Gaines Family

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Gaines Family - T1110 (JAIFNEY LKDUtilt, (jrAFFNEY, Ap- I I i I...
T1110 (JAIFNEY LKDUtilt, (jrAFFNEY, Ap- I I i I me-pain-fully I a I Bar-nett, The Gaines Family The following nistory of the Gaines family was published in the Richmond Times-Dispatch Times-Dispatch Times-Dispatch September 11, 1904: One result of our recent unhappy unhappy sectional conflict was the destruction of our social system. The Times-Despatch Times-Despatch Times-Despatch has done a good . work in opening its columns to family sketches, thus giving a stimulus to genealogical investigations, investigations, which will rescue from oblivion many honorable names. The Rev. Theophilus Jones, in his history of Brecon City, Wales, a folio edition of which is to be found in the Congressional Library, Library, Washington, D. C, has given given the origin and history of a number of families which embraced embraced some of the earlier settlers of Virginia. The chief object of this preliminary sketch of the Gaines family is to supplement the work which has been undertaken undertaken by others, who have for years been engaged in the pre paration of a systematic record of the several branches of this 5 numerous and widely scattered family. As a means of stimulating stimulating further investigation and supplying the misiiing links which have resulted from the destruction destruction Of records, it is proposed to hold a convention of the Gaines family at St. Louis on the 28th of September in the Virginia building. From records in the Land Office Office of Virginia and the State Library which contained the history history of colonial and Revolutionary Revolutionary times, with copies of wills, deeds, court orders and land grants, we find that six members of the Gaines family had located in the colony prior to 1050; Savage Genealogical Dictionary mentions Henry Gaines, freeman, Lynn, Mass., Oct. 14th, 1G39; also Samuel Gaines, who married Ann Wright, April 7th, 1607; moved to Hatfield, Conn.; Ham-mott Ham-mott Ham-mott papers, 3 Vol. page 117; Rev. Gaines had a share in Plant Island, Newberry, Mass., 1G44; he married Mary Treadwell and had eight children; died 1G88, hence the New England Gaines. The Virginia family entered Chesepeike Bay, one of them, James Gaines, settling on the Eastern shore in Accomac County, County, 1620; Edward, thirty years old, settled in 1631. Thomas Gaines appears in old Rappahannock, Rappahannock, 1622, .and Alexander Gaines in 1635. In 1634, the Old Dominion had been divided into eight shares. James Gaines appears in Rappahannock Rappahannock by deed May 9 th, 1003, by patent to 519 acres of land, March 11, 1667; also Thomas Thomas Gaines patented 700 acres, 4th October, 1063 (See land book 5, p. 623). To same, 28 acres on Hoskin's Creek; same, 10 acres, 1668. December 28th, 1668, Thomas Gaines of Piscattocan, deeded 365 acres to John Bennett. Robert Gaines patented 186 acres in old Rappahannock, North side river, adjoining the lands of Robert Beverly; same, book 7, p. 693; 400 acres September 5th, 1677. Robert and Daniel Gaines deeded 1,150 acres to Robert Mayfield on South side of river. Daniel Gaines, June 11, 1661, patented 350 acres in old Rappahannock county. On November 30, 1658, Governor Diggs deeded to Daniel Gaines and John Jennings, 200 acres in old Rappahannock for bringing eight settlers. July 28, 1663, to Daniel Gaines 400 acres in same county, also to Daniel Gaines and Nicholas Willard, 13,- 13,- 700 acres in 1665. (Book 5, p. 478, Land Office.) It may be noted that many early settlers were brought in by members of the Gaines family, who received therefor large grants. The will of Daniel Gaines, dated dated 15th of August, 1682, record ed Rappahannock, Essex County, gives to his son, Bernard, his silver hilted sword and belt, and his seal ring. He was by record in 1680 a justice of the peace and captain of militia. There are records as well as traditions, that Daniel, Thomas and Robert Gaines were brothers, and that they were the grandsons grandsons of Sir John Gaines, of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Wales, 1559-1008. 1559-1008. 1559-1008. His children children were Catherine, Thomas, John, Walter, Richard and Elizabeth. Elizabeth. Sir John Gaines was the great grandson of Morgan, the eldest son of Sir David Gaines, the progenitor of the family. We will now turn to the Gaines ancestry in Wales. Brecon County, Wales, was the home of the Gaines family at the earliest known period of its history. history. Originally the family name in Welsh was Gam, and subsequently subsequently became Games. The family was one of distinction, distinction, having been among the titled and ruling class in Wales and Great Britain. In addition to earls and knights, the family embraced a King of Wales and an Emperor of Great Britain. In "Dunn's Heraldic Visitations of Wales," which was prepared by the order of the King, are given given the coat of arms and the genealogy of the Gaines family in Wales. The crest is described as follows: "The field of silver; a dark lion, with a crown on its head." The genealogy, lineal and collateral collateral is given in the Welsh language, language, in two sections. The two parts were evidently prepared by different persons. The larger contribution was prepared by an eminent genealogist of the time, Thomas Jones, who says at the outset: "This pedigree is truly set forth by me, Thomas Jones, finished finished at Fountain Gate, the 24th day of March 1599." In referring to the head of the family, Mr. Jones makes this im- im- portint statement: j "From this David Gain or Sir David Gam, knight, all ye Games of Brecknegshire and elsewhere are descended, and from Gladys, the daughter of David Gam, all yo Vaughr.ns and all the Herberts . of South Wales are descended,! and yc most part of all the no-1 no-1 no-1 bility of England. (P. 56). . David Gaines was knighted by j Henry V on the field of Agin-1 Agin-1 Agin-1 court (1415, just before he died.) I He is said by his personal daring j to nave savea tne nie 01 nenry V., who was hemmed in and about to be overpowered, but was himself mortally wounded. Referring to his bearing on this field, Jones, the historian, says: "Sir Walter Raleigh has an eulogium upon his bravery and exploits in the field of Agincourt in which he prefers his greatness of soul to that of Mago, and compares him to Hannibal. There can be little doubt but that he was the original of Shakespeare s character of 1 luel-lin, luel-lin, luel-lin, in Henry V., "For" says Jones' History of Brecon County, "there was no other person of that country in the English army who could have been supposed to have been upon such terms of familiarity with the King; and it must be observed that Llewelyn was the name by which he was known in that army." The family name in Great Britain has undergone various changes, having been written at different times and places Gam, Gams, Games, Gaynes, Gamme, Gane and Gaines. Theophilus Jones, in his history of Brecknockshire gives the genealogy genealogy of the family and many valuable facts concerning it. Jones gives the genealogy, not only after the surname was assumed, assumed, but traces the line of descent back to the sixth century. David Gam had four brothers, Roger, Griffith, Richard and William, William, and a sister, Helen. David Gam was the son of Llewelyn, a man who was widely known and highly regarded in Wales, and he entered the military military service of the King as David or Llewelyn-David, Llewelyn-David, Llewelyn-David, the son of Llewelyn. Previous to the Norman conquest, nomenclature in Britain was. in chaos. Personal Personal names, the individual names in Pre-Norman Pre-Norman Pre-Norman history, were .but for the life of him to whom they were attached. It was not until the twelfth or thirteenth century that surnames began to become fixed or hereditary. David Gam was the fourth in descent from Einion Sais, the latter latter word meaning that Einion had lived in England and inherited the estate and demesne of Castle Einion Sais. His father, Llewelyn, had also purchased the mansions of Peyton in the parishes of Garthbrengy and L 1 a n d d e w. David's grandfather was Howel. The historic seats of the family family in Wales were Peyton Gwin, Newton, Buckland, Aberbran, Tvegaer, Penderin and Porthamal. A picture of the residence of Sir John Gaines, of Newton, built in 1582, is given in the "Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales" by Thomas Nicholas. The house is still standing. On each side of the fireplace is the great hall of this mansion, the shield of arms is sculptured in stone, and the names of Sir John and his progenitors for six generations are similarly preserved. At the close of the inscription is this sentiment: "On God depends ev erything." About six years after the union of England and Wales, Henry VIII issued his first summons for representatives to be sent from Wales to Parliament. In obedience obedience to this summons, Edward Gaines was returned to Parliament Parliament in 1542. Thos. Gaines was a member from Wales in 1572 and 1585. The following members members of the family held the position position of high sheriff of Brecon County: Edward Gaines, of Newton, Newton, 1558; John Gaines, of Aberbran, Aberbran, 1559; William Gaines, of Aberbran, 1562; William Gaines, of Aberbran, 1569; John Gaines, of Newton, 1074; William Gaines, of Aberbran, 1576; John Gaines, of Newton, 1587; John Gaines, of Newton, 1596; Sir John Gaines, of Newton, 1600; John Gaines, of Buckland, 1004; John Gaines, of Aberbran, 1008; Edward Gaines, of Newton, 1023; Richard Gaines, of Penderin, 1625; Edward Gaines, of Buckland, 1647; Roger Gaines, of Tregaer, 1652; Howe Gaines, of Newton, 1657. Lewis Dunn, in his most valuable valuable work on: Welsh families, acknowledges his obligations to Sir John Gaines, of Porthamal, as being among the aristocracy by whom he "was permitted to see. old records and books from religious houses that had. been written and their material collected collected by Abbots and Priors." In St. John's Church, Brecon, below the communion rail, is the tomb of Edward Gaines, of Newton, Newton, September 9th, 1564. In Christ's Church, across the river from Brecon, a stone bears the name of Edward Gaines, of Tregaer. Near the pulpit, William, William, the son of Meredith Gaines, 1606. Peyton Gwin was the residence of Sir David Gam. Aberbran is referred to as "a seat of the junior junior branch of the house of Aber-camlias." Aber-camlias." Aber-camlias." Jones in history of Brecknockshire, Brecknockshire, says "The influence of the family of Gaines with the houso of Lancaster was extremely powerful." powerful." In another place, speaking of Sir David, he says: "I have seen the descendants of this hero of Agincourt in possession of every acre of ground in the county of Brecon." Brecon county contains 71 9 square miles. t William Herbert, Earl of Pern - broke and Phillip, Earl of Mont gomery, were the descendants of Gladis, the daughter of Sir David Gam. They were the friends and patrons of William Shakespeare, and it was at the former's house, Wilton, that King James for the first time, witnessed a performance performance of one of Shakespeare's plays. Further proof of the friendship which existed between Shakespeare and the Herberts u. found in the fact that Ileminge and Condell dedicated to them the first folio edition of his plays. It should be mentioned here that various members of the Gaines family, both in Wales and England were knighted by different different sovereigns, and, as a rule, each one adopted his own coat of arms and crest; consequently, there is some confusion on this subject in the works of Heraldry. We, therefore, have given the crest described by Dunn as that of the Gaines family. It may be noted, too, that in every period of our country's history, the Gaines family has furnished its quotaof men for its service; viz. Major- Major- Henry Gaines member of the House of Burgesses, 1767, an officer in the Continental line, also Captain Wm. Fleming Gaines, entered Continental artillery, October October 20, 1777, served to January January 1, 1783. Captain Richard Gaines. Lieut. Thos. Gaines, in Lawton's Infantry Brigade: Col.. Jos. Morton's Regiment, General Green's army. At Braddock's defeat, two Gaines' were killed. In the war of 1812 and subsequent Indian wars, General Edmund Pendleton Gaines rendered distinguished service, service, besides others of less note. Two Presidents of the United States, James Madison and Zach-ary Zach-ary Zach-ary Taylor have maternal Gaines blood, having intermarried with all the best families of Virginia have filled every position of honor honor and emolument. Today there are two members of United States Congress, a judge of the Supreme Court of Texas, two professors of colleges, etc., all honorable and useful positions. The above interesting sketch is from the pen of Major Richard V. Gaines, of Mosingford, Va., one of Virginia's most talented and honored citizens, who fully exemplifies the chivalry of his forefathers. SNIPES IS DECLARED GUILTYOF MURDER Former Lancaster Man Slew Inn Keeper in Holdup, Jury Finds. Doylestown, Pa., May 18. William William C. Snipes, 20, formerly of Lancaster, S. C, was found guilty late today of murder in the first degree with death as the penalty, in connection with the death of Edward Gamils, who was fatally wounded at the Blue Spruce Inn last February. The jury of 10 men and two women were out about two hours and 15 minutes and took six ballots. ballots. Snipes was not affected, visibly, but his brother, Elvie. of Lancas ter, S. C, cried bitterly. Counsel for Snipes filed a motion for a new trial. Snipes, who had been on a hunger hunger strike since last Friday, looked pale and haggard. Gamils, proprietor of the Blue Spruce Inn, was shot to death as he handed $500 to three holdup men. The defense closed its argument late today and District Attorney Arthur M. Eastburn, immediately demanded that the jury find Snipes guilty of murder in the first degree degree and asked that a recommendation recommendation of death in the electric chair be returned. Basing a plea on a reasonable doubt and charging that state police police obtained damaging testimony from Snipes by "Spanish inquisition inquisition methods," the defense asked the jury for acquittal. On the stand in his own defense, Snipes testified he was drunk on the night of the shooting and could not remember anything that happened. He said he had admitted admitted the slaying to police because they beat him with a rubber hose. Commonwealth witnesses, among them p newspaperman present at the police barracks when Snipes was questioned, contradicted this testimony. Three brothers and p. sister of, Snipes came here from Lancaster to testify in his behalf, but re turned to their home oji Sunday without having taken the stand. Marion Ellis, 20, also of Lancas ter, S. C. and John Tagg, Jr., 22 of South Langhrone, Ta., were ac complices of Snipes and also charged with Gamils' murder, will 1 be tried separately later. A frog frozen in a ball of mud may become as lively and hungry as ever when the ice melts. TIME TO BUY COPEIAND & COMPANY GAFFNEY, S. C, 1 I

Clipped from The Gaffney Ledger23 May 1931, SatPage 6

The Gaffney Ledger (Gaffney, South Carolina)23 May 1931, SatPage 6
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