PC training 3
does his reluctant essentially if the revival as not for the for pay party. Reagan's GOP Drew Pearson Pearson Immobilized By World's Number One Killer--Malaria WASHINGTON -- Recently I had the props knocked out from under me by a germ picked up in Africa which the doctors, after some headscratching, diagnosed as malaria. They considered me something of a medical scoop. No case of malaria had come to Georgetown University Hospital in quite a few years. I soon discovered that any pride in my disease was unjustified. I belong to no exclusive medical club. Approximately one hundred million people in the world today suffer from malaria. Annually it kills about one million people in In dia and three million people throughout the world. While under the efficient and kindly care of the staff of Georgetown Hospital, I had ample time to understand not only the rigors of the disease, which oscillates your temperature from 96 to 104 and then back again, but also to study the whys and wherefores of malaria. And partly as a warning to others who may be traveling in Asis or Africa, partly in tribute to those who discovered DDT and to the much criticized Harry Hopkins, who as WPA administrator helped to drain the swamps, eradicate the mosquitoes and free the United States from malaria, I write some about the world's number one killer disease. The United States today is practically free of malaria. There are only about five thousand cases, some of it in the swamps of Virginia and North Carolina. But the mosquito is beginning to develop resistance against DDT and the scrouge could come back. Malaria, as it is well known, is not contagious but is carried by the anopheline mosquito, which has previously bitten a malaria - infested person. The male mosquito is quite content to feed on plant, life, but not the female. She insists on raw meat and seeks out human flesh. When she finds it, she stands on her head and deposits the microscopic malaria plasmodium in the human flesh. That plasmodium then invades the red corpuscles and multiplies, and high fever develops, followed by chills. Malaria was probably introduced into the new world, along with syphillis, by our patron, Christopher Columbus, for it first turned up in epidemic form in the Caribbean in 1493, one year after he landed. At one time it blocked the construction of the Panama Canal, and as mosquitoes wafted from Africa to Brazil, desolated that country in the 1920s. However, it can be controlled, first by using DDT, draining the swamps, flooding the swamps with salt water, or using atabrine in mosquito-infected areas. Venezuela, for instance, accomplished the feat of cleaning up malaria completely. When the Betancourt administration finally threw out dictator Perez Jiminez, it decided not to build cloverleafs and highways, as had the dictator, but to concentrate on cleaning out malaria. It had destroyed some of Venezuela's most thriving cities, cutting San Carlos down to a population of 20,000. Mansions were decaying, streets were deserted. Today, with mialaria bandished, there are three hundred thousand people living in San Carlos. Fifty years ago the population of Venezuela was three million. Half a century later, when the malaria clean - up campaign started, it was still three million. Today with the elimination of the mosquito, Venezuela's population is nine million. But, though malaria is not contagious between human beings, it is contagious between countries. Venezuela is now suffering from the fact that it borders Colombia, and Colombia is malaria - infested. Mosquitoes don't recognize boundaries. As a result 250,000 cases have cropped up in Venezuela adjacent to the Colombian border. Venezuela's even offered to pay Colombia for the cost of DDT, but Colombia hasn't the equipment to us it. Malaria can be cured with a new drug, chloroquine. Once it was almost incurable. The World Health Organization has been doing an efficient but uphill job eradicating malaria fcCKlEY FbST-HERU* Published by BECKLEY NEWSPAPERS CORPORATION. 341 Prince St., Second class mail privileges authorized at Beckley, W. Va. and Hinton, W. Va. Telephone -- All Departments -__ 253-3321 _ John Hodel -- -- -Managing Editor Â· _ MEMBER OF ONTTED PRESS UNTTERNATIONAL National Advertising Representative WARD-GRIFFITH COMPANY. INC, New York, Chicago. Detroit, Atlanta, Boston. Charlotte, Philadelphia, San Francisco, Los Angeles. _ Greenville. Pittsburgh SUBSCRIPTION RATES"BY MAIL (Only where we do not have established delivery service) Daily and Sunday, one year $21.50 Daily and Sunday, six months $12.00 Daily only, one year .. $18.09 Daily only, six months ____ $10.00 HOME DELIVERED By Carrier or Distributor Daily and Sunday, per week 90c Daily and Sunday, per half-month _____ .......... $1.10 Daily and Sunday, per month $2.15 Where it is most prevalent, and India. ID. Africa many malaria-infested tribes refuse to take chloroquine, so it is mixed with their salt. However, as I reported, the mosquitoes are getting tough. Since they recognize no boundaries, require no passports for foreign travel, the United States should be alert for a recurrence of what once also plagued this country. And when you travel through mosquito-infested parts of the world, take the advice I didn't take myself, and use atabrine. Peace Corps In Africa The Peace Corps, as usual, doing a .good job in West In the Ivory Coast it is handicapped by the difficulty of getting French - speaking Americans, therefore uses only about fifty volunteers. In Nigeria, whose people speak English, there are approximately 600 Peace Corps workers, more in any other country in the world. Many of them are used as teachers put in the small towns and villages, since Nigerian teachers prefer to live in the cities. However, three women captains from the Israeli army, working in the Ivory Coast, doing a more significant and important job proportionately than the 600 Peace Corps volunteers in Nigeria. In Bouake, second largest city, these Israeli women have taken approximately 150 girls, aged 15 to 17, out of the and are training them to do community service work back in their own villages. When the girls first arrive, many do not know how to knife and fork. Their sanitary habits are primitive. But under the determined Israeli women, they go through a rigorous training. Up at 5 in the morning, they have setting-up exercises, classes most of the day, sports in the afternoon, study night. At the end of this strenuous training, about eighty girls are picked to go back to the areas. They are not sent back to their native villages, because there they would be subject to local pressures. Instead they are sent, in groups of six or eight, to strange villages to try to teach baby care, improve drinking water, teach sanitation and community service. I dined with the Israeli women captains. They lived and worked among their girls. was no pretense, no luxury quarters. This is important in West Africa, where most Americans set themselves apart. The Israeli women were lonesome and homesick, but were doing the most significant job * -Â·"Â»Â· in Aftica.