1902 issue of Lincoln Evening News

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1902 issue of Lincoln Evening News - 1 0 - ", THE,. LINCOLN EVENING TWENTY-THIRD...
1 0 - ", THE,. LINCOLN EVENING TWENTY-THIRD YEAH LINCOLN, NEBRASKA. TIlLRSDAY, JANUARY 2, 1902. PRICE FIVE CENTS. VILL BART LEY MAKE RESTITUTION? PEDAGOGUES MEET IN STATE CONCLAVE "'.. ' i. :.''..-.' ' .-.'v ' '" ' ": ' Enrollment Passes Thousand Mark-Dis ; cussion of Teaching Methods and ' Spelling Match Today's Features. : Quoted as Saying That He Proposes to Show the People of Nebraska He is . Not ah Embezzler at Heart. V, NEWS' . . I propose to shows the people of ' Nebraska that I urn not a tniel," la-the remark attribute, to Joscpn 8-Hartley, the paroned ex-trcasurcr.. He ban, in fact, told several friends wn culled upou idm to extend, congratulations, it they are to ue believed, tnut . the last chapter In this case had- uot . yet been written. - -. i-:J. That he an make partial restitution is true, if current gossip has any foundation." This" is to'the effect laat bince he has been in prison ho has en ' forced collection of a considerable sum due him for money- loaned while he was in charge of, the state, funds. That he -was a victim of .misplaced contt-Uence has. been openly clulmed(,by his i lends t oryears, . Tney- ,hav assertBii .nut hejdicl not wilfully steal a dollar oi the state's money, but that, follow ing a custom only too well known, tnej politicians had made the suae treasurer their banker. Hartley spent much .money, but he"- made much. fart of the state's funds was loaned out to 1 priva'te bankers at good rates. Some puid up, others didn't. Vhe"n Bartley turned over the office to j.,B. Meserve he was short nearly $sOO,000. By an -arrangement with his t successor, which Was later rudely set aside by other fluslon state officers who saw political capital could be1 made out of his prosecution, hewas, paying from 10,00u to $35,000 .a day, the latter sum being paid the day before his ' arrest. - He was first 'taken into custody on- February 37,4SiC.r I'p to- that time he had reduced tiie balance due . from him to 5iV,;62.W). Not u cent more- has ever beert; paid Into the treasury. ' Ihcluded in this , amount was" the $201,00o warrant for1 which he served uine. "Of the remaining 4336,000 a large umount was lost in suspended .banks, institutions which went to the wall in the tierce blasts 'of the' panicky -days. In banks -t Alma, . Atkinson, Battle Creek and other points which Bartley had vainly attempted to bolster up with loans from the treasury, thousands were lost. Just 'what- these amounts are it" is not now recalled. Those who v have looked over the papers and figures compiled by the governoiuay that about $200,000 represents the missing funds. ..- .... ? , . Where - this money is. only - Bartley can telL He - has-ref used .persistently to disclose in the past. Here and, there little things have cropped up to lndi- v cafe the identiy of some of these men, but" the entire list will probably never be known because the statute of limtt- ationroesrribt-TuirgatnsMhe-tettti"-tory crime of borrowing from a publie treasurer: Some therr "a'fSf "W'hd , 's'ay' that it was lost years .before Bartley ever became treasurer, that -It way represented by worthless certificates of deposit up until the time of C. jH. Wil-lard. He refused to accept these,, and - as the story goes it tvas carried as cash.- Jfo one charges actual criminality upon former treasurers, only that they were "forced' by custom and: exigencies to carry accounts that enforced collection .'would send some one t : or' more banks to the wall. It-was a - custom for which -no one in particular but everybody in general was to blame. .tlnde ISliu a. Fre Man. After serving - four :: years,, seven months and eight days of the twenty year sentence he- received", ex-State Treasurer Joseph Bartley walked forth f from the -state penitentiary Tuesday evening, the possessor of an unconditional pardon. Governor' Savage finally yielded to the greatest organized pressure ever brought, jj) bear on the chief executive of the' state', arid Joseph Bartley, a free man, enjoyed the wan. ing of the old year with his family at the home, 1746 O street, arid--greeted the iiew.with-ithesftlrations of a man with future before him and a desire to live ' down the past. ' 1 ' It was shortly before 1 o'clock Tuesday evening that' the family was informed of the governor's action. Mrs. Bartley, who has been in failing health ever since her husband's sentence, pnd on the verge of entire collapse for several months, was completely overcome. Miss India Bartley. the daughter, took charge of the papers. C. . WhedonJ ' attorney for Hartley unrougnout an -his troubleH. drove up with his carriage. Mr. Whedon, Mrs. Bartley, Miss India Bartley and- her brother Clifford, drove to the prison where Mr. Bartley was awaiting them; neatly dressed in citizen's clthlng. The scen,e at the- reuniting of the famjly wns adln'the "extreme, and Mr. Whedon and prison. officials quietly Hipped from r the office to hide their , emotions. The home coming was a happy one and it was far Into the night before friends ceased their calls or extended hearty congratulations over the telephone. Friends' colled by th scor yesterday and lust evening. ' . -Tli Movernor BelibernteoT Long-.. Governor, Ravage's action km not the result of a spontaneous emotion, Kvery phase of the situation was eare " fully , studied"; -nd carefully--written, v "took decisive action. Accompanying the announcement of ttie pardon wol a three column statement settlng'forth the reasons that moved the. governor to take the VP. It must have' taken days to prepare this document, for It bears the marks of having been carefully studied, ' , ftnd carefully, wrlten. livery possible aspect of the "subject receives atentlon. Governor Savage even delayed a contemplated visit to the south because this statement was ' not prepared for the prjss. -. , i From every conceivable source influence was brought to beur on the governor. Ha states that 4,000 Ne-, braska cltlzenA signed petitions asking for the pardon of Bartley,' SVhJle the action of the last republican state contention In requesting the immediate return to the' penitentiary of . Bartley, who was then out on parole, was. not torjfbtten. Governor Savage expresses the opinion that; the conven- ,, tloti was In error, Irt suiniiiing up the reasons for his action, the governor 1 said: , ' ' , ,,. The case has bfen 'thoroughly Investigated. July 13th, , 1901. Bartley was granted a sixty day pftrole In the belief that the action would BStdst the Ktate In discovering nhi-rc thr missing funds might bu found. On 'August SRth, before' the . irovtriior Iwul time tit tijiituro Ur plans, the republlciitt stale ioiivpntin dlsrourcionsly p4Nm.t yftio-liitlon ufkimr for t1i tr,lr"jti--r'8 Sn- nedlate return' to t,iin pprluMitiiry, i lr.te'that time I'lVtistiirution 1ms continued unnbat-fd, nv.l tilpii - - ttuvllcy bus paid the pemtity; Irv hr Hands -vt j.iMr: I;' . Ini',.rif.nm-f I been sulll. r.t exonmle to ..11 vhn .wiiuic i"i ur.pu'ii (11 irus!. !k funds. Air. l-urtlcy mm treasure;' through four of the most seveire years ever known' in ttut financial history of the: state, liav'ing served from January, lttiw, 1 lo January, lSbT. Banks were going to tne wall on every" side; and u bartloy did, "occasionatty let state funds' slip from his hands - into these .institutions, lie held these banks up, oitt me, community a favor in real -ny and was a public benefactor, even though an' einoexler in the light of the lav " '''." Mosiver received a sentence in the gavei'uiient prison for embezxlemeui of funds that brought to the nomes uf Nebraska anally times fhe suffering tliat Bartley's embezzlement did, and et -Bartley got a sentence four times as long. Mr. Bartley did-not harbor a criminal intent. He. did the beet he could to repay every cent he was short, -nd, suys the governor, he would have repaid tvery cent had he been given ,the time necessary. , He did in reality repay $153,050 to the state, and on the very day of his arrest turned over $20,000. Had he desired to exchange freedom for mpney, he might hr.ve taken every cent in the state treasury, and could have received a sentence of but twentr-one years. ' The ayerage sentence ot bank wreckers: and embezzlers is about live or six years. Public sentiment Was high at the time of Bartley's sentence, and he received a greater allotment tnan tle equities 91 the ase Justified. The chief plea against Ills pardon has- been that -such action would ruin the re publican party in the state. This, says the governor, is placing the party above principles, above human liberty, above Justice. Firm in the convict Inn that he has done right, .iid confident that he has the loyal support "of several thousands, of the best citizens of the state the governor feels that he can take this action, do justice to an over-punished man, return -a needed husband to a failing wife, a protecting father to 4 defenseless -children, and meet with the approval of the kind, the generous and tfie thoughtful who are conversant with the situation L'nbltcSentlmeut Divided A decided division of public sentiment is shown In the comment upon the governor's, action. Jilituraliy tne rriends and- business acquaintances of Bartley strongly commend the governor's action on the ground' that Bartley- had-loeen-puntshed enough.There are others, including many who do JKit know -Bartley,--but. jpity -the unfortunate. members of his lamily, vyhp , uphold- the governor's4' action ' on tub ground that he Was a proper subject of mercy". These take the position that ne naa-Bunereii everyming that could come to a proud man, shut off from those ie held dear, that If hope of release was' lost to him, further punishment would be:exccution. -1 Those . w,ho disapprove of the governor's action htciude a number of men who .feel very friendly to Mr. Savage, out minx mat ne nas taken a step which, while it may not oosf him the nomination, will defeat him at the polls. They take the ground that while ine deepest sympathy is due "to the Bartley family, Mr. Bartley himself has no 'claim upon the merej of the executive. They insist that there. has been not the slightest sign of penitence on his part, that he has at all times gloried in the fact that he has never run up the, white flag, and that until he did so he was not a proper object"'of mercy. The deepest resentment seems to be founded upon the fact that. Bartley has openly and, "it is claimed, blatantly defied the state to do its worst, he would never tell where the money was, thiit nothing could wring -. from" him the secrets lie carried in his Iweast, secrets that meant the blighting of, the hopes of many men who -had borrowed money from him. It has been this attitude that has prevented Bartley from being a free man months ago. Among those Who know the inside .workings, it is confidently . asserted tnat had Bartley .shown any disposition' to tell where the state's money had gone, into what rathole he had poured- it or to whom he had loaned'. It, the prison doors would have opened on him long ago. , - . Some profess to be at a loss to understand the strength of the an tl-Bartley sentiment which time appears to have scarcely affected. It lies in the fact that the suspicion rankles in- many breasts that Bartley is shielding men who deserve his fate. As one man put it this morning: "The Judge on the bench would not and could not be expected to deal as gently with a mun before him for sentence . who would ..huurf nltv eLiimlt that ha had accom plices but steadfastly refuse to tell ,whtf they were, Tne pressure exerted upon Governor Savage has beeh tremendous. It has been much more powerful and extensive than ' was visited upon" either Poynter or Dietrich, both ofXwhom .were endlessly importuned. Governor Savage was an old friend of Bartley, he Is a man of the warmest heart and temterest sensibilities. The recital of a pathetic ory moves him- to tears. His heart rules his head in many crises. . - Harcel'y an hour has passed In rec ent weeks but ' that he has been J pleaded, with and begged to paraon Bartley'. Politicians o( all grades have called -upon him in .Bartley's Interest. Whether or not 1U was- an organized movement or not, only those who won't -tell know. He was told by many ot these visitors- that the men who wanted Bartley pardoned were sufficiently powerful to prevent him from being nominated for governor; It was covertly hinted that to refuse to pardon him meant his political extinction, that while he might be damned if he did pardon him he would certainly be dumned If hovdldn't. . Whether or not these arguments had -any effect upon the. governor ha alone knows; but he is only human. But not all of those who .Tailed on him favored Hartley's release. Many " there were, men who lire ambitious for place and honor, who told 'him that while they would like. In see Bartley out, they thought release, meant political damnation for he republli-Hn'party and the temporary ascendancy Jnt- , usinn again. Jhese argument -but angered the gov-rnor, who refuneil ( Hbftitlu from hut his visitors thnuKht was right just Mcmim It was not pftllttc. It Is undert'Wid that one of the conditions on which Btirtley'S paio!e Inst rummer might be made permanent, wss the divulging of the names of those V'lw "f Imnllented with Mm" In, the I nl',uu'? of the state funds. This . Mr.' Continued on Page Blx.) - PERISH Three Children Cremated by (he Burning of a Home ' in Buffalo. , r .- r : .""' --rr-: BUFFALO, N. Y., Jan. S. Three children lost their lives last night In a fire which, destroyed a two-room house occupied by" a family named Jendraslk. The dead: , - WAUliAW JKNDKASIKraged lx, HELEN; JENDHASIK, aged four. CECILIA JENDRASIK, aged two. The flames are believed' to have been caused, by the explosion of a lamp. Mrs. Jendraslk was badly burned.ahout the head and arms. " DEATH MAKES CHANGES IN SENATE COMMITTEES - WASHINGTON, Jan. 2. T4a death of Senator Pew-ell of New Jersey has ' created vacancies on six important committees. Hanna becomes chairman of the committee on enrolled bills and McMillan of Michigan will take Sewell's. place on the appropriations committee. Kither For-aker; of Ohio, or Nelson of Minnesota, will be appointed to the vacancy on military; atairs. Both possesses the neceSsa,ry qualifications, having , seen military service. Vacancies on the other three committees, immigration, territories -and lnteroceanlc canals, of which Sewell was a member, will be reserved to be ,lllled by his successor when the governor of New Jersey appoints him. EDWARD INTERESTED IN ' CURE FOR CONSUMPTION LONDON.'jsn. S. The British Medical Journal says King Edward, as patron ofthe national association for the prevention of consumption, has received from an anonymous doner 2UO.0OO pounds. The king has decided to erect a sanitarium In England, the journal says, with accommodations for 100 patients and has appointed an advisory committee of leading physicians. GAY TIME Washington Society Promised a Merry Parry in Honor of -Alice Roosevelt. WA8HINGTON1, Jan. 2. The great golden carpet of the east room of the . White house has been tuken up nnd In its place tacked a Hug piece of can vas.-r Tomorrow evening 500 dancers will trip lightly Over the white expanse to strains of muslw from the U. S. marine and Fourth artillery bands, in honor of the eldest daughter of President Koosevelt.r who will then step into the ranks of womanhood. Miss Alice Koosevelt's "coming out" will be the largest event the old house has segn since that February night in 1873, when Miss Nellie Grant was formally presented to social Washington. . Tomorrow night's event will be like It In many respects and It is quite probable a score or . more of thok! who were favored, guests upon that occasion will be present at this later day blossoming of a social bud. Invitations have been sent to the .surviving members of the Grant family nnd k Is hoped Mrs. Nellie Orant BartorU. heroine ot the other ball, will be able to attend and wish her fair successor a happy fortune. About a thousand Invitations have been sent out for- ttt function. Two cousins of Miss Koose. velt. Miss Christine, daughter of Koi-line Hoosevelt, and Miss Helen, daughter of J. Koosovelt. will make their first sppearnnce In Washington society at the ball. 4 , omvllment From the kaiser. WASHINGTON, Jan. 2. Miss Alice Jtoosevclt, daughter of the president, whs much complimented to day by her friends and acqualntanxes over, a cablegram from Berlin conveying the Information that the kaiser wanted her to name his new yacht now building In the United mates." This Is the I rut official intimation of the In ternational compliment, that has reached the White house. The kaiser's request, when pfllclally made, will take some, time to reach Miss Bnnseveit throuah ttte usual dlnlomatlc channels. THE LION TAMER. IT'S UP TO Yielding to a pressure the most powerful and far-reaching ever exerted upon " any governor for the exercise of executive clemency, Ezra P, Savage has granted s full, free and unconditional pardon to Joseph 8. Bartley, . fhe defaulting ex-stute treasurer, commuting his sentence to four years rnd six months. . ; , , ! -Governor Savage has dobe what Ills 'two immediate predecessors ,lh office refused, t6 do. He has pardoned Bartley In the face of a dls-. proval written in advance by the part to which he owes his high station. At the Isst state convention, when the governor was haled be fore K. and practically ordered to wwiirthe" TaToteerhadTriTihted Bart- ley, the following resolution was adopted after a debate unparalleled In Hb vigor," and' fierceness " TT , -.yZ'Ti''JIt. "The Vejiubllcans of Naliraska dlHclnlm for the party any sympathy with custodians of public moneys found guilty of the betrayal of sacred trusts, ; Without impugning the motives of the governor in any ease, we deprecate any exercise of executive clemency tending to create the ' false impression that the republican' party is disposed to condone the wilful embe'zzl' ment of .public funds under any circumstances, and we request the in mediate recall of , the parole ot. Joseph Hartley."' -., ' t t:v vJr, ul 'A'ann liMtt olrti,jra tiUtirtt llilvks 'that he has-done o. her ,t hart what he believed to be right and just. He has jeopardized his political future in taking this step. The beneficiary of tils act owes It to the man who granted him liberty to justify, by his future conduct, the clemency "extended him. Mr. Bartley outraged the people of this' state by being unfaithful to his trust; Whether or not he would have made good his defalcation if given time, whether or not he was at heart an embezzler, or whether he -was a victim of the times or circumstances, are no longer burning questions. The' deep-seated resentment against him finds Its foundation in his firm, not to say 'defiant, refusal to tell what became of the peo- pie's money.. They had s right to know, and they still possess that Vight. v. " v..r " 4 - It Is now ur to. Mr. Bartley to explain. He may say that he has ren- dered full expiation, but that would be begging the question, if he 'takes the ground thut he owes no account of his stewardship to the people, how about, his duty to Governor Savage? Upon what Mr. Bartley does In the future in this matter depends the. fate meted out 4 to the man who gave him liberty. 4 BOILER EXPLODES AND BLOTS OUT FIVE LIVES. 7' MACON, Ga., Jan. 2. ' Five persona were killed and three fatally Injured, by the explosion of a boiler of a freight. engine in the round house of the Central Georgia railway this morning, The dead: ' JOHH PODGES, engineec J. M. MACBONALD, machinist. , URIAH CORNELIUS, fireman. UNKNOWN WHITE MAN. ' UNKNOWN NEOHO. 1' The fatally injured; Henry Fox, Lum Marshall, P. N. Kelly, and Alder- T VENEZUELAN TROUBLE FOR CASTRO. PORT AIT PRINCE, Haytl, Jan. 2. The British steamship Bah Rlgh, which President Castro of Vencxuela, has proclaimed a pirate' ship, has sailed from the Island of Martinique, where she has lain for "eight days. The ship wa renamed the Llbertador. : Her sides have, been strengthened . with DOG MEAT THE FARE OF STARVING GERMANS V BERLIN, Jan, 2. The distress among the agrarians li most serious, Farmers are flocking to the cities In 'the hops of obtaining food, " Many have been compelled to eat pet dogs In order to escape starva UNCLE SAM'S NAVY NOW .COMPRISE 225 SHIPS WASHINGTON, Jnn! Z.i ... The natal regWer for J02 Just published, states that the United Htate navy comprise 22' vi-nnrls In comrnln. Ion or available for service und sixty - - Mlaneapolla Joaraal. BARTLEY - . - - - - ' man R. L. Wills. The latter wa badly scalded but will recover. ; The shock of 'the explosion was distinctly felt for a distance of ten miles the glass In buildings for blocks around being shattered. The negro was painting t" top of the round house and was blown to pieces. His head was found several hundred feet from the building, which was completely wrecked, as were ,two new engines and fifteen box cars. Ofr flcluls say the explosion was due to a defective steam valve. It Is feared "other bodies are In the ruins; ( REBELS MEAN ) light armor rtnrt protection has been given her with guns, deiieral Manuel Ma tor, leader of the revolt in Venezuela, and over 300 of his followers, boarded the' ship at . Martinique and sailed abroad her. Their mission Is to bring about the overthrow of Cnstro, The Llbertador has a big cargo of arms and ammunition. - ' tion. Things have reached such an extremity that the authorities at the village of Oeben, me seriously considering tne prnionltlon to open "ft dog butchery In order to properly prepare the ciircusses for consumption, under construction; a total of 2R5 men of-war, , 0 U. S. WEATHER FORECAST. 4 ' Fair tonight And Friday; bolder tonight. ' Enthuslustlo, adorned with red ribbons which designate the members ot the state association, the teachers of Nebraska to the number o qver a thousand thronged to, the new unler-sit'y chapel to attend the general aee.slon beginning at 9 o'clock this morning. In addition to the pedagogues. of the public schools, there "are 'representatives ot private colleges and normal schools besides nearly all the county' superintendents of the state.- Addressed by prominent speakers, postponing the proposed amendment to the constitution, changing the method of elect trig officers and . the spelling contest consumed the " morning . session, the teachers filing from the campus shortly before 1 p clock. Politics in state association circles still forms a vital 'subject of comment. Among the aspirants there is absolute silence ' when newspaper men "are thought to be about, modesty almost embarrassing when the subject is mentioned. Yet unguarded whispers betray eager interest In the outcome of the -scrap fur the presidency and the disposition of the minor offices. Behind the curtain Which veils the ambitions of the- leading pedagogues from general gate the wires are. belngpulled; there are plots and counterplots and jevery effort will be made to see that "things go right" with a -minimum of oratory und publicity, The following conversation took place this1 morning after a. representative of the Xewswas told' there "wasn't anything doing in politics:"- . ' v , "Look, that matter up, did ybu?'! ' ' ' "Yes, ' and say, Mr. ,' naming a man prominent In educational circles, "Mr. ' . lias brought a whole gang, a doxen 6r more, from out his way, He has got something on the string. Watch his crowd and be sure they ha.ve nil registered before they vote." , laaaidatea Are Sky ' Of the candidates' mentioned In the public prints the major fraction denied any ambitions this morning. They were - simply present to , further good fellowship and didn't want any honors. Very few, however, make the pos-itlve declaration that they would dodge any sudden discharge of association presidential lightning that might come their way. But the Impression is put that some potent hantHs wrlttng-thenamea upon he Mute and before this omnipotent power the candidates stand mate its -a turkstoiihe immediate presence of a meat cleaver. Superintendent j. i. French, of Hustings, ' Is regarded .as a likwly candidate, President Heltzmnn, of. Hen trice, is mentioned J by many-From the northeast comes a cry for A. H. Waterhouse, of Omaha. D. C. O'Connor, of Norfolk: W, L. Stephens, of Beatrice and A, Thomas: of Kertr ney, tire' all lookL upon with favor by their fellow teacher, while Professor Lt?ondra, ot Lincoln, Is a capital city favorite. President Hettsman declares that .never before bus politics been so quiet In the slate ussocWlon. One educator violently disclaimed all Intentions of being n candidate and declared that the newspapers were agitating the matter for the purpose of poking fun at, the distinguished visitors. - With candor and frankness he begged to be excused from being quoted but he ventured, the assertion thut the whole business made him weary, "I came down here to have a good time with my. colleague," he said, "I am not looking for any official titles." (lolrkly Illspoae of Amendment. When the amendment, proposed yes terday for 'the purpose of changing the constitution so that . ofllcers could be elected by "direct vote of the teachers, came up In general Besslun this morning It received the icy mitten as per agreement among the leaders ,unr will be. disposed of tomorrowf morning. There was no debate, no discussion. The unanimity that prevailed indicated that the sidetracking was prearranged. This delay will perhaps bring about the election of the - officers' for. next year according to the rules and methods followed in the past. According to this plan, a nominating committee composed of three members from each congressional district selects the names of the candidates and places them before the association. This boily will convene at 5 o'clock this evening. The election Is scheduled for tomorrow morning. . , ','.'..- The amendment provides for the election of the candidates by direct vote at thfee designated polling places, - President UrarilahrBr Tnlht. " "fleptltudea and Attitudes of, the Teacher," Is the title of the address which wliriw given by W. M. Beard-shear, president of the Iowa state college, at the auditorium tonight. ,He Is a man of striking personality irnd his address is awaited wlthgreat Interest by the teachers. ' He In iiow president of the national educntional association. . Arnold' Tompkins of Chicago, empha sized the' value of literature In -the arousing of the higher Ideals of school children In his address at the general session this morning. He declared that the teacher should thoroughly understand the purpose of every work of literature' before attempting to ten c In It. First rousq the higher Ideal In the children and the work to make them permanent, he declared. Fiction whs always the best method of dlssemlnnt-Ing' truth and nothing was more helpful than a proper selection .of literary masterpieces for the common schools. Advocates Selentlie Tenedlng. "What Is Pi lentlflC Teachln?" was the question President n. A. Tsylet1 of "Decatur, HI., Answered In an address lifting almost threo' quarters of an hour. In part he Mild: , "Herbert Spencer calls science dandified knowledge. A better statement de. -fines science at a Ubdy of knowledge (lamlned In accordance with some fundamental principle, The plant 1 the fundamental' principle ot botanical knowledge, the crystal of crystallography, the animal of zoology, life of biology, self-consciousness of psychology, and self-nctlvlly of pedagogy, Kach of these silences Is dominated by Its 'fund 11 men tnl prlndnle. Everything grows out of It, everything Is permeated by It. - . "Modern method agrees ihnt to know botany one must know the plant, to know loology one must know the animal, to know biology one must know -life, and to know psychology one munt Knnw si'ir-riinerloiiMiiess in t multifarious moods and BeMyltleW. It follows then that to know pedagogy pne must know self activity, Us fundamental and controlling principle,' In this company this may seem a very evident and -very commonplace truth, but In actual classroom practice,' it Is alrnowt generally ignored. ' "This fundamental principle ' is not to' be regarded simply as a pattern in accordance with which the Individual members of a class are constructed, but ns an active, progressive, constructive force of which they are the products. It Is a mistake to think of ' the .objects tlt nature as made. Nothing is made. Everything makes Xtselt; is the result ot its own constructive principle. This is as true of the granite cliff and the majestic river at of , the graceful humming bird and - the , ' . stately elm. The proper scientific tneth- ' od then is to discover how a certain principle realizes Itself. The point of view, consequently, becomes dynamic rather than static. Action Attracts AUeatlon. ' "Nothing attracts the attention of a child so quickly aa a moving object. Likewise the, full grown man immediately becomes interested . in motion, particularly when it is .accomplishing -something in a constructive way. For example, aee the great crowds which a , glass blower's exhibit draws;, the in- -terest whlrh passers by show In the building of a wall, in the construction -of a house, in the laying of a eewer, m ; the manufacture of a watch. In the shaping of a nail, in the grinding oil grain. In Jhe switching of a car, in the painting oT- a picture. Some authors are taking advantage ot this fact ln-tlm -naming of their books; so they use tho attractive title of The Building of the Nation, istead of ahe History of the Nation; The Building of the Brain, instead even of the Growth of the Brain. The vitascope is popular because it -is life active, progressive, accomplishing something. Interest in the construction of an object Is quickly followed by .the Impulse to attempt y construct. -or to help construct. Thecontagion is iiatural and universal; 'the Impulse thus begotten makes knowledge posai ble. -, -....-.' ,- "In approaching every subject, scieu- -tiflo teaching seeks first to find th fundamental principle and then to find out its modes of action. "It it be langauge, the Initiative movement is -discovered in the single. . word with which the activity expresses itself. The addition of a second word predicating something of the thing named by the first, - reveals ths general' nature ot the constructive process as well as the function -of language. The mode bjrwhtch the pred-" tented ' elements ''are then transferred ' f to the subject percept and built Into it by appropriate modifying word Is (ht -next proper step in the enquiry. It . will- then be seen that the function of ' predication Is purely constructive aui thut its office In each particular cast -ends when It has contributed the new -element H -has discovered to the sub-J' ,'.-;.:!. uj in tha uiliiti. :, Tht var -lous modi Motions of the predicate rln tin a similar way and are also transferred with It. : Poetical Stady Synthetic. . "The study 'of a popm should he synthetic rather than analytic. Enough' time should be spent" in analysis to discover. , "First, the motif, the end; and "Second, the nature of the general movement working towards the realisation of that end when that is discovered. .-'' "The following out of the details of the process of construction is much 1 the same as that of following the process in the construction of a clock or a Aewlng machine. - 4 "The study becomes critical when it ' attempts., to verify the wisdom of the constructive process, "as of the direction it takes, the appropriateness ot the words, used, the beauty and significance of the figures Introduced, ami the successor the effort made. To make. it effective,- comparative -criticism' should begin very early In the teaching of langauge. Suppose, aa an Illustration, that in a given case a class Is studying a description of the rising sun, To te4 4ts fidelity or beauty, the class should first compare' It with the rising sun as they themselves see It or have seen It. Then they ought to read the descriptions given by other writers and select that description, which An their minds most accurately and most clearly depicts It, that Is constructs a picture of It. As a final step, they should be required to Justify their choice and encouraged to frame a de- ' scrlptlon of their own embracing such i elements as they think Have been unwisely omitted In those cited. ' To lllutrate these statements the speaker traced the various movements of nature In the construction of the flower, The movement In all knowledge-getting is constructive. All the mental elements involved are' likewise tonstruntlve. Perception til constructive. Memory Is reconstructive. There I no such A thing ns slorlnsaway Uhat Ufa luai-n tl.. ... ..... ....... ,,, , IC1fc CAIWI IfllVr-B KM W reconstructed and a mental, picture built up. The same rules are also an- f V plicable to Imagination, conception and Judgment..,..-.,..... 4.; '. .'' Hrlntton r Mctcace aid Art. . ., , -. Both art and science are constructive." Science discovers and sets forth the mode, of movement; art performs the . operation. Hcience builds up a body of principles arid art applies them. Science Is the meaning of action' and art Is si lence in action. The true basis of scientific teachlmr' hmtiBt then be found In a knowledge of i tne inree great phases of human ccn-sclnusness. A thorough understanding of the laws of the mind Is the first essential. - HclentUlc teaching recognises then two grtat activities as necessary reclp. rocals one merely executes', tho othef both plans and executes. The propei . recognition- of these two principles con. stltutes successful teaching. ,1 Methods employed should be stal)l and ' not subject to annoying rhanget which disorganise the school and con fuse th pupils. start th scllln Matrn. - Pbortly 'after 13 o'clock the orthographical champions representing Almost every county In the state were aligned In rows In the state university -chapel and HuperlntendetU B. J. Bod-well, of Omnha, announced the start. Knch county Is represented by two select contestants, all the candidates be- ' Ing teachers and members of the state ssnoclatfon. Today words - wer' pronounced by the members of th executive committee, consisting of W. B. Holtsman, E. JV Bodwell and J. T. French, The contestants, seated with- poncladeA oa Fag SI - 1 4 . . .... 4 7 iltlT llll -jut """I"' ' -H

Clipped from
  1. Lincoln Journal Star,
  2. 02 Jan 1902, Thu,
  3. Page 1

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