1946 Manne Siegbahn Sweden Cyclotron Coshocton News OH February 1
Swedish Physicist Says Could Make Atomic Bomb Professor Karl Manne George Siegbahn Is director of tht Nobel Institute Institute of Stockholm The Swedish physicist is particularly noted for his investigtaions in X-ray spectrascopy. He was awarded the Nobel prize for physics in 1924. Dr. Lise Meitner, Austrian woman scientist credited by Dr. Nils Bohr in April. 1939, with first splitting the atom, works under Dr. Siegbahn at the Nobel institute. Bernard Valery is a former staff writer for Paris-Soil and The London London Daily Express. He has been living in Sweden since 1940. By BERNARD VALERY *i _. . . . . , . .. -TM,^-,Â«-,T^T -,, .-,* T ._ j *i_ I We come to the abode of the ; STOCKHOLM-'If I had the , lotron . O ne has the feeling, necessary industrial installations ; of approaching the den of some ! at my disposal, I could produce i preh j storic animal, in whose j an atomic bomb m a few ; awesome powe r lies all destruc- months. It was not easy to draw j tion this statement from Professor I ' . , . , Manne Siegbahn, Nobel prize I , Ab Â° ve th * cyclotron in a hid- winner and the man who is gen- \ A * n *Â«Â»Â» fill f TM th water TM h '5 h erally regarded in Sweden as the ! provides protection against the | "chief of atomic-bomb research." j dangerous rays. The rays from ; When he shook hands with me ! he , Jnew cyclotron which we are i on the stairs leading to his office, i Aiding can, for example, kill or i I found I had met a scientist with ! seriously injure all living beings , a sense of humor. It is not usual '? a kilometer Â· radius. (More , among the men who deal with ; than TM. lf , a m "e- \ such potent forces. i . The Ijttle control room with a "I believe the atomic bomb's ; hundred complicated buttons and leverR - looks ] k e Â» P s technical importance i n a war is u - . being greatly overrated," he told aboard ,f modern bomber. On me right away. "We must go on one wall there 11 a round glass : counting on armies, fleet* and air window about a yard m dia- armadaf." I met f ' TM* can , Â° bser X e th * However, a country such as ; TM? rk Â° n th * cyclotron through Sweden can produce an atomic i , thls 8 as f- " " Â°"Â« ?" d of * bomb, "although there k an ele- long steel tube filled with water 29 SPLIT UP. 23 TIED UP IN MONTH The old expression that "You can't live without 'em (meaning the fair sex)" did not hold in Coshocton county for the month, records show. For courthouse figures reveal that divorces were preferred marriages to the tune of 29 split-ups to 23 tie-ups. There was one request for separation with maintenance but no divorce. divorce. The wedding march began with the issuance of the license of Floyd C. Smith and Lucille Randies on January 3rd. It closed with the month's final recording of a grant to Arron and Lois Chase on the 30th of January. In the less cheerful department, department, the first divorce petition was filed on January 2nd the last reached the books the last day of the month. Strange as it may seem occasions prompted the initial divorce proceedings to (v-- n with the husband. ment of money and industrial potentialities potentialities in such an undertaking." undertaking." Sweden rras been producing producing uranium for a number of --for safety's sake." The cyclotron is not in action, through a little door we enter enter the room where It is set up. Some sort of electromagnetic device device is in action, however, so cost of producing an atomic bomb i Professor Siegbahn takes off his can be reduced considerably." | TTM 1 watch and warns me to do This Dr. Siegbahn would do "by i th 2, same - ^ , . , , . bettering the present equipment. To me the cyclotron looked "I believe, furthermore, the i But it will still remain a very ex- l l k p 8'gantic modern dish- Girl Scowl Party CORNING--The junior intermediate intermediate Girl Scouts held a in the Methodist church Tuesday. The girls prepared served the food. Those attending were: Rosalie Fuccie, Donna Nelson, Phyllis Kirkbride, Roberta Roberta Russell, Virginia Roberts, Janet Cales, Bernice Eickel, Ferguson, Betty Lou Woodruff, Becky Lou Hartley, and the leader, Mrs. Barbara Ferguson. pensive project on account of the washing machine: a round reser- enormous quantities of ore neces- voir a b n u t teT1 fect hl * h - sary to obtain uranium 235 and Plutonium." "HEAVY" WATER '. Tnis ]inle tube"-- Professor "Can Sweden build the neces- sipgbahn pointed-- "brings heavy water to the cyclotron." j ]ookpd u p pagpr i y . H ad I Â·ary installations? This was clearly one of the questions I had been warned not firal1y won the grpat secret? to ask. but Siegbahn by-passed , The The heavy water ig not it with good humor and with | ^ prortuce atomic energy. , what I took to be sly optimism: ] a u B n p d .. It j s only an auxiliary! P rospecfs are r a t h e r , means of obtaining energy from; other elements." i "But I thought . . . " I "Yes. I know. People gpneral- ly think the same thing, particu- good." HOW LONG? "How long would it take produce an atomic bomb?" Once again he blocked. to "I would much rather answer larly after reading those ro- it noes not emit any atomic energy. Besides it is not the only _ . . , mantie stories of sabotage at i in the recent words of the British R j u k a n In rea ii t y heavy water professor (Marcus L. E.) Oli- js usod as w n a t we call a mod . phant, that any country could erator Â· something like a bro- produce an atomic bomb in two m j d e j so to speak The neutrons or three years. ! with w hi c h we bombard the 'Â· "But if you had the necessary atoms go too fast The speed industrial installations at your must be moderatpd . T h a t is why disposal, how long would it take . h f b w a t p r JR rpcessary for the you to produce such a bomb? , cooling of t h p atorn . But hy j t _ Siegbnhn answered without. hesitation: "A few months." "In spite of the secrecy with which the Americans surround i the production of the bomb?" ! He laughed heartily. "Oh, that, secrecy! A thing like that cannot be kept hidden! All the leading specialists of nuclear physics know all there is to know about, the bomb. It would n a t - urally be necessary to experi- j ment with thp various technical details in production of the bnmb; but wÂ« will certainly acquire all the know-how there is to be had. No, I do not believe for an instant that, the 'secret' can be preserved once one attempts to construct the bomb." The professor foresaw no possible possible defense against the atomic bomb. "I do not believe, for instance, instance, in the possibility of getting getting it to explode at a great distance, distance, before it even reaches its goal. I believe the only possiblr defense must be directed against thÂ« bomb carrier--whether it. be an airplane or a rocket. This is dobtless possible and I expect great progress in that direction." SWEDEN'S CYCLOTRON Inviting mo to follow him through the institute. Professor Siegbahn "supposes" I am interested interested in seeing his cyclotron, the only one in Sewodn. "We are now building a new and much bigger cyclotron," he adds. "It i will be quite adequate for Swedish Swedish needs." I follow him through the silent, silent, clean corridors, which remind remind one of a hospital. WÂ« take a lift and go down to tht cellar. moderator we know. The Americans, for example, use graphite. But heavy water is better." j Professor Sifgbahn showed a little tube which contains ' heavy water. It lookod l i k e nary water, and was not partieu- larly heavy. "During the war we asked and got small quantities of water from the Germans, who then controlled Rjukan. But since the plant has been destroyed--first by British bombers, then by Anglo-Norwpgian saboteurs--it saboteurs--it has been impossible us to get any more." I left Professor Siegbahn a feeling that my bottomless ignorance about the atomic was nearly as great as when came, an hour earlier. I left also with a feeling of regret the secret of that monster cannot remain forever in thp exclusive possession of men like Pro- fpssor Siegbahn, mm who are : capable as thpy are conscious their responsibility to mankind. WILLIAM E. CROUCH. JR., left, superintendent of 160-inch mill of the Homestead v/orks, Carnegie-Illinois Steel company, is shown in Pittsburgh with Attorney Chauncey Pruger, as he filed charges against eight pickets whom he said forced him into an auto and him at union hÂ«*dqu*rtÂ«n for an hour.