How Germany Financed Russ Bolshevik Revolt (Column 1)
S m m m i 5 I s I S r r r r s SI 'WOW GERMANY FflMMOED-j RUSS BOLSHEVIK INSTALLMENT II. ROLE OF THE REICHSBANK Th following documents show in detail how the German government financed the 'Russian bolshevik revolution thrn the German Imperial bank.; ' - . They show what rewards the German financial and industrial interests demanded in return for the German support of the bolsheviki. And they show how the bolshevik leaders betrayed their own followers and abandoned the preach- . ing of their social revolution wherever the Germans ordered that it should be abandoned. . .r DOCUMENT NO. 8. , (Reichsbank No. 2, Jan. 8, 1918.) -s : : Very Secret. To the. commissar of foreign affairs: Information has today been received bv me from Stockholm that 50,000.000 roubles of gold has been transferred to be put at the disposal of the representatives o the People's Commissars. This credit has been supplied to the Russian government in order to cover the cost of the keep of the Red Guards and agitators in the country. The Imperial government considers it appropriate to remind the soviet of people's commissars of the necessity of increasing their propaganda in the country, as the antagonistic attitude of tie south of Russia and Siberia to the existing government is troubling ' the German government. It is of great importance to send experienced men everywhere in order to set up a uniform government, Representative of the Imperial bank, von Schanz. Note. Members of "the Red Guard were paid from 12 to 16 roubles a day, whereas soldiers were paid hardly that - number of kopecks. . This letter shows ;"where the money came from. The. bol-shevik government also required factory owners to pay regular wages to their workers while the later served in the Red Guard. The notation on letter indicates that it was sent to Menshinski, the financial .minister, whose expert councillor , was the' German, voir Toll. ; Menshinski ... nersonally conducted the wrecking of Russian banks, a maneuver that deprived all opponents of bolshevik-ism of their financial means of warfare. It was a classic job of destruction, done in the name of reconstruction. ; Havehotograph this letter. DOCUMENT NO. 9. (Reichsbank No. 8, Jan. 12, 1918, Berlin.) i Very Secret, To the commissar of foreign affairs: I am instructed to convey the agreement : of the Imperial bank to the issue of a credit of 5,000,000 roubles for the dis patch of the assistant naval commissar, Kudriashoff, to the Far East., 1 On arrival at Vladivostok he should visit the retired officer of the Russian fleet, Mr.- Panoff, and instruct Butten-hoff and Staufacher, who are known t Panoff, to come , to see. him. Both the mentioned agents will bring with them Messrs. Edward Shindler, William Keb-erlein, and Paul Diese (or Deze). With these 'persons it is necessary to think out a plan for carrying out the Japanese and American.war materials from Vladivostok to the west. If this is not possible then they must instruct Diese (or Deze) and his agents to destroy the stores. Shindler must acquaint Kudriash-off with the Chinese agents at Nikolsk. These persons horih receive'-the agreed amounts and should " L'e dispatched to China to carry! on .an . agitation against Japan. President "Of the Imperial bank, Von Schanz. --Note. If this plan was developed to a climax it was not by Kudriashoff. He was killed on his passage thru Siberia two or three weeks later and it was reported that a great sum of money was taken from his body by his murderers, who were said to be two Cossacks. Most of the German agents named in this letter were still active in Siberia in the spring, as shown by Document No. 29. Have photograph of this letter. DOCUMENT NO. 10. (Reichsbank No. 5, Jan. 11, 1918.) .:" To the chairman of the council of people's commissars: My Dear Mr. Chairman: The industrial and commercial organizations in Germany interested in trade relations with Russia have addressed themselves to me in a letter, including several guiding indications. Permit me to bring them to your attention. 1. The conflict of the Russian revolution with the Russian capitalists absolutely does not interest German manufacturing circles, in so far as the question does not concern industry as such. You can destroy the Russian capitalists as far as you please, but it would by no means be possible to permit the destruction of Russian enterprises. Such a situation would produce a constant ferment in the country, supported by famine of materials and, in consequence of that. Why Putter With ' Corns? Use Gots-lf Common-Seme, Simple, Never Fails. Yon can tear ont your corns and suffer, or yon can peel off your corna and mile. The Joy - peeling way Is the '"Gets-It" way. It la the only happy, painless fray in the world. Two drops - 'Cat U Drop on That Corn Use "Ceta-It" i end tka Cora b a "Goner"! of "Gots-ItM on any corn or callus dries Q t once. The corn finally loosens off T1 ' from the toe, so that you can peel it off with your fingers In one piece, pain-? leasly. like peeling a banana. "Great g . " stuff, wish I'd done that before." There's only one corn-peeler "Gets-It." Toes If ' wrapped np big with tape and bands' aces, toes sqnlrming from irritating salves, it's all a barbarity. Toes wounded J- by razors and knives, that's butchery, - ridiculous, unnecessary, dangerous. Use J "Gets-It." the liberty way simple, painless, always sure. Take no chances. Get "Gets -It." Don't be insnlted by .. Imitations. See that yon get "Gets-It." " I - "Gets-It," the guaranteed, money- O I ' back corn-remover, the only sure I way, costs but a trifle at any drug store. . Mf'dby E. Lawrence fc Co., Chicago. lit 3 Sold in Great Falls and recommend : Ted as the world's best corn remedy by I i- Model Pharmacy. Great Falls Dru " Co. Cafde Pharmacy. ... . of products also. The English, American and French capitalists take advantage of this . dysorderv and understand how to establish here corps of their commercial agents; It Is necessary to remember that German industry in the first years after the general peace will not be in a position to satisfy the purchasing demand of the Russian market, having broad similar parallel tasks in the Near East, in Persia, in China, and in Africa. 2. It is essential, therefore, to conduct a canvass and gather statistical information with regard to the condition of industry, and," in view of the absence of money in Russia, to address in business conservations whichever is desired of the groups of German commercial banks.- " '. . 3. Trade with Germany may be in the first period almost exclusively exchange for wheat and for any remaining products, to receive household necessities. Everything which exceeds the limits of such trade should be paid for in advance to the amount of 75 per cent of the market value, with the payment of the remaining quarter in a six months' period. In place of such an arrangement, probably, it would seem to be possible to permit,- privately, the taking of German dividend shares on the Russian financial market, or solidly guaranteed industrial and railroad loans.. In view of the indicated interest of German manufacturers and merchants in trade relations in Russia, I cordially beg you, Mr. Chairman, to inform me of the views of the government regarding the questions touched5, upon, and to receive the assurances of my sincere respect. Representative of the Imperial Bank and Stock Exchange in Berlin, G. von Schanz. Note. The- engaging attitude of the German manufacturers toward Russian capitalists is the feature of this letter, apart from the cordial and evidently understanding expressions of the representative of the German Imperial bank to that supposed enemy of the capitalists of all nations, Lenine. The letter was sent to the secret department by Secretary Shripnik. Perhaps some day von Schanz will disclose Lenine' s letter. Have photograph of letter. '' DOCUMENT NO. II. (Reichsbank, No. 12,378, Berlin, Dec. 28, , , r 1917.) ; Resolution of conference of representatives . of . the . German commercial banks convened on proposal of the German delegation at Petrograd by the management of the Imperial bank, to discuss the resolutions of the Rhine-Westphalian Industrial Syndicate and Handelstag. 1. All loans are canceled the bonds of which are in the hands of German, Austrian, Bulgarian and TurKish holders, but payment must be realized by the Russian treasury in the course of a 12-month3' term after the conclusion of separate peace. 2. The purchase is permitted of all Russian securities and dividend-bearing paper by the representatives of the German banks at the rate of the day on the open market. ' 3. After the conclusion of separate peace, 6n the expiration of 90 days, there are re-established all the shares of private railway companies, metallurgical industries, oil companies and chemical pharmaceutical works. The ratings of such papers will be made by the German and Austrian stock exchanges. 4. There pre baniched, and for five years from date of signing peace, are not to be allowed, EnglishFrench and American capital in the following industries: Coal, metallurgical, machine building, oil, chemical ami pharmaceutical. 5. In the question of development in Russia of coal, oil and metallurgical branches' of industry, there is to be -'established a supreme advisory organ consisting of 10 Russian specialists, 10 from the German industrial organizations and the German ami-Austrian banks. G. The Russian government must not interfere in the region of questions connected with the transfer to the benefit of Germany of two mining districts in Poland Dombrosky and Olkishky and to Austria of the oil region in Galieia. The transfer of the latter will be only in the form-of limitations of the right of making claims, land allotments and application of capital for the production and refilling of oil. 7. Germany and Austria enjoy the unlimited privilege of sending int Russia mechanics and qualified workmen. 8. Other foreign mechanics "and workmen during five years after the conclusion of peace between Russia and Germany are not to be allowed to enter at all. '9. The statistical department of producing and manufacturing interests with the corresponding government organ must be controlled by German specialists. 10. Private banks in Russia arise only with the consent and according to the plan of the Union of German and Austrian Banks, whereby the ratings of the stocks of the banks on all exchanges cf the new and old world will be handled by the group of the Deutsche bank. ' 11. At the ports of Petrograd, Archangel, Odessa, Vladivostok and Batum will be established, under the leadership of specialists from Germany, special statistical economic committees. As regards the tariff, railway and shipping . rate , policies to regulate, the Russo-German-Austrian trade relations, this part of the economical treaty will be discussed by the special tariff council of the handelstag. Chairman von Gren-ner; Secretary Berenbluet.- Note. The penned indorsement of the photographed copy of the resolution is "Chairman of the Central Executive Committee-Commissar Menshinsky requests that this resolution should 4e taken under advisement, and to prepare the ground in the soviet of the work-mens' and soldiers' deputies in case the council of -people's" commissars will not accede to these requests. Secretary R. Raskin." Menshinsky is minister of finance. All of these terms, wholly punitive to American, English and .French capita', could lurk ia the secret section in the present German-Russian treaty. I do not know the fate of the resolution on this. it3 early winter appearance.. Have besides the notated photograph a printed copy of this circular. DOCUMENT NO. 12. (Gr. General Staff, Nachrichten Bureau, Section R, No. 7S0, Feb. 25, 1918.) , SECRET. - To the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars: After conferring With the people's commissar, Trotzky, I have the honor to ask you' to' urgently inform the agents of the secret service at Stafka, Commissars Feierabend and Kal-manovich, that they should work as formerly, in complete independence and without : the knowledge of the, official staff at Stafka and the general staff in Petersburg, and particularly Gen. Bonch-. Breuvich and the secret service of the northern fronte, communicating only with the Peonle's Commissar Lieut, Krileno.