Clipped From Wellsville Daily Reporter
Birmingham Officials Act to Restore Order, Four Die in Bomb Blast ' By IIOYT HARWELL BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (AP) — Officials Officials took extraordinary steps today to head off any new racial violence in bomb-shaken Birmingham Birmingham after a dynamite blast killed four Negro girls, caused hours of terror and brought outraged protests protests from national Negro leaders. leaders. The U.S. Justice Department sent in three top officials and a force of FBI agents with bomb experts. City officials joined with church leaders in a special telecast, telecast, urging citizens to be calm. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., a Negro leader, flew into town to urge Negroes to be nonviolent- just as he did in May when the bombing of a Negro motel touched off rioting by Negroes. National Guardsmen were placed on alert. Gov. George C. Wallace sent 300 state, troopers into town at the request of Mayor Albert Boutwell. The Sunday morning blast at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church occurred during a youth day program at the church where numerous desegregation meetings have been held. It killed the four young girls and injured 23 others. Within a few hours, two Negro boys wore shot to death in other parts of the city, and three other persons were wounded. "Today has been the most frightening in the history of Birmingham," Birmingham," said Sheriff Mclvin Bailey as violence continued 'OUTRAGED 1 WASHINGTON (AP) — President President Kennedy expressed "outrage and grief" today over the bomb killing of four Negro children in Birmingham, Ala. He said he hoped the incident would awaken the nation to "the folly of racial injustice and hatred and violence." violence." Kennedy said if there is this realization, "then it is not too late for all concerned to unite in steps toward peaceful progress before more lives are lost." In n special statement, Kennedy Kennedy said the United States stands for "domestic justice and tranquility. tranquility. 1 He added: "I call upon every citizen, white and Negro, North and South, to put passions and prejudices aside and join in this effort" — to promote justice and tranquility. breaking out despite pleas for peace. Not since integration leader Medgar Evcrs was shot to death at his home in Jackson, Miss., in RACIAL HIGHLIGHTS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Birmingham, Ala.—Four killed and 23 injured as dynamite blasts Birmingham church Sunday. Within hours, two Negroes killed in shootings -and three other persons persons wounded. Negro leaders and city officials plead against retaliation retaliation for the bombing which brought climax of horror to city's first week of school desegregation. desegregation. Anniston, Ala.—Angry crowd of white persons assaults two Negro ministers on steps of Anniston Public Library as the Negroes apparently attempted to desegregate desegregate the library. Reward of $1,000 offered for arrest of gang leaders who beat ministers. Tallahassee, Fla.—Congress of Racial Equality discusses how to raise nearly $100,000 to release 214 persons from jail. Only seven of 248 arrested during Saturday night demonstrations have been able to post $500 bond each. Farmvillc, Va—Negro children return to school in Prince Edward County today for the first time since county officials closed public public schools four years ago to avoid desegregation. Albany, Ga. — Negro businessman businessman Slater King seeking office of mayor. King, acting president of the integrationist Albany movement, movement, qualified Saturday for the Oct. 15 election. Atlanta—Economist Vivian W. Henderson says in study published published by the Southern Regional Council that the South loses from $5 to $6 billion a year because of racial discrimination, i Reported Doing Fine Critical 48-Hour Period June has the nation's Negro community community reacted so strongly to racial racial violence. Negro leaders called for strong federal action. The blast was the worst of nu-> merous bombings and other violence violence since Negroes began campaigning campaigning in April for desegregation. desegregation. They achieved public school integration. integration. Its beginning last week brought some student boycotts and protests. Gov. Wallace earlier earlier sought to block the integration, integration, but was stymied by federal intervention. This tense city spent a long, fearful day and night after Sunday's Sunday's blast. Several fires broke out, rocks were thrown by Negroes Negroes in various sections and gunfire gunfire was reported. Sunday school classes at the church were just ending a lesson on "The love that forgives" when the explosion ripped out concrete, metal and glass. The four girls apparently were in the lounge in the basement of the old brick church. One, Synthia Synthia Wesley, 14, was hit by the full force of the clast and could be identified only by clothing and a ring. The others were Carol Robertson Robertson and Addle Mac Collins, 14, and Denice .McNair, 11. Even as officers were roping off a two-block area around the church — the starting place for many of the desegregation demonstrations demonstrations earlier this year—civic year—civic and church leaders were crying crying for peace and nonviolence. But there was no peace. Two white youths fatally shot a 13- year-old Negro boy, policemen siiot to death a 16-year-old Negro and two white men were wounded by Negroes, one In a robbery attempt. attempt. Police were kept on the run for hours investigating reports of rock throwing, fires and other outbreaks. The state troopers came in, the FBI launched its probe and U.S. Ally. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy sent three top aides, Burke Marshall, Marshall, Joseph Dolan and John Nolan. King, president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, telegraphed President Kennedy: "Unless some immediate steps are taken by the federal government government to restore a sense of, confidence confidence in the protection of life, limb and property...we shall see in Birmingham and Alabama the worst racial holocaust the nation has ever seen." The executive secretary of the National Association for the Advancement Advancement of Colored People, Roy Wilkins, wired the President from New York that unless the federal government offers more than "picayune and piecemeal aid against this type of bestiality," Negroes will "employ such methods methods as our desperation may dictate dictate in defense of the lives of our people" Bomb blasts aren't new to Birmingham Birmingham Negroes, but bomb deaths are. Twenty-two times in the past eight years, explosions have been directed at Negroes here, Sunday's Sunday's was the first one that killed. In none of the blasts has there been a conviction. Police estimated that .10 sticks of dynamite went into the bomb, apparently placed in a stairwell about four feet below ground level level outside the building. Dynamite is not unfamiliar in Birmingham, a mining town.