The Scranton Republican (Scranton, Pennsylvania) 19 September 1916 Page 2
. is is - A TOWN IN ONE HOUSE By FREDERIC J. HASKIN NEW YORK, Sept. 18. The sudden rise of the New York apartment house is about to reach its senith in the creation of an immense co - operative country home on the shores 01 Lone; Island. The idea for this super - apartment originated with two well known American artists, Walter Russell and Penrhyn Stanlaws. So far It has its existence only In drawings and plans, but inasmuch as a number of New York's millionaires are back of the pro ject, and such artists as Frederic Mc - Monnies, Paul Bartlett. Jules Guerln and others as well as Russell and Stanlaws have perfected the, plans with the architects, architects, there is no reason to doubt that it will in due course arise to amaze the world. The development of ..e New York apartment is the most striking phenom - is - I en0n of modern urban living, and the one r fraught with the greatest possibilities. - of Not many years ago the only apartment houses were tenements, and all of the rich and well - to - do lived in houses of their own. But the individual dwelling builders. It Is to be an American work Int. by a series of terraces set with ornamental ornamental pools and formal gardens and colonnades and fountains, from tha seashore seashore to the top of a gently sloping hill. It is proclaimed that this is to be the true home of all that Is great in American American sculpture. MacMonniss will here restore the famous fountain which he designed for the Chicago Exposition, and which has been torn down because there was no room for it. So will Alt - kins" "Fountain of the Earth" be preserved preserved along with Bartletfs equestrian masterpiece. The United States lacks great architecture. architecture. Its works of decorative art have heretofore been housed mostly in musemus. At the New Versailles they are to be given their, true place in a scheme of elaborate beauty. In a word, when the scheme reaches Its logical fulfillment, this will be the supreme monument to American wealth. In the year five thousand and something, may hap. It will be dug up ana exnimtea as was forced out by the sheer limitations of j masterpiece of the American ; clvllii - space. First the old brownstone fronts 11 " '". 7h . , . . ,. ! lionaires what the pyramids are to the were deserted and changed into lodging v,..., .trntirm of their tremendous power to create. and boarding houses; then more expensive expensive residences shared tneir fate. ' A house that rented for five thousand dollars dollars a few years ago may be had now for fifteen hundred. Only the very wealthy can afford separate houses in desirable parts of the town, while the demand for apartments by the moder ately wealthy has brought into being But meantime, and as soon as th first chateau is finished. It will do for the American millionaire a great many things that he would otherwise have to do tor himself. It is to be an experi ment in communal living for the rich. All over the world, at various times, communal colonies have been founded tenements of the most luxurious and Dy socialistic dreamers, and always they elaborate sort. Twenty - five thousand ' have failed because there was no real j dollars a year is paid for the occupancy j need for them. Now in New York, the of more than one New York apartment. But this apartment house vogue is not a a merely a space - saving expedient. The significant thing Is that the apartment house is an experiment in co - operative living. The occupants combine, in effect, to build them a house, and heat It, and provide themselves with other conveniences. conveniences. This co - operative Idea has already already been given definition by the erection erection of a series of apartment houses in which each tenant actually buys one - half of the space he occupies, while paying rent on the other half. This co operative idea was first put into practice j by 'a group of artists. In fact, the rise - I a - 1 habitat. He was first among the suc - - 1 cessiui to make tne apartment nis nome. of the apartment house and the artist have been to a great extent cotempor - aneous. When the apartment was in Its infancy, the artists were mostly confined confined to Washington Square, McDougall Alley and Greenwich Alley, where they eked a precarious existence out of the few magazines and art patrons of that day. But the rise of the magazine brought wealth to the story writer and illustrator, while portrait painters, sculptors sculptors and architects began . to enjoy a new vogue. Forthwith they moved uptown. uptown. But the artist wants few possessions. He does not wish to worry about ser vants, and garages and furnaces and The apartment is his natural and first to devise and inhabit the co operative apartment. It was he who designed the "duplex studio apartment," which Is now all the go In New York, even among people who never study anything. anything. It Is an apartment of which al - need has grown up because of - the great number of people, and the complexity of their wants, and the need has brought into being the communal apartment house. This great co - operative country home will take up the idea and carry it a step further. Each family that wishes to live in it will buy as much space as It needs. One man for example, has bought only a room and bath for $5,000, while another has bought $256,000 worth. With this he can do as he pleases, for he owns It. This particular man has decided to cut out the floors of the second story, so that all of his rooms will have vaulted ceilings twenty feet high. Having thus acquired an ownership, the tenant has satisfied all needs without without any further s.tu t upon his part except except the writing of checks. Automooiles, garages, chauffeurs, are all supplied by the colony as a whole. So are yachts and motor boats, and a slant seaplane. A theater, schools for children, and a playhouse playhouse to cost $25,000 are all thrown in. Tennis courts and golf courses and an aviation field and hangar and aeroplanes aeroplanes are all there. Co - operauva stoies are maintained and co - operative teslnur ants, grill rooms, bam, and catering es tabllshments. In a word, the million aire may enjoy all the Innumerable per quisites of being a millionaire without once thinking about them; h may revel in the complex luxury of modern wealth and his own contribution will consist merely In paying the bill. He may go to Europe for the Summer and return without notice and find everything in running order at his home commut al. The servant problem is to be solved most th whoi first floor I. nn ret In the same way. There will be a co room, with a vaulted ceiling, and a gal - operative servants' quartern whsre. the lery all the way around, upon which the va't8 " lackeys and chamber maids bedrooms open. Thus the ancient wl nave C1UD nous UI lne,r wheeze about the small sire of apart - , and a swimming pool snd an auto bus ment rooms has lost Its force. A fam - I to take them on picnics, and many jther ous dancing teacher holds classes of perquisites. From this establishment of art, with the spirit of American art the tenant will be able to employ what - back of it. The designs, which hare al - ; ever servants he desires by the day, ready been painted by Jules Guerln. hour cr year. There will be one require - show an immense palace of marble climb - , mm; no servant will be allowed to thirty pupils in her duplex apartment without crowding, and one artist, Walter Russell, has a studio in his apartment home that is sixty feet long, and has a number of windows ten feet wide opening opening upon Central Park. To revert to the Long Island wonder, it Is to take these ideas of plenty of room and co - operation for convenience j ancial qualifications of every would - be and carry them to their logical limit, Inhabitant. So this is to be a very ex - work more than eight hours a day. This town - in - a - house m tc have a board of directors elected by all the tenants, and this board is to hire a manager. It will be run Just like a modern modern small city, with one important exception. exception. The board of directors will carefully pass upon the social and Jin - by having every occupant the owner of dentally, this most ambitious of all apart - his own share of the building, and by erecting it out in the country. Inci - ments is to be called "New Versailles," not because It will be a copy of its French counterpart, because no work of art can be copied, but because the name conveys something of the intention of the 1 elusive experiment in communism. But If it works there will doubtless be other and less exclusive ones.. So crowded are the great cities becoming that self I preservation nas vi neceBBiiy uecui: mutual preservation. The co - operative apartment of today Is probably a fore cast of how we will all be living in the not so distant future.