Front page announcing capture of Dillinger and gang in Tucson
CENTS q) 1 iaAlr U iMJlftiLQlLU me JOHNSON DENIES OPPRESSION OF SMALL JJUSINESS 90 Per Cent of Complaints , Come From Exploiters, Says General ATTACKED BY SENATORS NRA Is Passing Fast, Says , Dickinson of Iowa; Hits CWA, Too WORCESTER, Mass., Jan. 25. (JP) -Gen. Hugh S. Johnson, NRA administrator, tonight charged that 90 per cent of the complaints that small business concerns were or may be oppressed by large ones came Xrom establishments which aid that "to survive they must exploit their workers." Johnson made it clear that code authorities would prevent any such oppression. The administrator spoke at the annual banquet of the Worcester chamber of commerce. "The line has been drawn at unjustifiable exploitation and we must . continue to draw it," Johnson said. This act must be executed in sympathy and common sense, but the very fundamental of its purpose is that a unit that cannot live except by exploitation shall no longer be preserved. Regional differences of living costs, the higher cost in larger cities, exceptional cases of honest hardship, all these are recognized." The other ten per cent of complaints, the administrator continued, came from the effect of price stabilization and other regulatory practices. ' These were being examined, he said, and true exploitation would be stopped. For this purpose, he added, the President had approved a plan, suggested by Senator Nye with an amendment by Senator Norris, to set up a board which shall have summary powers to receive and inquire into any complaints. "We are also setting up a divi sion under Mr. Whiteside and Col. Montgomery to try to relieve the Intolerable credit facilities now ' available to the little fellow," John-son said. "But aside from the conjectural complaints, by large and small business has benefitedby increased price, by protection against ehains and monopolistic price practices, by every device which we could invent and apply." Delegation of Powers By Congress Monetary Issue Can't Give President Right to Devalue Dollar, Says One Group; Can, Says Another; Everybody Talking, and Final Vote Will Be Delayed WASHINGTON, Jan. 25. (Administration leaders tonight acted to obtain a senate vote on the Roosevelt monetary bill by the end of the week, after a day of inconclusive debate which developed a spirited argument over the constitutionality of giving the chief pvpouHvo the congressional prerogative of revaluing The National WHIRLIGIG Behind the News in Washington New York By lienrse Durno and James McMnllln WASHINGTON By George Durno ALIBI High-ranking Republicans of the Hoover administration involved in the sensational testimony on air mail contracts before the Black committee are giving their defense a quiet preliminary tryout. Unless many statements now standing in the record are explained away to the satisfaction of Senator Black and his colleagues their argument may be aired in court. A Washington publicity firm that issues periodic news bulletins in which propaganda is thinly concealed tried out a little rebuttal along the contemplated line several days ago, Buried among other "items" was one which stated the whole truth might as well be told now; that the dealings under scrutiny by the senate were motivated by a desire to build us up an air service second to none in time of war. Aviation men in attendance at the hearings are privately assur ing one and all that former Postmaster General Walter F. Brown and his aides were justified in handling bids from only the biggest companies -for the.same reason stability and dependability. Many members of the senate recall that this national defense alibi was used more or less successfully by Edward L. Doheny, Harry F. Sinclair and Albert B. Fall in the naval oil trails although they do not undertake to imply the cases the dollar. Senator Robinson the Democratic floor leader, arranged to have the senate meet an hour earlier than usual tomorrow and held out the prospect of a Saturday holiday if a vote can be taken before adjournment tomorrow night. If not, he said in answer to a question by Senator McNary, the Republican leader, the senate will meet Saturday. The administraton has given strong indication that it wants the measure passed at the earliest possible date so that it may put the $2,000,000,000 stabilization fund it would create to work defending the foreign value of the dollar. Too Many Speeches Nevertheless, so many speeches still were to be made that a vote tomorrow appeared improbable. Senator Reed (R. Penna.) announced he would make an address opposing the measure and Senator Wheeler (D. Mont.) is planning an effort to obtain a vote on his proposal for huge government purchases of silver by. offering it as amendment. Senator Borah (R. Idaho) announced, however, he had abandoned an intention of seeking to attach an amendment providing that excess gold resulting from devaluation of the dollar be made the basis for additional issues of currency. There were too many votes against it, he said. Senator Austin (R. Vt.) raised the issue of the constitutionality of giving the President power to revalue the dollar with an assertion that a power of such importance could be exercised only by congress. , "I contend that minor powers may be delegated to another agency to be carried out," said Austin. "There are numerous instances of this. But I think that this particular power is "a power that has been held by the courts to be of the highest magnitude." Can Choose Agent "The courts have held over and over," responded Robinson, pounding his desk, "that congress can c'.ioose an agent, fix the rules of Its procedure and when it has done so it is a valid delegation of authority." FULL STRENGTH NAVY PROMISED IN SEVEN YEARS Congress Is Ready to Adopt Program Asked by President GETS RIGHT OF WAY Republicans Will Join With Majority to Assure Passage of Bill WASHINGTON, Jan. 25. (IP) Certain that the President wants the legislation, house leaders today cleared the way for approval Tuesday of a bill to give America a modern, full treaty strength navy by 1940 or 1941 four to five years after present treaties expire. . At the same time, it was dis closed that the navy department hopes eventually to have 2,100 serviceable fighting, bombing and scouting planes instead of the 1,000 now allowed by law. On the appeal of Chairman Vinson of the naval affairs committee, the rules committee granted legislative right-of-way to the Vinson treaty naval bill. Under that bill, the President would be allowed to order construction of an aircraft carrier and the submarines and destroyers necessary to replace existing ships of those classes which are so old as to be of no fighting value. Vinson's idea of obtaining house action on his bill yesterday was blocked because some members were not sure the President approved and consequently did not want to attach it to the regular annual naval appropriation bill. But today Vinson told the rules committee that the proposed legislation was approved not only by the navy department, but also by the budget bureau and the administration. By unanimous vote, the rules committee approved special procedure under which the bill will be brought out on the floor for three hours of debate. Amendments may be offered. Representative Byrns of Tennessee, Democratic floor leader, and Representative Martin of . Massachusetts, acting ' Republican " floor chief, agreed that the bill will pass with only; a few opposing votes. Even as the rules committee was acting, Admiral William H. Stand-ley, chief of naval operations, was telling Vinson's naval affairs committee that the navy wants "immediate" authorization to increase its airplane total for 1,000 to 1,660. These are necessary, he said, to POLICE FORCED TO USE GUNS IN NABBING TWO GANGSTERS OTHERS SUBMIT TO OFFICERS Three Dillinger Aides Arrested m Tucson v m J- iH i- - r life SVv S I nf'llMMMifrr-in Lll 1. i iim ,f Atttt-HI &&tA&5fiLi&A'. The camera of J. Robert Burns, press photographer, caught the above shots of members of the Dillinger gang as they were brought Into the Tucson police station. Left to right, tliey are: Harry Picrpont, who had to be forced io face the camera; Charles Makley, who dodged behind Detective Franco in an effort to hide his face, and Russell Clark, whose bandaged head shows the result of his effort to shoot it out with the officers when he was arrested. The engravings were made by the Tucson Photo-Engraving company. FOUR ARRESTED i AFTER LYNCHING Kentucky Governor And Legislature Insist on Punishment . HAZARD, Ky., Jan. 25 OP) Four men were held and more arrests were predicted by Perry county officials tonight as they pressed their Indiana Police Ask Return Of Three Dillinger. Bandits Trio Held in Tucson Accused of Three Murders in Ohio And Robberies Throughout Middle West and East; Three of Gang at Large INDIANAPOLIS, Jan. 25. W) Tucson, Ariz., tomorrow to return arrested there. Capt. Matt Leach will leave by tram tomorrow morning. Indiana state police will start to members of the John Dillinger gang head the police guard, which will Triggerman' Pulls Gun On Chief In City Lockup IDENTITY IS SURE Men Are Wanted In East For Murders, Bank Robberies By FRED FINNEY John Dillmger and three members of the "Dillinger mob" bank robbery artists, jail delivery specialists and machine gun terrorists supreme in the midwest, were captured here yesterday afternoon and evening by Tuo on police. In a scries of breath-taking cap tures, each of which might have at any moment culminated in a stream of lead and death, which included lightning displays of gangster armament and as sudden squashing of murderous hopes by officers, Dillinger himself, Charley Makley, 50, Russell Clark, 39, and Harry Pier-pont,-31, the "trigger-man" of the gang were apprehended, were stripped of a young arsenal apiece, subdued, identified, and locked up in the county jail for safe-keeping. The jail was under double guard last night. The four are being held under ' fugitive warrants and, in addition, charges of assault with deadly weapons were preferred by the county attorney, Clarence Houston, against Clark and Pierpont. All will be arraigned at 9:30 this morning in justice court before Judge C. V. Bud-long.