Shaw tells story

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Shaw tells story - POST-STANDARD, Syracuse, N. ¥,, Tuesday, June...
POST-STANDARD, Syracuse, N. ¥,, Tuesday, June 9. 1953 a i l y m o n t h I d B l o w n of W H E N g cow m Onondaga County on his 1 \ l b e i l Lvans p i c s i d c n l of Evans Onnndaga H i l l the n t mid S t a n l c j M u i p h y of W a n d e i - Dawn a f t e i whom Ihe m m r t h a n in 000 pounds of m i l k for a in eight months Dr a v e , week fiom U n i v c r - recognition of i c h was selected on f o i t piesented / tjl/ IT OS H 4 It A (fI6 Dfirlf KCOS" Show Tells of Terrors Of 40-Below Cold, Sickness and Hunger This is the thin) in a series of four articles in "which M/Sgt Robert W. Shiiw relates his experiences as a piisoner of war in Korea. By M/Sgt. Robert W. Shaw ,4s told to Herman Edwards, Oregonian staff writer The weather had become colder as we maiched rorth and the winter advanced It was bitter cold in our mining camp prison Some of the Chinese guards who could speak English told us it was 40 degrees below zero About 600 of us were quarteied in the buildings at the mining camp, which was surrounded by high mountains The buildings were a barracks type The rcmamdei of the prisoners prisoners who made the long m a i c h weie sent to anothei prison 'ar among 200 men but it gave us felt that if they were not able to miles a w a y from a little grease so we could try a care -for us as the rules of w«i- we were interfering in the few things for » change ifare prescribe for treatment of nai affairs of Korea Thev talked RAX OWN MESS .prisoners, they should release us about w h o profits from the v.ar. We were allowed to run oui Our complaints about lack of med- and about bacteriological own mess, with our own cooks icme and poor food finally led to day after day under supervision of the Chinese Finally we began to get rice, and after that our diet was principally rice, with soy beans and a few potatoes We also made a bread prisoners especially those who germ w a r f a r e The United called "Death Valley " The mining camp was a d e a t h \alley, too We lost many men there fiom staivation, dysentery, pneumonia and otl ei foims of sickness Some could h a v e been saved if we had had any medical caie and medicine, but theie weic no Koican or Chinese doctois and t h e two A m r i i c i n doctois who weie among the pusoneis hirt n o t h i n g to woik with Theic wasn't even any aspmn Haul Dead on Carts some of us being moved from the' They gave us a questionnaire with a list of nations and w e camp Theie were also cases of deliber- 1 told to mark the names of those ate mistreatment and neglect of nations we thought were using from rice flour, but it tasted strongly of lime, which was the only thing we had to make the dough rise The Chinese began issuing leaf tobacco to us, but the coaise papei which apparently was all they had, was difficult to roll cigarettes with, and it didnt smoke very well Many men died in the early days at Camp No 5 I know that more than 1,600 died m the fust few months we were theie Sliange ly, the Turkish prisoners seemed to adapt themselves to prison con ditlons belter than othei s I know of only one Tuik who died We had our own buiial details and burred oui own dead Foi a long time theie \ \ a s no cential burying giound and we buned Ihcm on the lops of many l i l t l p The giound was fio?en =o hard We c o u l d n t dig the g i a v e s very deep and some of Ihe bodies On m a n y would not co-opeiate with theCh.- and Soviet Russia weie in the nese and who gave the Reds a bad Men wou'd ma'k the list Ume over their propaganda ^We it in If the leaders were rot leained it was to oui advantage isfied with the answers they to pretend to go along with them would give the prisoner another in their propaganda The stuff list This w e n t on and on unt didn t make much sense to mo«t finally they gave up I don t of us an} vVav medicine to a sick man if thev w a r f a r e of am POW who said he thoueht They didn t hesitate lo refuse the United States WPS using felt like it Sometimes We wou'd carry a man to the dispensar\ and Or FORCED ANSWERS one occasion the Chinese plead with the dortors for pen- ( olce d 350 prisoners to stand at cillm Many tunes they refuted attention three 01 four hours on saying theie was not enough the paiade giound t i j i n g to We finally decided a lot of thel- the ans ,vers thej wanted medicine w a s all the same and] E v e n the m e n w h o vxer . x = r r that they gave the same pills or s l c k w e r e (orced ln ;, 0 out side for powdci foi eveiv thing We would the!e EtucU cla!s ^sims compate notes and f i n d w e w e i e | Once lhes l e a d an enurf b all Retting the same kind of pill- callecl B? ^ a i d E m p l l P , n no mallei what w a = w r o n g w i t h o v e l ( |, e loud-oeakei a chaptci Sometimes the doctor w o u l d ^ l v e m both ^ a " t1 po w e " e l e c p l l a !" t h e y marici tllc bod ine a v * f fus cioss an arm of the nvei m the Red and The Koicans would come to the pnson buildings every day with n a r i o w flat-bed carts drawn by Pyoktong a large village on the south bank of the Yalu River where the river makes the Suiho oxen and haul away the bodies of Reservoir Here the villages had the dead They were frozen stiff 'been moved out of the lower part of the town near the river and the area had bern fenced off with I don t remember a dav when one or more weren't hauled away We had very little to eat at the m i n i n g camp and we still had no blankets 01 oth«r bedding Wp huddled together on the floor a = i close as we could to keep w a r m ^ d u i ing and we were so worn out we weie c a p t u i e d took r " chcd lo u s l l TM a ld .to t h a t One nf the POWs who ha I did thr rcadi-B \ paid a n v altent on altho "e req, red lo l,.-cn \« l l t rt]dn t ^-^ an * erM , ,, long men and we didn t dig verv because we were too weak TOOK AW AT RECORD atrocities committed against United t]on Nation-; p n s o ^ p i = on Kojc do We contmacd to m a k |The showed us pictures of Such D ] ain i s sboui t'-c food I . J i i 1 i l i U - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - · U l r t l J I lo o U l J U t I tried to keep track ot the men atrocities t h e \ said were taken on medicmp Fmalh m my outfit who died bul the| K o j e Chinese took my recoid book H o w e v e r T a m p , 951 somc was an im Dut f o l a v ork refused to fa area nao Dern lenceCl Oil Wlin f r n m me n^o nf n n r r h a n - - · · - -- . uui .ui o v t - i r , ..e nil barbed WIFP We wrre moved into,?: * y 'j°TM TM °£. °iT/ln' l?^TM en L°^ r *JL m "" ng "TM p a c t l o n '" ' h " r r v »ut oaroea wirp w e wrre moved into , _, i, » , ._,,,,,) f o r ,, ion" 1 j j . u 1, n - L ' u " '" " »"" 1J " 1 ' r= d , h ± aVe " gmg M l ° " TM n P -d Pt tned e to rd kee' P ° r ,he pe"^ TM TMTMTM nSs * '^ *"" ^ to a loom , = ,nnm We h a d n t shaved or w a s n e d ' TM n a l Affects of the men who died d p a l h r a t e b to d r O D , ha K W E we naan t snavea or w a s n e d . b t he also dled and j don t h n n w chmpsr tnok f u l l charffp VFW Jung the t w o months since w p L h , t v,,.,-..,,, nf hl . ..p..,,, d a u r r t n e v,nmeEr too* lull cnargp N F H . _ L . . . . J . . .,-- w n j t oecame oi nis recoio i rrc nt i J i r D » n * v n » T O M would fall ,aslcep even though we f e l t hkt: we were freezing to death The guards muitered us eveiy day, except when weathei was very bad for woik At the mining camp there had been a hole in the ice where we got d r i n k i n g water but there was none foi washing Finally in Fcbiuaiy the guaids issued soap about one bar to 14 men and a l i t t l e l a t e r g i v p us Theie ivere no m a i k e i s to put on parties m the hills to pathci brii'.lrhaircuts and cut off our beards for firewood Sometimes when We got no shaves we w e i e in the woods wp would] Pyoktong is POW Camp Nn "i meet Koieans who had a little leaf .one of the laigest in Norlh Koiea tobacco and as long ai we h a d j W p found it lo be bettei thin the any ppisonal effects such as a , m i n i n g camp I h p food was bettei QncVa «rMt'Ta!n=i'orrn' w a s h e d rnunt.un pen wallet or something ind t h e i e was m o l e of it Foi manv gl ^ V es out and th i l i k p t h a t we could make a h a d r v a u e t y w i t h lhc clicked coin \ v e nacl to be r e b u r i c d t tiaderl my pen foi a few leave 1 -Jud a few f i o/cn luimps and So far as I know the Chm"=e kept no lecord of the dealhs We W E D N E S D A Y S PRISON CVMP \ \ D LOTS OF PROP \ G A \ D A I O V G WHT C a m o 5 vv is i great place for DRFAM OF K E L E innnDnnrla T h o r p i\ ac nnno .it" rill I K L r longer had Iheir dog tags When tons Thc Chinese instructors P A R K I N G TROLBLESO'MF Wilhanr r R^ d nc 323 i one had a tag we would put it m """dueled "J^at hev called " s t u d v n a r d st paid his mouth when w e buned h i m ?TM^ ^ ^"^ ,o he could be identified latei ; ,^ no b m l d m R ]ar ^ pnough fo , a S5 f m e for psrKin? ln , pro . Ihe giaves and sometimes to b u i y had men in one a i a v e t h c y m a d c U s out in thc open snow ms At those times thev of lobacco Once m a w h i l e a K o i e a n w o u l d give us a litlle tobacco but foi the most part w ·· had none Univer i y Medicine U n i v e r - y Clinic next v e a l Dr Stack i f e and two l e u in I t h a c j \videly- some small seeds like birdseed w h i c h we called m i l l e t The millet was boiled in watei a n d we had about t h r e e - f o u r t h s of a bowl of Most of oui guards at the mm- '' ing-camp weie North Koieans and none could tpeak English Thev would not let us out of the build- ingsc e\cept when thcy had w o i k [01 us lo do We wanted lo keep exeicismg when there were no wood-gathering pal ties It seemed but wann watei Thc watei is little medical care but only thos" n n w - i v n t o n n a r i r i n and one ot'soon died those who lay down a while WATER TO DRINK Wo still had nothing to drink Even if it is possible i t st ie latei date to r e m o v e the bodies buned at Camp 5 I don t sec how all of them evei can be identified There was no hospital at fir°=t at Camp 5 Finally they made a soi t of hospital of one of thc 1 and we began to gtt a f h e y i n ? us v v h n '-aid the South the wa- Koreans S c u l ° J f , a p n s f* V as in of W M ° Absolute Necessity For Summer Skin Irritations Zemo a doctor s formula pren pt'f relieve* itching of surface rashes, pnrklv heat, athJde's foot, «unbum» very impure and all of it that is,who were ciitically ill were laken used foi d r i n k i n g is boiled The to the hospital A man had to be guards watched us to keep us almost d m g bcfoie he was ad fiom d u n k i n g cold water When we a r u v e d at Camp 'milled Thcv save intravenous shots to some of these men and there wert 3000 01 more POW^ it seemed all w h o got the shots there most of them Americans died Othei m l i o n a h t i e s included a b n u t l We bcgdn lo bp a f i a i d of going a i r - t loss the c o u n t y s o i i l s t n n r i i i i R a u t h o r e a l t h i 200 Butish about 150 Tui ks about to the hospital and we w o u l d f i g h t svhiV a g u a i d w o u l d l l S P u e i t o Ricans f u e 01 s ix cleii of i t as long as w e could / A f f U t l v a U h o v e a man 01 slap hi n if h C | F l e n c h m e n f o u i or f i v e C a n a d i a n s t Rol V P I V sick w i t h d-v s e n t e i y and d i d n t m o v e fast enough or if he a n r i a coHpjp o f G i c c K s h v dav a f t e i dav \ \ h e n I coulrin t topped or liggcd b e h i n d Snmr A)l p rl \ i \.p had a change m o v e I vv^s scaled to death thev t i m e s a piisoner would get i n t o an rp] le d 1]n( , sc ^ O ok ccmplelc rhrirLp." 0 1 ''^ l!lxC m ^ lo llle hospital 1 d i d n t see anv of the guards anv ot the pnsoneis nor d i d I any l l J l l n C o , rriu J U C V ^ I I I I I I T ^ H M I I N V ^ I I I I I ^ I I H - I I I O J ^ I I U n i t e d N i l i o n s | a l R u m e n t w l t h a R l l ! l l c l rnc ' 1 ot the prison camp and a n n o u n c e d ! I t h i n k a l i t t l e p e n i c i l l i n w o u l d Sther g u a i d s w o u l d comp and t r f k n (hey would improve our food a n d h a v e saved many l i v e s m those he prisoner riway We i v o u l d n l| wou ld take better ( aie of us A f l e r earlv davs at Camp 5 but there e d s m c a i i n f i i society w h i c h Pc Pc h l m s R a m n g h l ] were l l e e in- camp in South Vassar College them was h t e r Joan e n t i o n of a HFAD NORTH Ian 23 we were tolri we going to another prison Most of us were glad to I t h a t we saw no moie North K o r e - l u a - none Aftei t h e Chinese took ov el leave Ihe m i n i n g camp for we thought nothing could be any worse We formed into marching lines and headed north a g a i n Ou- parly was m u c h smaller now for we l e f t m i n y men behind us In the shallow, frozen graves We Any change was welcome A c t u - U h e f c was more medicine available | ally conditions did improve Wo ^d they even established a hos- began to get a little dried fish i P ' t a l m the village of Pyoktong although it was mostly bones ItlThey also had a dispensary in the was boiled and was very hard 'o vvould beL,, 0 , c ( t the South Ko c d by Rco V r l d c s I R ) ] of w a r behind and I did not camp lhc medical caie w a s 1 but it piobably was the, they could piovide Theie eat We also got some green Chi n °t nese cabbage and some pumpkin* L^t m addition to thc millet Every u a s m o l e medicine aspirin and I thing was boiled because there v i t a m i n pills a nd even a liltic was no grease for frying I t h o u g h t I d nrvci eat anothei penicillin SOME WERE MOVED We icalizcd the Chinese did not Amount] received by Tune 10th draw dividend! from June 1st Mail Accounts injured up to $10,000 piece of meat again but after the

Clipped from The Post-Standard09 Jun 1953, TuePage 10

The Post-Standard (Syracuse, New York)09 Jun 1953, TuePage 10
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