1924 account of 1790 Kilauea eruption
K1LAUEXS ERUPTION OF 123 YEARS AGO RECALLED TODAY i ; u,. j Z7T7l 7"",. . . , . in )- nf 77QH II 7hlCll W tDCU Ollt CtllCt S rasponS.bieiWfftUri.Uf. Ui AtOU ,utH " i'H wn viuti o 132-1-Editor Army Much Like Present Spout of Dmt, Mud and Rocks 4. in the to the or lavr who at San out-coinsr 2200 first prac-tiaally by the out not One hundred ar.rt twenty-three the lsu.r..-i. gave the loaowisg arrears aao KiJauea burst into erup- eeription of the ev-nt: tien much as that might? volcano I "Keona's path led by the preat uotn- today volcano of Kilauea. Tbr thT In !: the eruption almost annl- encamped. lr the n!fet NirriCc h'lated the army of a noted native ruptkn took place, throwing out chief. Keotia. flame cinders, and ev hea-y Failing stene. eshes and eand atone to exeat distance and e- rorered the eountrv near the era- eompanied from above with Intense fo- hjt.n:isr with an army lufhtnir. and heavy thnder. to do battle to th misthty Kame- "In the niormn.? Keou,i and hi hameha I, mat the. irresistible force companions were afraid to proceed of tha volcanic outburst ami tre- and spent the day in trying to mendous loss ef life resulted. I appeaae the goddess or m vcicanc. Because of th- volcanic activity I ulio they supposed tney naa ot- todav, th story of that far-gone I fended toe day oerora oy romng tragedy of an armv is of special in- I stones Into the crater. But on the terest, particularly the accounts i sccona rwgni ana on tne imru which describe with rot;.Mrabie I nisht also there were similar t-tail ih manner in which the vol- I eruptions. cano erupted. j On th third day they ventured Th followrne extract i from W. I to proceed oa their way, but had not D. VTesterveK's book, Hawaiian I ad vanced far before h more terrible Legends of Volcanoes. The latter third of this book is historical rather than legendary, and in this historical portion is the story of the annihilation of Keouaa army in 1790 and the explosions connected therewith: Almost exactly 34 years before and destructive eruption than any hefore took plac, an account of w hlch. taken from the lips of those who were part of the company and present In the scene, may not be an unwelcome digression. "The array of Keoua set out en i thair way in three different com- Kapiolanl defled'the worship of the Jpanles. The company In advance fire-goddess Pcle. Kaona. a mgn -hief. lost a lame part of bis army near the volcano Kilauea. This was in November, 1730. Ka-lani-opuu had been king'over the Island f Hawaii. When he died in 1783 h& left the kingdom to hi son, Kiwalao. giving the second nlace to his nephew Kamehameha. War soon arose between the con sinK. Kamehameha defeated nnd killed the voune king. Kiwa- laos half brother, Keoua, escaped to his district. Ka-u, on the south western side of the island. His uncle. Keawe-mau-hili. escaped to his district, Hilo. on the southeast ern side. For some years the three factions men. used discoverer the for how by at one were "Its or the or had not proceeded far before th ground bgan to shake and rock beneath their feet and it became quite Impossible to stand. Soon at, dense cloud of darkness waa seen to rise out of the crater, and almost at the same instant the electrics.! effect upon the air was so great that the thunder began to roar in the heavens and the lightning to flash. "It continued to ascend and spread abroad until '.he whole re- eion was enveloped nnd tne nsnt of day was entirely excluded. The darkness waa the more terriric. being made visible by an awful glare from streams of red and ome light variously combined that ls- practically let each other alone, al- J 8uei frorn the pit below, and being though there was desultory fight- ine. Then the high chief of Hilo ac rented Kamehameha as his king nnd sent his sons to aid Kamehame ha in conauerinsr the island of Maui. - Keoua was angry with his uncle. Keawe-mau-hill. He attacked Hilo. killed his uncle, and ravaged Ka mehameha's lands along the north eastern side of the Island. Kamehameha Returns rrom Maui lit up at intervals by the intense flashes of lightning from above. "Soon followed an immense vol ume of sana ana cmaers wmcn were thrown in high heaven and came down In a destructive shower for many miles around. Some few persons of ths forward company were burned to death by the sand and cinders and others were seri ously injured. All experienced a nffocatina- sensation upon the Kamehameha ; cuickly returned I in- nd hastened on with all pes- from Maui and made an immediate I gihle speed. to about to that about I me hnme- t and at a Then second visited with just a of attack on his enemy, who had tak en possession of a fertile highland nlain called Waimea, From . thia method of forcing unexpected battle came the Hawaiian saying. "The spear seeks Waimea like the wind. Keoua waa defeated and driven throrh forests along the eastern ldf of Mauna ivea une wnite mountain) to Hilo. Then Kameha meha sent warriors around the western side of. the island, to attack Keoua's home district. Meanwhile, after a sea fignt in which be - defeated the chiefs of the islands Maul and Oahu, he set his people to building a great temple chiefly for his war-god, Ka ili. This was the last noted temple built on all the islands. Keoua heard of. the attack on his home, therefore he gave tne fishponds and fertile lands of Hilo to some of his chiefs and hastened to cross the island with his army bv way of a path near the volcano Kilauea. He divided his warrior into three parties, taking charge of the first in person. They passed the crater at a time of great vol canic activity. Tells How Central Army Waa Lost A native writer, probably Kama- kau. in the native newspaper Kuokoa, 1867, describes the destruction of the central part of this army by an awful explosion from Kilauea. He-said: "Thus waa it done. Sand, ashes, and stones - grew up from the pit into a very nign col umn of fire, stahding straight up. The mountains of Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa were below it. The people . even from' Ka-wai-hae (a seaport on the opposite side 6f the mountains) saw this wonderful column with fire glowing and blazing to its very top. When this column became great It blew all to nieces into sand and ashea and great stones, which for some days continued to fall around the sides of Kilauea.. Men, women and children were killed. Mona, one of the army, who saw all thia but who escaped, said that one- of the chiefesses was ill and some hundreds of the army had delayed their journey to guard her and so escaped this death." Dibble Gives Graphic Account Dibble, the first among the missionaries to prepare a history of "The rear boCy. which was near est the volcano at the time of the eruption, seemed to suffer the least injury, and after the earthquake and shower of sand had passed over, hastened f.rward to escape the dangers which threatened them, and rejoicing in mutual congratulations that they had been preserved in the midst of such trnml nent peril. Death Blast Slaya Party "But what was their surprise and ccneternation when, on coming up with their comrades of the center party, they discovered them all to have become corpses. Some were lying down, and others slttmg upright clasping with dying grasp their wives and children and joining noses (their form of expressing affection), as in the act of taking a final leave. So much like life they looked that they at first supposed them merely t rest, and it was not until they had come up to them and handled them that they could detect their mistake. ? "Of the whole party, including women and children, not one of them survived to relate the catastrophe that bad befallen their comrades. The only living being they found was a solitary hog, in Com pany with one of the families which had been so suddenly bereft of life. In those perilous circumstances, the surviving party did net leaving their deceased companions leaving their receased companions as they found them, hurried tn and overtook the company in advance at the place of their encampment. "Keoua . and his followers, of whom the narrator of this scene were a part, retreated in the direction they had come. On their return, they found their deceased friende as they had. left them, entire and exhibiting no other marks of decay than a sunken hollowness In their eyes; the rest of their bodlea was in a state of entire preservation. They were never burled, and their bones lay bleaching In the eun and rain for many years." " - - The gauntlet glove with an ornate cuff that pulls over the hand Is probably the best seller among gloves.