that wa could not get all our hosts Uancbed. If it had been deep water X believe we satisfy their immediate wants. This she is quite capable of doing with her orcahixation. snd has kindly undertaken that each dependant will receive the ay as usual. The nation lias not yet it vtcded to my recent appeal as generoialy as I ant icipated, and my 'burden is now doubled. I tberefom venture to ask if you will make our wants known to the country through your influential paper, and appeal tb your readers to lighten, as far as lies in their power, the sorrows of the bereaved. Donations rornAcd for either fund will be thankfully received if sent to mo at the Town - hJl, Portsmouth; if not so earmarked, will be ued at the discretion of the committee which Lu been appointed at a public meeting. THE HOSPITAL FOR SICK CHILDREN. TO THE EDITOR OK THE TIMES. Sir, Will you allow me to make the announcement in your columns that her Majesty the Queen, who. has for many years taken great interest in the Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond - street, has graciously consented to.open, on somo day in Juno to be fixed later, the new out - patient department which has recently been built by Mr. W. - AV. Astor. as a memorial to his lato daughter ? We should like at the same time to take the opportunity of making the needs of tho hospital known to tho public, to whom no general appeal has been made' since 1902. The Hospital for Sick Children was founded on a wnall sealo by that immortal friend of children Charles Dickens, JJr. Charles West, and a few others 5G years ago, anil was tho first hospital ever established in this country for children. It has been well called " tho mother of children's hospitals," and has been the model for all other similar institutions. It is not, however, merely tho oldest, but it is also now the largest children's hospital In tho British Empire. It treats children from all parts of the .country, and students from every quarter of tho world come to its wards to study children's diseases. Indeed, it is so well known that, not unnaturally, tho hospital is supposed to bo well off financially. This is far from being the case. Not only is tho hospital burdened with a debt of 15,000, but also the assured annual income falls short of tho. necessary annual expenditure by 5,000, and the new out - patient department, while adding immensely to the efficiency of the hospital, will increase this deficit by 1,000 a year.' Contributions are earnestly desired for these two subjects : 1. Reduction of tho annual deficit. 2. Extinction of debt. They should be sent to the secretary, Mr, Stewart Johnson, at the hospital, Great Onnond - strcct, W.C. TIFF., President, ARTHUR LUCAS, Chairman. JOIIK MURRAY, Vke - Chalrmaa. J. P. W. DEACON, Treasurer. The Hospital for Sick Chlldrem, Great Onaond - street, W.X,Autil23.