Iowa' Fugitive slave clase The Des Moines Leader 27-july 1899

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Iowa' Fugitive slave clase  The Des Moines Leader 27-july 1899 - | IOWA* FUGITIVE SLAVE CASE. Story of the...
| IOWA* FUGITIVE SLAVE CASE. Story of the State's Only Prosecution Under the Law of 1850. . ; r _. ;ee was a Uniletl Sialew commissioner, ..o . .1 ., , "• having Jurisdiction over-'fugitive slave «einB thus called upon to net in Ihe rases*.• The law was clmptt- U re- ™ ot{er > l <* course luiied the warrant itulreil only that a claimant should ?£ i ; e(iul , red , h >' la "'- " wan placed In produce evidence of service arid ait i, ,"* nd * n{ a ^P^iy mawlinl named escape and of the 'Identity of the • t ' re(leilck r"m\k, for immediate service. claimed person, the testimony of lha IJe at 0)1(?0 l >r <w«etl«l to Ihe wagon and alleged fugitive being expressly ex- i ^ rrest1etl H>c .negro as Dick, rind eluded. Mr. FYazee saya: I *>rougnt him In-fore mo. He was nc- jrpn that 23d day of June, as bright' com !> i »nled by. Jlr. T. D. Crocker, an pnd. pleasant a day as $vor cheered ftlj ' e ^ oun & lawyer who hruJ been re- (hiji people of Iowa, abovi^ 9 o'clock in ' tat " e(1 t( >' som^.one to nppetir on be|ho jnornfiig, as J was idly looking out llflIlC of Dtekj-'.Mr, Crocker moved lhat the open window, I saw a common 1 tlie examination should be adjourned farm wagon stop In the irihldle of the ; umil tnc succeeding Tuesday, npslfju- street, around which a crowd of street ln B BOHIQ cause whlcl- I do not recollect, Idlers immediately gathered, this In- Ullt tlie mollon WPS promptly agreed duced me to look more attentively at *° * ] 1' M' 1 - Browning, nnd thereupon the occupants of the wagon. v>-hen 11 D * c ^ wan remanded lo tho marshal's recognized as one of theni Dr. Edwin ' cusloUy 'to await ihe result or the In- Jiimes, whom I knew, and by. his side j vesUgallon. So Dick was taken to the a negro man. Dr. James was a vener- county Jail and there detained until (he able old gentleman, who resided about"] final trial. four miles west of the cUy, very r^uiet i • "It bet-anio evident /ne.imvhlte lhat In his habits, but decided in Jifu opin-Mills William C. Young, who nt the re- Jons, which lo fiome people-seemed ec- ' <jUesl. of Tliomas Rutherford wns'act- the expedition. The four volumes which' credit of having been the flr&t Amerl- t hl V , * • ? ;cral rcwartl ftn can who ever reached Us summit. Aft- whlch "° ^ atl stipulated. Hut he had erward the doctor was a Burgeon In ?!"". e , poSHlhfo a crun!es when he found the regular army, stationed at a north- v li " lt would be tlnn^omiis to make ern outpost, among the Indians when* ™™ a5 10 thc -^entity nnfl status of he made himself so fa'mljiar with at Dlck ln M'-^ouvl. But f think it was least one Tndian dialect that he was not E0 n*"ch his conscience that urged aljle to translate the --New Testament him lo hfl!l !lll(1 Ponsent to adjourn- Into U. When or why lie came to the menl ' as ihe f « : >r that, if he were mis- vic'inity of Burlington I have not learn- taken, his own liberty would nctt be ed, but,I know he had resided'here a absolutely secure. Ho he wended his number of years prior-to JS-S5, and JiJs wa >' back to Missouri and sent up a residence here was continued until his K w of the clnlmat'l to prove status,, October 28, 3SC1. escnpe ni;d Idc-ii-Jty. "What caused some people lo think "The lion. James W. Grimes was the doctor eccentric was. the fact that then "governor of lou'a. nn<l had (its he was an avowed 'aboIifionlRt.' That residence In Burtinston, Mrs. Orlrnes svas not a word to co«jur.e by in those , was then visrltlng-' hor relatives in days. * ». * Abolitionists of the Maine. The governor W ns nftorwards outspoken sort were not very nutnet-- : United Ktutrs sennlor from Inwa. and ,ous fit that Lime. EJtill thorc were i his biography has been written' nnd T*p, Up all day tt the Bucbioe until the bead throbs with emy tap Aoi when the machine storw for the fay the throV biaf; nill goes on. More than any other class of votaen the large army of women clerks needs to cocaii closely watch the health of the organs pecuharljr womanly.- For the general healtli will be disturbed just iu proportion as the local health of the delicate, womanly organs is disordered, \VitH irregularities there will come pains in tbe head, the back or side, nausea and general misery. The happiness of the future life of tlje wife and mother may be entirely ruined by neglect o/ the health at this critical period. Women confined in offices, shut out from necessary exercise will find a faithful friend in Dr, Pierce'a Favorite Prescription. It so regulates the womanly functions a ml so strengthens the delicate organs that pain from these causes will be absolutely done away v, ith and future heallli foe perfectly assured. There is no opium, c~- ! - or other narcotic .in " Favorite Prescription." Neither does H contain alcohol, whisky or other intoxicant. " I was so weak I did not have treatli to walk across my room." writes Iwbcll Wilier, of Provi(!«nct, CatlowayCo., Ky. "My periodsoo cue red too often ;mu (he hemorrhage would be prolonged a»d tlic loMofhlood very excessive I also liaj Bj>clU winch the doctor earn were fiinl- iog^ fits. I cotiW no! (t-ll wlien (hey were cottiiii? on Lut they lea use I'try weak. My stomach would cramp nnliJ I couM Jjol strat^liieii. This would last for several hours, I did not jjaiu slrenj;th from one moulhly period lo another; u-a-i vcty weak and uervous all the time. I was advisfd Ly a kind friend to try Dr. I'icrce's Favorite Prescription, which I did ntid before I had taken iwo boltJesof il I could work nL] day. r took in all sir IwHles of the ' I'avorik- Prescription' mid ubout five bottles of Dr. J'ierce's Ptl- Uls, I used no other medicine. I have never had a return of I his trouble eince, nud utvtr cnn pmisc Dr. rlerce's mcdJcices enough, for I kuo«- tlicy saved my life." i, •-» ~ ' . oC tin- fugUivG-in nny event all I era! -1 suspecten fa soon as 1 recogmzed „,,,„„_, hf . 1I1? fira ,,- cl . ha ,,,,. t<> ,, ' H J'... the doclor, ana no!cd the negro by h s ,,,-,, .,,,,„ ".'',,11 ,~ ! , tiegro t-:ere the c.iuse of the commotion. Roth of them eeemed disposed to allow the cron-d to talk "ns much as they pleased, and said |ittte them- Ktlves. Th3 majority appeared t» oppose any forward movement of the wagon. But what they *vere iVJiJllug for 1 could not eueas until one or the onlookers camo Into my oflice and told Tix; -vhat be had learned about the affair pretty'much as foJloivs: " 'Dr. had ' driven into the city early in the morning, bringing the negro with him; had crossed tho river oti the- ferrbont with the Intent . to speerl ihe negro to the next station or to Chicago tiy the railroad which" then reached the cast bank of the river, and while waiting there, apparently unsuspicious of Interruption, the starting of the train, they were suddenly pounced upon by two Missouri man hunters, armed with pistols and bowie knives, who alleged Ihnt the negro was the slave of one Rutherford of Clark county, Missouri, that his name wa$ 'Dick' and demanded that he should be surrendered lo them as Rutherford's agents. What threats were made and what colloquy followed my informant had not learned, but tlie result nf it was that a|l the parties returned across the the city and stopped in front of rny ofllcf, the crowd keeping Kuard over Ihe -wagon while the Mlssourians hunted up a lawyer and others sought counsel for the fugitive, which occupied considerable time/ ."After learning these* particulars, as I sat watching the actions ol the crowd without being able to distinguish what was said, I was much amused as I noted the apparent alacrity with which some persons I knew appeared to take sides with the Mfssourians. Every man in the crowd who was himself a native of the slave region, or the son of such a native—and there were many such in Burlington—seemed to- be very zeaioua In his manifestations of svrri- pnthy with the slave claimants. 7he amusing Idea was 'emphasized by the fact that most of them were of the class in the south lhat never owned a slave, and who had migrated from thai blissful land to the free soil of Iowa principally because they had become certain thnl if the remained In their original locality they would never he able to own one. They came here to better their condition. Uut unfortunately Ihey brought with them all their ]<H;a) prejudices and habits, and especially their imbibed hatred fit the ne- gro who chanced to t>e1ieve that he had quite n.s good a right to hia personal liberty as the man who claimed to be his master and owner. * * * "And Ihtn the sympathy of Ihe northern people In the crowd was scarcely less pronounced. They were probably very few, If any, openly acknowledged 'abolition la Is 1 among them. Uut the system of the respectable people of the north seemed inhuman, and was also obnoxious because of Us uo- lilical Influence. The sight of a victim of Ihe system, seiMd by a couple of voluntary bloodhounds while seeking lo escape (rom bondage, stirred the btoo'l of those who thought that liberly was rightly purchased at any price. These men had no desire to Interfere with the system where It ex- Jsled. They were not responsible for It, and could no nothing under the constitution to destroy Jl. Hut when it obtruded Itself upon them and proposed lo exert IU power in their oivn atreels, they were roused lo action, and rc-soJvcd that the authority should be eserled under the strictest construction of the law. ThPi' did not know anything about thf? negro— whether he had ever been in Missouri or had always been free. What they evidently meant was that any rial mum must, here In Iowa, prove bis claim to the fullest extent and In the most strictly legal manner. * • * *'Aboutan hour after the wagon slopped, the claimant's agent made hl& appearance in my office accompanied by his attorney, Mr. Browning, a proml- ol!icu~>ls from ^fLordlrLE; assistance^ that Rcvc-rnl pnKsllJle collisions had already QL-CIII red betwcon -.persons «t npposiic rpinions, 'th.a t t i'^fyj excitement was grftii, that hf^h'^l^notified his brother, with all the friend's of the npgro in his vicinity, to be, present at the trial, that Judge Lowe, .of lTis'"B(ace d'.strict court, would he'here, so that If needed nn np_- plication for a" writ of haheas corpus could be made, and have no daubl that H would he Issued. "JJefore Ihe morning of June 26th T had become acquainted with some of the facts detailed by (lie governor, Iiut not with ull, and wys mille 1 Ignorant of his personal intervention and acknowl- . edged zca] in the fugitive's hehnif, T : knew, t?iat Colonel, afterwards Major 1 General FiU Henry Warren, hnd manifested much Interest In the matter and supposed thai he was the princlnal mover in gathering r the crowd of sympathizers with iho unfortunate fugitive from bondage, anil did not suspoct that the governor had anything to do with it, I saw that there was considerable excitement, was a ware that Judge Lowe had been summoned, lhat he had come from his home In KeofcuJr, and though I was not told. * * * In view of the evident interest ami excitement, I concluded to transfer the investigation from my office to the district court room, where 1he probable crou-d, or a greater part of It, might he accommodated, "When ihe donr.s wore opened and the alleged fugitive, in custody of the marshal, was brought in, the large court room was immediately filled to suffocation by excited veopU;. It WEIS never KO crowded, before .or since. The ~»~ Sacrificed to Blood Poison. Those wholi»ve never hnd iilood !'oi- Bon can not know what ft desecrate condition it c«n produce. This territilc (liscaBB which th* doctors are tolnlly unable to. cure, lg communicated from one generatipo.^rinother, inllicting its tsint upon cooMiMt innocent ones. Some yt.rewfcrB* Inocul,M.1 with polfon doors had to he cloeed and guarded to keep out a great mass of others, all anxious to witness the proceedings. The mayor of the city, Mr. S. A. Hudson, who chanced to he a genuine Ken- tucktan, and who was a cousin of General Grant, then entirely unknown to the nubile, voluntarily installed himself n.s doorkeeper. .Mr. .M. D. Drowning ugaln iippcnred on behalf of the claimant, anil Judfre D.xvld Rorcr, who. hy the way. was a native of Virginia, and A/r. T. D. Creek"r> were counsel for Dick. Along with Mr. Browning came young Rutherford, .son of the claimant, who was of course supposed to he well Jirrjualnieti with his father's negroes, and very'coftntniy with tlie man Dick, who was said to have escaped Into Iowa. Kvorybody was agog to see the witness tipon testimony the fate of Dick depended. Even the ladies, ol whom a considerable number were present,, seemed anxious to know lion the man looked who was willing to consign the poor fugliive to life-Ionic servitude, Mr. Browning offered the .son as )i:s witness, «~ho was dulj sworn. Next. Mr. IJi owning :isked that the- tiCKi", who C'ccitnled a sent some distance from the witness, might bt required to stnnrl up, EO Ilisil the- wlt- nrss rnlglu obtain a clear view of him Withmu finy Titsilalfim D!clt iiSHUtnei a slnnrliiiR |»i!?ULnn and boldly con f runted the witness, Mr. Browning then IiUeiTognierl thp witness as-to Identity of 'Dick.' The answer was i surprise t<j all present, quite as much to me a.t to nnynne. R had been tiikei for granted thn't the mpn who hnd fallen upon the 'Dtck' before them hnd not been mistaken, ami H seemed ijjjjjrob- nlile thnt two IjoJidmc-n In' iliesiniri, of similar general appearance, had nifitle tlieir escape into Iowa annul the saint time. lustev'Kl of «/lirmlng lhat Dick was hfs father's, the witness pramptb responded thai the ne^ro before Inn: him wcri not; that he did not knov. him and thrtl Iio had never .seen Inn V-fnn?. No other eviilemx- was ut'ieitid and Judge Jturer then moved that the fugitive should he released from custody and wlmlev&r |>roperly had been taken from him should he restored, am so il was ordered. So far as I had knowledge the only property la ken frnm Pick was a huge, oHI-fashionct pistol, such as horsemen UKOS) to ean-> hsfore Co it invented the revolver- do not know whether or n^t ii -\vns loaded, but Its possession seenm to in- dldite llmt one Wck ititcnded Co rnak< a desperate light for his liberty, if i 1 Ijpc.ime necessary. "As KOOH «s the order of discharge was made a Joyous shout wont up fron those within tho court room, responds to by the crowd without, mur-h more vigorously. The fugitive's friomls a onre crowded about him. nnd he was conducted triumphantly from the room •iisnppearlng from my sight ant knowledge fcrcver. At no time did sec the crowd gathered outside tb court room, hut was told lhat mor than a ilioUKiincl Pxnltinp people es coned Dick lo ihe ferry-boat on ivlik-i Dr. Blames, Dl«-k and plenty of guard. i'rrrss<:(l the river, and this time ' Dick was s t a rt eel by rai 1 toward s C hie H gf without detention. "Governor Grimes, who, according to his own slatc-menl, had interested him self on Dick's behalf from beginning tt end, wrote to Mrs. Grimes the ncs, day. while the 1 proceeiJings wtre frp.=h In his memory. In this letter he ex I>rcsFe£ ernllflratlnn wllh the result li!s opiniitn thai ti;e city woulrl have boon dtshonor^rl by permitting the ro turn of any fugitive, that-lhc fuglliv. (•iiiiI»J not hnvt- IJCPM taken !•> .Mif-5«?inl that this wjis tho llrfi case iti Iowa wndrr I lie fugitive ylnve law, ami tlia he was oonvinr-cd that no fugitive coul( bfi (iikcn from t?te county Ijack to slav rry. From whirh slfitements it nia> h:> inferred Ihrtt if legal npposilfon liai f:iilc«i anrt .1 certificate hnd been E&m&d a rcpt'ue wou(d have hec-n allemptct anil probfiMy would have hcen succcfis ful." d lift IM« wfel np to ti^fewful poison. Tor iUIonv yr-»r§ 1 «if- fer**l untota ml Wry. I «•»« cwTrrtd with fores ind ulcer* Trosi- head to foot, aad no . iMignast! can expri>«9 my reelings of woe dxVrlng thriM lon^ jtxrs. I hud Uio t«&t mcd'c&l treatment. SOT- eml phjrld»n> succes . xlTftiy trt««f4 me, b«i «H' toao p»rix>», Ths m*r- curir Miri p«*»eh terraH *wfnl flkna w>lrt> wna (ie •tiTited- liy frifnds who cum. Ui Iry (nttwnbnttln.ftnrl I frit piy brrjwt M»^n. I Jft , plr-t* •nd pf rfect cur* WM tb* rr-jcult. S. S. i« the only tloort rcmcdr which rwcbw* drs pcrateCBW!'.; , Hit. T. W. " Monl.^runery. Al\. Of the many blood remedicA, S. S. S. is the only one which can renoh cle«p- Rented, violent CMOS. Tt never fsils t* O'ire perfectly «nd ppntinncntly the most desperate case« wliich are beyond the «fcch of other remedies. swn wnnrf^rin lfi'A Swci&c. W< p- «rim rtrlvMi for hc«llh and bipi-lr.r^ from Ihc utarr, and a oi S.S.S. is i>rj»Ki,T VPQITABI.E, Rnd is the only Wood remedy ffuartntced to contain no mercury, potash, or other minerRl. Vatiiihle books mailed free by Swifi Specific Company. AtlanU r >l'KlM.i:V I'll.U.SKS VOI,i;.NTKK»,S, Tcxl of Illn Tclrgrnm to Ocnoml OIK : .Manila ^IruTn.l'itlilir. Washington, -Tilly 2l.~-T.^ic fr.JlowIn; dispatch v;as sent by President Me Kinley lo fJeneral Otis nl Manila, tmde dale of .July \, and now made ijubll for the- fir ft time: 'The prt-sidtnt desires to oxpre?s in the most public manner his apprecfn. lion of tho lofty patriotism shown by the voltmleers and regulars of tho Kli;hlb army corps in performing willing F-r-rvir^ tlirough the sevrre cam- paicns and battle against the insur- g-mts in Luzon, when, under ihe terms of their enlistment,, they would havu been entitled to discharges upon ratification of the treaty of peace with Spain. "This action on their part la noble and heroic. It will stand forth as an example of self-sacrifice nnd public consecration, whirh have over characterized the American soldiers*. "In recognition therc-nf I ?hall recommend to congress that .1 special medal of honor he given the officers ami soldiers of the KIghth corps who performed this great duly voluntarily and enthusiastically for their country." Cleveland Leader: Black-I thought the mj-slery would !« solved soon, hut t find lhat I will have to employ a country constable to work on tho rnje. White—What's the matter with the cfly detectives? Illacli-Oh. they've discovered a clue and that puts the matter away beyond their capabilities.

Clipped from
  1. The Des Moines Leader,
  2. 27 Jul 1899, Thu,
  3. Page 7

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  • Iowa' Fugitive slave clase The Des Moines Leader 27-july 1899

    simplyhonesty – 16 Mar 2013

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