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Polio full article
Polio Has Hit Epidemic Rate In Montana for Fifth Year, Health Board Reveals Polio has hit an epidemic rate in Montana so far this year, with 21 5 victims per 100,000 population, the State Board of Health reported Tuesday. Dr. G. D. Carlyle Thompson, board executive officer, described a polio epidemic rate as 20 cases per 100,000 people. But when other factors besides population are considered there is no cause for alarm, Thompson said. The 129 infantile paralysis cases this year have been widely distributed throughout the state, with 29 of the 56 counties reporting at least one case each. Twenty-one new polio cases were reported to the Board of Health last week. They boosted the 1952 total to 129, compared with 51 in the first 37 weeks last year. But, as Thompson pointed out, there were only half as many cases in August last year as there were in the same 1952 month. And there were 60 cases in September, 1951, compared with only 37 this September. August and September have always been the heaviest polio months, said Thompson who believes the 1952 peak will be reached this month with a decline beginning soon. This is the fifth year that Mon tana has had a polio epidemic rate, Thompson went on. There were 322 cases in the record year of 1934 Other epidemic years were 1924 with 182 cases, 1946 with 129 case: and 1951 with 139 cases. More than half of this year's cases, according to Board of Health records, were reported from four counties: Flathead, Missoula, Cus ter and Cascade. Flathead, which has had 28 cases including 17 in Kalispell, reported only one new case last week. Custer, which hac an early outbreak v u t never report ed more than four in any one month, is down for 14 cases. Missoula county has had 13 poli cases, with five of them reportet during September. Cascade has hac 12 cases, all in the past six weeks Montana's polio incidence las June and July was the highest evei for those months. It rtarted falling off in August and the drop ha: continued into September. Casei have been reported every month this year except in March, Apri and May. The five cases reported in 191 made that year Montana's lightest There have been less than 50 case; eported during 27 of the 35 years ince 1917. Thompson said "Montana is gen- rally of low polio incidence and nly 1934 was a serious year." ecalled that 178 of the 322 cases lat year were reported from Ana- onda. Polio -- short for poliomyelitis nd synonomous with infantile aralysis--ranges in its effect from ommon cold symptoms through aralysis to death. There have nly three deaths reported this ear. Thompson said about five per ent of those getting polio usually may be expected to die. About f those getting the disease will hrough it without any paralysis, ivhile about half of those who are laralyzed make a complete recovery. The top Board of Health official .dded that for every reported case if polio there are an estimated Â»ther people in the community 'eloping an immunity to the dis- ;ase through carrying of the virus n their noses and throats. Of the epidemic rate, Thompson said it can only be properly ap plied to eight of 10 of Montana's argest counties. It cannot be applied to, say der River county, he explained. That county with an area of 000 square miles and 2,600 popula ion reported two cases last year This produced a case rate of 75 100,000 population or about four times the accepted epidemic rate Which is why Thompson points out that despite the year's epidemii rate there actually was no particu :ar point during the summer Montana was having real, honest goodness polio epidemic. of Friday Is Deadline For PMA Ballots, Mirehouse Cautions A final reminder to Lewis am Clark farmers and ranchers to plete and mail or bring in thei PMA election ballots this week been given by G. H. Mirehouse, chairman of the production and marketing administration committee. Friday is the final day that ballots can be delivered by voters to the county PMA office in Helena's federal building and it is also the last day ballots can be