1930 Dec 14 grayling "in a bad way" MT plans to save them

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1930 Dec 14 grayling "in a bad way" MT plans to save them - mm the and A. this tho her for be in an...
mm the and A. this tho her for be in an language under that small been So could There such the natural especially their of sometimes these and brown HOW MA.NV IOfJ«;S IX A FISH? I'lscixtorljil experts of tin- Montana hlato tish anil K»nu* department department IIIIVP found the mi- Mvor to the question: "How nmu eKgs nrr inu!ucctl annually annually by u gaum fl-Ii?" Sports. men have lukeil tlie |lnstluii countlt-ss times. To settle the iii-gnnKMit scleiKlflc tests were made, at tho spawn Inking station station at the mouth of Flint crock on flcorgetown hike, the largest of its kind In the world. From 5SU female, native cut throat trout a totnl of l84,;!12 «'BK» were taken in the test. This Is uii average of 1,830 eggs per front. A similar lest wan made on tho famed Montana grayling. Sixteen femnliw wen; .stripped and produced a. total of ao!l,O88 eggs, or nn average of 12,08. 4 t to Ihe cruyllni;. ini\- llllff cgKS average 750 to 850 to the fluid ounce while (lie average, average, trout CURS number 200 to !IOO to tho fluid ounce. By FI/OYT) I,. SMITH, Kditor of Montana Wild I/ifi- Thymallus Montana, prldo ot the ' angling fraternity of the Treasure ' Htate. Is In a bad way. It is tribe i.i decreasing. Thymallus. Hie envy envy of Bporlsmen of America ni- cause oC the fact that he hud for years declined to thrive elsewhere t h a n in Montana. Alaska and parts of Michigan, has, with each succeeding succeeding year, shown such a marked decrease In numbers that the state flsli and game department is pull pull i n g forth strenuous efforts to preserve preserve his family. "Thym." otherwise known a" tlie Montana grayling, lias duriup the laiit season demonstrated his- willlngness to help with the department department and during the last blen- nlum 15,077,200 grayling eggs were taken, artificially hatched and distributed in Montana waters. Millions of these fingerlings were placed In Geo'rgetown lake, near Anaconda. It has been the first planting of grayling flncerlings necessitated in this prolific body of water since 1921, yet millions of game firh eggs have been taken at the mouth of Flint creek. flow- Ing Into the lake, with which to supply the battery of 14 hatcheries throughout the state. Georgetown lake for years has been the supply station from which grayling eggs have been takejj. The eggs have been placed in state hatcheries after the fish have been trapped and stripped artificially, while running up Flint creek to spawn. They have then been hurried hurried to hatcheries whore they have been hatched nnd tho flngerlmga fed on ground liver until they attain attain a sufficient size for distribution distribution In the quiet, upper utretchcs of water safe from natural enemies. enemies. Onco Choked With Grayling Records of tho fisb department show that in 1921 Georgetown lake was so choked with grayling that It was poKHiblc to tiike and care for only n portion ot tho female flah In ponds at tbo npawn taking station. At that time the restocking restocking was stopped until normalcy was restored. Conetant inroads being made on game fish In Htreamx of tho state is likewise reflected in tho growth of f i s h i n g on Georgetown Georgetown lake, until there are now more than 200 boats on the lake, hundreds of Unite and Anacnmln HOOSTS FOR "TIIYM' Thomas \. Marlowe, rluiirmnii, the .Montana state fish and game commission. commission. ;ingler arc dally t a k i n g heavy toll and marked shortage- of grayling grayling is noted. D u r i n g the 19:9 spawning season, experts of the department took 10 G 4 G . 2 0 0 eggs and in 1930 this f i g u r e dropped to 4.1.11.000. These facts are but f u r t h e r demonstration of the manner manner In which Montana s lakes and streams are being whipped and trolled and stress the necessity for a continuation of the conservation [irogram in which the state department department is now engaged To make possible this continued protection of the heritage, sportsmen arc insisting insisting upon an adjusted resident hunting and fishing license fee ivhich w i l l bu acted upon by the :ommg legislature. History of the propagation -and distribution of the famed Montana grayling dates back to 1S98--some 33 years ago--according to ruc- ords of tho department as compiled compiled by Charles Ilealea of Butte. tlie first s u p e r i n t e n d e n t of fish- cries employed In that work In Montana Mr. Ilealeu is still residing residing at B u t t e where bin sportsmanship sportsmanship is regarded l i i R h l v llcgjin Hutching In 1HUS The Ilrst grayling eggs taken artificially in Montana w e r o .secured .secured In Elk Springs creek mi the Jim BUIr ranch in 18118 u n d e r tlie supervision ot Dr. James Ilen.shall of the P,o7.enuin station, acomllng to Air. llealea. Elk Springs creek Is a tributary of the Red llock lakes. Little success accompanied the operations, according to Mr. Heuleu, u n t i l 1901 when one of eggs was collected und shipped to tho federal hatchery at Load- vllle, Colo. Tests with the Hrny- lhi£ were constantly being made but because of the oncullar liaiilts of T b v m a l l u M M o n t a piscatorial experts were constantly learning .something new of Ills liilosyniTixbluK. Kastern states were LoiiHtaiitly calling for grayling eggs with which to a t t e m p ·.ilaiiltng. Meanwhile th» artificial ORg-take in Montana wag increasing, increasing, streams aud lakes were ueing stocked and the hatcheries were i mining full blast producing the flngerllngs. lu L U 0 2 shipments of grayling eggs Were made to 19 hatcheries throughout the nation. Only two hatcheries reported success. success. They were at Paris. Michigan Michigan and Wytheville, Floridn. Wd- ler conditions in other states caused caused experiments to flunk. Between 1902 and 1907 operations operations in artificial egg taking of grayling and propagation in hatcheries, hatcheries, were continued in Montana under the supervision ot department department experts with varying degree.- of success and in the spring of 1908 Superintendent Healea collected collected approximately 1,000,000 grayling eggs at the mouth of Meadow creek, eyed them in glass jars used for whitefish eggs, with nater constantly running In and of the jars, churning the eggs preventing them from settling I a compact lump. These operations were conducted under the old Montana Power flume. The eggs were shipped to Anaconda hatchery when eved. -They were hatched and 500.000 fingerllngs were planted In. Georgetown lake--^the first on record planted in those waters. The first eggs from this planting of fish were taken in 1911. Hatch Tnem In Jurt Grayling eggs can not be handled handled In the same m a n n e r pgg*. during the incubating period When first taken by artificial means when the female are at the spawning station, the egqs are of a rich amber color because of the presence of a large oil drop which renders them almost semi-buoyant. This makes it im- perjrtlve t h a t they be eyed in hatching jars made of glass u n .1 good pressure of fresh water order t h a t danger of b u n and fungus be checked. If they arc placed on ordinary hatchery trnys, touching each other, and evposed to a lateral current of water, they adhere in bundle-, f u n g u s appears and the loss tremendous. When hatched, t i i grayling hns a small yolk sack and the fry is slender nnd delicate Because ot their minute size, the fry is difficult to feed, hence unusual unusual precaution and care mus| taken. Santo Domingo, capital of the Dominican republic, is the oldest lily in the new world settled 1)5 Europeans. but Panama City, founded by the Spanish In 1513, claims to !e the oldest white settlement on the mainland of the Americas. ;///

Clipped from The Independent Record14 Dec 1930, SunPage 4

The Independent Record (Helena, Montana)14 Dec 1930, SunPage 4
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  • 1930 Dec 14 grayling "in a bad way" MT plans to save them

    ruthshea14 – 27 Dec 2013

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