Henry Grew writings - The Liberator - Boston - May 24, 1839

mamacitalc Member Photo

Clipped by mamacitalc

Henry Grew writings - The Liberator - Boston - May 24, 1839 - Anti-; NON-RESISTANCE. NON-RESISTANCE....
Anti-; NON-RESISTANCE. NON-RESISTANCE. NON-RESISTANCE. TO ORANGE SCOTT. NON-RESISTANCE. NON-RESISTANCE. NON-RESISTANCE. Philadelphia, April 18, 1839. My Drab Brother The Lord is our Lawgiver : the Lord is our J udge i the Lord is our King : He will save us.' We are taught to pray to him Thy kingdom come ; ' to as cribe to him the honor, the glory, the power, and do minion.' We are assured that Christ will put down all rule, and all authority and power,' i. e. will abol ish or abrogate all hum governments, as in them selves irreconcileably hostile to that government which he came to establish tbe empire of Jehovah over the human heart. The non-resistants non-resistants non-resistants say, as all human governments are enforced at the point of the bayonet, and are based on the death-dealiug death-dealiug death-dealiug principle, we cannot hold any office which imposes upon its incumbent the obligation to compel men to do right on pain of imprisonment or death. Therefore, we voluntarily exclude ourselves from every legislative and judicial body ; and repudiate all human politics, worldly honors, and stations of authority. authority. We cannot elect others to do that which it is morally wrong for us to do.' We cannot acknowl edge allegiance to any human government. We recog nize but one Kins and Lawgiver, one Judge and Ruler of mankind.' We purpose, in a moral and spiritual sense, to speak and act boldly in the cause of God ; to assail iniquity, in high places and in low places ; to apply our principles to all existing civil, political, legal and ecclesiastical institutions ; and to hasten the time when the kingdoms of this world will have become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ.' Referring to these passages in the Declaration of Sentiments of the Peace Convention, you say in a communication, in the Herald of Freedom 'Dignify such principles with the name of 'peace or ' non-resistance' non-resistance' non-resistance' if you please; they are abhorrent to my soul. I can almost say, I hate them with a perfect hatred.' Human government, or the government or domin- domin- ion of roan over man, is the point at issue. You take ihe ground that ' human government is agreeable to the will of God.' This you seem to regard as a self- self- evident truth. .What is meant by government 1 Two things are essential in all government. (1) The right to prescribe the tare, or rule of action. (2) The right to punish violations of that rule. As defined by Locke, a governing power includes ' A right of mak- mak- ing laws with penalties of death,' and by Blackstone there is and must be a supreme, irresistible, absolute, uncontrolled authority.' Thus a legislative power, or power to prescribe the rule of action ; and a penal or avenging power a power to say what penalty, in kind and degree, shall be adjudged to each offence, and power to execute the penalty are essential to the ex - istence of government. Human government invests man with this eoverning cower over man. Divine government invests the Deity with it. Human-gov. Human-gov. Human-gov. eminent men do not deny this power to the Deity, but say He has invested man with this governing power or dominion over man. No-human-government No-human-government No-human-government No-human-government No-human-government men, as you term non-resistants, non-resistants, non-resistants, (and for one, I have no ob- ob- jection to the term, provided it is allowed to carry the idea that we are no-human-go no-human-go no-human-go no-human-go no-human-go eminent men, because we are rficite-government rficite-government rficite-government men,) say that men are not and never were invested with this governing power or dominion over men. Dpiae-government Dpiae-government Dpiae-government men or, as you term us, no-hnman-government no-hnman-government no-hnman-government no-hnman-government no-hnman-government men, believe that no being in the universe is or ever .teas, invested with this tremendous power over men, but xie to whom belong the power and dominion, and whose kingdom ruleth over all.' Non-resistants Non-resistants Non-resistants say, ' The Lord God Omnipotent reigneth.' They repudiate those human politics, which inculcate the slaveholding, atheistical doctrine, that men may organize into social bodies, called states or nations, for the purpose of establishing the authority and dominion of man over man. Do yon believe that the above is a correct definition of human government ? Do vou believe that a social organization that invests man with this governing power over man, and wnicn aims to estaDiisn tne em pire or dominion of man over man ' is agreeable to the will of God ? ' Non-resistants Non-resistants Non-resistants or the no-human- no-human- no-human- no-human- government men, as you call them, believe that human government, as commonly understood a government investing man with a legislative and an avenging power over man a government, whose execution de pends on whips, chains, prisons, fetters, gallows, guns and swords, as all human governments do, is but another name for anarchy and murder. They believe J that men must live in society have a perfect right to form state or national societies or organizations to as-1 as-1 as-1 sociate and act together but only for Christian ob- ob- j jects and on Chnstian principles. We ought to organ-1 organ-1 organ-1 ize to bring all men under the government of Jehovah, and to establish his dominion over the hearts of men. But do you say we ought to organize to establish, strengthen and perpetuate the authority and dominion I of man over man? To extend the empire of man! over the bodies and souls of men ? you do say this, whether you intend it or not, when you say we ought to associate to establish human government. Do you refer us to the Jewish code ? We answer, that code does not invest man wiih any governing power over man. Jehovah said what violations of that rule were to be punished. Jehovah adjusted the penal ty to each offence in kind and degree. Jehovah exe cuted the penalty. Man, so far as he had any thing to do, was a mere agent and instrument in his hand. The governing power was all in the hand of Deity. Do you refer us to Romans 13 : 1 7. Let every soul be subject,' &c. You do not show that this pas sage gives to man a governing power over man that itaumonzes men to prescribe me ruie 01 acuon 10 themselves or others, and to punish violations of that rule or that it is addressed to magistrates or rulers at all. We show that the passage is addressed to Christians, Christians, and that the only duty inculcated on them is not that they must aid in forming and sustaining a human government by voting at the polls, or by hold ing offices in it. but submission or non-resistance non-resistance non-resistance to the powers that be. Do you tell us we ought to obey human government ? We refer to our Constitution and answer 'All who have the spirit of Christ will obey the powers that be, except when they bid them violate their consciences and then, rather than resist, they will meekly submit to the penalty of disobedience.' But you say to ue You will not acknowledge al legiance to human government ? " Will you t Yes, you say me pnncipse mat xotdius 11 is aonorreat to my soul I hate it with a perfect hatred.; So you swear allegiance to your human government, vou acknowlege, (1) the right of men, organized Into a state or national organization, to prescribe to you the rule or action, and your' obligation and determination to abide by the rule which they shall prescribe ; and (2) that you will support that human government in the way designated in the Constitution, i. e. by swords and guns, by 'killing, slaying and destroying its enemies. Do you believe the n-ill n-ill n-ill of God is your only rule of action T Yes. Do you claim the right to judge for yourself what is and what is not obedience to the Divine will t -Yea. -Yea. The fifteen millions of hu- hu- man beings, composing this nation, come to you and say 'It is onrwill that you should not plead the J caux of the slave.' I cannot be v vou. 'But our I will is the rule of action or the governing principle, in that human government to which you have sworn allegiance.' No matter. I never meant to acknowl- acknowl- edge allegiance to your will. The will of God is my governing principle, and that tells me to speak for the slave. But we deny it.' Io matter, I must be my cf ,he opposers of all human government, that the ve-own ve-own ve-own judge. What becomes of your allegiance to Am- Am- rv nimini. which, on account of the necnli'r man- man- man government! It amounts to this you will follow your human government just so far as yoa deem it right, and no farther. Now we acknowledge allegiance to the King of kings. Having done this we. have acknowledged allegiance to all that is right, and be lieve it to be treason against God, to acknowledge al legiance to any other being in the universe. Mam was made to be governed, ako hot to govcrw To be under the government and dominion of God, and not of his fellow roan. Not to subject man to the I win ot man, and to establish, extend and perpetuate I ta empire or man over man, of brother over : brother! but to establish, enlarge, extend and perpetual to j aii eternity tne empire of Jehovah over man. Non- Non- resistants io join issue with you here. The very idea vi Biuau government savors or treason against God. I Slavery, anarchy and murder nra iu necessary con-1 con-1 con-1 comitsnts. All attempts of men to govern men, as commonly understood, have ended and must necessarily necessarily end in disorder, anarchy and blood. There is but one government. Hal one Lawgiver, one King, one Judge arid one Ruler of mankind;' Jehovah, 'King of kings, and Lord of lords.' All attempts 10 extend over this world the dominion of any other, must plunge society into irretrievable degradation and ruin, and end in infidelity and atheism. Dear Brother Of me, personally, you say in your communication in the Herald of Freedom 'It is true, friend Garrison has been supported, and perhaps led on, by one II. C. Wright ; but I have no disposition to notice him, his influence is next to nothing. He may go against' all governments, both human and divine, and the world will not be much the better or worse for it.' You are right in matter, if not in spirit and man ner. My influence ought to be not only 'next to noth ing,' but altogether nothing; and I am not 'worthy, and ought not to wish to be noticed by you or any one. I wish I had been too childlike, too inoffensive, too ob scure, unknown and insignificant, to have ever become an object of your contempt and scorn. Disdain, abhor abhor and loathe me, if your heart and head allow; and it shall be my care that my love and respect for you, not only as a fearless advocate of the slave, but as a dear and noble-hearted noble-hearted noble-hearted brother, on whose noble front and bearing, I reaognize the image of my Father and God, suffer no abatement. But beware how you let your contempt for me Isad you to despise the principles principles I advocate. Thanks to God, the influence of the principles embodied in the Constitution of the New-England New-England New-England Non-Resistance Non-Resistance Non-Resistance Society, and the Declaration of Sentiments put forth by the Convention that - formed that Society, depends not on the name or influence of H. C. Wright, Wm. Lloyd Garrison, nor of any others. Nor can their onward course be stay- stay- ed by any man or body of men. By their innate life j and vigor, by the Divinity within them, by their near I alliance to the heart and throne of God, they must go I forward from conquest to conquest, till they have dash' J ed in pieces and consumed all the governments and I kingdoms of men, and established on their ruins the j empire of the King Eternal Do not, any more, my brother, pour out your indig- indig- I nation, your scorn and contempt on the godlike princi- princi- J pies of non-resittance non-resittance non-resittance at least till you have had time to leant what they are, and by what arguments tbey are supported. You may be found fighting against God. May Heaven save you from the grief, sorrow I and shame which I believe you are preparing for your- your- self by the course you are pursuing. Besides, think not for a moment, that principles so momentous, so j magnificent, so solemn, so awfully impressive and po- po- I tent in their bearing on tbe destiny of mankind, on 1 earth and in eternity, can ever be put down by vocif- vocif- j erous indignation or silent contempt. Contumely can never reach them. They are as far above, as H. C. Wright is beneath, your scorn and contempt. ' Forget, then, the writer of this. Let him pass into ! that earthly oblivion, into which I know he ought to pass, and tvill shortly pass ; and come out and argue ihe question. Expose the unsoundness and wicked- wicked- ness of the principles of non-resistanc. non-resistanc. non-resistanc. or the no-hu- no-hu- no-hu- no-hu- I man government theory, if you had rather call it so. I Vindicate, by Christian arguments, the right of man I to hold dominion over man. Or answer our argu- argu- ments against the doctrine. Tell the world what you I mean by human government, and reconcile your h li man government theory with the prayer to God 'Thy kingdom' come,' and with the many other 'passages I we cite to you. Tell to what extent, if any, man is invested with a governing power over man. Till you do this, I must denounce that principle which gives to man a governing power, or dominion over man, as a principle of slavery, anarchy and murder, and sub- sub- scribe myself Tltine, for the immutable, illimitable, omnipotent, everlasting . empire of Jehovah, and still I sing ' Alleluia, for the Lord God Omnipotent reign- reign- eth.' H. C. WRIGHT. Orange Scott. LETTER FROM HENRY GREW. Ma. H. C. Wright : Mr Dear Brother I bear you record that you have a zeal lor uod ; but is it according to Knowledge f You express surprise, that your views of human gov ernments 'could have produced such an excitement, among those who profess to have received Christ as their ruler,' tec. ' When you reflect that such persons firmly believe that the principle of non-allegiance' non-allegiance' non-allegiance' to human governments is subversive of one of the essen. tial means God has, in his wisdom and benevolence, appointed for the restraining of that vile principle of selfishness which would recklessly sacrifice at its shrine an human rights ; and when you consider alsowhat free access, the most erroneous and disorganizing principles find, through ignorance or depravity, to the human mind, your surprise may well cease. I have read, with interest, your essays, See., those of Pacificns and others, and find many excellent princi- princi- pes ani precepts advocated ; but no proof to sustain your provision of ' non-allegiance' non-allegiance' non-allegiance' to the powers which ' are ordained of God ;' no proof, that the civil magistrate magistrate is not ' the minister of God to thee for good, as a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.' Rom. 13, 4. The fact that human governors exceed or abuse their rightful anthority, is no argument in fa vor of non-allegiance. non-allegiance. non-allegiance. You announce the glorious truth, ' the lord is our JUDGE THE LORD IS OCR LAWGIVER THE LORD IS OUR king he will save vs.' I ask, (for this is the question at issue,) does the Lord rule, and judge, and save, rciih or teithout subordinate agencies and instrumentalities 1 yoa caH the infinitc, 'Supreme Ruler.' This implies inftrior ruiers. Did not God roje judge and save Is rael bv Moses ? t t U remarkable that Korah and his rebellious associates used the same plea as you do, to justify their ' non-allegiance' non-allegiance' non-allegiance' to Moses. ' the lord is axons the m,' (i. e. the children of Israel,) said they. How instructive is the awful sequel ! As God had ap pointed Moses to be a minister unto them for good, he considered rebellion against Moses, acting agreeably to his rightful authority, as rebellion against himself. The application, to the question at issue, is obvious. It is entirely unavailing to say, that no particular individual individual is now selected, directly by God, as Moses was govern: 'The powers' that be are' ordained of God. It was rebellion against God to declare ' non-allegiance non-allegiance non-allegiance to Moses, acting in his rightful authority, because God ordained Vim. Must it not then be rebellion: against; God to declare non-allegiance non-allegiance non-allegiance to Ihe powers that be,; for the same reason ? ' - - ' pacificus' adduces the case of God's displeasure At Israel for desirin? a Kin. and 'remarks. 'If God naS nct by this memorable example, showd that it js both criminal and foolish to organize and volunta- volunta- r;iy sustain any common form of human government, iet the friends of such governments show why this ar- ar- gument does not refute their scriptural claims.' What are the facts? 1 Sam. 8. 7-10-19, 7-10-19, 7-10-19, 7-10-19, 7-10-19, clearly shows that the Israelites would have a King in opposition to the will of God, plainly revealed to them by Samuel." God had ordained Samuel to judge Israel all the days of his iife. l. Sam. 7. 15. In desiring a King, they rejected God", who had appointed Samuel to rule over them, ti..;f ;n rnmltiPit. wMiiim 1. iv. man government, hut in rejecting that mode of human trop emment tthich God luid appointed, for another of th eir ctm. The eood sense of Pacificus must, I think, clearly per- per- ceive that he has much more in his conclusion than in his premises. It is worthy of the serious consideration ' ncr of it, is styled a Theocracy, was not maintained without human agencies. God appointed Moses aud other prophets to rule and judge Israel. How strikiag is the difference between Paul and Pa cificus on this subject ! With the former, human government government is an ordinance of God for good. ' With '.he latter, latter, it is an institution 'both criminal and foolish.' Pacificus. appears to me to have fallen into error,' by a misapplication of those precepts to civil magistrates which are addressed to christians, in their private capac- capac- ity. It is indeed true that christians in their general re lations, are prohibited from all avenging. It is howev- howev- er equally true, that in the relation or capacity of civil Ruler,man is required to act as an avenger.' Bom. 13. 4 It Ls sufficient to show the unsoundness of the areu- areu- ments of Pacificus, to remind him that in a class of texts, he adduced to prove that the measures and poli ty of human government are prohibited, he includes tbe general command, Thou shall not kill.' Exod. 20 ixow 11 is a tact that when this command was given, commands to put men to death for various sins were also given: It follows, therefore, that we must either charge God foolishly, or acknowledge that the general command not to kill, is reconcileable with the com mands to kill in particular cases, and that the latter are exceptions to the former. If the general command uot to kin, is reconcileable with all 'the sanguinary measures' of the Jewish polity, much more is it recon cileable with the requirement, that the civil magistrate should use the sword in a more limited manner. The discerning reader will perceive that the principle advo cated of the rightful authority of the civil governor, to bear and use the sword, does no: justify all the various various modes in which it is used. It is manifest indeed that it is proper to use it, in some cases, for the public good, for he beareth not the sword in vain. I am in clined, however, to the opinion, that neither the safety of the community, or the New Testament, which is more particularly adapted to the present dispensation, requires us to pet any man to death, after he. is secured iu the strong arm of tbe law. ' , When we consider the fact, that no one particular form of civil government would be best adapted to all the different nations of the earth, we perceive an ade quate reason why no particular form is portrayed in tbe New Testament. No argument, therefore, can be founded on this fact against allegiance to the powers that be. The great and glorious design of the Son of God was to establish a kingdom which is not of this world. The King, the subjects, the laws, the ordinan ces, the privileges and glory of this kingdom of heaven, heaven, constitute the animating theme of the Apostles of the Lamb. It is destined to advance and to fill, with iu renovating influences, the whole earth. All other kingdoms must fall before it. This however affords no more justification to those who, at present, declare non-allegiance non-allegiance non-allegiance to civil governors, than the fact of the approach of the reign of Messiah would have justified a Jew in declaring non-allegiance non-allegiance non-allegiance to the rulers of the preceding dispensation. Every reflecting mind will perceive a variety of ways, in which civil government, imperfect as it Is, may, by its salutary restraints, subserve subserve tbe interests of the Church of Christ in the present present world. You remark that, ' to acknowledge allegiance to such government is to obey the will of man as the su preme law of life.' Is there then no difference between subordinate and supreme allegiance ? To render supreme mage to men would be one erroneous extreme. Your principle of non-allegiance, non-allegiance, non-allegiance, is the other. The true medium lies between. When Henry the eighth required the enaction by Parliament of certain laws, the members informed him that they would comply with his wishes, so far as they could consistently wiih the work of God. He sent the messenger back with a demand for their compliance without any as fars, or so fars. Such claims are to be resisted, in the fear of the Lord, even unto death. a. uu v v'-av. v'-av. v'-av. 1 v v 11 t vauiiufc uivT wva uuii iuu Then the Word of God requires an impossibility, for it certainly requires obedience to both. Wives are! commanded to obey their husbands, and children their 1 parents, and, what is still more to our present purpose, christians are Titus 3. 1. commanded to 'obey magistrates. ' Just so far (you say) as, in obeying this christian government, we obey human government, it is well.' " . .1 all, when you avow win-allegiance win-allegiance win-allegiance ? Where there is no law, there can be no obedience or transgression, r m;rti .enroll v that inst n far n. in nhrinf . t .r , u : u ir :. Ainencau w, a oucy a ui.u .aw, well to obey human government, how can it be well to avow non-allegiance non-allegiance non-allegiance t xris is not a mere ptay upon words. An important principle is involved. We are commanded to 'obey magistrates.' To do acts speci- speci- fied in the christian law in the New Testament, is not complying wim me commana to ooey magiairaies. a .1 ! 1 We are required by magistrates to do many things which are not specified in the christian law, although . . . . 1 tvt. '.it, a UUi ,lSa, . u, ,mVw. uou-ancgiaucc, uou-ancgiaucc, uou-ancgiaucc, wuwu juu uuvovaic, xo a. iriwianvu "m the divine command to obey, for obligations to obey, and authority to command, are inseparable. The ob- ob- Mnn'iincino cr.i snA fn mnn- mnn- ; inn sistent with christian' precepts,! have already answer- answer- " eu. as me vivi luagisuaic is spccuuiy recuguueu m the N. T. as an avenger, and as bearing the sword as a minister of God for good, this must be considered as an exception to the general precept, ' Resist not evil.' xou quote xwacirsione in lavor oi tne supremacy 01 divinelaw, and then triumphantly ask, 'What then becomes of our allegiance to human If we cannot obey them independently of the Almighty anu nis laws, aoes 11 tnereiore ioiiow, mat u is impo- impo- a . t f 1 ' 1 ? ? sioie to ooey mem in suoorainaHon to Him ana nis taws r The Apostle Peter, 1 Epis. 2. 13. teaches, that earthly -wo -wo A-,(r0,t A-,(r0,t A-,(r0,t ri.c r nm),nniir . frr ik . . ... 0 . , , 0, . - a comparative sense in reference to earthly rulers. The infinite authority of Jehovah admits of no degrees, That the divine commands, in respect to principles of action, 'cover the whole field of domestic, social and yiu uuum, ut uuu , v.'""v no authority or government can supersede this ' I freely admit. In res oeft to oartienlar ads of dntv. I must de- de- r. . .. .. . , eitner aomestic, social or civuQuues. aiany ot tnose duties arise out ot contingencies, ana must necessarily be submitted to the decision of Legislators, Parents irn in I view and revere the holy and righteous laws of Jeho- Jeho- van, aa 01 supreme nuiuomjr. That the laws of Jesus Christ require precisely the same act of alL in all the various relations of human societv. is an erroneous principle. The divine com- com- ' . ..,. . , . j mand requires the child to obey the parent, but it does not require the parent to obey the child.' The wife is commanded to obey the husband. The husband is not I mmanH innWth orifi. Th rhristinn in his -.. -.. e Ojj . - v- v- r - . I private capacity, is forbidden to avenge himself, or to resist evil. The magistrate is required to avenge the J public, ior be is recognized as the minister ot Uod, in t the operations of a skulul husbandry, become eminent-the eminent-the eminent-the Ni T. as an avenger : and, as such, a terror to evil I ly productive. Our sandy plains are yet to undergo . I , . ". , . - , ' - I A thousand quotations from Decatur or Wellington br others, exhibiting an abuse of authority, prove noth-1 noth-1 noth-1 ing against the proper use of civil authority. I joiu J at an enormous expense, and yet in the end a profita-you profita-you profita-you in repudiating the doctrine, that men are irrespon- irrespon- b.,e oy: to discover the instance of a A I einrrla n orirfMlltn ril 1 rr v mrs rr ant tn iha vt sible for all actions they perform in subjection to civil authority. If we are assured that the requirements of J the highest civil authority are incompatible with the 1 command nf God. fand of this we are bound to ind-. ind-. ind-. 1 .. . 3 ?.. I onr compliance with such commands renders us guilty I . 1 - in the sight of God. This however proves nothing in favor of your principle of non-allegiance non-allegiance non-allegiance which violates - . . -. -. the express command of God to ( obey magistrates.' We must not adopt principles' which are opposed to facts. "We must not be wise above what is written. Is it not a matter of fact, that the very same New Tes tament of inspired truth, which requires individuals, in their general relations, to bear meekly and patiently, without resistance, all injuries, as did our blessed Mas- Mas- ter. rea aires of men. tit the particular relation of Rulers. I w a g - x - j to bear and use the sword of vengeance as a terror to I viitrr . I j v ' 3 i..'-. i..'-. i..'-. wou wiseiy anu oemvoienuy auapis nis pian 01 gov- gov- eminent to the present state of the tvorld. our plan, plausible as it may appear, will, I think, on thorough examination, be found to be not adapted to the present j . . . . . i state of the world. The influence of virtuous motives to that eztent n-hicM n-hicM n-hicM the order of the community requires, is prevented by the dreadful power of human depravity, You do well indeed to advocate the exercise of the blessed principles of meekness, patience and love. God grant that these principles may reign in all hearts. But you do not well, in attempting to remove the phy- phy- sical barriers which God has kindly ordained to oper- oper- ate where nobler motives fail. It is the determination of Jehovah to maintain order in the universe. H adapts the means to the end. " When the purest motives failed to keep angels in their first estate, God prepared chains of darkness to restrain their malignant power uuw me perioa 01 tneir utter destruction, lie has or-1 or-1 or-1 dained the civil magistrate to punish the evildoer I This doctrine of no punishment forms no part of God's , e v vioa s 1 plan of governing, his creatures. He is the Mdst God,' as well as th Saviour.' The sword of yen-1 yen-1 yen-1 geance must not be sheathed until the opposers of the Holy One subuiit to his righteous sceptre, or are uc- uc- stroyed forever. In the perfectly holy and happy universe universe which will sneceed the final judgment anJ entire destruction of all the adversaries of the Eternal, no sword of vengeance will be necessary. At present, the terrors and the mercies of the Lord are combined to restrain and save us. What God hath joined, let no man put asunder. ' Yours for tbe truth, HENRY GREW. MI SCELLANEOUS. MASSACHUSETTS' PRIDE OF THE OLD THIRTEEN.' . The following remarks upon the soil, climate, sce nery and productions of Massachusetts, and upon the enterpriing character of her inhabitants, are extracted from an Address at the annual cattle-shows cattle-shows cattle-shows of tbe Wor cester, Hampshire, Hampden and Franklin Agricultural Agricultural Societies, by Hesrt Colman, Commissioner for the agricultural survey of the State. What but Freedom Freedom could have made a Slate so prosperous and hap py 1 A comparison of Massachuseits wita tne sia very- very- cursed, though naturally fruitful soil of the South, will present an argument in favor of Libertv, which he- he- that runs may read. - , Massachusetts! what delightful and precious as sociations cluster around that honored name. If there is no poetry, there is to the children of Massachusetts always music in the name ; .and 11 the poets never could weave it into verse, where is there a true son of this mother, who has not felt the very name especially especially if heard ia a foreign land, strike, with a touch of melody, the chores 01 tne soui r Massachusetts is with many a despised land. " Many will tell you with disdain that ' her territory is little larger larger than a pocket handkerchief; irregular in its shape ; on the east like a long man in a Procrustean bed, not, daring to stretch himself at full length ; on the west rising into almost inaccessible mountains, bristling with firs. Here are wide tracts of blowing sand ; and here again long extended and solitary pitch-pine pitch-pine pitch-pine plains. Here deep and undrained morasses, and there piles of granite, or rolling boulders, or fields covered as thickly with stones as a recently dug and unpicked patch of potatoes with its produce.' Then, too, they continue ; ' the soil is thin and cold ; it yields nothing but by hnrd labor and incessant manuring; and the wretched people people must work or starve. The climate, too, is dreadful. There are the cold east winds in the spring, which come over you like the scraping of a new-filed new-filed new-filed f aw ; the bitter north-westers, north-westers, north-westers, which try the firmness of your muscles ; and the early autumnal frosts, and the d iv-ing iv-ing iv-ing and bristled snow, which so often, without any reverence for persons, comes between the wind aud your nobility. And then, too, the people ; what are they but a pack of workers, rough-handed rough-handed rough-handed faimers, mechanics, shoemakers, manufacturers, and traders ; and their vulgar wives and daughters, who condescend to use their needles and dabble in soap-suds, soap-suds, soap-suds, and presume presume to come from the kitchen into the parlor; so that a chivalrous gentleman of the genuine cockney stamp and of the last impression, finds himself as little at home among them as the monkey of the menagerie in his regimentals, when he found himself in the farmer's cattle yard. Then comes their insufferable ambition.. Why there is not a mother that is not dreaming of it. nnr fWtlipr th.it is not working hard that his son mar be quaified l0 be Governor of the Commonwealth, or a delegate to Congress, or perhaps rise as high as to be member of the General Court and Justice of the Peace ' Such are the terms in which some men would portray our beloved Commonwealth. Now allow a son of hers would to heaven he were worthy of his descent, 10 speak of her as in truth he can ; but that I must be very different from what be would if he had tne power 10 ao ner jusuce. The territory of Massachusetts is comparatively small; but it is caDab e ot sustaining lroin its own products, in ease and comfort, a population four times j as great as now inhabits it. Look at her productive industry in the mechanic arts! who, before the as certainment of the fact, could have imagined that the annual value of her domestic manufactures exceeded njnctv millions of dollars ? The? amount of her agri- agri- i cultural productions, could its statistics be ascertained, would present as astounding results, xet the devel OP"""" 01 ner agricuuurai resources auu casernes I - f i i j unions counties in the state, of an agricultural . . . - . i character. The whole number ot acres in the county of Essex exceeds two hundred and seventy thousand Of this only fourteen thousand are under tilfage. , Only rl ten thousand, exclusive of that which is in roads or "'water, are considered as unimprovable; but thirty-four thirty-four thirty-four thousand, though capable of improvt i .eut, are unim I proved ; and upwards of one hundred thousand acres (are in wood or pasturage. Jow parts ot tins county nave produced in repeated instances more man one I tnn1nJ KnoVnld Aniln n tVfcA A W WYt SVA than inrt V f J more ;han fifty of bar,eVf m'ore ,han lhirty bf i wneat, more than eight hundred 01 carrots, more than I nine hundred of Swedish turnip, more than live nun dred of potatoes, and more than - four tons of hay.- hay.- esc facls re aPn questionable testimony. The ef, cas in sereral instances of extensive improve- improve- ments, increased its products twenty times in quantity many cases from five dollars to one hundred dc liars per I tti c , Tbe boanJs of Massachusetts are irregular ; ' 1 strange that nature should not nave conformed more J exactly to the rules of art and confined herself t? right lines ! . Ihe indentation ot her snores nowever .'orms I manv valuable inlets and harbors, where her rnter- rnter- inrisinw manners find shelter and anchorage. Even I ner sandv shores and plains are not without their fer- fer- tile spots. There is many an oasis in these deserts; and with the animal and vegetable deposits thrown up .TI i form-her form-her form-her western boundary, are not wunoui tneir aa- aa- ( vantages.- vantages.- These constitute our dairy and grazing dis- dis- tricts. Thev furnish the richest pasturage, and few of 1 them are incapable of the cultivation of the most val uabie grasses, esculent vegetables, oats, barley, and InHia Some of these hill towns are advancing r more mpiJiy in wealth than many of the towns em- em- bracing the richest alluvions of our valleys.,, Their inhabitants breathe an air. which gives strength and Jrf uusTTink f of the gushing spring, which pours its crystal streams from the sides of their mountains, for a draught of wh;ch many a settler on the verdant and beautiful Piies of the west would gladly give bushels of his 1 1 wheat : and oltentimes, wnen I naveiouowea tne nignt i of an adventurons seUler to his eagle's nest on some i J0f our loftiest summits, I have been sure to find the abode of plenty and independence. Of the soils of; Massachusetts, though, we have our thin and hungry portions, we have little land, capable of it, which will ' the abof " of 'caitiya,ioa. 0ut morasses and peat meadows, when subjected to ' the quickening process, ot no doubilul euicacy, of plas- plas- ter and clover ; and in many cases even our roughest eraDile pastures, which seem almost to defy cultiva- cultiva- tion, have been brought, under the scythe, sometimes -, -, :,., -et,: -et,: .-u .-u .-u i , forded an ample remuneration for the expense incur- incur- red, and always much more than doubted its value. Ia some cases nls vtuue flas enhanced a hundred- hundred- v told... In this matter it would be easy to give facts on. ! : j .. j . on iacis, out uuic uoes not aumii ot it. , . of the climate of Massachusetts, it is enough to say that epidemic diseases are scarcely known among us : .L . u 1 1.1 - .? . tuai we uavc uu uuucaiiny uisincis ot counuy mat a higher standard of health has not been, reached in the knawn world. To the temperate, industrious and vir. tuous, no part of the world presents a fairer chance for the continuance of the physical and intellectual powers: ' Of her social and political condition. I will speak only of the great and essential elements. What can we . ask more, then, than tba,t all labor should be vol-. vol-. vol-. untar . that'lhe fnuts of honest indnstrv shonld h Inner m ihnc vhn hnv rr-wlnnaH rr-wlnnaH rr-wlnnaH tKm . r ih-.v-mmvwm ih-.v-mmvwm ih-.v-mmvwm ih-.v-mmvwm ih-.v-mmvwm ..m j .ua.t, a I tglUUS - liberty should be enjoyed in its widest latitude ; that justice should be carefully and promptly administered. - land accessible to the most humble and the least , . . t ,h. Anm;n- Anm;n- nftha 1a ... . "- "- r hioned; that the burdens of society should press with I a weight too light even to be perceived, bv the honest cmzen any more man ine oeautiiui element, which - . - .1 . , - . . 1 n.J mat property should be sTbT n To "thai VZ equality shouM reign every where j that education, simple and liberal should freely proffer its advantages to all ; that property na should be alike accessible to all ; that l should be soverei-n soverei-n soverei-n and mn fc T,fX. low, rich or poor, should be directly responsible To the Phlic judgment. In all these substantial elements of ocai order and good, what community has ever sur j passed our own ? rZlJ Z'?? r . i. - 1 ... . v ' scions. In the general neatness and comfort of her- her- ' o wettings j in the beauty and thnit of her numerous villages ; in the improved taste, and every where the v'R aKem, Pa,a w runu embeUishmeutS; in lhe neat cottage exhibiting us white front and lis VV. netian Winds on tha side of M,.I!L?..,Jr5: ' the margin of some peaceful lake, its door vard rmH. ter the not . the i Jw Jf-E." of caw ; l ,he yM ! . or College-He j : i ken ply Of all in; He the

Clipped from
  1. The Liberator,
  2. 24 May 1839, Fri,
  3. Page 4

mamacitalc Member Photo
  • Henry Grew writings - The Liberator - Boston - May 24, 1839

    mamacitalc – 28 Nov 2013

Want to comment on this Clipping? Sign up for a free account, or sign in