Clipped From The New York Times
eoi-k Col-leg at-tendance in-steed fall erica, thus reducing: their wares to that ex tent aad enriching himself at the expense of the laboring- classes. (jxa or tu tcTixa, - - i I t mnsnssvstBnssssnnesnBn ..- . . THE CHINESE "SIX C0MPA3OE3.", J SW KdUar tAt Aearr rtaus While so ranch nonsense is being talked about the " Six Companies " by people who know little or nothing about them, aad so many misstatements are belDg mad by persons who ought to know better. perhaps yoa win not object to a short aad truthful , aeeeuat ef theae Oils see M institution." The facts which I am going to state are derived from doe aad extended observation aad careful study aad investi gation, without th least bias, that I kaow of, for oi against ta Chinaman . To begin with, the Six Chines Companies are not M companies" at all, la the sense la which w use that term. That is, neither of the Six Companiea ia engaged In trade or business of aay kind, nor are tbe six combined for trade, or, Indeed, for any other purpose. The word "company" ia aa near as we can conveniently come te a literal translation of the Chinese word (which I spare too) signifying, in this case, a voluntary assoclaiioa for tbe mutual : benefit and protection of the members, sad not for : profit. .' I " : i Tber are sis of these associations, which we call companiea, established in San Francisco, to one or other of which every Chinaman on the Pacific eoaat may, with sufficient exaetneea, be said te belong. The primary object of these societies is to ears for their dead, and, at the proper sesson, to send their mains back to China for interment. This is a well- known and vital principle of their religion.; In China tha surviving members ot the family attend to the burial. Ia California, where there are : practically no Chinese families, the six companies are organized to perform this sacred office. Such la the superstition of the Chines on this subject that th very poorest of them will voluntarily subscribe to pay the heavy expense of embalming the body of a fellow-passenger who may happen to die at aea oa the voyag between Saa Francisco and China rather than e th remains " confided to the deep," beyond tb hop ot happinass in th Chinaman's heaven. To meet the heavy expense of burial . la this country, of exhumation, and of transportation to China, each Chinaman pays $15 to his society or company, at or before tha time of his return to China. No other payment is made or expected, and no second payment is required of those who eome to California a second time, as many now do. With the surplus of this fund, the companies take care of those among their sick or poor who have no " cousin-brothers " and no " fliends ; " and that is why dream) there are no Chinese paupers to be cared for out of the Treasury of the state, aad ao Chines bei'rsrs at the front-door belL Each society or company ia composed of people coming from the same villstre, group of villagea, or district or tbe great and populous frovlnee of Kwsn tung, whence has come the entire immigration np to the present time. The Inhabitants of these different districts speak slightly different dialects t indeed, -th dialect of one district is not always inteliigibe to th people of another, although the written character is universally understood. On landins at th wharf in San Francisco th Chinaman is met by the representatives of the company composed of the inhabitants of his own district in China, is taken to his cousir-Srothers ''or h'l "fliends," if he has any; ii not, is eareu lor tiu n can nna employment. Th idle talk about an " tMperiunt in imperio" ia absurd nonsense. Tb phrase means that the Six Companies bsve courts which administer upon tha persons and property of the Chinese a code of laws different from ours. It is often alleg-ed and sometimes believed that the punishments decreed and inflicted by these alleged courts extend even to the death penalty. Well, there are no such courts and never were. Moreover, if there wjre, tbe people who object to the Chinese would be tbe last te ob ject to their putting each other to death in a mode so quiet, peaceable, and orderly as to defy detection durins these SO Tears. Again, a ridiculous fuss Is made about tbe action of tbe Pacific Mail' agenta In refusing to sell a passage ticket to a Chinaman unless be shows his receipt from his "company" for tb $15 du from him. Now. I am neither a partisan nor an apologist of the fncine Jiail company, out l fail to see how anybody is injured by this action of theirs, irregular though it he. 1 not the 910 a just debt? Could not the Sheriff enforce H, even If tbe debtor were a white man and tbe Chinese Company a Caucasian club I T. he fact Is the Chinaman knows n owes the money. snd knows that it can be collected by legal means at nis expense ir ns aoes not pay it voluntarily. Otherwise, he would not psy it st all. Again tho Ni Companies do not v import " the Chinese who come here. As a rule, their passages are paid ia China by the Chinese merchants resident there, and afterward refunded by collections, as wages are earned, through the correspondents of the ssme firms in California. The Isolation of the Chinese, not only from the white people but from the members of all other companies, united to the high wages paid here, renders the task of making these collections comparatively easy. There ara some losses by death, some by dishonesty, hut the total is small and th interest is very high. Ther U no mystery about it, nor does tbe system differ in sny respect from that in force on the Atlantis coast years ago, except that the law then and there enforced the contract and sold the services of the person st public vendue to satisfy Its claims. For further particulars overhaul tbe history of New-Jersey, for Instance. The Six Companies are now accused of sending a well known (and sufficiently indiscreet) lobbyist to Wsshington. Perhsps. But this is not like any China man 1 nivt ever xnown, ana it is quite like several wnire men. OCUxl Sax Fbaxcisco. Satnrdav, Jan. 26, 1S78. '