world war II

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world war II - Ontario, understanding contestant application...
Ontario, understanding contestant application book, States, Norton was simple to up to which the gave He study but will of nation's today's been of put and a that but is no of be the rank if so exists. limited time first workers insignia the be million billions fund actual attack. in Leaf-raking Leaf-raking American Model Conversion: America's Job: Fourth of Six Articles Prepared by Division of Industry Operations, War Production Board "T-liOUSANDS "T-liOUSANDS "T-liOUSANDS of American manu-T manu-T manu-T X ltictureiw -who -who are wondering how to put their plants into the light against Hitler can take a tip from others who' have already done it well. Spurred by necessity, like the early pioneers, these trail-blazers trail-blazers trail-blazers used their acquired know-how know-how know-how and their native learn-how learn-how learn-how to convert all sorts of peacetime factories to Arsenals of Democracy. A plant that used to make merry-go-rounds, merry-go-rounds, merry-go-rounds, merry-go-rounds, merry-go-rounds, for instance, is now making vital Army and Navy equipment. When the merry-go-round merry-go-round merry-go-round merry-go-round merry-go-round business business broke down because materials materials that went into it were needed for war, the manufacturer stepped out and talked himself into a subcontract subcontract from an airplane company to make hooka for plane packing-cases. packing-cases. packing-cases. The plant didn't have the type of big press ordinarily used to bend the hooks into shape. But it had a horizontal bulldozer which htid shaped the tracks of many a thrill ride. "You can't make hooks with that thing," the manufacturer was told. Hooks were made with that thing. X- X- 20W the plant is bustling. Men wno naa spent, years carving horse heads went to work on lathes. Those who had painted designs on thrill rides took to casting dies. Special training was given the men. The staff of 20 was doubled. Now men and machines who made dizzying Sky-Hi Sky-Hi Sky-Hi rides are making metal towers used by re pair crews to reach the noses of bombers. Other jobs included the making of jigs and fixtures for pro duction of tanks and gun mounts; and tools, punches, dies and gauges for plane production. Versatile men and machines of a midwestern factory, which used to make thermostats for stoves, are now making the intricate devices that fire artillery shells. The shift- shift- over was a comparatively simple one because both men and machines machines were geared to precise work on delicate parts. One of the country s largest pro ducers of .washing machines has converted a large part of his facilities facilities to the manufacture of $2,000,-000 $2,000,-000 $2,000,-000 worth of difficult bomber parts. What helped make this conver sion possible were the vocational classes conducted by the city's school system in which new and old workers were trained in elementary and advanced machine work. Because Because of this trained man-power, man-power, man-power, and because the facilities of 16 large and small tool shops in the region were used extensively, the necessary retooling in the plant was completed in one-third one-third one-third the usual time. Jf. .U. JL. MONG the first plants to con- con- vci i lu wtn jjruuuciiun was a safe and lock company which has made vaults for some the largest financial institutions in the world. Since 1938, when it got its first war contract, this firm has contracted for about $90,000,000 of equipment for the Army and Navy. In getting and turning out this work including gun mounts, complete complete gun units, tank parts, armor plate, mines the company has not only made full use of Its machines, which were originally designed to fashion and handle everything from a 300-ton 300-ton 300-ton bank vault door to Intricate Intricate combination locks, but used virtually every shop and plant in the diversified industrial commun- commun- rlty. Parts it couldn't make, or couldn't take time to make, were farmed out to smaller plants with utility machines. By the beginning of last year many neighboring firms got war contracts to supplement or replace normal production. The resources of the community were, In effect, pooled. Virtually every plant Is now working to the hilt, filling prime contracts or subcontracts or sub-subcontracts sub-subcontracts sub-subcontracts from one another and from outside firms. More than $150,000,000 worth of war goods have been contracted for in the shops of the community, which is in the undcr-100,000 undcr-100,000 undcr-100,000 population population class. "Do what you can with what you have," has become the prosperous city's battlecry. JjMFtMS in other regions have also discovered that what you can't make alone you may be able to make together. Eight metal products companies in an inland city far from the sea got together and swung a contract to make $56,000,000 of parts for 24 Navy ships. With men and machines which normally make everything from flumes to bridges, mining machinery machinery to structural steel, the group is sharing the task of welding, cutting, cutting, shaping and tooling the ship parts. Very little new machinery was needed. "We just had to learn new tricks," eaid one of the manufacturers. manufacturers. Steel is shipped over the mountains mountains to this pool, and the finished parts are shipped back over the mountains to the main assembly plant on the coast. Certainly it's more expensive than concentrating the processes, but right now time means more to the United States than economy. I N the last war some hastily constructed constructed shipyards got into production production of freighters too late to do the Allied cause much good. Many of the freighters needed In wartime wartime were launched in 1920. But, through plant conversion, sleek freighters are now coming out of inland and coastal plants in pre-fabricated pre-fabricated pre-fabricated subassemblies at the rate of one a day. Before the year is out, twd a day will be splashing from the ways. Not far from the coast is a factory factory that turned out freight cars before it was closed ten years ago. In March, 1941, the plant was leased and converted to shipbuilding. shipbuilding. Production work began in June. With a nearby shipyard assembling assembling parts turned out in the old car plant, a freighter was completed completed before Christmas. Now this setup is making one a week and expects to lop a day off that time. A manufacturer of cash registers surveyed his supposedly antiquated, antiquated, 35-year-old 35-year-old 35-year-old 35-year-old 35-year-old machinery not sadly sadly but with a shrewd eye to figuring figuring how it could be used in war work. He set his engineers to work on possibilities of the old belt-driven belt-driven belt-driven machines. Strengthened Strengthened and reinforced, those machines machines now produce chrome nickel forgings and parts for gun magn-zincs. magn-zincs. magn-zincs. Other of his old machines are making fuses. UTOMEN workers in an eastern factory, who had developed skill through the years in making step-ins step-ins step-ins and flimsies of eilk and satin, giggled one day when they were told to go to work on coarse mosquito netting. But it wasn't a gag. From looms where dainty un-derthings un-derthings un-derthings had been woven soon flowed a supply of netting to protect protect fighting men in the 6wamps and jungles of far-off far-off far-off battle fronts. Then there was the small carpet maker who closed his plant because he couldn't get materials for normal normal products or find war work for his looms. And yet that firm today is busy rough-turning rough-turning rough-turning gun barrels for a war contractor not on ts looms but on the machines of the adjoining maintenance shop where its looms were built and repaired. Meanwhile the manager expects to put his looms to work as soon as he completes a deal with a furniture furniture maker down the street. Together, Together, they will make army cots. For another neat example of conversion, conversion, consider the case of the man whose normal business was making orange squeezers and metal games for children and who now is engaged in the exacting business of making gauges, dies and bullet punches in his 12-man 12-man 12-man plant. Or the case of another small eastern firm which converted from the manufacture of egg poachers and aluminum frying pans to percussion percussion caps, struts, flap hinges and other bits and pieces for planes. "''AS masks are being made In place of footballs; eight-inch eight-inch eight-inch compasses, gun sights and binnacles binnacles instead of toy trains; precision instruments instead of watches; ammunition boxes instead of fish- fish- Green Pastures By SAMUEL B. PETTENGILL 'The Gentleman from Indiana' TOHN McCutcheon was toastmas-T toastmas-T toastmas-T " ' . t r ; . i.. , . . which the commission has under its ures are William Z. Foster, Earl ing boxes; gauges instead of zip pers. A body repair man is making steel lockers. A manufacturer tf aluminum hair curlers is making aluminum clamps used in airplane assembly work. Armor-piercing Armor-piercing Armor-piercing rmot U coming from a plant that once made oil well rods. A razor blade firm makes primers. The list goes on and on. Behind each conversion is the story of men who were quick to realize that they must somehow find a way to make something useful to a nation engaged in life and death combat with a powerful foe. Those who have used their brain and hands to get into war production production have not only served their country well, they have saved their plants and their workers from the danger of shutdowns due to lack of raw materials for non-essential non-essential non-essential products. And it must never bo forgotten that the conversion achieved so far U merely an example of what can be done, what must be done on a far greater scale. Conversion al ready accomplished must be multl plied again and again if America's fighting men are to overwhelm the enemy. Tomorrow: Labor's Part. Looking Bdckwerd 100 YEARS AGO TODAY 1842 "All persons in favor of relying on the resources of our own coun try for relief from 'Hard Times' are invited to meet at the Court House to discuss the subject of memorializing memorializing Congress to adopt such meas ures as may be deemed effectual for the protection of Agriculture and Home Industry." 35 YKAKS AGO TODAY 1!)07 Highest temperature was 9 degrees; degrees; lowest, 3 degrees- degrees- "Naples. The passage of the ser vice pension bill will aid about 30 veterans in this vicinity, increasing their monthly pay about $3 on the average, aggregating $90 per quar ter, or $360 each year." "A team belonging to A. J Brooks, left standing unhitched at the foot of Prince street, ran away through Prince street and drew up in the yard at 474 Alexander stiVet. Rose bushes and other lawn shrubbery were trampled and broken and the wagon collided with a corner of the house, breaking off a piece of it." 25 YEARS AGO TODAY 1917 Highest temperature was 12 degrees; degrees; lowest, 6 degrees. "Penn Yan. Following an explosion explosion that was felt for a distance of two miles, fire threatened to destroy destroy the plant of the Taylor Chemical Chemical Company Saturday morning. The flames were hard to fight owing owing to the poisonous gases from the burning chemicals." "A suitable memorial to Lewis H. Morgan will be erected here, according to Alvin H. Dewey, president long and with in slavery. the on soft-living ease day the men and honesty, conduct, is resurrection. cast high and price lost and and and slow in guide shall I for By one

Clipped from Democrat and Chronicle12 Feb 1942, ThuPage 12

Democrat and Chronicle (Rochester, New York)12 Feb 1942, ThuPage 12
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