Dirt Flies because Yellow Fever conquered
o5 by in 21, the to Clair four in been We strenuous liquor and heard much condition, and was overcome my can conscientiously Malt malted, of a pale malt, which | ^ moisture its pal- sensitive stomach. tones up the It brings you eat all the and keeps It Is the doctor's advice WASHINGTON, D. C., Nov. 27--At every phase of Panama canal history an Impatient public has demanded to see dirt fly. Tho annual report of the canal commission, made public today, shows that the dirt has at last been made to fly, by the million cubic tons. It also shows that the canal has cost, so far, $48,285,110.37. The last annual report, dated December, December, 1906, said: "During the year the first stage of canal work, that ot preparation, has virtually been passed," passed," and promised digging activities. This report recites, in a dull, monotonous monotonous array of figures, how well that promise of progress has been kept. From Culebra, along the Chagres, from Cplon, La Boca and all the other stations along the line, comes the same story of flying dirt. At last they are actually digging in the big ditch, and digging to some purpose. The present isthmian canal commis- : .on of regular army engineers reports reports emphatically against a substitution substitution of contract work for the present method that is proving thus success- tul. The report contains a remarkably remarkably clear and careful discussion of this question of contract versus government government construction as applied to Panama. Coi. Goethals, head of, the commission, commission, says that where the government already possesses a plant, which is the chief distinction between its ability ability to do given work and that of the contractor, there is no doubt that the ;overnment can do its own work better better and cheaper. And he points out that the government has its gigantic 'lant complete, or almost complete on :he isthmus. As an illustration, he shows that where teams cost the government $110 a month, a contractor's recent bid was HI* a month. The complicated complicated labor problem of the zone, too, is beyond the ability of contractors to solve profitably, reports Col. Goethals. Goethals. No one contractor could assume assume responsibility for the whole -k, q".fl Â° j""d " f iMintrartnrs, Tin my W. W. THE DIRT IS FLYING Report of Col. Goethals Sbows Wonderful Progress on the CaflSlr~Urges TharWork be Continued Under Present System, in Preference to Letting it Out by Contract. argues, could not go forward with the same continuity of purpose and the same successful co-operation as can the different divisions of the government government forces under one comprehensive direction. Behind the dull figures and cold official official language of the army officers who are making this report, one catches catches glimpses of the wonder of this work. You can see a jumble of nationalities nationalities swarming like bees in the big excavations, the groaning locomotives locomotives dragging away long dirt trains, shrieking, protesting ateam shovels gouging out the high banks, the whole army of human ants warring with nature in the slippery, soggy, foggy foggy atmosphere of the rainy season or under the glare of tropic sunshine, against a background of comic opera scenery and Latin-American government. government. Before they could join two oceans these lean, tense faced Americans in white clothes and pith neimets had to conquer yellow fever in Its native home, and they have done it; they had to assemble the combined equipment equipment of a great railroad, a dozen great contracting firms and a dredging plant big enough to take care of Lake Brie harbors, and they have done It; to coax an army of suspicious alien laborers laborers and just as suspicious American skilled workmen together, to organize and feed and house and clothe them, and provide them with places of worship worship and amusement and homes and hospitals, and they have done this. And jiow, healthy, fat, happy and enthusiastic, enthusiastic, that array is digging the ditch at last, digging dirt by the million million cubic feet, in a climate that alternates alternates -between an inferno of dry heat and the atmosphere of a Turkish bath, half a hemisphere from home. In the year this report covers it was necessary for the president to reorganize reorganize completely the canal commission. From the first it had been composed great railroad men, statesman, and priced civil engineers. The great railroad railroad men and the statesmen spent time in Washington weaving red around the perplexed engineering on the isthmus, and the engineering expert spent his time wrestling with red tape ajid kicking frantically to Washington 'by cable. The only made under this regime was in the general discontent and the slow growth on expensive rubber plant that decorated the reception room of the commission in Washington. Finally an impatient impatient president got rid of the whole crew at one swoop. Theodore P. and John F. Stevens followed in the wake of Wallace. -Col. Goethals and fellow army officers, who had to take orders and who couldn't talk back, made the commission and sent to isthmus. Former Senator Joe Blackburn, -it true, represented the statesman type the new commission, but he was the isthmus, too, and : being a democratic statesman serving tinker a republican administration he couldn't talk back either. This new commission found that the expensive executive heads had weaving red tape m Washington subordinates on the isthmus had doing pretty -well, after all. They are doing even better now. There was spurt in the digging speed all along canal line after the army officers arrived, arrived, as the figures show. These army officers, too, trained to the habit of voluminous reports, undertaken to keep the people'at informed as to the progress of this as they have never been informed any other government project. Photographs Photographs covering every phase of canal construction accompany this report. President Roosevelt set that example illustrating his special message on canal to congress with such photograph's. photograph's. An official newspaper is now pulb- liahed on the zone to make public step. In it you can find information to the rescue of rusty French, from the jungle and the conversion into practical, working apparatus, you can also discover how many of Pythias lodges are being formed among the American workmen. It warnings from Major Gorgas to the workmen against malarial mosquitos and the account of the baseball game between the American nine from Colon find the Gatun champion team. Aside from the dirt dug, the of accomplishment in Panama during the last fiscal year can te follows: Panama and Colon have been and equipped with watertWorka and er systems at a cost of $1,750,000, which will be recovered from those cities. Waterworks, with, filtration plants, and electric lighting systems have installed all along the line, at Ancpn, La Boca, Coroza, Pedro Miguel, just to give a few names. Money has been saved right and on equipment by the rescue of the rusting French machinery, which has been patched up and made to "Work. There are now on the job ,63 shovels, 284 locomotives, 2,706 dump cars, 18 unloaders, 13 bank spreaders and 7 pile drivers, to say nothing compressor plants for rock drills and steam crushers. There are about 3,000 buildings, including including thirty-three hospitals. School, mess halls, quarters, machine and shops, jails, churches and postoflices, and manufacturing plants, are included in this list. The cost has been, $4,357,000 tp date and 3,570 men are in this department alone. For material and supplies 59.500,000 haa been spent, and no per cent, of this in tho States. A police department of 181 men local fire departments, both paid and volunteer, have been organized. fever has been eliminated. Smallpox was imported into the zone on one occasion this year, but it was promptly isolated and stopped short of forty cases.