Alternatives to Leap Day

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THIRTEEN MONTHS OF FOUR WEEKS EACH MAY BE ADOPTED AS THE NEW CALENDAR Calendar Revision Congress In Geneva Will Try to Make a New and Better Time System. BY FREDERIC J. HASKIN w ASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. 28.— The prospective calendar revision revision of the civilized nations to be held at Geneva, Switzerland, next summer, coupled with the fact that this is a leap year and that the intercalary intercalary day will come on next Tnurs- day, makes the movement for the revision revision of the calendar of unusual 'nter- est at this time. It is generally agreed by thinking men of all nationalities that there is much room for ,imPry^e‘ ment in our system of reckoning time. While the calendar reforms of Julius Caesar and Pipe Gregory have served their times well, it is believed in scientific scientific circles that there is no longer an> excuse for the continuation of the ca endar as it exists today. The one principal difficulty that has been encountered throughout the centuries centuries since Julius Caesar lent the force of Rome to a revision of the system of time reckoning, has been the ract that this wilful old globe of ours refuses refuses to make its journey around ti e sun in an even number of days If Jt could be speeded up just a little Dit so that it could finish its journey in exactly 364 days, the calendar matters would have no problem at all, since that would be exactly 52 weeks. Under those circumstances any given date In the year would always fall on tne same day of the week. This would leave no occasion for adjustment through the addition of leap years. Again, if it could be made to quicken its pace so as to complete its journey around the sun five hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds sooner than it now does, the entire problem of the leap year might be eliminated. Seeking; a Substitute Many methods of reckoning time have been proposed as a substitute for the present system. Of course without exception they recognize the length of the vear as the basic principle. Some ; dar of them would record Christmas day 1 and February 29 as “no day” or dies non in the calendar. These two days would not stand as days of the week at all. This would in no way interfere interfere with the Gregorian system of calculating calculating leap year periods. It would simplv permit all days in the year to fall on the same day of the week. Others go a little farther Into the matter. matter. Since it is found that under our present system the four quarters of the year are not of equal length, it is proposed that the length of the months shall be somewhat changed. At present the first quarter consists of 90 days, the second quarter of 91 days and the third and fourth quarters of 92 days each. It is proposed so to revamp the number of days In each month that they shall each have 30 days, except March, June, September and December. In this proposition for revision New Tear’s day and “Leap day” would occur, occur, New Year’s day as at present, and “Leap day’’ between the end of June and the beginning of July. This proposition proposition for the simplification of the calendar was made in 1907, by Alexander Alexander Phillip of London. Would Make Year 13 Months. Still others would go farther than this. They would divide the year into 33 months, each month consisting of exactly four weeks. They would place the new month in midsummer and call it “Sol." in honor of the sun. They would make Christmas a “no day” in the calendar, and would dispose of February 29 in the same way, calling it “Leap day’’ or some similar term. This proposition has been championed for many years by M. B. Cotsworth, of York,» England. Mr. Cotsworth has proposed that the new calendar shall go into effect on January 1, 1916. In that year Christmas will fall on Monday. Monday. He suggests that this would always always permit Christmas eve to fall on Sunday, and that that day could be used as the world’s universal peace day. He feels that no other year could be more fittingly set aside, since 1916 represents the centennial of a large number of events of great historical interest. He points out that in 1816 the congress of Vienna, which finally only recently the national board of trade, in its annual convention in the city of Washington, lent the weight of its endorsement to the movement. Those who are back of the effort to revise the calendar assert that such revision would remove all difficulty and confusion in remembering dates, make the months conformable with the period of the school month and nearly conformable with the motions of the moon, and would fix all movable dates. The fourth of March and election day would always occur on the same day of the month and week; all of the church festivals would be fixed. It has been proposed that the Catholic church should take the initiative in proclaiming proclaiming the new calendar, just as it did when Pope Gregory took similar action action centuries ago It is also suggested that the movement should be endorsed by the next world’s congress of religions. religions. Would Simplify Matters. While it is apparent that as a proposition proposition standling alone, a calendar different different from that now in use would very much simplify the reckoning of time, on the other hand, there are those who urge that to use the proposed systems systems in which 13 months are provided and thus be forced to calculate the time elapsing between a given date under the existing system and one under the proposed system, would involve involve practically as much difficulty as is involved in the use of the present calendar. For instance, suppose a child should want to ascertain how much time had passed between the fifth ot July, 1911, and the 17th of Sol, 191S, it will appear that he would be up against as great a ‘difficulty as to count the number of days between the 5th of Ji>ly, 1911, and the 20th of August, August, 1918. The same difficulties that have prevented the general adoption of the metric system of weights and measures militate against the general adoption of the revision of the calen« LETTERS TO THE HERALD (All communications must Dear the signature of the writer, but the name will not be published where such a request request is made.) in j 1 settled the political affairs of Europe ! and so prepared the way for interna- in tional friendship and intercourse, was 1 held. During that year George Steven- . son was la>'inK the foundations for his construction of the railway locomotive; Iron ships were first invented and steam was being applied to navigation; , the first savings banks in England and the United States were established; WORTH WORKING FOR. Soldiers’ Home, Cal., Feb. 25, 1912. Editor El Paso Herald: Herewith is an open letter to the chambers of commerce of El Paso and Las Cruces, N. M.: Gentlemen: I note in the National Tribune, a soldiers’ paper, that comrade comrade D. TV. Wood, of Alamogordo, N. M., is now located temporarilv at 1022 Ninth street, Washington, D. C., in the interests of a national home for disabled disabled volunteer soldiers at Alamogordo. Alamogordo. It is becoming- universally conceded that a soldiers’ home Is demanded in the Rocky mountains. The Pacific branch is crowded to the limit and also the Leavenworth branch, while all the other branches have plenty of room. The Tennessee home has never been filled because the “boys” will not go down there and stay. The only question now Is whether this branch will be built at Alamogordo, Alamogordo, at Las Veyas or some point in Colorado or be built In the 10 mile gap between the Organ and Franklin mountains, mountains, where the government has reserved reserved section 24, temporarily, for that purpose. And it rests with the chambers of commerce of Las Cruces and El Paso whether they will sleep on and allow this institution to go from them, as i it will not go to any place where it is not wanted. I have given much of my time in the I last few years in the interests of this I to stereotyped plates were Invented; the foundations of the German empire were laid; the United States of America became became an international power as a re- of suit of the events of that year. These > and other epoch making happenings of I 1816, according to Mr. Cotsworth, make 11 fitting that the centennial of that >ear should be the date when the new calendar should go into effect, j Another class of calendar revisers i locality and, unless my efforts are seconded, seconded, and that promptly, I shall certainly certainly be compelled to turn to the north of New Mexico or in Colorado, where such a home is wanted. I intend to return to Las Cruces and El Paso in a few days and then visit my children children on the Pecos, and trust that some f^Pre1ssion wlu be &Iven at once on thlg important subject. , Eli Newsom. Commander of Phil Sheridan Post. No. ^ _^ePt- N. M., G. A. R.. and Member of Las Cruces Chamber of Commerce. ❖ t <♦ ♦> ••• ♦** to all Tt or her old so no is her the the ia tell his would go still farther. They would make the ordinary year consist of 364 days, made up of 13 months of four weeks each. They would add a week at the end of every fifth or sixth year, according to the number of common and leap years occurring within the cycle. Tills fifth or sixth year would consist of 371 days. Rev. L. J. Heatwole, Heatwole, of Virginia, proposes this method method as a solution of the problem. It Is a modification of the method proposed proposed In 1905 by George M. Searle, In The Catholic World He proposed that the year should consist of 364 days, with an intercalary week in every year dlvisble by five, with the omission of this week in mid­ century years and once every 400 years in addition thereto. This woOld permit permit the equinox to vary three and one half days instead of one half day as at present. >I»ny Favor the Plan. It seems that the general tendency of thought among those who are urging urging a revision of the calendar is favorable favorable to a 13 month year, of four weeks each. However, there are some who would practically make a 14month year. Their proposal is to have 12 ordinary months and two half months, one half montli coming in mid summer and the other half month In midwinter. Still another proposition Is that the number of months should remain the same as at present, each month to be 28 days long, and an additional week, not belonging to any of the months, to be added at the close of each quarter, quarter, and to be known as “close week.’ To this Idea would be added the elimination elimination from the calendar of Christmas day and New Year’s day as days of the week. They would be set apart as “no days,” Christmas day In every year, and New Year’s day in those years when leap year occurs. In this idea of a. “close week” at the end of each quarter, it is pronosed to give each of these four weeks a special name. One of them would be called, “Julian week,” and another “Gregorian week" In honor of the two great reformers of the calendar. l*nder this system one mie'ht write: “Julian week, 6th, 1916.” Various names have been proposed for the thirteenth month, advocated by those who would make each month consist of 28 days One has suggested the name “Evember,” this month to come between August and September. Another has suggested “Sol.” to come between June and Julv. Still others have suggested "Hum,1” “Tredeclum,’* “.Mid,” “Quaset,” and “New Month.” The movement to revise the calendar has found support among scientific men as well as among many business organizations during the past quarter of a century. A j?r**at many astronomers astronomers have endorsed the proposition, and ❖ ❖ * MAN FALI.S FROM TRAIN A AT BIG SPRINGS; KILLED *> Big Spring. Texas, Feb. 28.— *> A. T. Cheguard, a Frenchman •> and a stranger here, fell from a ♦> moving train in the T. * P •> yards today and was killed. * •t* 5» ♦> •> •> *j* .♦* j Vest VocKet FEET EET are the terminals of 'the human JP system, and muse about as much trouble to their owners, as any other kind o-f transportation terminate. Feet were made by turning up the lower lower end of the human frame, thus enabling man to stand without a prop after he has discovered the knaok. Ibev consist of a heel, an instep and five toes, most of _ whioh are perpetually ins-urging against the administration. A foot is harder to keep happy and contented with its surrounding's than a. irirl who has iust returned tiom college, full of higher édu­ cation. Moreover, very few toes get along well together. I hey have no esprit de corps so to speak. There is continual friction ¡«’tween them, and this leads to so much i/iitl tooling' <inil so inunv soto npobs, th&t many a tortured proprietor of ten 'bellig- eient toes has looked with .sad envv on a wooden-legged friend. Until some international international court of arbitration is formed to settle the claims of rival toes, which insist on oeopuvmg the same place at the same time, man cannot hope for complete complete peace and happiness 1-e.ot «r« wiT miritn,. wldom aptx-ar- ing in publK. They live in «hoe., boots .■ lhis. is «ne of fie srreat juices <>t indignation among feet. The IÎ îc 11*]! ,V i |U &peii (1 three < hi vs in ¡having his shoulders fitted nerfectlv to a new coat will leave the job of fitting his feet with shot-' to a machine in Lynn, \\ hi eh has never seen <thonn and has no interest m them whatever. I ntil the invention of the bicvcle, the automobile, the street car, and the eleva- i, eet were used extensively for walk- mg. Nt. however, they are more or le su pei ¡ luons. A great many men leave them on their desks «11 dav and on tin* mantel pie,*e most of the evening. * wing to their great distance from the central heating station, it is very difficult difficult to keep feet properly heated in cold weather, t rigid feet are one of the curses

Clipped from
  1. El Paso Herald,
  2. 28 Feb 1912, Wed,
  3. Page 6

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