44th Tennessee

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44th Tennessee - B. 0FF1CH: AT THE SAM E OLD STAND. N. O....
B. 0FF1CH: AT THE SAM E OLD STAND. N. O. WALLACE. i Alitor- mill Iullihcr. FAYETTEYILIE, TEKNESSEeT Thursday IornInc;,Sf jrteia'rST. 1877 3i Reunion ! An Immense Crowd, Fine Music and Kscellcut Speaking ! Thc'Ilcunion of the 25th, 4ith and 5,1th Tennessee regiments, came off last Sattmlay. The lay was clear and pleasant. The crowd. began to assemble early, both in town and at the Pair Ground, and whenit had swelled to Us greatest magnitude, it was variously estimated at 4,000 to 0,000. The survivors of the regiments regiments assembled at the court house at about 0:30 A. jr., and were there formed by Col. Jno. M. Hughs of the 25th Tenn., Ciiicf Marshal, and his assist ants Capt. Jno. Y. Gill and Adjt 11. U. Cross. The following was the order of the procession first,the Marshal and his as fistants, accompanied by Col.C. A. McDaniel and Lieut. Col. Shied, the first Colonel and Lt. Colonel of the i-llji; then the Helicon Silver Band of Coltmi Iia, then the old war-horse of the much-lamented Co.. John S. Fulton, led by old uncle Joe, Col. Fulton's faithful body ser vant. The horse had on the game saddle that Col. Fulton rode him with during the war. Prom the saddle was suspended Col. Pulton s sword, that had "rlcamcd in the sunlight of so m.iny fields of deadly strife. The sword and saddle were profusely profusely and appropriately deco rated. After Col. P's horse came the survivorsjon foot. The procession marched out at the ftouth gate of the court-house yard, and through sonic of the main strcets'to the Fair Ground. When the crowd became quiet, Col.McDaniel explained the ob jeet of thelteunion; then Col. Tillman introduced Col. James J I. Holman, who, in befittin fctvlcuiadelhcwclcomingepccch, Adj't.Cross being introduced by Col. Tillman, read some remi uiscenccs of the regiments du ling the war, which we give be low Twelve years have elapsed i nee Lee surrendered his sword, and the jrrcat captain after a life of usefulness, and whilst wearing the honors of President President of. the University of Vir- ginia, passcit away, mat pa- liiotism which brought him to the southern standard carried the men of every southern State, and none more true than the 100,000 Tennessecans of whom the 55th, 41th and 25th Tennessee Regiments were a part. The fields of Farming-ton Farming-ton , Shi 1 oh , M u m ford s vi 1 le w he re about 500 prisoners were takru, Pcrryville where the lamented Capt. Jones of Pnyetteville fell, Muifrccsboro where Maj. Ewcn of ihe 44th was mortally wounded juid about 40 percent, of the regiment regiment placed hors du combat, Hoover's Gap where Johnson's Brigade as rear guard of the army had the honor of holding t he cncmy'in check for several days upon the evacuation of Middle Tennessee by Bragg's jinny, the occupation of the im-jKrtant im-jKrtant line of railway, the K. T., Va., and Ga., from Louden Louden to Charleston, Tenn., under the direct supervision of Gen. B. R. Johnson, connecting with the command of Gen. Buckner commanding at Kuoxville; the important part taken by. these Regiments on the memorable field of Chickamauga where by a strategic move the enemy s kev to his position was carried, and the tirstspuroi missionary Ridrre taken and held by John son Brigade, 2 brass 12 pound Xanoleon guns and a train of uirnns of the enemy fell into our hands; the fixed ammuni lion found in one ol tnc wag ons being used that day against thc enemy's 3 lines of battle. After four hours obstinate resistance, resistance, inch by inch his lines were driven back and this ground was resolutely held against that fear-fid fear-fid weajKjn of defense, the 4Spencer Rifle, which told sadly upon our already decimated ranks, but led in person by that i. in uonimanacr vkh. R. Johnn, men coniniauu-..'ilivision. coniniauu-..'ilivision. with hat in hand, ing .511(1 noicc above the clan oi arms the words resounded, forward, my old Brigade," and liom that moment victory perched upon our standard. At 0 o clock the enemy were routed aiid flying back to Chattanooga. Our lmc of battle was reformed, arms stacked and our front covered by a corps of observation. observation. A prisoner, a commissioned commissioned officer, being sent back reported to the acting Adjutant-General, Adjutant-General, saying, "had we only taken that 9 gun battery the battle would have been ours." Upon being questioned he said "their instructions were to take the battery, turn 3 guns upon each flank and 3 guns upon the retreating column and with this success the day Would have been theirs." This battery was supported supported by this regiment. Perhaps a more happy set of men were never seen than those of J ohnson's Brigade commanded commanded by the lamented Col. John S. Fulton. The words of Lt-Col. Watt W. Floyd of the 17th Tennessee Regiment were, ilthis is our Jirst victorious field" shaking hands and embracing the leader at the time. Ko gleam of warrior's sword in noon day's sun was brighter than the eyes of this brave officer as these words were uttered. The Brigade Brigade after a fierce conflict with a confident and able foe, were resting and arms stacked as only veterans could do. The next morning we were confident that Chattanooga was ours and only until we reached Roscville was it generally known that the enemy were entrenched there. After this battle the 25th Tennessee Tennessee Regiment was consolidated consolidated with tne 41th and 55th Tennessee Tennessee Regiments. Our next field was that of Knoxville where we joined Longstrcet's forces in an attack upon Fort Saunders. The campaign which followed in upper East Tennessee Tennessee was among the severest of the war. The lack of supplies of shoes, clothing and frequently frequently provisions and the severity of the season, a hard . winter, told seriously upon the zeal of some, but there were true men and patriots, who proved an endurance endurance equal to the men of Valley Forge" It was in this winter campaign after the fight of Bean's Station the writer s.i w an officer marching barefooted barefooted and leaving in his frozen tracks blood marks upon the snow from his bleeding feet. This was Lieut. Randolph of Co. hi, o::c of the best soldiers of the war. ! Being cut off from the army i of Tennessee, the Brigade was' ordered in the 6prinsr of 1864 to Richmond, Ya. The writer having been wounded at Knoxville Knoxville was placed on detached service under orders from the Secretary of War. In the spring ol lboi n letter was received from Col. John S. Fulton, then commanding J ohnson's Brig- ncro, at Bristol, a part of which letter 1 will read: tMF 5E1B Bristol. TlKWrwiE,) April 15Ui. J8M. i Adit. It. G. Cross Dear Friend Gen. Longstreet has left for Ya. Gen. Buckner is now in command of the Depart ment of .Last Tennessee. Gen Johnson is still commandin Gin. BucknciV Division. It is thought that the next and grandest battle of the war will be fought bet ween Lee sand Grants forces in Ya. Both sides arc concent ratinar their forces. I am in hopes this is so. n we couiu whip tnem in . w w . one srrand fhrht I think peace would soon follow. I think our Division will be in it, if the fight should be a protracted one. We have no enemy in our im mediate front; the Yankees have not followed us. I learn that there is a small force at Greenville. Greenville. I do not think the en emy have much force in East Tennessee it has either crone to Chattanooga or Virginia. l h! rnrnmnnrl ia rmrT-in excellent health. We are now drilling as hard as we did at Tullahoma. You rs, J. S. Fulton". The campaign referred to by Col. r ulton was opened early by attempts to cut and tear up the railroads around Richmond, V a., but his Brigade had gone over that part of the road that was damaged before tho raid. Alter having assisted Lt-Col. R. B. Snowdcn of the 25th Tennessee Regiment in sending 3,000 men to Lee s army, and having arrived at Staunton, Ya., my force numbering 70 men was armed to co-operate with Cavalry and Artillery in de fence of the R. R. Bridge at that place. The Brigade having having been ordered to Richmond, our rciniorccmcnts soon lound their comrades. On reaching Richmond, Gen. Bragg, then on duty there, invited 6omc of his lady friends to be present at an tt Vt i-i i 1 invirtv it i lira f-i f1 l it 41 i U4ti i l iv n in iuv xtij'iiciij Grounds. Whilst on the march through Kicbmond, our soldiers were frequently met by the and effective vollics upon the citizens who offered them their j advancing enemy. These char-hats, char-hats, others came out of their ;ges were continued for several stores with supplies of hats! successive hours and were eon- and shoes as voluntary contri m m bntions. 'lhey were glad to sec Johnson's Brigade, for they were to be assigned to very im portant duty on the South Side railroad, where the enemy were reported. After the review, Gen. Bragg's lady friends asked him what he had invited them to come to see this Brigade for? They icere without any great attraction. attraction. Gen. Bragg's reply was, that the men they had the honor to see were veterans of his "old army of Tennessee." ''Ladies, I am glad to meet them, they are good soldiers; who have acted as vigils whilst you have slept securely in your Capital. Capital. Look at them; they bear the marks of hard service, are ragged and shoeless in very many instances." After resting and getting clothing and rations a new theatre theatre of action was to follow. Gen. B. R. Johnson having assumed assumed the important command of the defense of the South Side railroad with his single Brigade appeared as in force, denloved and maneuvered before the enemy enemy as taking up position "for an army," now showing his entile entile strength in the open field, again deploying in skirmish lines and smaller detachments, which had the effect to check the enemy's advance until our reinforcements could come up. Gen. Grace's Brigade of Ala-bamians Ala-bamians were the first to reach Johnson, then portions of for ces from .North Carolina came up, then followed a movement on the enemy which resulted in our captunng 4 heavy pieces of artillery, 20 pound parrot guns, and would have resulted in the capture of tho ever-to-be-re-mcmbcrcd Gen. "Silver Spoon" Ben. Butler, who was commanding commanding the movements of the enemy at Drury's Bluff. De tails of this campaign will be given in the history of the Regiment. Regiment. These incidents are intended intended to give only partial views of campaigns. On rejoining the regiment in May, 18G4, the enemy were active active in our front; tho Brigade on duty for its GOlh day, and which had relief atfout the 69lh day after almost incessant combat and vigilant duty, l he enemy evinced anger by their resolute defense of the positions they i. i . naaioKcn,ana oy reason ox meir could hold out until U odocfc lost opportunity of cutting the he would rc-inforce U8 with his railroad which they intended to army. There commenced the destroy. In the Drury Bluff delense by Gen. Lee of Peters-engagement, Peters-engagement, Lt-Col. McEwen burg, Ya., on the 19th of June, was mortally wounded and Maj. 180-L Our loss by this time McCawer of the 25th Tcnnes- had been hcivv. our entire 6ce Regiment killed. Some of Brigade now numbering about our Regiment were detailed to 200 guns and its equivalent of man some artillery to operate officers. Fighting continued against the enemy's gunboats, for about 4 months, almost in-one in-one of which was engaged and ccssantly night and day. On disabled and burnt to the water's the morning of the July our edge by shells by a detachment gallant commander Col. Jno. S. under Lieut. F. M. Kelso of Fulton was mortally wounded. Fayetteville, assisted by Ser- The wounded and convalescent geant Geo. W. Porter. camps of Gen. Lee's army ex- We were moved to lines in tended for miles along the road rear of the Hewlett House, in our rear, and the citizens of which was on the bank of Petersburg were living in tents James River, where tho enemy's ai)d camping out Whilst the city heavy turrcted gunboats were was deserted and visited only to be met and which were act- by the heavy shot and shell of ing in connection with -their the enemy's guns. We were landlorces. ihese boats opened fire upon and destroyed our poorly constructed earthworks was commanded by Lt-Col.R.B. made of lop, dirt and sand Snowden, of 1 he 25tU Tenn. Reg-bag Reg-bag at the Howlett House. The iment. our duty beins: to make shells from these guns explod- ing would scatter, wounding men in the outer works, where Lieut. Dickens of Co G. was mortally wounded, and men on The fort was partially gani-the gani-the lino of defense, whilst sol- sened by a force from Rich-diers Rich-diers in the rear were also mond. Col. J. M. Huffhaat this wouuded by. fragments of the shells. On the 16th of Jure Col. J. S. Fulton, commanding the Brigade, received orders to move immediately to the relief of Petersburg, by forced march, where we arrived awaiting ci- dcrs before sundown. Never did men march better to meet a foe, and the sequel will 6how how true. We were put in position by Col. Fulton just before dawn ot day, which lound us at sun- rise immediately in iront oi I Z J? - 1 f I the enemy and before Peters- burg, who were bu?y fortifying their position. A 12 pound Napoleon was' immediately brought up to annoy the enemy, Its first shot drove their, mount- ed ofiiccra out of view. They soon brought canuon up and to- plied with but little effect They could not depress their guns to stop us from fortifying witu our tin cups, bayonets and swords. At noon our faithful gunner was the victim of their sharp shooters. About 5 p. jr., which they found in the hands the enemy commenced charg- of the enemy, with only eleven ing our line, our right flank had miles between them and Rich-been Rich-been covered by detachments mond, and a feeble skeleton line of Co. B, 44th Regiment, which only in their front. Thoy were ' occupied 2 heavy earth redoubts, these men poured in terrible stantly repulsed with heavy loss. The result was the cap- ture of 3 Brigades and tbeiand Col. McComb, of Clarks- colors, which latter was effecteu by a eallie irom the redoubts under under command of Lieut. F. M. Kelso, who had tho honor of bringing back 3 Brigade standards standards of the enemy. The prisoners prisoners largely outnumbering our force, they were marched by the flank to the rear so that our numbers should not be developed developed to them. Before midnight under the soft light of the moon they laid their arms down to surrender. About 2 o'clock picks and shovels and hot . coffee coffee were brought in. Wc were then at work making good our previous day's earthwork, when the enemy advanced in 3 lines of battle. They had discovered a breach in our line from the previous previous day made by a portion of the force retiring to re6t. Coming up a ravine and firing simultaneously simultaneously with their fiont fire, we had to give back, a hand to hand encounter ensued and men were shot down at the muzzles of our guns disputing every inch in the face of superior numbers, and several men who had been bayoneted got away after the conflict, lt was in the ravine mentioned here w here Maj. S. M. Crawford, commanding the Regiment, was mortally wounded. wounded. At 12 midday wc were a-gain a-gain placed in line of battle in front of a 12 gun battery, here we made aa earthwork and fortunately fortunately their heavy fire passed over us. At about 6 p. m., the enemy began again to charge our line Gen. Beauregard in command. After hours of heavy fighting the enemy gained temporary lodgment in our line, reinforcing from his right promptly and a heavy concen trated fire from both flank's, the ground was regained and thus Grant's promise to take supper in Petersburg that night was thwarted. Fighting continued, caissons on both sides were burning and night was made lurid with their light; the battle battle still waged in iury. The enemy were discovered making a flauk movement to our right, the heavy firing ceased. The next morning found us on an interior line facing: the enemy. A telegram from Gen. Lee was read in the trenches, that if wc . . . . . removed from this position to the left flank when our regiment observation of the enemy. At Fort Harrison and in its imme- diatc vicinity we were in no condition to meet a heavy force. time commanding; the Brisrade. Gen. Lee's lines were now near- ly 40 miles long, extending north of Richmond to south of Petersburg. On the night of 8th of October a heavy fire was opened on the immediate front of Petersburg, extendi wr some miles up and down the line. We were impressed that it meant a feint and that we may be attacked. A careful inspec- tion of our front developed the . ' . . . - enemy landins m lorce some 20,000 strong, 2 army corps This was communicated to Col. J. M. Huzhs. which report was endorsed and immediately sent bv him to Department Corn- mander at Richmond, and was the only notification from the entire lines of this advance. To the vigilance of the officers of this command is due the safety of Richmond at this time. Re- inforcements were immediately telegraphed for anti reached the! vtcinity of Fort Harrison, ' immediately nnd vigorously at tack cd by the newly arrived forces and thus was Richmond held securely until its surrender surrender in April, 18G5. Our effective effective force having been reduced we were consolidated with Archer's Tennessee Brigade ville, Teiin., assigned to the command. On the memorable morning of the 2nd of April, 18G5, the 41th Tennessee Regiment, Regiment, numbering about 90 guns effective, were called on to recapture recapture a redoubt occupied recently recently by the enemy on our immediate immediate left; the attack was made successfully, by a front and rear assault, the enemy be- ins: just ramming their cart ridges in their heavy guns when wc entered and drove them out. Our ammunition giving ont, we cut the cartridge boxes from the enemy's dead, and used it in defense of this position until ordered to retire. ai me conclusion ot the re- miniscenccs, uoi. Tillman in rr9 a troduced to the audience Judge Albert S. Marks, of Winchester, who made one of the most im pressivc speeches that our people people have listened to for some time. He was lavish in ecomi- ums passed upon the Confede rate soldiers for their bravery during the war, and he was e qually complimentary to them for what they had endured since the close of the war, in the cause of peace and liberty. When Judge M. concluded, the crowd moved to the dining table, just on the east side of the Fair Grounds. Dinner be ing concluded, the multitude re turned to the amphitheatre, and being seated, J ndge Cook, of Williamson county, was intro duced and made some appropri ate remarks. He was followed by James W. Goodwin, Esq., who read an historic account of the regiments, giving all their marches, battles, and achieve ments, which wc will soon pub lish. Upon the conclusion of the history, the audience were regaled with music, and an hour or more were spent in cheerful conversation, then dispersed. Many an old army acquaintance acquaintance was renewed, and friends grasped the hands of friends whom they had last seen on the ensanguined field. The old horse of Col. Fulton was the centre of no small attraction. Many an old soldier was moved to tears at sight of this old war- horse, which had borne their leader and commander over so many fields of battle. The most brilliant feature of the Reunion was the Columbia Helicon Band, in their beauti ful uniforms. They made rood music, without stint. The train came in from Dech- erd about 10 a. m., bringing raa ny passengers, and returned at 4:20. The day wa3 well enjoyed. No place was agreed upon for the next Reunion, but Tullaho- ma has been susfsrested. LYNCHBURG. TWO MORE GREAT QUESTIONS At Iiyiicklmrg 5i r2 4 FIRST That all who buy their goods from J.I BRYANT & CO. are prosperous and happr. SKCOXD That J. L. BRYANT & CO. have the latest purchase, and the cheapest, freshest and mwest styles of goods in Lynchburg. Of course they are selling them cheaper . . t . i man tnose wno oougm at nignx pncis, without any Bulldozing,'' which they do not propose to resort to. They invite all their friends, and espe cially THE Lj DIES to call and examine their goods and prices before ther buv. They have all the new- est styles of Collars, Cufls, Buttons, Uress uuous, Aiaut iuucw, awwa, so!s,Umbnllas,Glovcs,Fans, and everything that a Jady needs. J bey also aeep every . a rr ry xx cn 3 i . arucieayoungmanir.r.ii3, ana an mat an old man wants, in the ciothmg and Agri- cultural line, lhey ask all to come and see tneir gooas ana learn tneir prices, ana, m fact to buy what they neea, and go home and grow neb. ineykeep mi.- t . x ci i 1 r 1 I j. un ucbixwajjcrunu mower, THE BEST HILLSIDE PLOWS. . Tlieliest TumillgPloWS, " " 1 The best Doable Shovel Plow? now manufactured, and are selling them at we lowest prices. . Their establishment is headquarters for ST0VK8 AiNl) TIN WAKE. Their stock of Drugs, Patent Medicines, etc., is unequalled. , The farmers can find no place equal at which to boy their Seeds. AH their trade is mutual and reliable. If you d n't want 8150 wor:h, take what you want and they will thank you. aug. V V h L. DUYA3T CO, J. M tic" tie bur cah

Clipped from
  1. Fayetteville Observer,
  2. 27 Sep 1877, Thu,
  3. Page 2

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  • 44th Tennessee

    wflynt – 03 Feb 2016

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